Questions of journalism and mass communication tribhuvan university nepal
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This is the collection of Tribhuvan University MA level Mass Communication and Journalism questions from 2059 BS to 2067 BS.

This is the collection of Tribhuvan University MA level Mass Communication and Journalism questions from 2059 BS to 2067 BS.

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  • 1. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) JMC 531 (Mass Communication Theories) Year: 2060 Year: 2059 Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 1. The models of communication have developed through four stages. What are they? Describe and discuss their relevance m1. Describe the range of mass communication theories in their to the respective times of their development. co social, intellectual and history setting. 2. Discuss some of the basic theories related to the2. What do you understand by the Asian Perspectives of the phenomenon of inter personal communication. i . Communication Theory? Discuss. 3. Show an acquaintance with some of the Asian oriented3. There can be a number of different, often competing, media communication theories. Does the search for Asian n structures within the one and the same national media perspective on communication theories imply outright a system. This diversity of media structures can be analyzed rejection of western-oriented theories? k and understood on basis of some principles. What are they? 4. Which are the seven types of theories to explain the relations a Describe. between media and society? Describe fully. r4. Describe the distinctive feature of media organizations in u contradiction to other formal organizations. Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 k 5. Distinguish the Chicago School from the Frankfurt School in Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 ia terms of the media sociology. 6. The performance of the press can be evaluated on the basis d5. Distinguish a dominant paradigm from an alternative of normative theories. Explain. e paradigm. 7. What do you understand by audience activity?6. Discuss the four models of public communication. Clarify 8. "Content is influenced by media organizational routines." m the definitions of mass communication. Explain.7. What are the implications of globalization of culture for a 9. Show in a diagrammatic form a typology of media effects in country like Nepal? terms of time span and intentionality.8. Describe briefly the distinctive features of media economics. 10. What role has been conceived of for communication in9. What is the Spiral of Silence? development theories? Describe briefly.10. Engwall has made significant contribution to the understanding of mass communicators role in society. Explain succinctly. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 2. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) Year: 2061 3. The recent social and technological changes have undermined the traditional view of mass communication, Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 and so, communication scholars have suggested to consider1. Explain the significance of symbols in the process of alternative views of the process which would be more structuring human reality. representative of new communication process or CMC. There is a set of four such models, which sketch the process m2. Give an overview of the development of mass of telematic communication. Describe them briefly. co communication theories in the twentieth century.3. What are the issues relevant to the media cultural theory? 4. "Mass communication plays a part in the complex process of . socialization especially in societies where the mass meda are i Discuss giving pertinent examples.4. Describe referring to the relevant models the type of rules, ubiquitous" (Charles Wright). Why? Discuss. n regulations and scrutiny that the media institutions carry a along with them according to their different characteristics. Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 a k Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 5. What is the main thesis of Democratic-Participant Media r theory? 6. What do you understand by public interest in mass media? u5. What is telematic media? 7. Audiences are formed by the sources at macro and micro k6. Why Shannons mathematical theory of communication is levels. How? ia called the precursor of the Information theory?7. Write briefly about the four types of audience of media. 8. Media campaign effect is identified as a planned short-term effect, but events outcomes effects is an unplanned long- d8. What are the approaches to the study of sociology of mass term effect. Why? e communication?9. How do you distinguish long-term planned effect of media 9. Distinguish the dominant paradigm from the alternative paradigm for mass communication theory. m from their unplanned effect?10. What is the theory of news diffusion? 10. Does media content reflect social reality or his influenced itself by media-organizational routines? Discuss briefly. Year: 2062 Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=601. What are the basic approaches to the study of media theories? Describe in terms of the types of perspectives.2. Is there any need for Asian approaches to communication? Discuss. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 3. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) Year: 2063 Year: 2064 Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=601. What are the main features of mass institutions as described 1. What are the issues of culture, which stimulated rethinking by Danis McQuail ? Delineate them succinctly. about mass communication in relation in relation to society? m2. The Critical political-Economic Theory of Media is inspired Describe with reference to the relevant School of Thought. co by Marxism, but its approach has a much wider base in the 2. What are the three variant approaches to the sociological critical analysis of media structure and economics. Explain. study of audience? Describe briefly. i .3. Media research scholars interest in studying the audiences 3. Devis McQuail has suggested that a framework for uses of th media has been revived after 1970s. Why? Give assessment of media performance and structure can be n reasons on the basis of audience theory and research organized under six main headings. Enumerate them with a methodology. brief explanations of principles underlying each of them. k4. Map out the main kinds of media effects process in terms of 4. Discuss the theories of Individual Reaction and Collective a the co-ordinates of TIME and INTENTIONALITY. Reaction in the context of main therapy of media effects. ur Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 ia k5. Distinguish digitalization from information. 5. Describe briefly the social trends relevant to mass6. Why some media theories are called society-centric and communication. d others media centric. Explain briefly with examples. 