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Chapter 16[1][1]
 

Chapter 16[1][1]

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    Chapter 16[1][1] Chapter 16[1][1] Presentation Transcript

    • Social Psychology: Meeting of the Minds
    • Social Cognition
      • How we perceive our social worlds and how we attend to, store, remember, and use information about other people and the social world
    • Impressions
      • How long does it take you to “size someone up” (i.e., decide if you like him or her, etc.)?
      • What do you look for? What influences your impression? Are there “things” in particular that catch your attention?
      • Does the information that you notice or receive first have a disproportionate influence on your impression? Why or why not?
    • Making an Impression
      • Impression formation
      • Impression management
      • Social judgments in seconds!
      • Halo effect
      • Primacy effect
    • Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
      • Expectations can create outcomes
      • Rosenthal & Jacobson
        • “ Test” predicted student academics
        • Students performed as “predicted”
    • Attitudes and Behavior
      • Attitudes
        • An overall evaluation about some aspect of the world
      • Attitudes and behavior do not always go hand in hand (e.g., cognitive dissonance).
    • Cognitive Dissonance “ Did you enjoy the task?” Receive Boring task $1 $20 “ No” “ Yes”
    • Cognitive Dissonance
      • Dissonance theory
        • Reducing mismatch between behaviors and feelings
    • Stereotypes
      • What are stereotypes?
      • A belief or set of beliefs about people in a particular social category
    • Look quickly at each “person” below. What is the first stereotype that comes to mind?
      • Men
      • Women
      • Blondes
      • Redheads
      • Lawyers
      • Scientists
      • Professors
      • Grade school teacher
      • Physician
    • Stereotypes
      • Stereotype consistent information
      • Prefer it
      • Process it faster
      • Attend to it more
      • Recall it faster
    • Prejudice
      • Social Categorization (dividing the world into us and them)
      • Ingroup
      • Outgroup
      • Illusory correlation
      • Illusion of outgroup
      • homogeneity
        • Ingroup differentiation
      • Discrimination
    • Understanding Prejudice
      • Social Categorization Theory
      • Realistic conflict theory
        • Competition for scarce resources
      • Self-fulfilling prophecy
      • Social learning theory
    • Yielding to Others
      • What is conformity?
      • A change in beliefs or behavior because of pressure from others.
        • Informational social influence
        • Normative social influence
    • Conformity: Asch’s Studies 1 2 3 Find the matching line
    • Compliance
      • What is compliance?
      • Change in behavior brought on by a direct request
      • Six principles
        • Friendship/liking
        • Commitment/consistency
        • Scarcity
        • Reciprocity
        • Social validation
        • Authority
    • Compliance
      • Foot-in-the-door technique
      • Lowball technique
      • Door-in-the-face technique
    • The Milgram Studies Obedience
      • What is obedience?
      • Compliance with an order from an authority figure
      Teacher and Learner
    • The Milgram Studies Increasing Shocks for Errors
    • The Milgram Studies
      • 15 volts to 450 volts (“XXX”)
      • At 120 volts learner shouts in pain
      • At 150 volts learner asks to stop
      • At 300 volts learner pounds on wall
      • At 330 volts learner stops responding
      • Question: how far will teachers go?
    • The Milgram Studies
      • Psychiatrists predicted 2% would go to maximum level
      • Actual results: 65% of teachers went to the maximum level
      • Other factors
      • Ethical issues
      • What does this tell us about human nature?
    • Attribution
      • An explanation for the cause of an event or behavior
      • Humans seek to know the cause of actions!
      • What caused that behavior?
        • Internal attributions
          • Dispositional attributions
        • External attributions
          • Situational attributions
    • Attributional Biases
      • Fundamental attribution error
      • Self-serving bias
      • Belief in a just world
        • Blaming the victim
    • Helping Others
      • Altruism
      • Prosocial behavior
      • Catherine Genovese murder
      • Bystander effect
        • Evaluation apprehension
        • Diffusion of responsibility
    • Relationships: Liking
      • Repeated contact
      • Similarity
      • Physical attraction
    • Relationships: Loving
      • Is there a soul mate for you? What does falling in love feel like? Does that feeling last?
      • Passionate love
      • Companionate love
      • Sternberg’s triangular model
      • of love
        • Passion
        • Intimacy
        • Commitment
    • Social Organizations
      • What are some common elements of group?
      • Interaction among members
      • Emotional connection
      • Common frame of reference
      • Interdependence
      • Norms
      • Roles
      • Status hierarchy
      • Sometimes deindividuation
    • Decision Making in Groups
      • Group polarization
      • Groupthink
      • Heterogeneous vs. homogeneous groups
    • Performance in Groups
      • Social loafing
      • Social compensation
      • Social facilitation
    • The Stanford Prison Experiment How powerful is a role? How does this study relate to the Abu Ghraib prison incident?