Together We CanMake It Happen! Reduce the Risk to Public Health through Better Management of the Wastes We GeneratePresentation for Primary Collectors
Door to Door CollectionWaste is mostly collected fromHouseholds through door to doorcollection. Door to door collection wasintroduced in Hyderabad about a decadeago To improve efficiency in solid waste collectionTo generate employment and livelihood opportunities for urban poorTo reduce littering and burning of waste.Today most households, shops andestablishments are covered through doorto door collection.
Types of Waste Generated at Households Garden, Vegetable / Fruit, Food Paper, Plastic, Metal, Glass Construction Debris, Household Hazardous & Bio-Medical Waste
Vehicles, Equipment and Tools for Primary Collection
Collection from Households•Households and Shops covered in an area by a primary collector.•Scheduling of Collection Activity.•Type of vehicle, quantities collected per day, number of trips to dumper bins to empty cart and separate collection of wet and dry waste if segregation is happening.•Collection in different residential areas like individual houses, colony, apartments, gated communities etc.,•Coordination of collection activity with other conservancy workers, servants, watchmen and sweepers.•Saturation and extension of services.
Dos & Don’ts during CollectionAnnounce, ring or whistle beforeentering premisesGreet, Wish, Salute (Good Morning,Namaste, Salaam etc.,)Collect in presence of member ofhousehold, servant or watchmanSafely Handle Waste, PersonalProtection while HandlingDo not litter while carrying wastePromote segregation and minimum twobins for segregation wherever possible.
User Fees collection from different Environments•Regular monthly fees•Charges for extra waste handling generated from special events like functions and festivals (Inaam) at households•User fee collection from individual households, housing societies or RWA
Segregation, Separation, SortingAt Source, while collectingNear Dumper Bin
Benefits of Segregation – Conversion of Waste into ResourceBiodegradable: Garden, Vegetable, Fruit, Food Waste into organic fertilizer, soil conditionerand manure. Soiled waste paper that cannot be taken for recycling can be decomposedwith other biodegradable waste.Reuse & Recycling: Paper, Plastic and Metal. Clean used paper and paper boards. PET, LDPE,HDPE, PP, PVC etc., Aluminum, Iron, Steel, Copper, Tin etc. Tyres, Glass etc.,Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF): Tree branches, wood, coconut shells etc. Used Cloth. Nonrecyclable plastic & mixed materials such as printed plastic packaging of biscuits, chips,tobacco, pan masala, plastic coated paper cups etc., RDF can be used for generation of heator electricity.With the recovery of useful resources, waste for dumping & landfill is reduced.
Storage, Disposal & Sale of Collected WasteBiodegradable: Dumper Bin in the absence of CommunityComposting FacilityReusable & Recyclable Material: Scrap Dealers. Terms of Tradewith Scrap Dealers. Fair Trade Practices. Prices of differentReusable & Recyclable materials recoverable from waste.Periodicity of Disposal – daily, weekly, fortnightly etc. Storage priorto Disposal. Negotiation for better price – mixed lots, valueaddition from additional segregation, separation and sorting,single lot of particular materialRefuse Derived Fuel RDF: Dumper Bin, in separate bin orcompartment if provided forConstruction Debris, Domestic Hazardous and Bio Medical Waste:In separate bins for their collection provided for by Municipality.
Secondary CollectionCoordinate with Secondary Collectors to remove and replace filled bins with empty onesbefore they overflow.Where there are no secondary bins, coordinate collection from open points with tractortrailer or compactor.Keep area around dumper bin clean and suitable for removal of reusable and recyclablematerial from mixed waste before dumping in bin.