6. Lasswell Models vs. Four Models of Mass communication e7. What is the use of convergence model of communication? process.8. Sketch the position of the media organization with its 7. Sociology of mass communicator. m internal structure at the centre of a field of soial forces. 8. Uses and gratification theory.9. Make a distiction between the concepts of responsibility and 9. Mass culture as distinguished from high culture and accountability. popular culture.10. Sociological significance of media technology. 10. Globalization process and mass media in Nepal. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 4. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) Year: 2065 4. What are the basic assumptions of the Uses and Gratification theory? Describe succinctly. Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=601. "The social and cultural effects of mass communication are Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 difficult to assess." Why? Give reasons. 5. Asian approach to communication studies. m2. Describe the four models of Normative Media Theory as 6. Media - materialist vs. social - materialist approaches. co proposed by McQuail. 7. The information society3. What are the main motives that have guided the study of . 8. Agenda setting and framing. i media content? Describe briefly. 9. Public service broadcasting.4. How is the audience viewed as a mass market? Discuss. n 10. Social forces surrounding a media organization. a Year: 2067 k Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 a Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) r5. Functionalism vs. social constructivism. 1. Describe with a figurative model the pyramidical view of u6. Three regulatory models of mass communication. communication process. k7. The reality of global communication.8. General Criteria of media professionalism. 2. The four models of mass communication process emphasize ia9. Online Journalism and Nepal. human use of media technology unlike the older definitions of mass communication process. Explain. d10. The spiral of silence theory. 3. What do you understand by computer-mediated e Year: 2066 communication? How do you relate to community formation? m Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 4. Describe briefly the main themes, which have gone into the1. Explain the basis of one scientific theory that you know the shaping of the media society theories. complex relations that exist between media and social and cultural life of people. Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=402. Describe aided by a diagrammatic sketch the elements of the 5. The Golding model of media effects. sociological process of mass communication. 6. General criteria of media professionalism.3. Basic models of communication have evolved overtime. 7. Main motives for the study of media content. Justify the statement. 8. Functionalism vs. social constructionism. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 5. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)9. Main normative principles. Year: 206010. Alternative models of mass media regulation. Group "A" (Long Answer Question) 3×15= 45 JMC. 532 (Principles of Journalism) 1. Discuss the role of news media in democratic participation Year: 2059 m of people. 2. Examine the financial investment climate for media houses co Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×15=45 in Nepal after 1990. . 3. How do you assess the application of the basic principles of i1. Critically examine the role of news contents in the Nepalese broadcast media. journalism in the Nepalese media? n2. How do you access the growth of daily newspapers in 4. Why is radio the most relevant media for Nepal? a Nepal? k3. Discuss the principles of media pluralism. Group "B" Short Answer Questions 4×7.5= 30 a4. Evaluate the codes of conduct developed by Press Council 5. Explain media values in principle and practice. r Nepal for Journalist. 6. What are the main stages of journalisms growth in Nepal? u 7. Discuss the impact of media on society. k Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×7.5=30 8. How does media contribute to informing the public ia accurately and fairly?5. What are the key principles of journalism? 9. Examine the practice of development journalism in Nepal, d6. How far have the Nepalese media been able to reach the with emphasis on illustrations and graphics. e people? Give examples 10. Write Short notes on any TWO:7. Explain the role of newspapers a. Cross-Ownership m8. Discuss the impact of documentary films as an information b. Gate-keepers channel. c. Newsreels9. Examining the functioning of alternative media.10. Write Short notes on any TWO. a. Vertical ownership b. Documentary films c. Press associations © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 6. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) Year 2061 3. What is the dilemma of the objectivity and subjectivity in journalism? Group "A" (Long Answer Question) 3×15= 45 4. Why the use of photography, graphics and other illustrative materials is given priority in a magazine? 1. Discuss the factors that led to the arrival of journalism in Nepal. Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×7.5=30 m 2. What are the main theories of modern journalism? co 3. How has the restoration of multiparty democracy affected 5. Media watch mechanism in Nepal. . the growth and development of various news media in 6. Inclusiveness in media functioning and service. i Nepal? 7. What is gate keeping and how it works in media? n 4. How do you assess the application of ABC of Journalism in 8. Community and commercial radio. a the World, with special reference to Nepal? 9. Describe various types of lenses and their uses. k 10. What is journalistic fairness? Group "B" Short Answer Questions 4×7.5= 30 r a Year: 2063 5. Discuss the various stages of development of journalism in u the world, with special reference to Nepal. Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×15=45 k 6. What is development journalism? ia 7. Why is monopoly in Media against the spirit of democracy? 1. Compare and contrast print journalism practices with those of Give examples. broadcast media practices in Nepal. d 8. List and elaborate the various broadcast media and their 2. Describe the characteristics of newspaper journalism with e presence in Nepal. suitable examples. 9. Examine the use and abuse of illustrations in news 3. Explain the universally accepted principles of journalism and m magazines. media practices in Nepal. Give examples. 4. What are the advantages digital photography brought in the Year: 2062 professional life of the photojournalists? Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×15=45 Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×7.5=301. Discuss media freedom, with special fuscous on licentiousness 5. Globalization and localization of news media. verses social responsibility. 6. Is there an Asian value system in journalism?2. How do you take thee good ethical decisions? Describe in the 7. How journalism functions as a watchdog of the society? light of ethical principles of journalism. 8. New trends in magazine publication. