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Public Private Participation in Solid Waste Management

Public Private Participation in Solid Waste Management

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  • 1. Public Private Participationin Solid Waste Management
  • 2. The Polluter Pays!Who is the Polluter?Individual - Institutional
  • 3. What happens when the Polluterdisposes waste without having topay for it?
  • 4. Who Pays when the Polluter gets awaywithout Paying?Local GovernmentGodEnvironmentNeighbor
  • 5. International & National legislationconcerning management of wastes (MSW)Directive Principles in the ConstitutionEnvironment Protection Act, 1986Chapter 21 of Agenda 21, UN Conference onSustainable Development, Rio De JaneiroKyoto ProtocolMunicipal Solid Waste Management andHandling Rules, 2000
  • 6. PUBLIC DOMAIN toPRIVATE DOMAINOther Sectors where this hashappened:OilTelecomPharmaceuticalsEngineering
  • 7. WASTE MANAGEMENT –From being exclusively in thePublic Domain to emergingPublic Private Participation
  • 8. In spite of formulation of MSWManagement & Handling Rules,2000 over a decade agoIt is common to see heaps of wastebeing burnt in the openWastes are not segregated at sourceWastes are not being disposed in anenvironmentally safe manner
  • 9. Components of a Waste ManagementProcess:ConsumptionGenerationSegregationCollectionStorageCompaction/ReductionTransportationResource RecoveryDisposal
  • 10. Hierarchy of Waste Management Options:ReduceReuseRecycling of Paper, Plastic, Metal, Glass etc.,Compost and Organic Manure ProductionBio-mass to Energy & Soil ConditionersWaste to Energy & IncinerationLandfill
  • 11. Nature of Public Private Participation PPP:ConsultancyEPC – Engineering, Procurement, ConstructionBOT – Build, Operate, TransferBOOT – Build, Own, Operate, Transfer
  • 12. Key benefit from Public PrivateParticipation PPP:Government can avoid getting boggeddown with operational issues byoutsourcing operational activity to privatesector while concentrating on corefunction of governance and be aregulatory and enforcement authority
  • 13. Economics of Waste ManagementEconomics when waste is segregated at source (cleanerrecovery of recyclables enhancing both volume and value ofrecovered resources)Economics of handling waste as a single stream, when they arenot segregated at source (recovery for recycling, composting etc.,from mixed wastes will be lower and expensive particularly fromdaily receipts of large volumes at a centralized facility andincrease in quantities taken up for landfill - driven to choose thelast option in hierarchy without optimal reduction throughresource recovery)Management of wastes as non-profit or loss making activity as awelfare measure in the interest of public health with source offunds for activity through taxes, grants etc., can only be taken upby governmentIt is not possible for private sector to sustain in business when itdoes not break even or make profit from business/activity
  • 14. Activities in which Government should seekprivate participationSensitization and awareness creationPrimary CollectionTransportationManagement of facilities such as transfer station,treatment and processing, land fillingBiomass & Waste to Energy projectsRecyclingTurnkey Projects – end to end
  • 15. THANK YOU