TIMD-IEF Part 3

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  • The Need for
    Moral & Ethical Education
  • Government
    Spending & Social Problems (U.S. from 1960Ð1990)
    500% increase in spending on social problems
    ¥Violent crime rose 500%
    ¥Births outside marriage rose 400%
    ¥Divorce rose 400%
    ¥Children living in single parent homes rose 300%
    ¥Teenage suicides rose 200%
    Source:William Bennett, speech ÒSearch for A New World CultureÓ to conference, Washington, D.C., Apr 23, 1997
  • Traditional Role of Education
    1.Passing on knowledge and cultural values
    2.Teaching moral standards and social responsibilities
    3.Preparing good citizens
  • U.S. Education Ð
    Founded with Moral Purposes
    Morality and knowledge considered essential to a good society
    1.Schools actively promoted good character and citizenship
    2.Earliest universities Ð Established by religious organizations
    ¥Harvard
    ¥Yale
    ¥Georgetown
  • 1960s Ð Breakdown
    of Traditional Values
    1.Decline of adult moral authority
    2.Rise of selfish individualism and moral relativism
  • Explosion of Destructive
    Youth Behavior Since 1940s
    1940s School Problems
    1.Talking out of turn
    2.Chewing gum
    3.Making noise
    4.Running indoors
    5.Getting out of line
    6.Improper clothing
    7.Littering
    1990s School Problems
    1.Drug abuse
    2.Alcohol abuse
    3.Pregnancy
    4.Suicide
    5.Rape
    6.Robbery
    7.Assault
    Source:William J. Bennett et al., Index of Leading Cultural indicators, Empower America, Mar. 1993
  • Characteristics of
    ÒNon-DirectiveÓ Education
    4.Rejects the authority of traditional moral teaching
    5. Undermines the parentsÕ role in education
  • Early Appeal of
    Non-Directive Education
    1.Used interactive methodology
    2.Supported by the science of its time
    3.Coincided with the loss of confidence in traditional values
    4.Seemed to promote tolerance
  • Interactive Methodology
    1.Participatory, not didactic
    2.Engages students as agents in their own learning
    3.Draws out studentsÕ knowledge & experience
  • U.S. Policy Recognizes Limitations of Non-Directive Methods
    Rejects Òopen-ended decision-making, values clarification and therapeuticÉ strategiesÓ in drug abuse education
    Source:U.S. Dept. of Education guidelines for drug prevention education, 1988
    Mandates federal funding for directive abstinence-oriented sex education
    Source:Act of Congress, 1996
  • Why Moral & Ethical
    Education Was Neglected
    1.Rise of moral relativism
    ¥All values subjective
    2.Increasing pluralism
    ¥Unclear whose values should be taught
    3.Confusion that teaching values was promoting religion
  • Part 2.
    Why Give Priority
    to Moral & Ethical Education?
  • Moral & Ethical Education
    Recognizes Universal Values
  • ÒThe greater our material power, the greater our need for the spiritual insight and virtue to use our power for good and not evilÉWe have never been adequate spiritually for handling our material power; and today the morality gap isÉgreater than it has ever been in any previous age.Ó
    Source:Arnold Toynbee British Historian, ÔCivilization on Trial
  • Two Dimensions of Values
  • ÒCharacter is destiny.Ó
    Heraclitus, Greek philosopher
  • Part 3.
    What Is a
    Balanced Education?
  • Philosophy & Science
    of Education
    Philosophy of Education
    Purpose
    Ideals
    Goals
    Science of Education
    Curriculum
    Methods
    Administration
  • Good Character
    Inner disposition conducive to right conduct
    ¥Attitudes and habits
    ¥For the purpose of loving
  • Cultivation of Heart
    1.Cultivation of moral feeling
    ¥Empathy
    ¥Loving motivation
    ¥Love of goodness
    2.Learning through experiences of love
    ¥Gaining the capacity to love through family life
    3.Training in good character
    ¥Develop self-control
    ¥Strengthen the conscience
    4.Internalizing moral standards
    5.Valuing people and respecting things
  • First Goal of Education
  • Education in
    Ethical Standards
    1.Understanding the standards for good relationships
    2.Fulfilling family roles & responsibilities
    3.Training in behavior, attitudes and manners
    ¥Creating harmony
  • Throughout history...education has had two great goals: To help young people to become smart and...become good.Ó
    Source:Dr. Thomas Lickona, ÔEducating for Character
  • Morals Goal — Loving Relationships & Family
    Strong marriages
    Effective parenting
    Ethical practice
    living for higher purpose
  • TIMD-IEF Part 3