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 7. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)9. Documentary film is a creative expression of reality. Explain. Year: 206510. Business and editorial operation of a newspaper. Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×15=45 Year: 2064 1. Relate political development with journalism, with reference Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×15=45 to Nepal. m 2. Discuss some of the prominent thoughts concerning co 1. How has modern technology impacted the news media in freedom of expression that had an impact on journalism. Nepal? 3. Why are the basic qualities of journalism distinct from other i . 2. Describe the importance of press freedom as one of the qualities of practices? major principles of journalism and explain how is it 4. Discuss about photo editing and its process step by step. n reflected in the legal system of the country? a 3. What is the general state of ownership of Nepals major Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×7.5=30 k media organizations and the functioning of news media? a 4. What are the basic components of journalistic ethics 5. What do you know about horizontal and diagonal r reflected in code of conduct for journalists? ownership of media? u 6. Do you think state-imposed codes of conduct are needed in k Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×7.5=30 a democratic society? ia 7. Importance of digital technology in photojournalism. 5. Proximity factor. 8. Why the use of illustrations and graphics is given priority in d 6. Is news media industry a business? a magazine? e 7. Rise of specialized magazines. 9. News media as a business activity and social service. 8. Describe the darkroom process and say how you develop 10. Write short notes on any TWO: m film and make prints. a. Sting journalism 9. Factors influencing film production and showing. b. Freelance journalism 10. Broadcast program formats. c. Gate-keeping © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 8. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) Year: 2066 3. Discuss, with examples, public journalism and one journalism. Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×15=45 4. Explain narrowcasting and fragmentation of audiences.1. Discuss the emergence of the print media as worlds first news media and how it is influencing other types of media. Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 5×7=35 m2. Do you agree with the thinking that there are different value 5. What is the significance of precision journalism? co systems for media functioning in different societies?3. What is the media environment in an electoral democracy 6. Discuss Alan Chalkleys definition of development . journalism and its relevance in Nepal. i and in a liberal democracy?4. Do the basic principles of news dissemination apply to those 7. Why do some critics describe investigative reporting as n of op-ed contents? muckrake? a 8. "Journalism is literature in a hurry." Do you agree? k Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×7.5=30 9. Define gate - keeping and its functioning in news media. a 10. Write short notes on any TWO: r5. Why news media are called watchdog of the society? a. Sting journalism b. Partisan press u6. Explain cross-ownership of media. c. Marketplace of ideas k7. "Medium is the message." Explain. ia8. Discuss the significance of news source in professinal journalism? Year: 2067 d9. Discuss the principles of photo analysis. Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×15=45 e10. Write about actually format as a widely practiced broadcast program format. 1. Discuss the Fourth Theories of the press, with special m references to media in Nepal. Year: 2066 (New) 2. Explain the significance of news media as a free marketplace of ideas. Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×15=45 3. What does "tabloid journalism" denote?1. How do different interest groups try to use news media as 4. Discuss hot and cold media. Give examples. propaganda tools?2. Define credibility. What are the ways of maintaining it in the Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 5×7=35 news media? 5. How does journalism contribute to participatory democracy? Give examples. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 9. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) 6. Who are the key news agency subscribers? 6. Narrate briefly the impact of modern technologies on the 7. What are the pitfalls of gate keeping? development of book industry. 8. Why is journalism called literature in a hurry? 7. The constitution of Nepal provides specific guarantees to the 9. Compare and contrast print media with broadcast freedom of the press. Describe with emphasis on the history journalism. of development press freedom in Nepal. 10. Write short notes on any TWO: 8. Describe briefly the innovations in printing and its impact m a. Ombudsman on the modernization of Nepalese newspaper industry. co b. Conglomerate 9. Write briefly on the emergence of electronic newspapers in . c. Walter Lippmann recent times. i 10. What is Internet and what role it plays in the dissemination n JMC. 533 of information. a (History of Journalism and Mass Communication) k Year: 2060 a Year: 2059 Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 r Group A (Long Answer Question) 3×20=60 u 1. "The newspaper is at once a private enterprise struggling in a highly competitive economy and a quise-public institution k1. Describe the role of local and community media in Nepal serving the needs of all citizens." ia vis-s-vis the expansion of national news media with In the light of Ernest C. Hynds remarks, explain in historical emphasis on their historical perspective. perspective, how the social service role is reconciled with d2. What influence modern technologies are having on the the compulsions of profile making in a publication e future of publication industry from global historical enterprise? perspective? Explain. 2. Describe the evolution of books as a medium of m3. What do you understand by the term globalization of communication and its impacts on shaping modern information? Describe it in the context of the emergence of societies. global newspapers and television media. 3. Newspapers are waging a losing battle against the powerful4. Describe the scope and impact of magazine journalism in electronic media. modern times. Critically examine the transition faced by world newspaper industry in an electronic era and narrate the changes they Group B (Short Answer Question) 4×10=40 are undergoing in order to stay ahead in business.5. Write short notes on Hierographics, frequency modulation, 4. Present a critical appraisal of the crisis faced by magazine cable TV, byte, cross-media ownership. publications in Nepal. Narrate their strength as well as © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 10. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) weakness vis-a-vis growing influence of broadsheet daily Group B (Short Answer Question) 4×10=40 newspapers. 