Dairy Development Training
By Rabindra nath Nayak
What’s a Dairy cooperative ?
Dairy farmers form village-level cooperative society and elect its members and
chairperson. The societies then join to form district-level unions. Chairpersons of
these unions form the board of directors of the federation at the state level
Each dairy cooperative society has a collection centre at the village that procures
milk from small milk producers. They are paid depending on the fat content of the
milk, which is measured by an automatic machine
The procured milk goes to the district-level union, which has a processing unit. It is
here that the milk is pasteurised before being sold or used to produce dairy
products. The union decides how it wants to sell the milk, depending on its
State-level federation markets the milk and dairy products under its own brand
The federation and the unions provide facilities like veterinarian service and cheap
cattle feed to the farmer. At the end of the year, the federation shares its profits
with the dairy farmer as per his or her contribution
Difference Between Dairy Co-operative
and Milk Producer Company
It is governed by the state’s
cooperative Act. The state
government, therefore, has a
decisive role in its administration
Has a three-tier structure that
extends from the village level to
the state level
Anyone with one cattle can be a
member of the cooperative and
enjoy its benefits
There is no provision to expel
No provision for audit and
experts on board
MILK PRODUCER COMPANY
Legally, it is under the Companies
Act. It has autonomy to decide on
Single-tier arrangement where
dairy farmers are direct members
of the producer company
Only dairy farmers who regularly
contribute milk can hold shares
and enjoy patronage
It has provisions to remove
Explicit provision for audit and
experts on board
Cattle feed decides milk price
• Milk is an essential commodity. But no one decides its price. Depending on
the company and quality, one can get a litre of milk for Rs.30 to Rs.60.
Companies also revise the prices at their whims. In the past three years,
milk prices have increased six times. The hike is between Rs.8 and Rs.10 in
all segments—full cream, toned milk and double toned milk. Analysts say
much of this rise is due to cattle feed and fodder that has become dearer
in recent years. Today cattle feed accounts for 60-70 per cent of the input
cost of the milk.
Commercial Dairy Farming
• Commercial dairy farming has good potential for employment generation
both in rural and peri-urban areas besides being a source of liquidity and
insurance against crop failure. In other words, dairy provides employment
throughout the year. Even more profits can be earned through dairying,
depending upon the breeds of animal, managerial skills and marketing.
Dairy farming can also be taken up as a main occupation around big urban
centres, wherein the demand for milk is high.
• Modern and well established scientific principles, practices and skills
should be used to obtain maximum economic benefits from dairy farming
• Topics to be covered
• • Economic parameter and project proposal development of commercial
dairy farm for sustainability
• • Fodder production, preservation and utilization of farm waste
• • Animal Health, housing & shelter management of dairy animals
• • Quality milk production & Value addition in milk for enhancement of
• • Interaction with dairy equipment industries, commercial dairy farmers
and financial institution
• Fees for Training
• Fee of `9,000 per participants will be charged which includes boarding and
lodging facilities also. Participants have to bring Demand Draft in favour of
Society for Innovation & Entrepreneurship in Dairying, payable at Karnal.
• Eligibility & Selection
• The training is open for Dairy farmers/entrepreneurs, officials from animal
husbandry & dairying departments, educated rural and urban youths and
farmers. There are 20-25 seats for this training.
• Boarding and Lodging facilities will be provided at Scientist home of NDRI
or NBAGR, Karnal.
• Karnal is located on NH-1, equidistant (~125 Km) from New Delhi and
Chandigarh. City is well connected by road and train. Buses for Karnal can
be availed from ISBT Bus stand (Kashmiri Gate), New Delhi.
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