The Jewish religion started with a man named Abraham and his wife, Sarah.
They had one child, a son named Isaac (laughter). Isaac then married a women named Rebecca. One of Isaac’s descendents is a man called Jacob
Jacob (also known as Israel) had twelve sons. They were called the twelve sons of Israel.
Moses was also a descendant of Abraham. One of his major accomplishments is rescuing Jewish slaves from Egypt. He received the ten commandments from God for his efforts.
This is a photo of Moses carrying the Ten Commandments that God presented to him. This is a picture of a musical based on the 12 tribes of Israel. This is the family tree of Abraham.
Judaism Core Belief: One God
Jews believe in one God (monotheism)
This dates back to when Abraham made a deal with God to worship only him in return God made him the father of a great nation (Israel)
This was a knew idea at the time
Almost everybody believed in many gods, polytheism
when this idea was created
God told Abraham to sacrifice his son…..Abraham was going to but before he could, God stopped him. Since Abraham had proven his loyalty, God made him a deal. If Abraham believed in only one god, him, he would make him he father of a great nation. This is the family tree of the Greek gods, polytheism. God in the Abraham myth wanted it to be a monotheism instead.
The Torah is the holiest Jewish writing:
Contains the Old/Hebrew Testament (the Five Books of Moses)
“ Dressed” like a queen and lives in a Holy Ark
Never touched in fear of dirtying it
If dropped, everyone present must take part in 40 day fast
Hand written, takes a year to make on kosher parchment
At their Bar/Bat Mitzvah, the Mitzvah reads from the Torah with Yad (picture below)
This is an ancient Torah Scroll, the holiest book for the Jewish people This is a Jewish boy turning into a Bar Mitzvah. He is reading from the Torah. This is a “ Yad” (hand). It is used to trace while you read a Torah Scroll.
the Mezuzah, a container that holds the first two paragraphs of the shema. It is usually attached to the right side of the door post.
The Kippah, a small round cap worn by both genders. It symbolizes the separation of human and God.
The Tallit, a four cornered garment worn for morning prayer. The fringes and the knots on the tallit represent the 613 commadments the Jewish people follow.
This is a mezuzah. Inside is a small part of the Torah, the holiest writing for Judaism. This is a Kippah. They can be large or small, simple or fancy. This a tallit. It goes over the shoulders and has 613 knots and strings to signify the commandments.
Synagogue: A temple with three purposes worship, celebrating and learning.
There are three types of Judaism, reform, conservatory, and orthodox.
The western wall: also known as the Wailing Wall
is the only remaining wall of the original temple in Israel, after it was attacked by the Romans.
This wall is sacred to the Jewish people who use it as a place of worship.
This is the western wall. People pray and cry here. People also write letters to God for luck. This the original temple the Romans attacked. The western wall was once a part of the temple. This is a picture of the logo of the local temple that is very close to us.
A rite of passage means stepping
forward. Reaching a milestone in
life, moving on.
Examples of these for the Jewish are:
having a Bar/Bat Mitzvah,
having a funeral
This is a Jewish boy turning into a Bar Mitzvah. He is reading from the Torah. This is a Jewish wedding ceremony. The witnesses are signing the wedding document. This a coffin. When the Jewish died, their heads are pointed toward the western wall in Israel.
This is a picture of a boy at his Bar Mitzvah, a regular celebration of a Jewish boy turning 13 and becoming a man. Jewish celebrations include rites of passage -some rites of passage ar Bar/Bat Mitzvahs, Funerals or marriage - A bar or Bat Mitzvah is a celebration of a child reaching the age 12 or 13 depending on the gender of the child -Decreased Jewish people are buried soon after the person dies and are placed in a wooden coffin, their head facing the western wall -Jewish people believe that they should be returned to the earth when they die as quickly and naturally possible -When the Jewish are married two witnesses must sign a marriage contract, these witnesses must be Jewish also. This is a Jewish contract wedding that two Jewish witnesses must sign in order for the couple to get married. This is a Jewish wooden coffin. When people die, they are buried to face the western wall.
The gist of all Jewish holidays is: someone tried to kill us, we beat them, lets eat.
The main Jewish holidays are Chanukah, Rosh Hashanah, Passover, Purim and Yom Kippur
Yom Kippur means “Day of Adornment” It is a complete sabbath, no work shall be done. Not even drinking and eating. It is a 25 hour fast beginning at sunrise on Yom Kippur and ending after nightfall.
This is a menorah. During Chanukah, the Jewish light one candle each night of the holiday. This is a picture of God “passing over” someone’s house because they have given him an offering. He passes over them by panting lambs blood on the door. This is a shofar. This is blown the morning of Yom Kippur, symbolizing Yom Kippurs start and ending.
Thank You For Coming…Hope You Liked It! Presented By: Sara Hockett and Anna Macek