0
Drug and Our Youth—
Focus on Prevention
© 2002 International Educational Foundation
IEF is responsible for the content of ...
Strategies in the
Fight Against Drugs
1. Law enforcement,

Interdiction & Treatment
 Need more resources
 Poor results

...
Conventional Reasons
Why
People Begin to Take
Drugs
 Curiosity
 Peer pressure
 Change mood or
sensation
 Pleasure
 En...
Media
Influence

 Glamorizes drug
abuse
 Road to
popularity and

© IEF 4
Information About
Dangers — Poor
Deterrent
Need to focus on
root causes of
drug use

© IEF 5
Primary Reasons
People
Begin to Take
Drugs
Substitute for the
fulfillment
of basic life goals
 Mature character
 Loving ...
Choices on the Way to
Maturity

Desire
for
Maturity

Mak Self-Respect Mature
Character
e
Effo
rt
False
Self-Esteem
Tak
Sel...
Risk Factors — Weak
Character
 Low moral
standard
 Disrespect for
elders’ guidance
 Poor selfdiscipline
 Irresponsibil...
Protective Factors —
Strong Character
 High moral
standard
 Respect for
elders’ guidance
 Self-discipline
 Responsibil...
Drugs Hinder Personal
Growth
 Disturbed
emotions
 Impaired
intellect
 Weakened will
© IEF 10
“I thought if I gave up marijuana and
drinking then everything would
somehow be all right. But the reality was
that I had ...
Choices on the Way to
Love
Desire for
Contributi
on

Mak
Healthy
e
Relationships
Real
Effo Interaction
rt & Belonging
Tak
...
Drugs as a Substitute for
Love

© IEF 13
Risk Factors —
Dysfunctional Family
 Lack of parental love
 Lack of parental
discipline
 Drug abuse by family
members
...
Protective
Factors —
Sound Family
 Parental Love
 Proper
discipline
 Drug–free
family members
 Harmony
Power to resist...
Choices on the Way to
Mastery

Desire for
Contributi
on

Mak
e
Effo
rt

Tak
e
Dru
g

Sense of
Competence

Success
in Life
...
Risk Factors —
Social
Deficiencies
 Ineffective schools
 Few career
opportunities
 Lack of constructive
recreation
Susc...
Protective
Factors —
Healthy
Societies

 Effective schools
 Many career
opportunities
 Creative recreation
Power to
res...
Freedom & Drug
Use
Be
Respo
nsible

True
Freedom
& Success

Take
Drug
s

Loss of
Freedom
& Addiction

Free Will

© IEF 19
Natural
“Highs”
 Life–affirming
exhilaration
 Original joy desired

© IEF 20
© IEF 21
© IEF 22
© IEF 22
Natural High
 Reinforces
successful
behavior
 Encourages
growth
 Enhances wellbeing

Drugged High
 Reinforces
addictiv...
Drugs — A Moral
Problem
“Drug use is a misguided attempt to
find the meaning of life [that gives]
users a false and tempor...
Balanced
Education
Education
for Mastery
Education
in Norms
Cultivation of the
Heart
© IEF 25
Prevention
Works

Reduction of
Demand

Promotion of
Healthy Life-styles
 Strong Character
 Strong Families
 Healthy Soc...
Prevention Can
Succeed

American 12th
Graders
Using Drugs In Past
Years

70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%

1995

1992

1985

1979

...
Major Psychoactive
Drugs
Stimulant

Depressants

Sharpens
and
accelerate
functions

Dull and slow

Psychedelic
s
Alter
per...
Cocain
e

 Illusion of well-being
 Extremely addictive
 Cardiac arrest or lung
failure

© IEF 29
Amphetamin
es
 Sense of power
 Psychological
dependence
 Psychosis
 Stroke or heart
failure
© IEF 30
Heroin
 Blocks pain and
gives pleasure
 Extremely
addictive
 Coma or cardiac
arrest
 Needles spread
AIDS
© IEF 31
Marijua
na
 Impaired memory
and low motivation
 Lung damage
 Laced with other
drugs

