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TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
TIMD Philosophy 6
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TIMD Philosophy 6

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  • Family in Crisis
    ¥Spouse and child abuse
    ¥Infidelity
    ¥Divorce
  • Throughout history...education has had two great goals: To help young people to become smart and...become good.Ó
    Source:Dr. Thomas Lickona, ÔEducating for Character
  • Transcript

    • 1. Family Life Education: Which Road to Take? © 2002 International Educational Foundation IEF is responsible for the content of this presentation only if it has not been altered from the original. © IEF 1
    • 2. Social Response — Family Life Education © IEF 2
    • 3. Two Models of Family Life Education  Characterbased Contraceptivebased © IEF 3
    • 4. Sexual Norm for Adolescents Character– Based Contraceptive– Based No sexual relations until marriage Sexual relations by mutual consent  Use protection © IEF 4
    • 5. Appeal Character– Based Contraceptive– Based Character– building Expedient  Supports parents’ values  Tolerates diverse values © IEF 5
    • 6. Educators and Guidance Character– Based Contraceptive– Based Morally directive Non–directive  Youth receptive to abstinence  Teenage sexual activity inevitable © IEF 6
    • 7. Contraceptives Character– Based Contraceptive– Based Not promoted Promoted  Undermines abstinence  Effective protection © IEF 7
    • 8. Meaning of Sexual Abstinence Character– Based Contraceptive– Based No genital activity Sexual relations short of intercourse © IEF 8
    • 9. Educators’ Role Towards Parents Character– Based Contraceptive– Based Supports parental authority Support youth privacy © IEF 9
    • 10. Contraceptive–Based Education— Dubious Effectiveness  Minimal improvements based on small samples  50% of studies show no impact Source: A. Gruenheit, Impact of HIV and Sexual Health Education, UNAIDS, 1997 © IEF 10
    • 11. High Condom Failure Rate Against Pregnancy 13-27% failure rate for adolescent Source: Jones & Forest, Family Planning Perspectives, Jan/Feb 1992 © IEF 11
    • 12. Risk of Pregnancy vs. Risk of Venereal Disease Pregnancy Risk  Woman only  60 days per year  Unwanted birth Disease Risk  Both woman and man  365 days a year  Death possible © IEF 12
    • 13. Condom Ineffective in Preventing HIV 23% spouses of AIDS patients became infected  Despite consistent condom use Source: M.D.C. Guimaraes, et al., American Journal of Epidemiology, v. 142, 1995 © IEF 13
    • 14. Do Sex Educators Themselves Trust Condoms? “I asked [800 sex educators] if they knew that a person carried the [HIV] virus, would they have sex, depending on a condom for protection? No one raised their hand.” Source: Dr. Theresa Crenshaw, past president of the American Society of Sex Educators and Therapists, and member of the Presidential AIDS Commission © IEF 14
    • 15. Condom Promotion Gives False Sense of Security Removes youth natural reservations about premarital sex Fear of AIDS and STDs Fear of Pregnancy Worry about Parents’ Disapproval Source: Louis Harris, American Teens Speak, 1986 © IEF 15
    • 16. Prevention Addresses Risky Behavior Cause Teenage Teenage Teenage Premarital Premarital Premarital Sex Sex Sex Teenage Teenage Pregnancy Sexual Diseases Effect © IEF 16
    • 17. Contraceptive–Based Education Linked to Increased Sexual Activity  50% increase among 14year-olds Source: Deborah Ann Dawson, ‘Effects of Sex Education on Adolescent Behavior,” Family Planning Perspectives,Jul/Aug 1986  Greater probability among girls aged 15-17 © IEF 17
    • 18. Character–Based Education Focuses on Reducing the Cause Teenage Teenage Teenage Premarital Premarital Premarital Sex Sex Sex Teenage Teenage Pregnancy Sexual Diseases © IEF 18
    • 19. Public Health Benefits of Character–Based Sex Education Abstinence Education Reduction in Sexual Activity Reduction in Teenage Pregnancies & Sexual Diseases © IEF 19
    • 20. Help Parents Protect Their Children Regulate exposure to media Discipline effectively Encourage schoolwork © IEF 20
    • 21. Contraceptive–Based Education Lacks Guidance  Attempts to be value-neutral  Allows students to set their own standards © IEF 21
    • 22. Abstinence Demands Knowledge and Skills Character-based education provides support needed to achieve the healthy norm © IEF 22
    • 23. Character–Based Education Supports the Majority of Youth  Majority of American teenagers are virgins  Many non–virgins want support to postpone sexual activity © IEF 23
    • 24. Contraceptive Instruction and Pro-Abstinence Message Do Not Mix No Premarital Sex “ Safer” Premarital Sex Abstinence Standard Lost © IEF 24
    • 25. Balanced Condom Policy  Promote marriage as the only safe context for sex  Publicize limitations of condoms  Target high–risk adults for condom promotion © IEF 25
    • 26. Factors Linked to Preventing Sexual Activity  Self-motivation  Academic ambition  Parental supervision  Abstinent friends  No substance abuse Source: Lawrence E. Kay, MD, “Adolescent Sexual Intercourse,” Postgraduate Medicine, June, 1995 © IEF 26

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