Esther powerpoint 4

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Esther powerpoint 4

  1. 1. The Mystery of Esther’s Ninth A powerpoint companion to The Day After: A Megillah Retrospective Lecture 4 By Rabbi David Fohrman
  2. 2. The Theme of Chapter Nine <ul><li>The bulk of chapter nine details the efforts of Mordechai and Esther to take what was at first a spontaneous celebration of the Jews on the day they won their victory, and turn it into an officially recognized Jewish holiday, which would be observed in perpetuity. </li></ul><ul><li>There is, however, a significant digression right in the middle of this chronicle… </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>c,fhu </li></ul><ul><li>lknv ,ubhsn kfc rat ohsuvhv kf kt ohrpx jkahu vktv ohrcsv ,t hfsrn </li></ul><ul><li>asjk rag vgcrt ouh ,t ohag ,uhvk ovhkg ohek oheujrvu ohcurev auruajt </li></ul><ul><li>ovhchutn ohsuvhv ovc ujb rat ohnhf vbau vba kfc uc rag vanj ouh ,tu rst </li></ul><ul><li>vjnau v,an hnh o,ut ,uagk cuy ouhk kctnu vjnak iudhn ovk lpvb rat asjvu </li></ul><ul><li>,tu ,uagk ukjv rat ,t ohsuvhv kceu ohbuhctk ,ub,nu uvgrk aht ,ubn jukanu </li></ul><ul><li>caj ohsuvhv kf rrm hddtv t,snv ic inv hf ovhkt hfsrn c,f rat </li></ul><ul><li>rnt lknv hbpk vtccu osctku onvk krudv tuv rup khpvu osctk ohsuvhv kg </li></ul><ul><li>uhbc ,tu u,t uk,u uatr kg ohsuvhv kg caj rat vgrv u,cajn cuah rpxv og </li></ul><ul><li>,rdtv hrcs kf kg if kg rupv oa kg ohrup vktv ohnhk utre if kg .gv kg </li></ul><ul><li>ovhkg ohsuvhv kceu unhe ovhkt ghdv vnu vff kg utr vnu ,tzv </li></ul><ul><li>oc,ff vktv ohnhv hba ,t ohag ,uhvk rucgh tku ovhkg ohukbv kf kgu ogrz kgu </li></ul><ul><li>vjpanu vjpan rusu rus kfc ohagbu ohrfzb vktv ohnhvu vbau vba kfc obnzfu </li></ul><ul><li>;uxh tk orfzu ohsuvhv lu,n urcgh tk vktv ohrupv hnhu rhgu rhgu vbhsnu vbhsn </li></ul><ul><li>,t ohek ;e, kf ,t hsuvhv hfsrnu khjhct ,c vfknv r,xt c,f,u ogrzn </li></ul><ul><li>vtnu ohragu gca kt ohsuvhv kf kt ohrpx jkahu ,hbav ,tzv ohrupv ,rdt </li></ul><ul><li>ratf ovhbnzc vktv ohrpv hnh ,t ohek ,ntu ouka hrcs auruajt ,ufkn vbhsn </li></ul><ul><li>,unmv hrcs ogrz kgu oapb kg unhe ratfu vfknv r,xtu hsuvhv hfsrn ovhkg ohe </li></ul><ul><li>rpxc c,fbu vktv ohrpv hrcs ohe r,xt rntnu o,egzu </li></ul>The efforts of Mordechai and Esther to make Purim “official”
  4. 4. <ul><li>c,fhu </li></ul><ul><li>lknv ,ubhsn kfc rat ohsuvhv kf kt ohrpx jkahu vktv ohrcsv ,t hfsrn </li></ul><ul><li>asjk rag vgcrt ouh ,t ohag ,uhvk ovhkg ohek oheujrvu ohcurev auruajt </li></ul><ul><li>ovhchutn ohsuvhv ovc ujb rat ohnhf vbau vba kfc uc rag vanj ouh ,tu rst </li></ul><ul><li>vjnau v,an hnh o,ut ,uagk cuy ouhk kctnu vjnak iudhn ovk lpvb rat asjvu </li></ul><ul><li>,tu ,uagk ukjv rat ,t ohsuvhv kceu ohbuhctk ,ub,nu uvgrk aht ,ubn jukanu </li></ul><ul><li>caj ohsuvhv kf rrm hddtv t,snv ic inv hf ovhkt hfsrn c,f rat </li></ul><ul><li>rnt lknv hbpk vtccu osctku onvk krudv tuv rup khpvu osctk ohsuvhv kg </li></ul><ul><li>uhbc ,tu u,t uk,u uatr kg ohsuvhv kg caj rat vgrv u,cajn cuah rpxv og </li></ul><ul><li>,rdtv hrcs kf kg if kg rupv oa kg ohrup vktv ohnhk utre if kg .gv kg </li></ul><ul><li>ovhkg ohsuvhv kceu unhe ovhkt ghdv vnu vff kg utr vnu ,tzv </li></ul><ul><li>oc,ff vktv ohnhv hba ,t ohag ,uhvk rucgh tku ovhkg ohukbv kf kgu ogrz kgu </li></ul><ul><li>vjpanu vjpan rusu rus kfc ohagbu ohrfzb vktv ohnhvu vbau vba kfc obnzfu </li></ul><ul><li>;uxh tk orfzu ohsuvhv lu,n urcgh tk vktv ohrupv hnhu rhgu rhgu vbhsnu vbhsn </li></ul><ul><li>,t ohek ;e, kf ,t hsuvhv hfsrnu khjhct ,c vfknv r,xt c,f,u ogrzn </li></ul><ul><li>vtnu ohragu gca kt ohsuvhv kf kt ohrpx jkahu ,hbav ,tzv ohrupv ,rdt </li></ul><ul><li>ratf ovhbnzc vktv ohrpv hnh ,t ohek ,ntu ouka hrcs auruajt ,ufkn vbhsn </li></ul><ul><li>,unmv hrcs ogrz kgu oapb kg unhe ratfu vfknv r,xtu hsuvhv hfsrn ovhkg ohe </li></ul><ul><li>rpxc c,fbu vktv ohrpv hrcs ohe r,xt rntnu o,egzu </li></ul>The efforts of Mordechai and Esther to make Purim “official” The digression
  5. 5. <ul><li>caj ohsuvhv kf rrm hddtv t,snv ic inv hf </li></ul><ul><li>rnt lknv hbpk vtccu osctku onvk krudv tuv rup khpvu osctk ohsuvhv kg </li></ul><ul><li>uhbc ,tu u,t uk,u uatr kg ohsuvhv kg caj rat vgrv u,cajn cuah rpxv og </li></ul><ul><li>,rdtv hrcs kf kg if kg rupv oa kg ohrup vktv ohnhk utre if kg .gv kg </li></ul><ul><li>ovhkt ghdv vnu vff kg utr vnu ,tzv </li></ul>The digression retells the Purim story – as if we didn’t know it already. But the digression is also problematic in other ways, too…
  6. 6. <ul><li>caj ohsuvhv kf rrm hddtv t,snv ic inv hf </li></ul><ul><li>rnt lknv hbpk vtccu osctku onvk krudv tuv rup khpvu osctk ohsuvhv kg </li></ul><ul><li>uhbc ,tu u,t uk,u uatr kg ohsuvhv kg caj rat vgrv u,cajn cuah rpxv og </li></ul><ul><li>,rdtv hrcs kf kg if kg rupv oa kg ohrup vktv ohnhk utre if kg .gv kg </li></ul><ul><li>ovhkt ghdv vnu vff kg utr vnu ,tzv </li></ul>For example, its verses seem out of order: First, it tells us that Haman cast lots to destroy the Jews. Then, we hear that Esther saved the day, causing Haman’s plot to recoil on his own head. And then, we are told that “this is why they call the day Purim – because of the “pur” (lots).
  7. 7. <ul><li>caj ohsuvhv kf rrm hddtv t,snv ic inv hf </li></ul><ul><li>rnt lknv hbpk vtccu osctku onvk krudv tuv rup khpvu osctk ohsuvhv kg </li></ul><ul><li>uhbc ,tu u,t uk,u uatr kg ohsuvhv kg caj rat vgrv u,cajn cuah rpxv og </li></ul><ul><li>,rdtv hrcs kf kg if kg rupv oa kg ohrup vktv ohnhk utre if kg .gv kg </li></ul><ul><li>ovhkt ghdv vnu vff kg utr vnu ,tzv </li></ul>But wouldn’t it make more sense to do it this way… First, it tells us that Haman cast lots to destroy the Jews. Then, we hear that Esther saved the day, causing Haman’s plot to recoil on his own head. Then, we are told that “this is why they call the day Purim – because of the “pur” (lots).
  8. 8. <ul><li>caj ohsuvhv kf rrm hddtv t,snv ic inv hf </li></ul><ul><li>rnt lknv hbpk vtccu osctku onvk krudv tuv rup khpvu osctk ohsuvhv kg </li></ul><ul><li>uhbc ,tu u,t uk,u uatr kg ohsuvhv kg caj rat vgrv u,cajn cuah rpxv og </li></ul><ul><li>,rdtv hrcs kf kg if kg rupv oa kg ohrup vktv ohnhk utre if kg .gv kg </li></ul><ul><li>ovhkt ghdv vnu vff kg utr vnu ,tzv </li></ul>Moreover, the text gives us two reasons why the day is called Purim: First, it is because of the lots “pur”. And then: it got the name Purim “because of what was written in Esther’s letter”. But what is that supposed to mean?
  9. 9. Esther’s Ninth <ul><li>We will try to solve the mystery of Esther’s ninth chapter next week… </li></ul>

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