VIVO and persistent identifiers: Integrating ORCID_08152013


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Title: VIVO and persistent identifiers: Integrating ORCID

Presented at the VIVO 2013 conference in St. Louis, MO, 08/15/13

Rebecca Bryant, PhD, ORCID, Bethesda, MD, USA
Hal Warren, American Psychological Association, Washington DC
Simeon Warner, PhD, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY


Since the launch of the ORCID Registry in October 2012, thousands of researchers have claimed their ORCID iD. Organizations have been embedding ORCID identifiers in manuscript submission systems, in funding applications, and adding them to university profile systems. Even before launch, the VIVO ontology had incorporated an ORCID field. In this panel, we will provide an overview of the ORCID registry and adoption, and demonstrate how the American Psychological Association (APA) has integrated ORCID identifiers into its VIVO system and developed an application to populate ORCID records with demographic and publication attributes from APA VIVO RDF files. The ORCID data are packaged as a JSON object stored as a URI in the VIVO record. This serves as a cross-check for ORCID assertions from the publisher of works claimed and allows APA to use VIVO to extend valid provenance assertions for publications in a Linked Open Data Trust Framework. We will discuss the application of this use case for other VIVO implementations and other researcher profiling systems, focusing on integrations at universities.

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VIVO and persistent identifiers: Integrating ORCID_08152013

