The Need to
Educate for Character
© 2002 International Educational Foundation
IEF is responsible for the content of this p...
© IEF 2
Best of the 20th
Century

© IEF 3
Worst of the 20th
Century

© IEF 4
Family in Crisis
 Spouse
and
child
abuse
 Infidelity
 Divorce
© IEF 5
Youth in
Crisis
 Sex
 Drug
s
 STDs
 Crim
e

© IEF 6
Strongest Influences on
Students
1950
1990
1. Home

1. Peers

2. School

2. TV

3. Church
3. Home
4.
Peers
5. TV

4. Schoo...
1940s
School
Problems

1990s
School
Problems

1. Talking out of turn

1. Drug abuse

2. Making noise

2. Alcohol
abuse

3....
U.S. Spending
Up
500%

Social Problems
Crime —
Up 500%
Divorce —
Up 400%
Fatherles
s
Children
— Up
300%

U.S. from 1960 — ...
“The greater our
material power, the
greater our
need for spiritual
insight and virtue ...”
Source: Arnold Toynbee, Britis...
Two Dimensions
of
a Human Being
Mind

Body
© IEF 11
Two Dimensions of
Value

Truth

Mind

 Beauty
 Goodness

Inner
Satisfaction

 Love

Happiness
 Food

Body

 Shelter
...
Two Dimensions of
Education
 Truth
 Beauty
 Goodness
 Love

Education
for
Character

 Food
 Shelter
 Wealth
 Comfo...
Priority of Educating for
Character
Mind

Education for
Character

Body

Education for
Career
© IEF 14
Traditional Role of
Education
 Passing on
knowledge &
cultural values
 Teaching moral
standards
and social
responsibilit...
1960s—
Breakdown of
Traditional Values
Adult
Authority

Individualism
& Moral
Relativism

© IEF 16
“Values-Neutral”
Perspective
 Pluralism as
moral
equivalence
 Decline of
religion
 Distrust of
authority


© IEF 17
Characteristics
of
Values
Clarification
 Values
neutral
 Feelings
and process
 Student
choice
© IEF 18
Characteristics
of
Values
Clarification
 Teacher as
facilitator
 Ignores
traditional
morality
 Discounts
parents’ role
...
Early Appeal of
Values
Clarification

 Interactive
 Treats students as
individuals

© IEF 20
Interactive
Methodology
 Participatory
 Students as
agents
of own learning
 Effective within
moral framework
© IEF 21
Limitations of
Values
Clarification
 No moral
standards
 Encourages
mediocrity
 Not characterbuilding
© IEF 22
Why Moral Education
Went Astray
Dubious assumptions
 “Values –
neutrality”
as norm
 Pluralism
precludes universal
values...
Character
Education —
Rising Trend
U.S.
federal
funding
for
character
education
© IEF 24
Character Education
Based on Universal Values
Spiritual

Contemporary

EasternUniversalWestern

Values

TraditionaMaterial...
Universal Values
Criteria
 Reversible
 Generalizable
 Compelling to
the conscience

© IEF 26
Universal Values
Criteria
 Objective benefits
 Transcend cultures
 Embodied as virtues

© IEF 27
Common to All
Cultures

© IEF 28
“Education has had two great goals: To
help young people to become smart and
…
Source:become good.”
Thomas Lickona, Educat...
Moral Goals of
Education
1. Mature character
2. Loving relationships &
family
3. Contribution to society
© IEF 30
Good Character
Disposition to
right conduct
 Attitudes & habits
 For loving well

© IEF 31
Different
Personalities
United in Character

© IEF 32
Heart — Core of
Character
True
Lov
e
Heart
Character
© IEF 33
Cultivation of the
Heart
 Experiences of
love
 Moral
examples
 Practice of
caring
© IEF 34
Moral Goal — Mature
Character
 Loving heart
 Self-control
 Lives for others
 Words = Deeds

© IEF 35
First Dimension of
Education

Cultivation of the Heart

Mature
Character
© IEF 36
Education in
Norms

 Training in proper behavior
 Rules and responsibilities
 For respect & harmony

© IEF 37
Education for
Character —
Balances Love &
Rules
Love

Rules

© IEF 38
Moral Goal: Loving
Relationships &
Family
 Strong marriages
 Effective parenting
 Ethical practice
 Living for higher
...
Second Dimension of
Education

Education in
Norms

Loving
Relationships &
Family

Cultivation of the Heart
© IEF 40
Education for
Mastery
 Academic
education
 Technical
education
 Education in the
arts
© IEF 41
Mastery Involves
Moral Standards
 Business Ethics
 Work Ethics
 Environmental Ethics

© IEF 42
Mastery Involves
Concern for the
Environment

© IEF 43
Moral Goal —
Contribution to Society
 Technical
achievement
 Community service
 Sustainable
environment

© IEF 44
Third Dimension of
Education
Education
for Mastery
Education in
Norms

Contributi
on
to
society...

