The Need toEducate for Character          © 2002 International Educational Foundation   IEF is responsible for the content...
© IEF 2
Best of the 20thCentury                   © IEF 3
Worst of the 20thCentury                    © IEF 4
Family in Crisis        Spouse         and         child         abuse        Infidelity        Divorce                ...
Youth in Crisis  Sex  Drug   s  STDs  Crim   e       © IEF 6
Strongest Influences onStudents     1950        1990        1. Home                              1. Peers        2. School...
1940s                                  1990s                School                                 School               Pr...
U. S. Spending                 Social Problems       Up                                  Crime —      500%                ...
“Th e g r e a te r o u r m a te r i a l po we r , th e g r e a te r o u r ne e d f or s pi r i tu a l i n s i g h tS on dc...
Two Dimensionsofa Human Being             Mind             Body                    © IEF 11
Two Dimensions ofValue        Truth      Beauty         InnerMind               Satisfaction      Goodness        Love...
Two Dimensions ofEducation   Truth   Beauty     Education   Goodness      for               Character   Love   Food  ...
Priority of Educating forCharacter     Mind      Education for                Character     Body      Education for       ...
Traditional Role ofEducation      Passing on       knowledge &       cultural values      Teaching moral       standards...
1960s—Breakdown ofTraditional Values  Adult              IndividualismAuthority               & Moral                     ...
“ Values-Neutral”Perspective       Pluralism as        moral        equivalence       Decline of        religion       ...
CharacteristicsofValuesClarification               Values                neutral               Feelings                a...
CharacteristicsofValuesClarification               Teacher as                facilitator               Ignores          ...
Early Appeal ofValuesClarification      Interactive      Treats students as       individuals                           ...
InteractiveMethodology           Participatory           Students as            agents            of own learning       ...
Limitations ofValuesClarification      No moral       standards      Encourages       mediocrity      Not character-   ...
Why Moral EducationWent Astray   Dubious assumptions      “ Values –       neutrality”       as norm      Pluralism     ...
CharacterEducation —Rising TrendU. S.federalfundingforcharactereducation               © IEF 24
Character EducationBased on Universal Values                  Contem-        Spiritual porary      EasternUniversalWestern...
Universal ValuesCriteria      Reversible      Generalizable      Compelling to       the conscience                    ...
Universal ValuesCriteria     Objective benefits     Transcend cultures     Embodied as virtues                         ...
Common to AllCultures                © IEF 28
“Ed u c a ti o n h a s h a d two g r e a t       g o a l s : To h e l p yo u n g pe o pl e       to b e c o m e s m a r t ...
Moral Goals ofEducation    1. Mature character    2. Loving relationships &    family    3. Contribution to society       ...
Good Character           Disposition to           right conduct            Attitudes & habits            For loving well...
DifferentPersonalitiesUnited in Character                      © IEF 32
Heart — Core ofCharacter          True          Lov          e         Heart        Character                    © IEF 33
Cultivation of theHeart             Experiences of              love             Moral              examples            ...
Moral Goal — MatureCharacter               Loving heart               Self-control               Lives forothers       ...
First Dimension ofEducation                            Mature Cultivation of the Heart   Character                        ...
Education inNorms   Training in proper behavior   Rules and responsibilities   For respect & harmony                   ...
Education forCharacter —Balances Love &Rules   Love           Rules                          © IEF 38
Moral Goal: LovingRelationships &Family             Strong m arriages             Effective parenting             Ethic...
Second Dimension ofEducation                               Loving    Education in           Relationships &       Norms   ...
Education forMastery     Academic      education     Technical      education     Education in the      arts           ...
Mastery InvolvesMoral Standards       Business Ethics       Work Ethics       Environm entalEthics                     ...
Mastery InvolvesConcern for theEnvironment                   © IEF 43
Moral Goal —Contribution to Society             Technical              achievem ent             Com m unity service     ...
Third Dimension ofEducation        Education      Contributi       for Mastery     on                       to      Educat...
Problem of ModernEducation        Education       for Mastery       Education        in Norms       Cultivatio           n...
BalancedEducation        Education       for Mastery        Education         in Norms     Cultivation of the           He...