  1. 1. Contact Info: p. +1-301-922-9062 a. 10411 Motor City Drive, Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20817 USA VIVO and persistent identifiers: Integrating ORCID VIVO Conference 15 August 2013 Rebecca Bryant, PhD Director of Community, ORCID
  2. 2. The research community has lacked the ability to link researchers and scholars with their professional activities. 2 What is the problem? •  Name ambiguity •  Discoverability within and across databases •  Author, grantee, and faculty record management •  Output tracking •  Research reporting and impact assessment
  3. 3. 3 What is ORCID? ORCID provides a unique and persistent personal identifier that connects researchers to their activities through integration in key research workflows.
  4. 4. ORCID Mission ORCID is an open, not-for-profit, community-driven organization. Registry of persistent unique identifiers for researchers Automating linkages in research workflows 4
  5. 5. ORCID is a hub ORCID iD enables system-to-system interoperability by connecting across disciplines, research sectors, and national boundaries. 5 Funders Universities Professional associations Repositories Publishers
  6. 6. Benefits to the community •  Unique and persistent iD can be used throughout career, across professional activities and affiliations •  ORCID iD is embedded in works metadata, independent of platform •  Improved system interoperability – across discipline, organization, and country •  Reduced reporting workload for researchers •  Automates repository deposition •  Supports institutional reporting 6
  7. 7. Free and fast for researchers and scholars to register Record holder controls privacy 7 For researchers & scholars
  8. 8. Customize your account 8
  9. 9. Link to your works and IDs 9
  10. 10. Manage Access 10
  11. 11. Registry use is international 11 •  22 countries >10,000 visitors •  Over 220,000 registered users since launch •  Coming soon: content in Spanish, French, and Chinese
  12. 12. ORCID Members 12 Currently, ORCID has 71 members, from a broad cross- section of the international research community Publishers* Aries,'Copernicus,'Elsevier,'EDP'Sciences,'eLife,'Epistemio,'Hindawi,'Infra=M'Academic' Publishing,'Karger,'Landes'Bioscience,'Nature,'Peerage'of'Science,'ScienceOpen,' Springer,'Wiley' Associations* AAAS,'American'Chemical'Society,'ACSESS,'American'Geophysical'Union,'American' Psychological'Association,'American'Physical'Society,'American'Society'of' Microbiology,'American'Society'of'Civil'Engineers,'Association'for'Computing' Machinery,'Modern'Language'Association,'OSA,'Royal'Society'of'Chemistry' Funders* US'Department'of'Energy,'US'Food'and'Drug'Administration,'Japan'Science'and' Technology'Agency,'US'National'Institutes'of'Health,'UK'National'Institute'of'Health' Research,'Wellcome'Trust' Universities* and*Research* Organizations* Boston'Univ,'CalTech,'Chalmers'Univ'Technology,'Chinese'Academy'of'Sciences' Library,'CERN,'Cornell'Univ,'Duke'University,'EMBL'(EBI),'FHCRC,'Glasgow'Univ,' Harvard'Univ,'IFPRI,'KACST,'KISTI,'MIT,'MSKCC,'National'Institute'of'Informatics,'NYU' Langone'Medical'Center,'Riga'Technical'Univ,'Univ'Oviedo,'Univ'Zaragoza,'Univ' College'London,'Univ'Cambridge,'Univ'Hong'Kong,'Univ'Kansas,'Univ'Manchester,' Univ'Michigan' IDs* ResearcherID,'Scopus' Repositories* and*Profile* Systems* Altmetric,'ANDS,'AVEDAS,'British'Library,'Copyright'Clearance'Center,'CrossRef,' DataCite,'F1000'Research,'Faculty'of'1000,'figshare,'Knode,'OCLC,'PubMed'Europe' (EBI),'Symplectic,'Thomson'Reuters' !
  13. 13. ORCID APIs support system-to-system communication and authentication. Through these, organizations can: •  Get a user’s ORCID iD •  Get data from an ORCID Record •  Let a user import from your system to their ORCID record •  Enable the user to display on their ORCID record a link to themself on your system •  Create ORCID iDs for employees and associates 13 What can organizations do with ORCID?
  14. 14. •  Manuscript submission •  Grant application •  Linkage with repositories •  Linkage with other IDs •  University profile & research information systems •  Exploring integration in association membership and conference systems. 14 Integrations
  15. 15. Supporting Integration Integration with: Sloan Foundation support •  Mini-grants up to $20K to support integrations •  Grants available to •  Research universities/institutes •  Scientific & social science professional organizations •  Deadline: August 31 •  RFP at rfp-2013-06-orcid-id- adoption-and-integration- program 15 •  Researcher profile or information systems •  Institutional repositories •  HR systems •  Pre- & post-award tracking •  More. . . .
  16. 16. 16 Example: Boston University BU is creating ORCID iDs for faculty and facilitating the importing of information from BU Profiles
  17. 17. 17 DataTransfer OAuth authentication and permissions through ORCID API for each data type transferred
  18. 18. 18 Linking with BU Profile ORCID iD linked to and displayed on BU Profiles page
  19. 19. 19 Import publications from ORCID Record Link between profile and ORCID iD CRIS system integration 15 August 2013
  20. 20. Available free to the community: Registry (, open source code (, sandbox for testing APIs ( 166623-about-the-orcid-sandbox), Public API, documentation (, annual public data file (, participation in Steering and Working Groups (, iDEAS forum Available to ORCID Members: Member API, OAuth token to support authentication, ability to serve as trusted party and read limited access data and write to/create records, biannual data files. Premium members get additional benefits including monthly usage reporting, monthly data files, webhooks, and higher bandwith access. ORCID Services 20