5. Narrate the provision of the constitution of Nepal that deal Group "B" (Short Answer Question) 4×10=40 with right to information of citizens and Right to Privacy.5. What is Sanad? Explain how it is related with the 6. Describe briefly the transformation of printing form letter press to computer technology. m newspaper history of Nepal. 7. Write short notes on: co6. Write a note on the early form of writings during the beginning of early civilizations. Syndicates, two-step flow of communication, wire services, . yellow journalism and censorship. i7. Write short notes on the following: Chiranjibi Poudyal, Sudha Sagar, Partisan press, tabloids 8. Narrate the role news media can play in the containment of n and morgue. conflicts in South Asia. a8. How do you define copyrights as distinct from intellectual 9. What do you understand by the term "public access to k property right? information"? How can media be made effective instruments a9. Write a note on the emergence of FM radio stations in for enhancing public access? r Nepal. 10. Describe some of the problems faced by newspaper industry in Nepal vis-à-vis stiff competition from electronic media. u10. What do you know about digital communication? k Explain with examples. Year: 2062 ia Year: 2061 Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 d Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 e 1. Discuss the history and development of FM Radio in Nepal.1. Describe the impact of communication revolution on the 2. Discuss the history of printing in Nepal and the m development of book industry with particular references to development of the print media (including book publishing) Nepal. radio and television.2. Give a critical appraisal of the role of mass media as gate- 3. Write an essay on press freedoms in Nepal with specific keepers of the society of the role of technological references to the constitutional and legal provisions and advancements. their implementation.3. Write an essay on the condition of news magazines and 4. Describe the growth, development and development of the periodicals in Nepal against the expansion of other media. media in Nepal after the restoration of democracy in Nepal4. Facts are sacred, comments are free. Explain this maxim in in April 1990. the light of deterioration of ethical standards of news media. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 11. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) Group B (Short Answer Question) 4×10=40 3. Discuss briefly the development of the broadcasting media (radio and television) in the West and trace the introduction,5. Discuss the history and growth of television in Nepal. development and growth of radio and television in Nepal.6. The development of FM Radio in Nepal is unique, 4. Compare the history of the development of journalism (print especially in terms of the various institution/ organizational media) in the seven South Asian states, with references to arrangements. Discuss. press freedom in those countries. m7. Critically analyze the statement, "The Internet may be the co most democratic of all communication media but it may be Group B (Short Answer Question) 4×10=40 . the most democratic of all communication media but it may i be the most developing countries to benefit from its use." 5. Discuss the brief history of the status of printing press in n Why? Nepal. a8. Discuss censorship in Nepal, with references to the existing 6. Discuss the history and grow growth of television (including k legal provisions and practice. privately owned TV) in Nepal. a9. Discuss briefly the four distinct phases of the development 7. Discuss the censorship in Nepal, with references to the r of the newspaper in India starting with the period beginning existing legal provision and practice. 1818 to 1947, when it became independent. 8. Write a short note on press freedoms in Bhutan and in u10. Write short notes on any TWO of the following: Maldives. k a. The history of book publishing 9. Discuss the growth of magazines in Nepal after 1990. ia b. The penny paper/press and yellow journalists 10. Write short notes on any TWO of the following: c. The weekly Gorkhapatra a. The development of the Internet in Nepal d b. The history of films in Nepal e Year: 2063 c. The growth of "community" radio in Nepal. m Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 Year: 20641. Discuss the growth and development of the media in Nepal Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 focusing on major legel indtitution changes that took place after the restoration of democracy in April 1990. 1. Trace the development of mass media in Nepal with2. Write an essay on press freedoms in Nepal between 1950 reference to major political development that have and 2005, with specific reference to political and legal influenced its growth. changes that took place during the period. 2. Discuss the following statement, using examples from any South Asian country of your choice to support your © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 12. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) argument."The degree of media freedom of in on the Year: 2065 political system and the laws of the land."3. Trace the development of radio in Nepali with specific Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 references to the growth of frequency modulation (FM) 1. Describe the most important phase in the history of broadcasting. newspaper journalism.4. Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Right say, m 2. "Magazine presents sequential thought while newspaper "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and co covers fragmented news Explain with examples. expression…" Using this as basis, assess the situation of 3. How do you explain evolution of broadcast industry? . press freedoms in South Asia, with specific references to a i Describe with suitable example. country of your choice. 4. Describe the role of the books in bringing about n communication revolution with reference to the a Group B (Short Answer Question) 4×10=40 effectiveness of the Gutenberg Press. a k5. Discuss how economic actions and policies of government Group B (Short Answer Question) 4×10=40 r can influence media content.6. Discuss the major legal provisions regulating FM u 5. What are the various stages in the evolution of newspapers broadcasting in Nepal. k in Nepal?7. Magazines in Nepal are a post-1990 phenomenon. Discuss. ia 6. Describe the history odf newspaper in the USA and UK.8. Acta Diurna, The Corante and Public Occurrences….. 7. What are the needs for clear-cut policies on book publishing refers to the early history of the development of d in Nepal? newspapers. Describe and discuss these early papers. e 8. Describe the issues relating to the contents of magazines in9. Write short notes on the The news Reel and Nepal Nepal. Broadcasting m 9. Compare the emergence of newspaper journalism in SAARC10. Write short notes on any TWO of the following: and ASEAN countries. a. Censorship 10. Radio is the most effective means od mass communication b. Impartiality and balance in todays Nepal. c. Press freedoms in Pakistan during the authoritarian period(1958-85) © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 13. