Judaism

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Judaism

  1. 1. By Anna Macek and Sara Hockett
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Jewish religion started with a man named Abraham and his wife, Sarah. </li></ul><ul><li>They had one child, a son named Isaac (laughter). Isaac then married a women named Rebecca. One of Isaac’s descendents is a man called Jacob </li></ul><ul><li>Jacob (also known as Israel) had twelve sons. They were called the twelve sons of Israel. </li></ul><ul><li>Moses was also a descendant of Abraham. One of his major accomplishments is rescuing Jewish slaves from Egypt. He received the ten commandments from God for his efforts. </li></ul>This is a photo of Moses carrying the Ten Commandments that God presented to him. This is a picture of a musical based on the 12 tribes of Israel. This is the family tree of Abraham.
  3. 3. <ul><li>Judaism Core Belief: One God </li></ul><ul><li>Jews believe in one God (monotheism) </li></ul><ul><li>This dates back to when Abraham made a deal with God to worship only him in return God made him the father of a great nation (Israel) </li></ul><ul><li>This was a knew idea at the time </li></ul><ul><li>Almost everybody believed in many gods, polytheism </li></ul><ul><li>when this idea was created </li></ul>God told Abraham to sacrifice his son…..Abraham was going to but before he could, God stopped him. Since Abraham had proven his loyalty, God made him a deal. If Abraham believed in only one god, him, he would make him he father of a great nation. This is the family tree of the Greek gods, polytheism. God in the Abraham myth wanted it to be a monotheism instead.
  4. 4. <ul><li>The Torah is the holiest Jewish writing: </li></ul><ul><li>Contains the Old/Hebrew Testament (the Five Books of Moses) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dressed” like a queen and lives in a Holy Ark </li></ul><ul><li>Never touched in fear of dirtying it </li></ul><ul><li>If dropped, everyone present must take part in 40 day fast </li></ul><ul><li>Hand written, takes a year to make on kosher parchment </li></ul><ul><li>At their Bar/Bat Mitzvah, the Mitzvah reads from the Torah with Yad (picture below) </li></ul>This is an ancient Torah Scroll, the holiest book for the Jewish people This is a Jewish boy turning into a Bar Mitzvah. He is reading from the Torah. This is a “ Yad” (hand). It is used to trace while you read a Torah Scroll.
  5. 5. <ul><li>  Symbols: </li></ul><ul><li>the Mezuzah, a container that holds the first two paragraphs of the shema. It is usually attached to the right side of the door post. </li></ul><ul><li>The Kippah, a small round cap worn by both genders. It symbolizes the separation of human and God. </li></ul><ul><li>The Tallit, a four cornered garment worn for morning prayer. The fringes and the knots on the tallit represent the 613 commadments the Jewish people follow. </li></ul>This is a mezuzah. Inside is a small part of the Torah, the holiest writing for Judaism. This is a Kippah. They can be large or small, simple or fancy. This a tallit. It goes over the shoulders and has 613 knots and strings to signify the commandments.
  6. 6. <ul><li>Synagogue: A temple with three purposes worship, celebrating and learning. </li></ul><ul><li>There are three types of Judaism, reform, conservatory, and orthodox. </li></ul><ul><li>The western wall: also known as the Wailing Wall </li></ul><ul><li>is the only remaining wall of the original temple in Israel, after it was attacked by the Romans. </li></ul><ul><li>This wall is sacred to the Jewish people who use it as a place of worship. </li></ul>This is the western wall. People pray and cry here. People also write letters to God for luck. This the original temple the Romans attacked. The western wall was once a part of the temple. This is a picture of the logo of the local temple that is very close to us.
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>A rite of passage means stepping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>forward. Reaching a milestone in </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>life, moving on. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of these for the Jewish are: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>having a Bar/Bat Mitzvah, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>getting married </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>having a funeral </li></ul></ul>This is a Jewish boy turning into a Bar Mitzvah. He is reading from the Torah. This is a Jewish wedding ceremony. The witnesses are signing the wedding document. This a coffin. When the Jewish died, their heads are pointed toward the western wall in Israel.
  8. 8. This is a picture of a boy at his Bar Mitzvah, a regular celebration of a Jewish boy turning 13 and becoming a man. Jewish celebrations include rites of passage -some rites of passage ar Bar/Bat Mitzvahs, Funerals or marriage - A bar or Bat Mitzvah is a celebration of a child reaching the age 12 or 13 depending on the gender of the child -Decreased Jewish people are buried soon after the person dies and are placed in a wooden coffin, their head facing the western wall -Jewish people believe that they should be returned to the earth when they die as quickly and naturally possible -When the Jewish are married two witnesses must sign a marriage contract, these witnesses must be Jewish also. This is a Jewish contract wedding that two Jewish witnesses must sign in order for the couple to get married. This is a Jewish wooden coffin. When people die, they are buried to face the western wall.
  9. 9. <ul><li>The gist of all Jewish holidays is: someone tried to kill us, we beat them, lets eat. </li></ul><ul><li>The main Jewish holidays are Chanukah, Rosh Hashanah, Passover, Purim and Yom Kippur </li></ul><ul><li>Yom Kippur means “Day of Adornment” It is a complete sabbath, no work shall be done. Not even drinking and eating. It is a 25 hour fast beginning at sunrise on Yom Kippur and ending after nightfall. </li></ul>This is a menorah. During Chanukah, the Jewish light one candle each night of the holiday. This is a picture of God “passing over” someone’s house because they have given him an offering. He passes over them by panting lambs blood on the door. This is a shofar. This is blown the morning of Yom Kippur, symbolizing Yom Kippurs start and ending.
  10. 10. Thank You For Coming…Hope You Liked It! Presented By: Sara Hockett and Anna Macek

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