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Expressionism
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  • 1. EXPRESSIONISMBy:Rachael CurrierTaylar DicksonLeann Haddad
  • 2. WHAT IS EXPRESSIONISM?• Artists portraying inner emotions, spiritualindependence, and psychological states based on anobject, their environment, or moments from their past• Not about objective reality, but subjective• Usually reflects on human existence, or connectionbetween self and nature
  • 3. WHAT IS EXPRESSIONISM? CONT.• Figures can look life-like, or can be distorted• Can portray any emotions, and any intensity• Can revolve around any theme. Common themes includeanxiety, alienation, violence• Can appear from any perspective, and have any proportionand anatomy• Color is meant to explore, and express one’s self usingpersonal instinct. Is weighted on artist’s own scale
  • 4. EXPRESSIONISM’S REASONS FORDEVELOPMENTReaction to:• Realism- didn’t agree with objective• Impressionism- not trying to makeimpression of the world• Felt that art/society was ignoringpressing and important issues, andsuppressing attitudes about sex
  • 5. INFLUENCES ON EXPRESSIONISM• African and Asian sculpture- distortion of human figures• Fauvism-strong use of color to show reactions/emotions• Vincent Van Gogh-strong use of color, influence from past• Edward Munch-strong use of color, influence frompast, psychological tensions• German Romanticism- similarity between humans andnature
  • 6. COMMON EXPRESSIVE METHODS/TECHNIQUES• Unnatural, intense, or significant use ofcolor• Distorted and/or bold lines• Rapid brush strokesAll about instinct, little second guessing
  • 7. EXPRESSIONISM AND MODERNISM• Break from traditional values• Exploring forbidden topics• Pessimistic themes• Subject change from realistic tointernal realm
  • 8. DER BLAUE REITER- “THE BLUE RIDER”• Notable members:Wassily Kandinsky andFranz Marc• Didn’t like conservativeart of the time, neededmore freedom• Believed in beingspontaneous, usingintuition, and symbolicuse of color
  • 9. DIE BRUCKE- “THE BRIDGE”• Notable members: Ernest Kirchner, FritzBleyl, Erich Heckel, Karl Schmid-Rottlluf, Emil Nolde• Linked many different cultures andlinked past and present to makesomething new• Believed in freedom ofcreativity, expressive truths, intensecolor and form• Heavily influenced by Van Gogh andEdward Munch
  • 10. EDWARD MUNCH (1863-1944)• Grew up around a lot of illness anddeath, so common themes in artworkwereillness, death, despair, pain, isolation, hopelessness• Obsession with the erotic power andcomplexity of women• Believed nature was way to understandhuman experiences
  • 11. EDWARD MUNCH- MEDIUMS• Oil paints• Tempera paints• Pastel• Woodcuts• Etching• Lithography
  • 12. THE DANCE OF LIFE
  • 13. DEATH IN A SICKROOM
  • 14. THE SICK CHILD
  • 15. THE STORM
  • 16. TWO WOMEN ON THESHORE
  • 17. THE SCREAM
  • 18. ERNST KIRCHNER 1880-1938
  • 19. ERNST KIRCHNER’S KEY COMPONENTS Unfinished looks Defined Outlines and Brushstrokes Human figures Rebelled against impressionism Believed people were at war withthemselves
  • 20. COMPONENTS OF GENERAL PAINTINGS Situations and scenes of everyday lives True bohemian Did not use professional models Used bold colors Dynamic
  • 21. SITTING WOMEN 1907
  • 22. STREET OF DRESDEN 1908
  • 23. NUDE DANCERS 1909
  • 24. THE TOILETTE 1913
  • 25. STREET SCENE (BERLIN) 1913
  • 26. POTSDAMER PLATZ 1914
  • 27. SELF PORTRAIT AS A SOLDIER 1915
  • 28. WINTER LANDSCAPE BY MOONLIGHT 1919
  • 29. FRANZ MARC 1880-1916 Cofounder of Der blaueReiter group Early work influencedby impressionism Important influence: byJean Bloe Niestle
  • 30. PAINTINGS KEY COMPONENTS Power, emotion and vibrancy Animalism Feeling evoked is most important Uses non-naturalistic colors Three primary colors Use of horses
  • 31. GELBE KUH (YELLOW COW) 1911
  • 32. THE LITTLE BLUE HORSES 1911
  • 33. DER TIGER (THE TIGER) 1912
  • 34. TWO CATS, BLUE AND YELLOW 1912
  • 35. THE DOG BEFORE THE WORLD 1912
  • 36. TURM DER BLAUEN PFERDE (TOWER OF BLUEHORSES) 1913
  • 37. REHE IM WALDE II (DEER IN THE WOODS II1914)
  • 38. DAS ARME LAND TIRO 1 (THE UNFORTUNATELAND OF TYROL)
  • 39. EMIL NOLDE (1867-1956) Violent andAggressivebrushstrokes Free art Color to expressemotion Nature andLandscapes
  • 40. “UNPAINTED PICTURES”
  • 41. THE PROPHET (1912) WOODCUT
  • 42. SUNFLOWERS IN THE WINDSTORM (1943)
  • 43. THE LAST SUPPER (1909)
  • 44. TROPICAL SUN (1914)
  • 45. RED POPPIES (1920)
  • 46. PUBLIC REACTION Shocked the public Made them feel uncomfortable Controversial
  • 47. AFFECTS Created a new perspective Psychological view Explored the darker side of the human mind