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) Year: 2066 Year: 2066 (New) Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=601. Describe the contemporary dimensions of mass media and 1. How did magazine evolve towards specialization? Furnish journalism with special references to Nepal. with examples. m2. Why is the book the oldest media in mass communication 2. Explain the significance of op-ed page. co filed? Describe the recent trends of book industries in 3. Discuss how media theory, information technology and . modern society. media research became an integral tool assist in raising i3. Why is the magazine known as the vehicle for the deeper professional quality. n voice o contemporary society? Describe it with reference to 4. How do you evaluate the recent development of daily a Nepal. newspapers in Nepal? k4. Describe the evolution of newspaper industry in Nepal. a What was the situation of newspaper before 1950 in Nepal? Group B (Short Answer Question) 4×10=40 r Explain with example. 5. What is the major in the development of TV broadcast u media in Nepal? k Group B (Short Answer Question) 4×10=40 6. How have various organizations forged close ia interrelationship with books so as to use them as a tool to5. Describe the decline of afternoon newspaper in western propagate idea generation? d countries. 7. Elaborate the utility of Gutenberg revolution. e6. Define the practical problem of book publishing in Nepal. 8. Evaluate the major development challenges of Nepal and7. Why is newspaper medium essential for mass society in the role of the news media. m Japan and China? 9. Discuss the newspaper industry in Nepal since the8. What are the principles of effective writing for magazines? revolution process of 1951 A.D. Describe. 10. What progress has Nepal recorded in terms of professional9. Describe the differences of broadcast media and print journalism? media.10. What are the positive and negative aspects of the recent growth of community in Nepal? © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 14. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) JMC.534 (Research Methodology) Year: 2067 Year: 2059 Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=601. Illustrate the challenges in maintaining the principles of 1. What is scientific social research? Explain the characteristics m accuracy, balance, credibility in the media policy in Nepal. of a good research design. co2. How did the Gutenberg press contribute to the development 2. Discuss the history of the development of the mass media . of the worlds first mass media? Give example. research in Nepal with reference to the development of i3. The major stumbling block to the development of Nepalese urban-industrial society. n journalism is that it suffers from a lack of professional ethos 3. Describe with illustrations various types of communication a and faces partisanship media approaches. Do you agree? research and their relevance for a country like Nepal. k4. Do you agree that entertainment magazine is superficial and 4. Calculate the standard deviation about a media a gossip-oriented in content as compared to literary magazine, organizations variance in respect the age of reporters. r which is more robust, and it acts as an effective valuable tool to meet the aspiration of the society themes? Discuss. u Age of 20- 30- 40- 50-60 60- 70- 80- reporters: 30 40 50 70 80 90 k Group B (Short Answer Question) 4×10=40 No. of the 3 6 13 15 4 6 3 ia editors5. Discuss the evolution of daily newspapers magazine in Nepal. d6. How should magazine editor perform herself/himself so as to e effective take the leadership mantle of a magazine editor? Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=407. What are the major democratic issues and challenges that m Nepalese journalism follows? 5. Critically analyze the explanatory studies and its importance8. Discuss the trends of electronic media in Nepal. in social research.9. Does a serious magazine exert greater influence than 6. What do you understand by experimental and survey sensational tabloid size daily papers? research?10. Compare specialized magazine with general interest magazines. 7. What is communication effects research? 8. Explain the characteristics of the media support system research. 9. Write short notes on: a. Questionnaires b. Didactical and methodological aids-meta plant © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 15. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) c. Case study method b. Content analysis d. Skewness c. Key information interviews10. Explain the relevance of this histogram in the media d. Focus group discussion research. 8. What is survey? Discuss the characteristics of a good questionnaire. Year: 2060 9. What do you understand from the terms "Social m Construction of meaning"? co Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 10. What is the difference between regression and correlation? .1. Research can help better understand large social trends. i Analyze whether you agree or disagree with the statement. Year: 2061 n Explain the elements of a sound research design. Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 a2. Discuss the history of the development of the mass media k research in Nepal with reference where relevant, to the 1. Why is applied research more important? How is media a development of urban-industrial society in the west. research related to this system? r3. Discuss at least three data collection techniques used in 2. Discuss the difference between theory and facts in research. u social research and describe the situations where you would 3. Define various types of sampling in research design. Why is employ these techniques. random sampling more practicable to media research? k4. Calculate quartile deviation from the following data and 4. Calculate and analyze the standard deviation from the ia analyze the impact. following age group of the reporters. d Age of 20- 30- 40- 50-59 60- 70- No. of the 5 6 6 13 20 29 30 e editors 29 39 49 69 79 editors m No. of the 306 182 144 96 42 34 Age of bel 20- 25- 30- 35- 40- above editors editors ow 25 30 35 40 45 45 20 Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=405. Discuss sampling and its importance in the social reach.6. Analyze the long-term influence of the exposure to mass 5. Define and discuss survey method. Give examples. media exposure 6. What is content analysis?7. Write Short notes on: 7. Explain the techniques of data collection in research process. a. Research hypothesis © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 16. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)8. What is observation method? Explain how using 9. Explain the importance of validity and reliability of questionnaires in research and observation differ. research.9. Why is a hypothesis important in research? 