© IEF 32
LSD

 Hallucinations
 Panic, paranoia
and flashback

© IEF 33
PCP

 Delusions
 Violence
 Temporary
insanity

© IEF 34
Inhalant
s
 Cause
exhilaration
 Poisonous
 Common among
young
adolescents
© IEF 35
Gateway Drugs and
Youth
 Alcohol
 Tobacco
 Marijua
na
 Heroin
 Cocain
e
 PCP

© IEF 36
Tobacc
o
 Addictive
 Kills three million
annually
worldwide
Source: World Health
Organization

 Lung and heart
disease
...
Alcohol
Abuse
 Impairs judgement
and coordination
 Lowers inhibitions
 Causes birth
defects and liver
damage
© IEF 38
Current U.S. Drug
Use
12.6 million illicit drug users
 10 million
marijuana users
 2.1 million
lifetime heroin
users
Sou...
Drug Abuse
Among U.S. Children
Doubled among
12-17 year olds,
1992-95
Source: 1994, U.S. Department
of Health and Human
Se...
China’s Drug
Problem
380,00 drug addicts in 1995
 Almost 30 tons of illicit
drugs seized between 19911995
Source: U.S. De...
Process of Physical and
Emotional Dependence
Addiction
 Withdrawal painful

Habit & Tolerance
 More needed for same effe...
General Signs of Drug
Abuse
 Absenteeism & poor
performance
 Change on eating or
sleeping
 Hostility
 Self-destructive...
Denia
l
 Defense mechanism
 to avoid
recognizing
damage
 Moves from
conscious
to unconscious
© IEF 44
“After you take ‘crack’ [cocaine] for
a while, you don’t want to stop until
all the money is gone, until you
have no choic...
Withdrawal
Symptoms
Physical

Psychologica
l

 Convulsion
s
 Vomiting

 Paranoia

 Cramps

 Depression

 Pain

 Fla...
Drug Abuse —
Never a Private Matter
For every addict
 Many individuals
suffer
 Society pays
© IEF 47
Stunting of Personal
Development

 Avoid dealing with life
issues
 No incentive to develop
character

© IEF 48
Drugs — Destructive to
Learning
 Impair learning
and development
 Tied to school
drop–out rates

© IEF 49
Domestic Violence
and Substance
Abuse
50% of all
spousal
abuse linked to
intoxicants
© IEF 50
Stunting of Personal
Development

 Exploitative
relationships
 Tendency to isolation
© IEF 51
Injecting Drugs
Spread HIV Infection

70% of all New York heroin
addicts
test positive for the HIV virus

© IEF 52
“This woman was pregnant, she
was prostituting, was HIV
positive and had a $250-a-day
habit.”
AIDS Patient

© IEF 53
Cost of U.S. Drug
Abuse —
$300 Billion
Annually





Health care
Lost productivity
Crime
Law enforcement
Source: Senat...
Cost to Industry —
More than $100 Billion
 Absenteeism
 Mistakes
 Reduced
production
Source: Darryl Sinaba, et. al.,
Up...
Worldwide Trade in Illegal
Drugs

$500 Billion a year industry
© IEF 56
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TIMD-IEF Part 11

