The good and right education of the youngest students in Bulgaria is a problem that has always excited me. I know that a first step at school is very important. Since the first year we not only teach children but also instill habits for life.
In Bulgaria, we have introduced the latest curriculum and teaching programs since 2001, and environmental education is widespread in the classes. But I'm one of those who enforced that in the Bulgarian school and I realize - IN BULGARIA WE ARE ENVIRONMENTAL debtors.
For this issue, I’ve shared with my friends and partners abroad. I still remember the words of the Frenchwoman Deirdra, who has toured many places in the world and met different cultures. "The air in Bulgaria is so clean! But Sofia has a lot of waste junk. "
In spite of its relatively small territory (110 912 km2), the country has various landscape. The scenery changes subsequently from vast plains, to hilly areas and high mountains. Here we found shelter 94 species of mammals, 383 birds, 36 reptiles, 16 amphibians, 207 Black Sea and freshwater fish, around 27,000 insects and other invertebrates, between 3500 and 3750 species of higher plants and more than 6,500 lower plants and fungi. Bulgaria is among the countries with greatest biodiversity in Europe.
As a result of human activities over the past few decades a number of Bulgarian species declined to the point of extinction. Among them are at least 31 species of higher plants, 7 invertebrates, 3 fish species, two snakes, three birds, two (possibly three) species of mammals and 6 local animal breeds.
Special note should be Bulgarian forests, which cover about 3.9 million hectares (about 35% of the total area of the country). About 60% of forests in Bulgaria are of natural origin. We include sea biodiversity and freshwater fish species, over 200 species of edible mushrooms and several hundred local medicinal plants.
Bulgarian biodiversity faces many threats. Direct loss of terrestrial and aquatic habitats is the most significant threat to biodiversity in Bulgaria. It affects all ecosystems - from forests and alpine lakes to the open water areas and benthic communities of the Black Sea.
In Bulgaria we have a National Strategy for Biodiversity Conservation (NSOBR) This is a long-term program developed in accordance with the requirement of national planning, conservation deynosti, enshrined in the Convention on Biological Diversity of 1992, which Bulgaria has signed.
National Strategy for Biodiversity can not be achieved without strong support and understanding by the public. There are visitor centers in national park Rila, Vitosha nature park Strandzha in the Eastern Rhodopes. All prerequisites for the conservation educational extracurricular activity. Media campaigns, press conferences, public hearings on bills, local projects to protect biodiversity, public discussions of proposals for the designation of protected areas are carried out regularly by staff for public relations of park administrations.
I’ve been a senior of expert ofthe primary education at theRegional Inspectorate ofeducation.
Now Im a depute head at 137 Secondary school“Аngel Kanchev”-Sofia, responsible for thetraining and everything related to the primarystage / pupils from 7 to 10 years old / andproject school work,too .
110 912 km2 94 species of mammals, 383 birds, 36 reptiles, 16 amphibians, 207 Black Sea and freshwater fish, around 27,000 insects and other invertebrates, between 3500 and 3750 species of higher plantsand more than 6,500 lower plants and fungi.
Explore the most popular species start to Bulgarianchildren still in the early school years through outthe curriculum subjects.
As a teacher in a subject “Nature andMan” I develop small projects with mystudents and say they aim to realizationof human activity as a factor forbiodiversity in Bulgaria.
Extinction 31 species of higher plants, 7 invertebrates, 3 fish species, two snakes, three birds,two (possibly three) species of mammals 6 local animal breeds
Bulgarian forests cover about 3.9million hectares (about 35% of the total area of the country). natural origin- freshwater fish species, over 200 species of edible mushrooms several hundred local medicinal plants
Bulgarian biodiversity faces many threats.Ecosystems - from forests andalpine lakes to the open water areas and benthiccommunities of the Black Sea.
National Strategy for Biodiversity Conservation (NSOBR)
Media campaigns, press conferences, public hearings on bills, local projects to protectbiodiversity, public discussions of proposals for the designation of protected areas are carriedout regularly by staff for public relations of park administrations.
My country leaves schools free to decidewhat teaching methods to use; schools also choose their own textbooks.
During this school year I have been working with studentsfrom the first grade. For about a month, I started a smallschool project, "You know animals and plants in Bulgaria”.They together have formed these panels which I show youtoday . I imagine that by the end of the school year we willdo our panel of treatment and extinct species.
The aim of this project is of course- raise the childrens attention onthe role of humans on thebiological diversity.
My Malhalm visit will help me tomotivate them.