Drug and Our Youth— Focus on Prevention          © 2002 International Educational Foundation   IEF is responsible for the ...
Strategies in theFight Against Drugs    1 . Law enforcem ent,       Interdiction & Treatm ent         Need m ore resource...
Conventional ReasonsWhyPeople Begin to TakeDrugs        Curiosity              Peer pressure              Change mood o...
MediaInfluence      Glamorizes drug       abuse        Road to         popularity and   © IEF 4
Information AboutDangers — PoorDeterrent           Need to focus on           root causes of           drug use           ...
Primary ReasonsPeopleBegin to TakeDrugs    Substitute for the    fulfillment    of basic life goals      Mature character...
Choices on the Way to  Maturity           Mak Self-Respect Mature            e               Character           Effo     ...
Risk Factors — WeakCharacter      Low moral       standard      Disrespect for       elders’ guidance      Poor self-  ...
Protective Factors —Strong Character       High moral        standard       Respect for        elders’ guidance       S...
Drugs Hinder PersonalGrowth            Disturbed             emotions            Impaired             intellect         ...
“I th o u g h t i f I g a v e u pm a r i j u a n a a n d d r i n k i n g th e ne v e r yth i n g wo u l d s o m e h o wb e...
Choices on the Way to  Love             Mak                Healthy              e      Real     Relationships             ...
Drugs as a Substitute forLove                       © IEF 13
Risk Factors —Dysfunctional Family     Lack of parental love     Lack of parental      discipline     Drug abuse by fam...
ProtectiveFactors —Sound Family       Parental Love       Proper        discipline       Drug–free        family member...
Choices on the Way to  Mastery                     Sense of                    Competence             Mak                 ...
Risk Factors —SocialDeficiencies    Ineffective schools    Few career     opportunities    Lack of constructive     rec...
ProtectiveFactors —HealthySocieties     Effective schools     Many career      opportunities     Creative recreation   ...
Freedom & Drug  Use             Be       True            Respo   Freedom              n-    & Success            sibleFree...
Natural“ Highs”     Life–affirming      exhilaration     Original joy desired                             © IEF 20
© IEF 21
© IEF 22© IEF 22
Natural High       Drugged High Reinforces        Reinforces  successful         addictive  behavior           behavior...
Drugs — A MoralProblem “Dr u g u s e i s a m i s g u i d e d a tte m pt to f i n d th e m e a n i n g o f l i f e [th a t ...
BalancedEducation        Education       for Mastery        Education         in Norms     Cultivation of the           He...
PreventionWorks        Reduction of          Demand       Promotion of     Healthy Life-styles      Strong Character     ...
Prevention CanSucceed                American 12th                   Graders 70%          Using Drugs In Past 60%         ...
Major PsychoactiveDrugsStimulant    Depressants     PsychedelicSharpens     Dull and slow        s   andaccelerate        ...
Cocaine     Illusion of well-being     Extremely addictive     Cardiac arrest or lung      failure                  © I...
Amphetamines          Sense of power          Psychological           dependence          Psychosis          Stroke or...
Heroin          Blocks pain and           gives pleasure          Extremely           addictive          Coma or cardia...
Marijuana           Impaired memory            and low motivation           Lung damage           Laced with other     ...
LSD       Hallucinations       Panic, paranoia        and flashback                          © IEF 33
PCP       Delusions       Violence       Temporary        insanity    © IEF 34
Inhalants            Cause             exhilaration            Poisonous            Common among             young     ...
Gateway Drugs andYouth              Alcohol              Tobacco              Marijua               na              He...
Tobacco          Addictive          Kills three million           annually           worldwide            S ourc e :    ...
AlcoholAbuse           Impairs judgement            and coordination           Lowers inhibitions           Causes birt...
Current U. S. DrugUse 12. 6 million illicit drug users                   10 million                    marijuana users   ...
Drug AbuseAmong U. S. Children            Doubled among            12-17 year olds,            1992-95             S o u r...
China’ s DrugProblem  380, 00 drug addicts in 1995   Almost 30 tons of illicit    drugs seized between    1991-1995      ...
Process of Physical andEmotional Dependence                            Addiction                             Withdrawal p...
