Judaism...<br />By Anna Macek and Sara Hockett<br />
Stories of orgin and important people<br />The Jewish religion started with a man named Abraham and his wife, Sarah.<br />They had one child, a son named Isaac (laughter). Isaac then married a women named Rebecca. One of Isaac’s descendents is a man called Jacob<br />Jacob (also known as Israel) had twelve sons. They were called the twelve sons of Israel.<br />Moses was also a descendant of Abraham. One of his major accomplishments is rescuing Jewish slaves from Egypt. He received the ten commandments from God for his efforts.<br />This is a photo of Moses carrying the Ten Commandments that God presented to him.<br />This is a picture of a musical based on the 12 tribes of Israel.<br />This is the family tree of Abraham.<br />
Core beliefs<br />Judaism’s Core Belief: One God<br />Jews believe in one God (monotheism)<br />This dates back to when Abraham made a deal with God to worship only him in return God made him the father of a great nation (Israel)<br />This was a knew idea at the time<br />Almost everybody believed in many gods (polytheism) <br /> when this idea was created<br />God told Abraham to sacrifice his son…..Abraham was going to but before he could, God stopped him.<br />This is the family tree of the Greek gods, polytheism. God in the Abraham myth wanted it to be a monotheism instead.<br />Since Abraham had proven his loyalty, God made him a deal. If Abraham believed in only one god, him, he would make him he father of a great nation.<br />
Holy writings<br />The Torah is the holiest Jewish writing:<br />Contains the Old/Hebrew Testament (The Five Books of Moses)<br />“Dressed” like a queen and lives in a Holy Ark<br />Never touched for fear of dirtying it<br />If dropped, everyone present must take part in 40 day fast<br />Hand written on kosher parchment, takes a year to make<br />At their Bar/Bat Mitzvah, the child reads from the Torah with the Yad (picture) <br />This is a Jewish boy turning into a Bar Mitzvah. He is reading from the Torah.<br />This is a<br />“Yad” <br />(hand).<br />It is used to trace while you read a Torah Scroll.<br />This is an ancient Torah Scroll, the holiest book for the Jewish people.<br />
Symbols and Objects<br /> Symbols:<br />The mezuzah, a container that holds the first two paragraphs of the shema. It is usually attached to the right side of the door post.<br />The kippah, a small round cap worn by both genders. It symbolizes the separation of human and God.<br />The tallit, a four cornered garment worn for morning prayer. The fringes and the knots on the tallit represent the 613 commandments the Jewish people follow.<br />
Holy places and places of worship<br />Synagogue: A temple with three purposes worship, celebrating and learning.<br /><ul><li>There are three types of Judaism, reform, conservatory, and orthodox. </li></ul>The Western Wall also known as the Wailing Wall:<br /><ul><li> Is the only remaining wall of the original temple in Israel, after it was attacked by the Romans.
This wall is sacred to the Jewish people who use it as a place of worship.</li></ul>This is the western wall. People pray and cry here. People also write letters to God for luck.<br />This the original temple the Romans attacked. The western wall was once a part of the temple.<br />This is a picture of the logo of the local temple that is very close to us. <br />
Rituals/rites of passage<br />A rite of passage means stepping<br />forward. Reaching a milestone in<br /> life, moving on.<br />Examples of these for the Jewish are: <br />having a Bar/Bat Mitzvah, <br />getting married<br />having a funeral<br />This is a Jewish boy at his Bar Mitzvah. He is reading from the Torah.<br />This a coffin. When the Jewish died, their heads are pointed toward the western wall in Israel.<br />This is a Jewish wedding ceremony. The witnesses are signing the wedding document.<br />
Celebrations<br />Jewish celebrations include rites of passage<br />-some rites of passage are Bar/Bat Mitzvahs, funerals or marriage<br />- A Bar or Bat Mitzvah is a celebration of a child reaching the age 12 or 13 depending on the gender of the child<br />-Decreased Jewish people are buried soon after the person dies and are placed in a wooden coffin, their head facing the western wall<br />-When the Jewish are married two Jewish<br />witnesses must sign a marriage contract<br />This is a picture of a boy at his Bar Mitzvah, a regular celebration of a Jewish boy turning 13 and becoming a man.<br />This is a Jewish wedding contract that two Jewish witnesses must sign in order for the couple to get married.<br />This is a Jewish wooden coffin. When people die, they are buried to face the western wall.<br />
holidays<br />The gist of all Jewish holidays is: someone tried to kill us, we beat them, lets eat.<br />The main Jewish holidays are Chanukah, Rosh Hashanah, Passover, Purim and Yom Kippur <br />Yom Kippur means “Day of Adornment” It is a complete Sabbath, no work should be done. Not even drinking and eating. It is a 25 hour fast beginning at sunrise and ending after nightfall on Yom Kippur .<br />This is a menorah. During Chanukah, the Jewish light one candle each night of the holiday.<br />This is a picture of God “passing over” someone’s house because they have given him an offering. He passes over them because they painted lambs blood on the door.<br />This is a shofar. This is blown the morning of Yom Kippur, symbolizing Yom Kippur’s start and ending.<br />
Thank You For Coming…We Hope You Liked It!<br />Presented By: Sara Hockett and Anna Macek<br />
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