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Judaism11 1

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Transcript

  • 1. By: Allison Witheford
  • 2. Stories of origin, important people
    • The religion started with Abraham and his wife Sarah
    • Sarah and Abraham had 1 child named Isaac which means laughter
    • Later on Abraham married a woman named Rebecca
    • One descendent was Jacob, Moses was also a descendent of Abraham
    • Moses rescued slaves from Egypt
    • Moses received the 10 commandments
    This is a picture of moses with the ten commandments that God gave him This is a picture of when Abraham almost had to sacrifice his loved son Isaac This is a picture with Abraham and Sarah who had their son Isaac
  • 3. Holy Writings
    • The Holiest writing in Judaism is the Torah
    • It includes 5 books the Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy
    • Includes the “old” testament (5 books of Moses)
    • Lives in holy ark dressed like a “Queen”
    • Can never be touched with hand, can only be touched with the “Yad”
    • When dropped present people must participate in a 40 day fast
    • Hand written, takes about a year
    • The torah is read at bar/bat mitzvahs
    A torah scroll the holiest writing in Judaism This is a “yad” it is used to read the torah so the torah does not get dirty by oily hands At a bar/bat mitzvah the child reads a portion of the torah scroll with a “yad”
  • 4. Symbols and Objects
    • Shofar
    • A rams horn
    • It is used during the month before Rosh Hashanah
    • Used to wake people up and ask forgiveness
    • Star of David
    • Most common symbol of Judaism
    • Named after King David
    • now on flag of Israel
    • Kippah
    • Round cap worn on head
    • Worn during prayer, eating and studying ETC
    • Shows that humans are beneath/dependent on god
    These are kippah’s they are worn on both men and woman's head, it is usually used during praying This is David’s star it is the most common symbol in Judaism and is on the flag of Israel This is a shofar it is a rams horn and is blown many times throughout the year
  • 5. Holy Places & Places of Worship
    • Synagogue
    • A place where any type of Jew or non- Jew can go to pray
    • Some synagogues have party rooms, schools, offices, and libraries, etc!
    • A common prayer that is usually used at the synagogue is Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu melekh ha‑olam... Which means “ Blessed are You, Lord, our God, King of the universe...
    • The word synagogue means “house of assembly”
    • Western wall
    • Part of a vast retaining wall that had been destroyed many years ago
    • Most visible structure remaining from the Second Temple
    • Symbolizes the indestructible attachment of the Jewish people to the land of Israel
    • Tourists vist it and is a big tourist attraction in Israel
    This is a nearby synagogue in Wellesley where everybody is welcome! The western wall where many people go to pray This is a inside look at synagogue, in the temple they have all types of rooms to pray in
  • 6. Rites of Passage
    • Bar/Bat Mitzvah
    • is a coming of age, moving on with life
    • when children “become” an adult
    • for boys you become a man at 12 for girls 13
    • when you really start to observe the commandments and Torah
    • A rite of passage could also be getting married, and having a funeral
    This is a girl in Wellesley holding the torah at her Bat Mitzvah In fiddler on the roof during one scene people get married under a Chuppah A Jewish funeral remembering the person who died
  • 7. Celebrations and Holidays
    • Yom Kippur
    • Celebrated for day of atonement
    • when god decided each humans faiths
    • You fast for 25 hours
    • Passover
    • commemorates the story of the Exodus
    • when the ancient Israelites were freed from slavery in Egypt
    • Hanukkah
    • Remembering the victory of winning over the Greek army
    • You can light the menorah
    • Play the driedel
    The day of atonement This is the Passover sedar with many different things on it A menorah you light on the 8 nights of Hanukkah
  • 8. Core Beliefs
    • Core belief of Judaism: One god ONLY
    • Jew's believe in only one god (Monotheism)
    • When Abraham made a deal with God to only worship him and none other Abraham was rewarded with being the father of a great nation
    • Before this most people were polytheistic (many gods)
    This is a picture of a agreement which Abraham and God made Abraham with the 10 commandments that God gave him When Abraham and God made that deal no one would ever break it
  • 9. Thanks For Watching My PowerPoint on Judaism! I Hope You enjoyed it!