10. What are the differences between regression and10. Discuss the characteristics of a good research interview. correlation? Year: 2063 m Year: 2062 Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 co Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 1. Discuss the origin and development of media i . research after 1990. Why is media research very1. What is a good research design? Explain with examples. much related to applied research? Describe. n2. What are the differences between content analysis and 2. What is sampling? Describe various types of a public opinion research? sampling on exploratory or descriptive research k3. Discuss the problems of media and journalism research in design. a Nepal. 3. What are the characteristics of good research design? r4. Reporters of different ages are working at a broadsheet Explain and analyze the problems of scientific u daily. Rearrange, calculate and analyze the standard method in the process of research. deviation from the following age group of the reporters: k 4. What are the similarities and dissimilarities between ia Quartile and Standard deviation? Give examples No. of 0 9 6 13 20 29 3 with rearranging calculating and analyzing the data reporters: d on your choice. e Age of below 15 50 40 30 20 60 to reporters: 15 to to to to to above Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 m 20 60 50 40 30 5. Discuss questionnaire is the techniques of data collection. Why? Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 6. Critically analyze the research participatory approach and application.5. Discuss the use of survey method in mass media studies. 7. Describe the case study methods in research. What6. What is participatory research? Discuss in brief. are the characteristics of good interview?7. Explain the techniques of data collection. 8. Write a short note on the quantitative and the8. What is the case study method? Discuss the characteristics qualitative research methods on media. of good interviews. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 17. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) 9. Discuss the kinds of communication research. Why 6. What is research hypothesis? and how is the computer system related to 7. Explain the techniques of observation in media study. communication research? 8. What is experimental method in research? 10. Write short notes on any TWO of the following: 9. Write a short note on quantitative and qualitative research. a) Hypothesis 10. Discuss at least three ways of illustrating research findings. b) Communication effect research m c) Content analysis Year: 2065 co Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 . Year: 2064 i 1. Discuss the similarities and dissimilarities between social n Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 research and communication research. a1. What are the main characteristics of research design? 2. Discuss theory and facts in research process. Why k Explain with examples. researchers are based on the spirit of facts and theory? a2. Discuss the differences between scientific research and social Explain. r research? 3. Trace the recent trends of communication research producer in Nepal. Why applied research is more comfortable to u3. Define sampling and explain its problems while doing media study? Explain. k media and journalism - related research. 4. Calculate and analyze quartile deviation from the following ia4. Editorial pages of broadsheet daily newspapers attract readers of different age groups. Rearrange, calculate and age group of the reports from different newspapers. d analyze the quartile deviation from the following age group No. of 10 18 67 63 34 21 26 11 e of readers. reporters Age of below 18- 23- 28- 33- 38- 43-48 48 & m No. of 21 30 19 29 41 29 40 readers reporters 18 23 28 33 38 43 above Age of below 20- 30- 40- 50- 60- 70- readers 20 30 40 50 60 70 above Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 5. Why media research is based on survey methods? Explain Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 with examples. 6. What functions of computer are defined as the processors of5. Discuss the importance of using questionnaires in media research data analysis? Give examples. studies. Explain with examples. 7. Discuss the techniques of data collection in applied research. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 18. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) 8. Media content analysis is a post-2000 phenomenon. 8. Which computer functioning system is important to the Elucidate. media research? Discuss. 9. Describe and discuss the nature of variables in research 9. Discuss briefly the public opinion research. Why this kind of process. research is different from advertising research? 10. Why interview techniques are more practicable in random 10. Write short notes on any two of the following: sampling study? Explain with reasons. a. Research variables m b. Experimental research co Year: 2066 c. Techniques of attitude scaling i . Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×20=60 Year: 2066 n 1. Describe the development of mass research in Nepal with Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×16=48 a reference to print media in general. k 2. What is sampling in media research? Describe various types 1. What is media research? Describe the similarities and a of sampling in research design. dissimilarities between media research and social science r 3. Describe the difference between experimental and survey research. u research. Critically analyze why media research is related to 2. Describe the content analysis method on communication research hypothesis? Give examples. research. What are the characteristics of content analysis k 4. Rearrange, calculate and analyze standard deviation from methods? Explain with examples. ia the following are group of the television reporters. 3. Explain the modern trends of mass communication research procedure in Nepal. Why is it called Fertile field in Nepal? dNo. of 0 23 2 40 6 21 28 0 Explain. ereporters 4. What are the merits and demerits of quartile deviations? Calculate and analyze quartile deviations yourself with media mAge of 76-86 16- 66- 26- 46- 36- 56-66 Belowreporters 26 76 36 56 46 16 research angles. Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 5. Discuss why the case study method is appropriate for the fact-finding of the problems? 5. What is meant by primary data in media research? Discuss the 6. Write short notes on the non-participant observation and various methods of collecting primary data. participant observation methods of date collection. 7. What is validity and reliability of research? Explain. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 19. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)6. Define tabulation. Discuss the general rules of tabulation on 7. Discuss the classification of data. Why are variables important media study. in research process?7. Explain the features of a good research proposal. Why is 8. What are the steps in survey methods? Explain. proposal needed to the research on media? Explain. 9. Why is interview technique more practicable in cluster8. What are the processes of formulating the research hypothesis? sampling study? Explain with reasons. Describe. 