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  • 1.Strengthen personal integrity
    2.Practice filial piety
    3.Cultivate respect and appreciation for the opposite sex
    4.Practice being a true friend
    5.Deepen the heart through service
    6.Maintain sexual purity
  • 1.Clear sense of moral values
    2.Living up to one’s moral convictions
    3.Self-discipline and delayed gratification
  • Love and honor one’s parents
    Cultivation of loyalty
    Springboard to all forms of love
  • 1.Relate to them as siblings or close relatives
    2.Respect gender qualities
    Within family and friends
    Show modesty in attitude and appearance
  • 1.Practice loyalty, cooperation, support and honesty
    2.Make friends with various people of good character
    Different personalities
    Elder and younger
    Male and female
  • 1.Sexual compulsions
    2.Poor relationships with elders and friends
  • Opportunities to learn about giving and selflessness
    To give is to receive
    Love involves effort
  • 1.Essential to maturity
    2.Positive, practical, achievable lifestyle
  • 1.Recognize how one is possibly being manipulated
    2.Maintain self-respect and self-control to resist stimulation
    3.Know how to handle an emotional situation
  • “ If you loved me you would let me”
    “ I know you really want to”
    “ Everybody is doing it”
    “ If you loved me, you would not push me”
    “ Yes - with my future spouse”
    “ Not me”
    Moral conviction is most important
  • Cultivates empathy
    Fosters sense of self worth
    Sharpens relational and parenting skills
    Broadens base of friendship
  • Large numbers are making the commitment to save sex until marriage
  • 1.Opportunity to regain a sense of self-worth
    2.Best option for those disillusioned with premarital sex
  • The pure relationship of love between a man and a woman is a sacred trust to be cherished and honored, for the sake of building a true family, a healthy nation, and a world of peace.
    Once that love is consummated, it should never be broken.
  • 1.Stimulates selfishness
    2. Creates possessiveness
    3. Inhibits communication
  • 1.If married later, greater likelihood of divorce
    2.Increased conflict and poorer communication
    3.Greater risk of violence to women
    7 times the risk of assault by boy friends than by husbands
    Source: National Crime Victimization Survey, US Department of Justice, 1992
  • “Sex is most joyful and fulfilling - most emotionally safe as well as physically safe - when it occurs within a loving, total and binding commitment...[as in] marriage... the union of two person’s lives.”
    Source: Thomas Lickona, American Educator, Educating for Character
  • Teenage children are unable to connect sex with love
    Jean Piaget
    Adolescents are unable to think in terms of the future Lawrence Kohlberg
    Having sex before the heart is developed leads to problems with intimacy later
    Victor Frankl
  • Any position in life depends on meeting certain criteria
    The qualification for sex is maturity and marriage
  • Temptation of Sexual Love
  • Temptation of Sexual Love
  • 1.Protection of the heart, conscience and body
    2.Opportunity to develop character
    3.Freedom to develop other friendships
    4.Training for fidelity
    5.Less chance of divorce
  • 1.Greatest gift to show sincerity
    2.Freedom to learn the art of loving together
    3.Freedom from comparisons to past lovers
    4.Less chance of divorce
    5.Training for fidelity
  • Romance by itself Insufficient foundation for the enduring love needed to sustain marriages and families
  • 1.Psychological damage and problems for future marriage can afflict either men or women
    Even if disease and pregnancy are prevented
    Can have lifelong impact
  • 1.Caring
    2.Honesty
    3.Trust
    4.Fidelity
    5.Commitment
    6.Sense of sacrifice
    7.Sexual satisfaction
  • 7.Anxiety over possible pregnancy and disease
    8.Rage over betrayal
    9.Corruption ofcharacter
    10.Depression and suicide
    Source: Thomas Lickona, “The Neglected Heart,” American Educator, 1994
  • 1.Comparison to past partners
    2.Tendency towards infidelity
    3.Transmission of STDs
    4.Greater likelihood of divorce
  • 1.Regret
    2.Heartbreak
    3.Guilt and shame
    4.Stunted personal growth
    5.Loss of self-respect
    6.Fear of commitment
    Source: Thomas Lickona,“The Neglected Heart,” American Educator, 1994
  • Caution and wisdom needed because of the bonding power of love
  • 1.Looking for love
    2.Seeking acceptance
    From partner
    From peers
    3.Proving one’s manhood or womanhood
  • 1.Loving has purpose and direction
    Grounded in heart & conscience
    Purpose determines depth of love
    2.Love is grounded in ethical standards beyond the personal relationship
  • 1.Mature character Discernment and self-control
    2.Constant caring investment
    Communication
    Mutual support and service
    Shared interests and activities
    Forgiveness and making amends
    3.Shared ethical values
    Beyond mutual gratification
    Connected to community
  • 1.Includes sexual attraction
    Rooted in instinctual and unconscious forces
    2.Transient stage
    3.Lasting intimacy, freedom and joy takes time and investment
  • Transcript of "TIMD-IEF Part 11"

