Households SWM


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Promotion of best practices for Households in Solid Waste Management

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Households SWM

  1. 1. Together We Can Make It Happen! “Reduce The Risk To Public Health ThroughBetter Management of the Wastes We Generate” A Presentation for Residents & Households
  2. 2. Household – Unit of Living A household includes all the persons who occupy a housing unit. Housing UnitA housing unit is a house, an apartment, a group of rooms, or a single room that isoccupied or intended for occupancy as separate living quarters.
  3. 3. Separate Living QuartersSeparate living quarters are The occupants may be athose in which the occupants single family, one personlive and eat separately from any living alone, two or moreother persons in the building families living together, orand which have direct access any other group of related orfrom the outside of the building unrelated persons who shareor through a common hall. living arrangements. Residential Areas Groups of Households are usually found in residential colonies, apartments, gated communities and slums.
  4. 4. From Open Points and Community Bins to Door to Door CollectionPrior to the introduction of Door to Door Collection of Waste from Households,Households were expected to deposit the wastes generated by them incommunity bins. Most wastes never reached the bins . They were eitherdestroyed in a fire or dumped along the roads and in open lands.
  5. 5. Door to Door CollectionTo reduce risk to public health from improperly disposed wastes and tofacilitate removal, collection and transport from source, door to doorcollection was introduced about a decade ago. This brought down littering,illegal dumping and open burning of wastes considerably in residentialareas. Today, most households subscribe and avail door to door collectionservice.
  6. 6. Door to Door CollectionDoor to Door Collection improved the efficiency in solid waste collection andtransport as well as generated employment and source of livelihood to personsfrom the urban poor.The source of income of persons engaged in primary collection of solid wastes isfrom collection of user fees from households to whom he provides collectionservice and proceeds from sale of recyclables recovered from mixed wastesusually segregated, separated and sorted at the time of collection from sourceand at the time of unloading his cart near the community bin.
  7. 7. Types of Wastes Generated at Households
  8. 8. Segregation of WasteDry – WetBiodegradable – Non-biodegradableGarbage - RubbishCompostable – Recyclable – TrashWastes could be categorized in over a hundred ways, but to begin with, we need to getin place at least a two bin system for segregation such as the top three classificationsgiven above and handover whatever that doesn’t fit in like domestic hazardous and bio-medical wastes separately to the door to door waste collector or deposit them inappropriate community bins.
  9. 9. Benefits of Segregating WasteEnables Easier, Cleaner, Safer and Optimal Resource RecoveryReduces Waste that’s taken for LandfillReduces Time, Energy, Labor and Expense on Resource RecoveryLarger Quantity and Better Quality Resources can be Extracted from WasteFacilitates Conversion of Waste into ResourceReduces Dependence on Extraction of Depleting Natural ResourcesPromotes 3Rs and Environmentally Safe DisposalReduces Costs, Improves Earnings and Promotes SustainabilityHelps in Keeping Our Locality Clean & Green
  10. 10. Source Segregation Helps in Resource Recovery
  11. 11. DOs & DON’Ts for Residents & HouseholdsSegregate Wet & Dry WasteDo not mix Biodegradable with Non-biodegradable WasteDo not LitterDo not Burn Waste including LeavesPreach & Practice Reduce, Reuse, RecycleHelp Keep your Locality & City Clean & Green Put off and discourage people from setting waste heaps on fire!