10. Describe the participant uncontrolled observation. What are its m9. Describe the survey methods with examples. advantages? co10. What are the types and procedure of sampling methods? . JMC. 535 i Year: 2067 (Global Systems and International Journalism) n Group "A" (Long Answer Questions) 3×16=48 a Year: 2059 k 1. Describe the research in different fields of social science. How a is media research related to social sciences? Explain. Group A (Long Answer Question) 3×20=60 r 2. What are the good characteristics of media research? Describe 1. What are the principles of developing journalism, what u with examples. 3. Describe the recent trends of data collection on media research differentiates it from western journalism? k and explain a computers function as a tool of research data 2. Discuss the advantages, challenges and dangers of the Internet. ia analysis. What is the relation between traditional media and the internet? 4. What is measure of dispersion? Calculate and analyze standard 3. Is the necessary to deal with imbalance of international news d deviation from the following data: flow? Discuss how journalists in South Asian countries can cope e Ages of 15-20 21-25 26-30 31-35 36-40 41-45 with it. 4. What are the priorities in selecting international news by m reporters: No. of 306 240 280 61 29 27 Group B (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 person: 5. Describe the variety of forms of global mass communication. 6. What kind of services DR agency provide to a country, which Group "B" (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 signs a contract with it? 7. Are there any printed media, which can be called 5. What is secondary date in electronic media research? "international"? Why have some national newspapers 6. Describe the basic elements of a research proposal. international impacts despite their sometimes-limited circulation? Give an example. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 20. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)8. Write about Sri Lanka. Year: 20619. Discuss any one of the three main news agencies in global communication Group A (Long Answer Question) 3×20=60 1. Explain what core-periphery theory describes. Elaborate what Year: 2060 consequence I has on international flow of information. mGroup A (Long Answer Question) 3×20=60 2. What are the limitations of different media in developing co countries? Which medium is the most effective and why?1. Explain the origins of the ideas of New World Information 3. Write about satellite TV in South Asia and discuss channels, i . Order (NWIO). What are the functions of communication popularity and its cultural impact. according to McBride Commission Report? 4. Is there any scope of the control of flow of news about ones n2. What are the limitations for journalists dealing with foreign own country abroad? Explain how it might be done. a news in developing countries? Discuss k3. What is bout some common feature of media systems in Group B (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 a SAARC countries. r4. What is the tendency in approach to international news-by- 5. What are the predictions for the future of global u news organization? communication? k 6. What causes deformation of picture of reality given by media in ia Group B (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 international news? 7. Describe one global TV channel. d5. Describe how modern technologies are changing traditional 8. What dose globalization in media mean? e media. 9. Compare two media systems in any two South Asian countries.6. What invention opened developing countries on global 10. Write about internatioonal TV news and their impact on m channels? What was the impact of this invention? international news.give an example.7. Describe one international radio service.8. What do you understand by the saying that international news Year: 2062 can have boomerang effect? Group A (Long Answer Question) 3×20=609. Discuss state-owned broadcast media blaming programs in foreign languages. 1. Do you agree that the Nepali press has been changing over10. What are the characteristics of major international news years under the influence of changing tendencies in foreign agencies? printed media? Justify your opinion and describe the relation between Nepali and foreign press. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 21. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)2. How the political environment has interacted with the situation Year: 2063 of media in India. Include the issues of accessibility, press freedom, status of journalist. Group A (Long Answer Question) 3×20=603. Is it possible to report bare facts? is the journalists objectivism 1. What is the role of foreign TV channels in creation and, later, possible or is it only a myth? Where the news ends and the the format of Nepali Television. Elaborate on relation and manipulation starts? m influences of foreign channels on shaping the content of all4. How the use of satellites for commercial broadcast changed co operating Nepali TV station. international communication? What is the role of TV channel 2. How the political environment has interacted with the situation . and TV wholesalers? Why is it said that television is the center i of media in Pakistan. Include the issues of accessibility, press of international communication? Discuss these issues and show freedom, status of journalist. n your acquaintance with at least one international or regional TV 3. Discuss the issue of relation between economy and media. Is th a network or channel. economy a news power in media policy replacing political k power? a Group B (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 4. Describe the general tendency within media organization in r selection the news. Explain why media organization in selecting5. What are the provision and restriction of freedom of expression u the news. Explain why media cannot picture reality as it is and in South Countries? k what the reasons behind deformations of reality by media are.6. Give the features of international radio broadcast and describe ia one radio station in details. Group B (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=407. Foreign journalists in South Asia in relation with local laws and d authorities. What are the weak and strong points of their e 5. Describe how the Internet has changed other media in Nepali coverage? and in the world.8. What are the directions of news flow in contemporary world? m 6. Give the features of international print media and describe one9. Describe the principles of international advertising. Give an title or group of titles published by one organization in details. example of an international media campaign. 