Cultivation of the Hea...
Problem of Modern
Education
Education
for Mastery
Education
in Norms
Cultivatio
n
of the
Heart

© IEF 46
Balanced
Education
Education
for Mastery
Education
in Norms
Cultivation of the
Heart
© IEF 47
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

TIMD Philosophy 1

217 views
108 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
217
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

TIMD Philosophy 1

  1. 1. The Need to Educate for Character © 2002 International Educational Foundation IEF is responsible for the content of this presentation only if it has not been altered from the original. © IEF 1
  2. 2. © IEF 2
  3. 3. Best of the 20th Century © IEF 3
  4. 4. Worst of the 20th Century © IEF 4
  5. 5. Family in Crisis  Spouse and child abuse  Infidelity  Divorce © IEF 5
  6. 6. Youth in Crisis  Sex  Drug s  STDs  Crim e © IEF 6
  7. 7. Strongest Influences on Students 1950 1990 1. Home 1. Peers 2. School 2. TV 3. Church 3. Home 4. Peers 5. TV 4. School 5. Church Source: Michigan State University Study, 1990 © IEF 7
  8. 8. 1940s School Problems 1990s School Problems 1. Talking out of turn 1. Drug abuse 2. Making noise 2. Alcohol abuse 3. Improper clothing 4. Littering 3. Pregnancy 4. Assault Source: William J. Bennett et al., “Index of Leading Cultural Indicators,” Empower America, Mar 1993 © IEF 8
  9. 9. U.S. Spending Up 500% Social Problems Crime — Up 500% Divorce — Up 400% Fatherles s Children — Up 300% U.S. from 1960 — 1990 Source: William J. Bennett, “Is Our Culture in Decline?” Education Week, April 1993 © IEF 9
  10. 10. “The greater our material power, the greater our need for spiritual insight and virtue ...” Source: Arnold Toynbee, British Historian, Civilization on Trial © IEF 10
  11. 11. Two Dimensions of a Human Being Mind Body © IEF 11
  12. 12. Two Dimensions of Value  Truth Mind  Beauty  Goodness Inner Satisfaction  Love Happiness  Food Body  Shelter  Wealth  Comfort Physical Well-being © IEF 12
  13. 13. Two Dimensions of Education  Truth  Beauty  Goodness  Love Education for Character  Food  Shelter  Wealth  Comfort Education for Career © IEF 13
  14. 14. Priority of Educating for Character Mind Education for Character Body Education for Career © IEF 14
  15. 15. Traditional Role of Education  Passing on knowledge & cultural values  Teaching moral standards and social responsibilities  Preparing good citizens © IEF 15
  16. 16. 1960s— Breakdown of Traditional Values Adult Authority Individualism & Moral Relativism © IEF 16
  17. 17. “Values-Neutral” Perspective  Pluralism as moral equivalence  Decline of religion  Distrust of authority  © IEF 17
  18. 18. Characteristics of Values Clarification  Values neutral  Feelings and process  Student choice © IEF 18
  19. 19. Characteristics of Values Clarification  Teacher as facilitator  Ignores traditional morality  Discounts parents’ role © IEF 19
  20. 20. Early Appeal of Values Clarification  Interactive  Treats students as individuals © IEF 20
  21. 21. Interactive Methodology  Participatory  Students as agents of own learning  Effective within moral framework © IEF 21
  22. 22. Limitations of Values Clarification  No moral standards  Encourages mediocrity  Not characterbuilding © IEF 22
  23. 23. Why Moral Education Went Astray Dubious assumptions  “Values – neutrality” as norm  Pluralism precludes universal values  Values = religion © IEF 23
  24. 24. Character Education — Rising Trend U.S. federal funding for character education © IEF 24
  25. 25. Character Education Based on Universal Values Spiritual Contemporary EasternUniversalWestern Values TraditionaMaterial l © IEF 25
  26. 26. Universal Values Criteria  Reversible  Generalizable  Compelling to the conscience © IEF 26
  27. 27. Universal Values Criteria  Objective benefits  Transcend cultures  Embodied as virtues © IEF 27
  28. 28. Common to All Cultures © IEF 28
  29. 29. “Education has had two great goals: To help young people to become smart and … Source:become good.” Thomas Lickona, Educating for Character © IEF 29
  30. 30. Moral Goals of Education 1. Mature character 2. Loving relationships & family 3. Contribution to society © IEF 30
  31. 31. Good Character Disposition to right conduct  Attitudes & habits  For loving well © IEF 31
  32. 32. Different Personalities United in Character © IEF 32
  33. 33. Heart — Core of Character True Lov e Heart Character © IEF 33
  34. 34. Cultivation of the Heart  Experiences of love  Moral examples  Practice of caring © IEF 34
  35. 35. Moral Goal — Mature Character  Loving heart  Self-control  Lives for others  Words = Deeds © IEF 35
  36. 36. First Dimension of Education Cultivation of the Heart Mature Character © IEF 36
  37. 37. Education in Norms  Training in proper behavior  Rules and responsibilities  For respect & harmony © IEF 37
  38. 38. Education for Character — Balances Love & Rules Love Rules © IEF 38
  39. 39. Moral Goal: Loving Relationships & Family  Strong marriages  Effective parenting  Ethical practice  Living for higher purpose © IEF 39
  40. 40. Second Dimension of Education Education in Norms Loving Relationships & Family Cultivation of the Heart © IEF 40
  41. 41. Education for Mastery  Academic education  Technical education  Education in the arts © IEF 41
  42. 42. Mastery Involves Moral Standards  Business Ethics  Work Ethics  Environmental Ethics © IEF 42
  43. 43. Mastery Involves Concern for the Environment © IEF 43
  44. 44. Moral Goal — Contribution to Society  Technical achievement  Community service  Sustainable environment © IEF 44
  45. 45. Third Dimension of Education Education for Mastery Education in Norms Contributi on to society... Cultivation of the Heart © IEF 45
  46. 46. Problem of Modern Education Education for Mastery Education in Norms Cultivatio n of the Heart © IEF 46
  47. 47. Balanced Education Education for Mastery Education in Norms Cultivation of the Heart © IEF 47

×