    1. 1. Drug and Our Youth— Focus on Prevention © 2002 International Educational Foundation IEF is responsible for the content of this presentation only if it has not been altered from the original. © IEF 1
    2. 2. Strategies in the Fight Against Drugs 1. Law enforcement, Interdiction & Treatment  Need more resources  Poor results 2. Prevention  Needs less resources  Promising results © IEF 2
    3. 3. Conventional Reasons Why People Begin to Take Drugs  Curiosity  Peer pressure  Change mood or sensation  Pleasure  Enhance performance © IEF 3
    4. 4. Media Influence  Glamorizes drug abuse  Road to popularity and © IEF 4
    5. 5. Information About Dangers — Poor Deterrent Need to focus on root causes of drug use © IEF 5
    6. 6. Primary Reasons People Begin to Take Drugs Substitute for the fulfillment of basic life goals  Mature character  Loving relationships  Contribution to society © IEF 6
    7. 7. Choices on the Way to Maturity Desire for Maturity Mak Self-Respect Mature Character e Effo rt False Self-Esteem Tak Selfe Destruction Dru g © IEF 7
    8. 8. Risk Factors — Weak Character  Low moral standard  Disrespect for elders’ guidance  Poor selfdiscipline  Irresponsibility Susceptibility to drug abuse © IEF 8
    9. 9. Protective Factors — Strong Character  High moral standard  Respect for elders’ guidance  Self-discipline  Responsibility Power to resist drugs © IEF 9
    10. 10. Drugs Hinder Personal Growth  Disturbed emotions  Impaired intellect  Weakened will © IEF 10
    11. 11. “I thought if I gave up marijuana and drinking then everything would somehow be all right. But the reality was that I had all the same problems that I did as when I started.” Former Drug Addict © IEF 11
    12. 12. Choices on the Way to Love Desire for Contributi on Mak Healthy e Relationships Real Effo Interaction rt & Belonging Tak e Dru g False Sociabilit y & Sense Isolation & Loneliness © IEF 12
    13. 13. Drugs as a Substitute for Love © IEF 13
    14. 14. Risk Factors — Dysfunctional Family  Lack of parental love  Lack of parental discipline  Drug abuse by family members  Violence Susceptibility to © IEF 14
    15. 15. Protective Factors — Sound Family  Parental Love  Proper discipline  Drug–free family members  Harmony Power to resist drugs © IEF 15
    16. 16. Choices on the Way to Mastery Desire for Contributi on Mak e Effo rt Tak e Dru g Sense of Competence Success in Life Illusion of Competenc Loss of Control e over Life © IEF 16
    17. 17. Risk Factors — Social Deficiencies  Ineffective schools  Few career opportunities  Lack of constructive recreation Susceptibility to drug abuse © IEF 17
    18. 18. Protective Factors — Healthy Societies  Effective schools  Many career opportunities  Creative recreation Power to resist drugs © IEF 18
    19. 19. Freedom & Drug Use Be Respo nsible True Freedom & Success Take Drug s Loss of Freedom & Addiction Free Will © IEF 19
    20. 20. Natural “Highs”  Life–affirming exhilaration  Original joy desired © IEF 20
    21. 21. © IEF 21
    22. 22. © IEF 22 © IEF 22
    23. 23. Natural High  Reinforces successful behavior  Encourages growth  Enhances wellbeing Drugged High  Reinforces addictive behavior  Short-circuits growth  Deteriorates well-being © IEF 23
    24. 24. Drugs — A Moral Problem “Drug use is a misguided attempt to find the meaning of life [that gives] users a false and temporary sense of power and control. The drug problem is fundamentally a moral [one]…” William Bennett, former director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy © IEF 24
    25. 25. Balanced Education Education for Mastery Education in Norms Cultivation of the Heart © IEF 25
    26. 26. Prevention Works Reduction of Demand Promotion of Healthy Life-styles  Strong Character  Strong Families  Healthy Society © IEF 26
    27. 27. Prevention Can Succeed American 12th Graders Using Drugs In Past Years 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 1995 1992 1985 1979 0% 1975 10% © IEF 27