    1. 1. The Family As the School of Love © 2002 International Educational Foundation IEF is responsible for the content of this presentation only if it has not been altered from the original. © IEF 1
    2. 2. Cornerstone of Civilization “The family is the culturecreating institution par excellence.” Brigitte Berger © IEF 2
    3. 3. “Again and again…humans have reaffirmed their dependence on the family as the basic unit of human living.” Margaret Meade, Family, 1965 © IEF 3
    4. 4. The School of Love  Nurture heart & character  Primary training ground for relationships © IEF 4
    5. 5. Natural Order in the Family Vertical Order Grandparents Individual Order Parents Brother Sister Brother Sister Horizontal Order Children © IEF 5
    6. 6. Natural Order in the Universe © IEF 6
    7. 7. Natural Order in the Universe Vertical Order Center of Galaxy Individual Order Sun Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Horizontal Order © IEF 7
    8. 8. Positions in the Family Grandparen ts & Parents Tru e Husban Lov d Elder e Younge r Sibling Wife Siblin g Children & Grandchildre © IEF 8
    9. 9. The Four Spheres of Love  Child’s Sphere  Sibling’s Sphere  Spouse’s Sphere  Parent’s Sphere © IEF 9
    10. 10. Sphere of Child’s Love © IEF 10
    11. 11. Child’s Love Grows in Response to Parents Love © IEF 11
    12. 12. Primary Virtues of Child’s Love Respect & © IEF 12
    13. 13. Sphere of Sibling’s Love  Peers  Friend s  Cousin s © IEF 13
    14. 14. Parental Influence Harmonizes Sibling’s Love © IEF 14
    15. 15. Diverse Relationships Round Out the Personality © IEF 15
    16. 16. Peers Increase in Importance © IEF 16
    17. 17. Primary Virtues of Sibling’s Love Harmony & Purity © IEF 17
    18. 18. Sphere of Spouse’s Love © IEF 18
    19. 19. Spouse’s Sphere Draws on Other Spheres Husband Friend Father Son Elder brother  Younger brother      Wife Friend Mother Daughter Elder sister  Younger sister      © IEF 19
    20. 20. Primary Virtues of Spouse’s Love Fidelity & © IEF 20
    21. 21. Sphere of Parent’s Love © IEF 21
    22. 22. Primary Virtues of Parent’s Love Investment & © IEF 22
    23. 23. Character Development through Four Spheres of Love Parent Higher spheres — Spouse Sibling Child  Founded on lower spheres  More unselfish & responsible  Require effort © IEF 23
    24. 24. Society — Extension of Leaders Family Younger Peers Parents True Love Husband Elder Peers Younger Sibling Wife Elder Sibling Children Subordinates © IEF 24
    25. 25. The Three Subject Roles True Parent True Teacher True Leader © IEF 25
    26. 26. Family — Embedded in the Social Order Vertical Order Society Parents Child © IEF 26
    27. 27. Strong Families Have Focus Higher than Self  Altruistic purpose  Service to communit y © IEF 27
    28. 28. Working for the Greater Good Peacemaking Patriotism Good Citizenship Filial Piety © IEF 28
    29. 29. Cornerstone of World Peace  Families bridge cultures  Peaceful families support peaceful nations  Basis for empathy © IEF 29
    30. 30. “Righteousness in the heart… beauty in the character… Harmony in the home… order in the nation… peace in the world.” The Great Learning © IEF 30

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