General Signs of DrugAbuse   Absenteeism & poor    performance   Change on eating or    sleeping   Hostility   Self-de...
Denial     Defense mechanism     to avoid      recognizing      damage     Moves from      conscious      to unconsciou...
“Af te r yo u ta k e ‘ c r a c k ’[c o c a i n e ] f o r a wh i l e , yo ud o n ’ t wa n t to s to p u n ti la l l th e m ...
WithdrawalSymptoms   Physical      Psychologica   Convulsion                        l    s             Paranoia   Vomit...
Drug Abuse —Never a Private Matter            For every addict              Many individuals               suffer        ...
Stunting of PersonalDevelopment    Avoid dealing with life     issues    No incentive to develop     character          ...
Drugs — Destructive toLearning             Impair learning              and development             Tied to school      ...
Domestic Violenceand SubstanceAbuse           50% of all           spousal           abuse linked to           intoxicants...
Stunting of PersonalDevelopment       Exploitative        relationships       Tendency to isolation                     ...
Injecting DrugsSpread HIV Infection    70% of all New York heroin              addicts   test positive for the HIV virus  ...
“Th i s wo m a n wa spr e g n a n t, s h e wa spr o s ti tu ti n g , wa s HIVpo s i ti v e a n d h a d a$ 2 5 0 -a -d a y ...
Cost of U. S. DrugAbuse —$300 BillionAnnually                Health care                Lost productivity              ...
Cost to Industry —More than $100 Billion            Absenteeism            Mistakes            Reduced             prod...
Worldwide Trade in IllegalDrugs  $500 Billion a year industry                                 © IEF 56
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11 dap IEF-TIMD Lecture 11

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  • 1. Strengthen personal integrity 2. Practice filial piety 3. Cultivate respect and appreciation for the opposite sex 4. Practice being a true friend 5. Deepen the heart through service 6. Maintain sexual purity
  • 1. Clear sense of moral values 2. Living up to one’s moral convictions 3. Self-discipline and delayed gratification
  • Love and honor one’s parents Cultivation of loyalty Springboard to all forms of love
  • 1. Relate to them as siblings or close relatives 2. Respect gender qualities Within family and friends Show modesty in attitude and appearance
  • 1. Practice loyalty, cooperation, support and honesty 2. Make friends with various people of good character Different personalities Elder and younger Male and female
  • 1. Sexual compulsions 2. Poor relationships with elders and friends
  • Opportunities to learn about giving and selflessness To give is to receive Love involves effort
  • 1. Essential to maturity 2. Positive, practical, achievable lifestyle
  • 1. Recognize how one is possibly being manipulated 2. Maintain self-respect and self-control to resist stimulation 3. Know how to handle an emotional situation
  • “ If you loved me you would let me” “ I know you really want to” “ Everybody is doing it” “ If you loved me, you would not push me” “ Yes - with my future spouse” “ Not me” Moral conviction is most important
  • Cultivates empathy Fosters sense of self worth Sharpens relational and parenting skills Broadens base of friendship
  • Large numbers are making the commitment to save sex until marriage
  • 1. Opportunity to regain a sense of self-worth 2. Best option for those disillusioned with premarital sex
  • The pure relationship of love between a man and a woman is a sacred trust to be cherished and honored, for the sake of building a true family, a healthy nation, and a world of peace. Once that love is consummated, it should never be broken.