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01 nec TIMD-IEF Philosophy 1

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01 nec TIMD-IEF Philosophy 1

  1. 1. The Need toEducate for Character © 2002 International Educational Foundation IEF is responsible for the content of this presentation only if it has not been altered from the original. © IEF 1
  2. 2. © IEF 2
  3. 3. Best of the 20thCentury © IEF 3
  4. 4. Worst of the 20thCentury © IEF 4
  5. 5. Family in Crisis  Spouse and child abuse  Infidelity  Divorce © IEF 5
  6. 6. Youth in Crisis  Sex  Drug s  STDs  Crim e © IEF 6
  7. 7. Strongest Influences onStudents 1950 1990 1. Home 1. Peers 2. School 2. TV 3. Church 3. Home 4. 4. School Peers 5. Church 5. TVS o u r c e : Mi c h i g a n S ta te Un i v e r s i ty S tu d y, 1 9 9 0 © IEF 7
  8. 8. 1940s 1990s School School Problems Problems 1. Talking out of turn 1. Drug abuse 2. Making noise 2. Alcohol abuse 3. Improper clothing 3. Pregnancy 4. Littering 4. AssaultS o u r c e : Wi l l i a m J . Be n n e tt e t a l ., “In d e x o f Le a d i n g Cu l tu r a In d i c a to r s ,” Empower America, Ma r 1 9 9 3 © IEF 8
  9. 9. U. S. Spending Social Problems Up Crime — 500% Up 500% Divorce — Up 400% Fatherles s Children — Up 300% U. S. from 1960 — 1990 S ourc e : Wi l l i a m J . Be n n e tt, “Is Ou r Cu l tu r e i n De c l i n e ? ” Education Week, Apr i l 1 9 9 3 © IEF 9
  10. 10. “Th e g r e a te r o u r m a te r i a l po we r , th e g r e a te r o u r ne e d f or s pi r i tu a l i n s i g h tS on dc e :i Ar n o l d ...” b e e , a u r Br i titu e sTo yna n , v r s h Hi to r i Civilization on Trial © IEF 10
  11. 11. Two Dimensionsofa Human Being Mind Body © IEF 11
  12. 12. Two Dimensions ofValue  Truth  Beauty InnerMind Satisfaction  Goodness  Love Happiness  Food  Shelter PhysicalBody Well-being  Wealth  Comfort © IEF 12
  13. 13. Two Dimensions ofEducation  Truth  Beauty Education  Goodness for Character  Love  Food  Shelter Education  Wealth for  Comfort Career © IEF 13
  14. 14. Priority of Educating forCharacter Mind Education for Character Body Education for Career © IEF 14
  15. 15. Traditional Role ofEducation  Passing on knowledge & cultural values  Teaching moral standards and social responsibilities  Preparing good citizens © IEF 15
  16. 16. 1960s—Breakdown ofTraditional Values Adult IndividualismAuthority & Moral Relativism © IEF 16
  17. 17. “ Values-Neutral”Perspective  Pluralism as moral equivalence  Decline of religion  Distrust of authority  © IEF 17
  18. 18. CharacteristicsofValuesClarification  Values neutral  Feelings and process  Student choice © IEF 18
  19. 19. CharacteristicsofValuesClarification  Teacher as facilitator  Ignores traditional morality  Discounts parents’ role © IEF 19
  20. 20. Early Appeal ofValuesClarification  Interactive  Treats students as individuals © IEF 20
  21. 21. InteractiveMethodology  Participatory  Students as agents of own learning  Effective within moral framework © IEF 21
  22. 22. Limitations ofValuesClarification  No moral standards  Encourages mediocrity  Not character- building © IEF 22
  23. 23. Why Moral EducationWent Astray Dubious assumptions  “ Values – neutrality” as norm  Pluralism precludes universal values  Values = religion © IEF 23
  24. 24. CharacterEducation —Rising TrendU. S.federalfundingforcharactereducation © IEF 24
  25. 25. Character EducationBased on Universal Values Contem- Spiritual porary EasternUniversalWestern Values TraditionaMaterial l © IEF 25
  26. 26. Universal ValuesCriteria  Reversible  Generalizable  Compelling to the conscience © IEF 26
  27. 27. Universal ValuesCriteria  Objective benefits  Transcend cultures  Embodied as virtues © IEF 27
  28. 28. Common to AllCultures © IEF 28
  29. 29. “Ed u c a ti o n h a s h a d two g r e a t g o a l s : To h e l p yo u n g pe o pl e to b e c o m e s m a r t a n d …S o u b e :cTh o m es g ok od a , Educating for Character r c e o m a Li c o n .” © IEF 29
  30. 30. Moral Goals ofEducation 1. Mature character 2. Loving relationships & family 3. Contribution to society © IEF 30
  31. 31. Good Character Disposition to right conduct  Attitudes & habits  For loving well © IEF 31
  32. 32. DifferentPersonalitiesUnited in Character © IEF 32
  33. 33. Heart — Core ofCharacter True Lov e Heart Character © IEF 33
  34. 34. Cultivation of theHeart  Experiences of love  Moral examples  Practice of caring © IEF 34
  35. 35. Moral Goal — MatureCharacter  Loving heart  Self-control  Lives forothers  Words = Deeds © IEF 35
  36. 36. First Dimension ofEducation Mature Cultivation of the Heart Character © IEF 36
  37. 37. Education inNorms  Training in proper behavior  Rules and responsibilities  For respect & harmony © IEF 37
  38. 38. Education forCharacter —Balances Love &Rules Love Rules © IEF 38
  39. 39. Moral Goal: LovingRelationships &Family  Strong m arriages  Effective parenting  Ethicalpractice  Living forhigher purpose © IEF 39
  40. 40. Second Dimension ofEducation Loving Education in Relationships & Norms FamilyCultivation of the Heart © IEF 40
  41. 41. Education forMastery  Academic education  Technical education  Education in the arts © IEF 41
  42. 42. Mastery InvolvesMoral Standards  Business Ethics  Work Ethics  Environm entalEthics © IEF 42
  43. 43. Mastery InvolvesConcern for theEnvironment © IEF 43
  44. 44. Moral Goal —Contribution to Society  Technical achievem ent  Com m unity service  Sustainable environm ent © IEF 44
  45. 45. Third Dimension ofEducation Education Contributi for Mastery on to Education in society. . . Norms Cultivation of the Heart © IEF 45
  46. 46. Problem of ModernEducation Education for Mastery Education in Norms Cultivatio n of the Heart © IEF 46
  47. 47. BalancedEducation Education for Mastery Education in Norms Cultivation of the Heart © IEF 47
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