7. What advantages and challenges Internet poses to journalist?10. What is the News World Information and Communication 8. What is the international PR? Who practices it? What are the Order? What institutions and people were involved in common places and what are the differences between the establishing it? What were the effects of establishing NWICO? international and domestic PR? What are the major tools of international PR? 9. What does gender sensitive journalism mean? 10. Compare the working condition and status of journalists in South Asian countries. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 22. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) Year: 2064 9. How journalist in South Asia report local conflicts? Suggest possible improvements in coverage. Group A (Long Answer Question) 3×20=60 10. Are the Nepali media dominated by foreign publisher and1. Explain the radio is considered to be a real mass medium in broadcasters? Justify your answer. Nepal; what foreign radio stations are available in Nepal, what Year: 2065 m type of content do they broadcast? Does the availability of co foreign broadcast influence the program of Nepal government Group A (Long Answer Question) 3×20=60 and private radio stations? . 1. The Third world is facing under -representation and miss- i2. How the political environment has interacted with the situation of media in Sri Lanka. Include the issues of accessibility, press representation. Do you agree? Discuss in the realm of global n freedom, status of journalists. journalism. a3. Choose one current topic of your interest in Nepali and foreign 2. Critically evaluate the impact of major technological innovation k media. Describe in details, how it was covered by media from on international journalism. a different countries and different types of media (press, radio, 3. The nexus of economics, military, political and cultural power r TV, Internet). What were the differences and similarities in in the world has always depended on efficient system of u covering the issues? communication. Justify this statement with evidences. 4. Why do Nepali media use the same sources for international k4. Write about the features of international news agencies and news? Evaluate the impact of this trend on content diversity. ia international TV agencies. Describe in details one international news agency and TV agency. Group B (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 e d Group B (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 5. SAARC region is a very dangerous zone for an international journalist. Do you agree? m5. What are the main proposals of the World Summit on the Information Society? Who are the main stakeholders in summit? 6. What do you understand by the team Contra flow? How is it6. Give the feature of international TV channels and describe the being stronger since 1990? group of channel broadcast under one trademark in details. 7. What attempts had been made by the Non-Aligned countries to7. What does quality journalism mean for you and in what sense overcome the situation of Western domination? it is different from traditional journalism? 8. Describe the relevance of the theory of structural imperialism8. What differences, in content (tendencies), in private owned developed by Johan Galtung in assessing global journalism in media and government-subsidized media can you trace? Give the recent times. example. © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 23. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)9. How do advertise influence the content of international media? 5. Nepali media do not report international events from the Third Explain the relationship between the notion of objectivity and World perspective. Do you agree? Discuss. international advertising. 6. Write short notes on any TWO:10. Write short notes on any TWO: a) Hegemony a) NWIICO b) Western domination in international advertising b) Public Sphere c) AP m c) Reuters co Year: 2066 (New) . Year: 2066 i Group A (Long Answer Question) 3×20=60 Group A (Long Answer Question) 3×20=60 n 1. How do global media portray the African World? Discuss in the a1. News is not reality, but the sample of sources, portrayal of realm of international journalism. k reality, mediated by the news organization. Do you agree? 2. Critically evaluate the impact of media ownership on content of a Discuss. international media. r2. Prepare a critical write up on the NWICO and the New Cold 3. Explain the process of content manipulation in global news u War. media.3. How do you evaluate the flow of international news and 4. Why do Nepali media use the same sources for international k information? Do you observe any significant changes in the post news? Evaluate the impact of this trend on content diversity. ia 1990 era?4. How do international media portray South Asia? Suggest Group B (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 d possible improvements in coverage. e 1. Describe the trends of the sparse and omission in international Group B (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 reporting on the Third World issues. m 2. SAARC region is a very dangerous zone for an international1. Globalization of media has brought cultural imperialism. Do journalist. Do you agree? you agree? 3. How are South Asian affected by global media reach?2. Why do only five news agencies deal with more than ninety 4. What are the influential factors to determine the news in percent international news? lending global media?3. Describe the contribution of Dependency Theory to judge the 5. Describe the relevance of the theory of hegemony developed by role of international media. Antonio Gramsci in assessing global journalism in the recent4. Technological innovations are the key driving forces in shaping times. the scene of global journalism. Explain. 6. Write short notes on any TWO : © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)
  • 24. Tribhuvan University | Question Bank | MA First Year Mass communication and Journalism © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com) a) The MacBride Commission b) Structural imperialism b) Heterogeneous Society c) The new cold war c) AP Year: 2067 m Group A (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 co1. The world is facing under -representation and miss- i . representation. Do you agree? Discuss in the realm of global journalism. n2. Critically evaluate the impact of major technological innovation a on international journalism. k3. Prepare a critical write u on the challenges and opportunities of a cultural communication. r4. How does advertising influence the content of international u media? Explain the relationship between the notion of k objectivity and international advertising. ia Group B (Short Answer Questions) 4×10=40 d1. SAARC region is facing the problem of regional communication e hegemony. Do you agree?2. How do the prime-news makers play agenda setting role in m international media?3. What attempts had been made by the Non-Aligned countries to overcome the problems of imbalanced flow of information?4. Who does get to speak in world news? Briefly explain the politics behind the news.5. Global news agencies promote imperialism in Nepalese society. Do you agree?6. Write short notes on any TWO: a) Information Society © Media Kurakani (www.mediakurakani.com)