  • 1. Stimulates selfishness 2. Creates possessiveness 3. Inhibits communication
  • 1. If married later, greater likelihood of divorce 2. Increased conflict and poorer communication 3. Greater risk of violence to women 7 times the risk of assault by boy friends than by husbands Source: National Crime Victimization Survey, US Department of Justice, 1992
  • “ Sex is most joyful and fulfilling - most emotionally safe as well as physically safe - when it occurs within a loving, total and binding commitment...[as in] marriage... the union of two person’s lives.” Source: Thomas Lickona, American Educator, Educating for Character
  • Teenage children are unable to connect sex with love Jean Piaget Adolescents are unable to think in terms of the future Lawrence Kohlberg Having sex before the heart is developed leads to problems with intimacy later Victor Frankl
  • Any position in life depends on meeting certain criteria The qualification for sex is maturity and marriage
  • Temptation of Sexual Love
  • Temptation of Sexual Love
  • 1. Protection of the heart, conscience and body 2. Opportunity to develop character 3. Freedom to develop other friendships 4. Training for fidelity 5. Less chance of divorce
  • 1. Greatest gift to show sincerity 2. Freedom to learn the art of loving together 3. Freedom from comparisons to past lovers 4. Less chance of divorce 5. Training for fidelity
  • Other-centered Unconditional Unchanging Forgiving Ethical Self-centered Conditional Changing Resentful Unethical
  • Romance by itself Insufficient foundation for the enduring love needed to sustain marriages and families
  • 1. Psychological damage and problems for future marriage can afflict either men or women Even if disease and pregnancy are prevented Can have lifelong impact
  • 1. Caring 2. Honesty 3. Trust 4. Fidelity 5. Commitment 6. Sense of sacrifice 7. Sexual satisfaction
  • 7. Anxiety over possible pregnancy and disease 8. Rage over betrayal 9. Corruption ofcharacter 10. Depression and suicide Source: Thomas Lickona, “The Neglected Heart,” American Educator, 1994
  • 1. Comparison to past partners 2. Tendency towards infidelity 3. Transmission of STDs 4. Greater likelihood of divorce
  • 1. Regret 2. Heartbreak 3. Guilt and shame 4. Stunted personal growth 5. Loss of self-respect 6. Fear of commitment Source: Thomas Lickona,“The Neglected Heart,” American Educator, 1994
  • 5. Quarrels increase in frequency and severity 6. Partners are more self-absorbed and less productive 5. Quarrels are better resolved over time 6. Partners become better people and more productive
  • Caution and wisdom needed because of the bonding power of love
  • 1. Looking for love 2. Seeking acceptance From partner From peers 3. Proving one’s manhood or womanhood
  • 1. Loving has purpose and direction Grounded in heart & conscience Purpose determines depth of love 2. Love is grounded in ethical standards beyond the personal relationship
  • 1. Mature character Discernment and self-control 2. Constant caring investment Communication Mutual support and service Shared interests and activities Forgiveness and making amends 3. Shared ethical values Beyond mutual gratification Connected to community
  • 1. Includes sexual attraction Rooted in instinctual and unconscious forces 2. Transient stage 3. Lasting intimacy, freedom and joy takes time and investment
  • 1. Emphasis on receiving 2. Focus on external traits 3. Starts and ends quickly 4. Separation and time weaken partner’s bond 1. Emphasis on giving 2. Focus on internal traits 3. Grows steadily 4. Separation and time deepen partner’s bond
  • Other-centered Unconditional Unchanging Forgiving Ethical Self-centered Conditional Changing Resentful Unethical
  • 11 dap IEF-TIMD Lecture 11

    1. 1. Drug and Our Youth— Focus on Prevention © 2002 International Educational Foundation IEF is responsible for the content of this presentation only if it has not been altered from the original. © IEF 1