    28. 28. Major Psychoactive Drugs Stimulant Depressants Sharpens and accelerate functions Dull and slow Psychedelic s Alter perception © IEF 28
    29. 29. Cocain e  Illusion of well-being  Extremely addictive  Cardiac arrest or lung failure © IEF 29
    30. 30. Amphetamin es  Sense of power  Psychological dependence  Psychosis  Stroke or heart failure © IEF 30
    31. 31. Heroin  Blocks pain and gives pleasure  Extremely addictive  Coma or cardiac arrest  Needles spread AIDS © IEF 31
    32. 32. Marijua na  Impaired memory and low motivation  Lung damage  Laced with other drugs © IEF 32
    33. 33. LSD  Hallucinations  Panic, paranoia and flashback © IEF 33
    34. 34. PCP  Delusions  Violence  Temporary insanity © IEF 34
    35. 35. Inhalant s  Cause exhilaration  Poisonous  Common among young adolescents © IEF 35
    36. 36. Gateway Drugs and Youth  Alcohol  Tobacco  Marijua na  Heroin  Cocain e  PCP © IEF 36
    37. 37. Tobacc o  Addictive  Kills three million annually worldwide Source: World Health Organization  Lung and heart disease © IEF 37
    38. 38. Alcohol Abuse  Impairs judgement and coordination  Lowers inhibitions  Causes birth defects and liver damage © IEF 38
    39. 39. Current U.S. Drug Use 12.6 million illicit drug users  10 million marijuana users  2.1 million lifetime heroin users Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1994 © IEF 39
    40. 40. Drug Abuse Among U.S. Children Doubled among 12-17 year olds, 1992-95 Source: 1994, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services © IEF 40
    41. 41. China’s Drug Problem 380,00 drug addicts in 1995  Almost 30 tons of illicit drugs seized between 19911995 Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1994 Projected to have the world’s largest number of addicts by 1998  Heroin is increasingly popular in major cities © IEF 41 © IEF 41
    42. 42. Process of Physical and Emotional Dependence Addiction  Withdrawal painful Habit & Tolerance  More needed for same effect Casual Use Experimentat ion © IEF 42
    43. 43. General Signs of Drug Abuse  Absenteeism & poor performance  Change on eating or sleeping  Hostility  Self-destructive behavior  Depression © IEF 43
    44. 44. Denia l  Defense mechanism  to avoid recognizing damage  Moves from conscious to unconscious © IEF 44
    45. 45. “After you take ‘crack’ [cocaine] for a while, you don’t want to stop until all the money is gone, until you have no choice.” ‘Crack’ cocaine user © IEF 45
    46. 46. Withdrawal Symptoms Physical Psychologica l  Convulsion s  Vomiting  Paranoia  Cramps  Depression  Pain  Flashbacks  Delirium © IEF 46
    47. 47. Drug Abuse — Never a Private Matter For every addict  Many individuals suffer  Society pays © IEF 47
    48. 48. Stunting of Personal Development  Avoid dealing with life issues  No incentive to develop character © IEF 48
    49. 49. Drugs — Destructive to Learning  Impair learning and development  Tied to school drop–out rates © IEF 49
    50. 50. Domestic Violence and Substance Abuse 50% of all spousal abuse linked to intoxicants © IEF 50
    51. 51. Stunting of Personal Development  Exploitative relationships  Tendency to isolation © IEF 51
    52. 52. Injecting Drugs Spread HIV Infection 70% of all New York heroin addicts test positive for the HIV virus © IEF 52
    53. 53. “This woman was pregnant, she was prostituting, was HIV positive and had a $250-a-day habit.” AIDS Patient © IEF 53
    54. 54. Cost of U.S. Drug Abuse — $300 Billion Annually     Health care Lost productivity Crime Law enforcement Source: Senate Confirmation Hearings for National Drug Control Policy Director, Feb 28, 1996 © IEF 54
    55. 55. Cost to Industry — More than $100 Billion  Absenteeism  Mistakes  Reduced production Source: Darryl Sinaba, et. al., Uppers Downers and All Arounders, 1994 © IEF 55
    56. 56. Worldwide Trade in Illegal Drugs $500 Billion a year industry © IEF 56
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