  21. 21. Get involved in the ORCID community 21 •  Register for your ORCID iD at •  Check out the ORCID website, source code, sandbox, and documentation—all free and open •  Submit a proposal for the Sloan-supported Adoption & Integration program •  Become an ORCID member •  Subscribe to our blog and follow @ORCID_Org •  Participate in an ORCID working group •  Support outreach as an ORCID Ambassador •  Contact us at
  22. 22. VIVO ORCID UPDATER with Linked Open Data aspirations
  23. 23. VIVO ORCID UPDATER •Proofing •Disambiguation •Permissions management •Attribute binding (ORCID) •Community
  24. 24. VIVO ORCID UPDATER Author Attibutes are pushed from AUTHOR to ORCID based on permissions granted by the attribute owner.
  25. 25. VIVO ORCID UPDATER VIVO is the public URI for APA attributes
  27. 27. VIVO ORCID UPDATER •/RDF for analytics •/JSON for verified assertions •/HTML for human consumption
  28. 28. VIVO ORCID UPDATER Hal Warren
  29. 29. ORCID-­‐VIVO  integra0on  @  Cornell   Simeon  Warner  (Cornell  University  Library)     Thanks  to  Jon  Corson-­‐Rikert  for  input  and  pictures     VIVO  2013,  St.  Louis,  MO,  USA,  15  August  2013  
  30. 30. The  Library,  VIVO  and  ORCID   Why  are  we  –  the  library  –  in  this  game?   •  Library  not  in  the  business  of  cura0ng  faculty   publica0on  records   •  Other  parts  of  the  University  are   •  Provide  support  and  infrastructure  that  make   the  processes  more  efficient   – Save  faculty  and  staff  from  duplicate  work  
  31. 31. Cornell  is  special  ;-­‐)     •  Maybe  all  ins0tu0ons  complicated  in  detail?   •  Publica0on-­‐based  repor0ng/assessment  common   •  Colleges,  centers,  etc.  have  different  prac0ces  
  32. 32. Colleges:  with  or  without  AI   •  Colleges  collect/assess  faculty  publica0on  informa0on     –  Half  of  colleges  use  Ac0vity  Insight  (AI)   (unfortunately  does  not  yet  support  ORCID)   –  Other  half  use  VIVO   •  Some  of  these  use  VIVO  as  data  source  for  primary  faculty  pages   •  College  admins  understand  value  of  ORCID  iDs  for   disambigua0on   –  Use  VIVO  to  connect  to  ORCID   –  Use  VIVO  to  store  publica0on  info  for  non-­‐AI  colleges    
  33. 33. Center  example:    CCMR   •  NSF  funded  Cornell  Center  for  Materials  Research  with   corresponding  repor0ng  requirements   •  Manual  effort:   1.  For  each  researcher  search  to  iden0fy  publica0ons   2.  Send  email  asking  researcher  to  verify  publica0ons   3.  Check  that  NSF  grant  number  is  included  in  each   •  Faculty  go  through  similar  processes  with  Dept.  and  College   –  Use  VIVO  to  reduce  duplica0on  of  work   –  Use  ORCID  iDs  to  make  work  more  efficient/accurate    
  34. 34. Publica(on  informa(on  data  flows  at  Cornell  
  35. 35. ORCID  in  Cornell  VIVO  now     •  simple  ORCID  iD  entry  for,   •  iD  displayed,  linked  from   profile   •  exported  in  RDF   •  no  valida0on   •  no  data  lookup/ingest  
  36. 36. Not  yet  taking  advantage   of  profile  informa0on  
  37. 37. h_p://­‐core-­‐public-­‐1.5.owl#orcidId   ! <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about="">! <rdfs:label xml:lang="en-US">ORCID id</rdfs:label>! <vitro:descriptionAnnot rdf:datatype="”>! We can't yet assume that we will only have a single ORCID id for a person.! source: .! ! We wanted this property to be visible so that people would be aware that we intend to carry ORCID ids in VIVO for cross-reference. I don't believe any ORCID ids have been minted yet, but it's hard to imagine they would need to be private since the goal of having them is to disambiguate author references internationally. However, this and the researcherId and scopusId (also with domain foaf:Person) can stay as visible to self- editors for now as they will probably be used mostly in data ingest. It might be nice in the future to let people make their own decision about whether these are visible.! </vitro:descriptionAnnot>! <rdfs:domain rdf:resource=""/>! <rdfs:subPropertyOf>! <owl:DatatypeProperty rdf:about=""/>! </rdfs:subPropertyOf>! </owl:DatatypeProperty>! ORCID  iD  in  core  VIVO  Ontology  
  38. 38. Leveraging  ORCID  with  VIVO   •  Promote  ORCID  iD  crea0on  via  VIVO   –  push  data  from  VIVO   –  harvest  data  from  ORCID   –  trusted  party  associa0on  (Cornell  is  ORCID  member)   –  con0nued  updates   •  Use  ORCID  iD  in  other  mgmt/harvest  systems   –  improved  data  quality   •  Different  segments  of  user  base  will  use  different   strategies   –  avoid    data  duplica0on   •  (Not  planning  to  create/seed  profiles)  
  39. 39. Faculty   Repor0ng   (private)   Cornell   VIVO   (public)   Publica0ons   Management   Tool  (private)   ORCID   User  creates   ORCID  iD  and   op0onally  grants   VIVO  rights  to   synchronize   Op0onal  claim/ disclaim  review   Simplified  data  flows  
  40. 40. Alternate  view:  data-­‐go-­‐round   •  Data  in  everywhere   – Avoid  dupe  effort   – Avoid  dupe  data   Pub  Mgmt,   Elements,   etc.   VIVO   ORCID  New  data   New  data   New  data   auth,  associate,     delegate   Publica0ons   (the  real   new  data)