    2. 2. Strategies in theFight Against Drugs 1 . Law enforcem ent, Interdiction & Treatm ent  Need m ore resources  Poorresults 2. Prevention  Needs less resources  Prom ising results © IEF 2
    3. 3. Conventional ReasonsWhyPeople Begin to TakeDrugs  Curiosity  Peer pressure  Change mood or sensation  Pleasure  Enhance performance © IEF 3
    4. 4. MediaInfluence  Glamorizes drug abuse  Road to popularity and © IEF 4
    5. 5. Information AboutDangers — PoorDeterrent Need to focus on root causes of drug use © IEF 5
    6. 6. Primary ReasonsPeopleBegin to TakeDrugs Substitute for the fulfillment of basic life goals  Mature character  Loving relationships  Contribution to society © IEF 6
    7. 7. Choices on the Way to Maturity Mak Self-Respect Mature e Character Effo rt Desire forMaturity False Tak Self-Esteem Self- e Destruction Dru g © IEF 7
    8. 8. Risk Factors — WeakCharacter  Low moral standard  Disrespect for elders’ guidance  Poor self- discipline  Irresponsibility Susceptibility to drug abuse © IEF 8
    9. 9. Protective Factors —Strong Character  High moral standard  Respect for elders’ guidance  Self-discipline  Responsibility Power to resist drugs © IEF 9
    10. 10. Drugs Hinder PersonalGrowth  Disturbed emotions  Impaired intellect  Weakened will © IEF 10
    11. 11. “I th o u g h t i f I g a v e u pm a r i j u a n a a n d d r i n k i n g th e ne v e r yth i n g wo u l d s o m e h o wb e a l l r i g h t. Bu t th e r e a l i tywa s th a t I h a d a l l th e s a m epr o b l e m s th a t I d i d a s wh e n F o r m e r Dr u g Ad d i c tI s ta r te d .” © IEF 11
    12. 12. Choices on the Way to Love Mak Healthy e Real Relationships Effo InteractionDesire for rt & BelongingContributi on Tak Isolation & e False Loneliness Dru Sociabilit g y & Sense © IEF 12
    13. 13. Drugs as a Substitute forLove © IEF 13
    14. 14. Risk Factors —Dysfunctional Family  Lack of parental love  Lack of parental discipline  Drug abuse by family members  Violence Susceptibility to © IEF 14
    15. 15. ProtectiveFactors —Sound Family  Parental Love  Proper discipline  Drug–free family members  Harmony Power to resist drugs © IEF 15
    16. 16. Choices on the Way to Mastery Sense of Competence Mak Success e Effo in LifeDesire for rtContributi on Illusion of Competenc Tak e Loss of Control e over Life Dru g © IEF 16
    17. 17. Risk Factors —SocialDeficiencies  Ineffective schools  Few career opportunities  Lack of constructive recreation Susceptibility to drug abuse © IEF 17
    18. 18. ProtectiveFactors —HealthySocieties  Effective schools  Many career opportunities  Creative recreation Power to resist drugs © IEF 18
    19. 19. Freedom & Drug Use Be True Respo Freedom n- & Success sibleFree Will Take Loss of Drug Freedom s & Addiction © IEF 19
    20. 20. Natural“ Highs”  Life–affirming exhilaration  Original joy desired © IEF 20
    21. 21. © IEF 21
    22. 22. © IEF 22© IEF 22
    23. 23. Natural High Drugged High Reinforces  Reinforces successful addictive behavior behavior Encourages  Short-circuits growth growth Enhances well-  Deteriorates being well-being © IEF 23
    24. 24. Drugs — A MoralProblem “Dr u g u s e i s a m i s g u i d e d a tte m pt to f i n d th e m e a n i n g o f l i f e [th a t g i v e s ] u s e r s a f a l s e a n d te m po r a r y s e n s e o f po we r a n d c o n tr o l . Th e d r u g pr o b l e m i s f u n d a m e n ta l l y a m o r a l © IEF 24
    25. 25. BalancedEducation Education for Mastery Education in Norms Cultivation of the Heart © IEF 25
    26. 26. PreventionWorks Reduction of Demand Promotion of Healthy Life-styles  Strong Character  Strong Families  Healthy Society © IEF 26
    27. 27. Prevention CanSucceed American 12th Graders 70% Using Drugs In Past 60% Years 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1992 1975 1979 1985 1995 © IEF 27
    28. 28. Major PsychoactiveDrugsStimulant Depressants PsychedelicSharpens Dull and slow s andaccelerate Alter functions perception © IEF 28
    29. 29. Cocaine  Illusion of well-being  Extremely addictive  Cardiac arrest or lung failure © IEF 29
    30. 30. Amphetamines  Sense of power  Psychological dependence  Psychosis  Stroke or heart failure © IEF 30
    31. 31. Heroin  Blocks pain and gives pleasure  Extremely addictive  Coma or cardiac arrest  Needles spread AIDS © IEF 31
    32. 32. Marijuana  Impaired memory and low motivation  Lung damage  Laced with other drugs © IEF 32
    33. 33. LSD  Hallucinations  Panic, paranoia and flashback © IEF 33
    34. 34. PCP  Delusions  Violence  Temporary insanity © IEF 34
    35. 35. Inhalants  Cause exhilaration  Poisonous  Common among young adolescents © IEF 35
    36. 36. Gateway Drugs andYouth  Alcohol  Tobacco  Marijua na  Heroin  Cocain e  PCP © IEF 36
    37. 37. Tobacco  Addictive  Kills three million annually worldwide S ourc e : Wo r l d He a l th Or g a n i za ti o n  Lung and heart disease © IEF 37
    38. 38. AlcoholAbuse  Impairs judgement and coordination  Lowers inhibitions  Causes birth defects and liver damage © IEF 38
    39. 39. Current U. S. DrugUse 12. 6 million illicit drug users  10 million marijuana users  2. 1 million lifetime heroin users S o u r c e : U.S . De pa r tm e n t o f He a l th a n d Hu m a n S e r v i c e s , 1994 © IEF 39
    40. 40. Drug AbuseAmong U. S. Children Doubled among 12-17 year olds, 1992-95 S o u r c e : 1 9 9 4 , U.S . De pa r tm e n t o f He a l th a n d Hu m a n S e r v i c e s © IEF 40
    41. 41. China’ s DrugProblem 380, 00 drug addicts in 1995  Almost 30 tons of illicit drugs seized between 1991-1995 S o u r c e : U.S . De pa r tm e n t o f He a l th a n d Hu m a n S e r v i c e s , 1 9 9 4 Projected to have the world’ s largest number of addicts by 1998  Heroin is increasingly popular © IEF 41 © IEF 41
    42. 42. Process of Physical andEmotional Dependence Addiction  Withdrawal painful Habit & Tolerance  More needed for same effect Casual UseExperimentat ion © IEF 42
    43. 43. General Signs of DrugAbuse  Absenteeism & poor performance  Change on eating or sleeping  Hostility  Self-destructive behavior  Depression © IEF 43
    44. 44. Denial  Defense mechanism  to avoid recognizing damage  Moves from conscious to unconscious © IEF 44
    45. 45. “Af te r yo u ta k e ‘ c r a c k ’[c o c a i n e ] f o r a wh i l e , yo ud o n ’ t wa n t to s to p u n ti la l l th e m o n e y i s g o n e ,u n ti l yo u h a v e ‘Croc k ’ c o c a i n e u s e r nac hoic e .” © IEF 45
    46. 46. WithdrawalSymptoms Physical Psychologica  Convulsion l s  Paranoia  Vomiting  Delirium  Cramps  Depression  Pain  Flashbacks © IEF 46
    47. 47. Drug Abuse —Never a Private Matter For every addict  Many individuals suffer  Society pays © IEF 47
    48. 48. Stunting of PersonalDevelopment  Avoid dealing with life issues  No incentive to develop character © IEF 48
    49. 49. Drugs — Destructive toLearning  Impair learning and development  Tied to school drop–out rates © IEF 49
    50. 50. Domestic Violenceand SubstanceAbuse 50% of all spousal abuse linked to intoxicants © IEF 50
    51. 51. Stunting of PersonalDevelopment  Exploitative relationships  Tendency to isolation © IEF 51
    52. 52. Injecting DrugsSpread HIV Infection 70% of all New York heroin addicts test positive for the HIV virus © IEF 52
    53. 53. “Th i s wo m a n wa spr e g n a n t, s h e wa spr o s ti tu ti n g , wa s HIVpo s i ti v e a n d h a d a$ 2 5 0 -a -d a y h a b i t.” AIDS P a ti e n t © IEF 53
    54. 54. Cost of U. S. DrugAbuse —$300 BillionAnnually  Health care  Lost productivity  Crime  Law enforcement S o u r c e : S e n a te Co n f i r m a ti o n He a r i n g s f o r Na ti o n a l Dr u g Co n tr o l Po l i c y Di r e c to r , © IEF 54
    55. 55. Cost to Industry —More than $100 Billion  Absenteeism  Mistakes  Reduced production S ourc e : Da r r yl S i n a b a , e t. a l ., Uppers Downers and All Arounders, 1994 © IEF 55
    56. 56. Worldwide Trade in IllegalDrugs $500 Billion a year industry © IEF 56

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