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1 | P a g eFAMOUS FILIPINO SCIENTISTSGregorio Y. Zara, D.Sc. PhysicsHis important achievements include: The invention of the two-way television telephone; The discovery of electrical kinetic resistance known as the Zara effect; The invention of an airplane engine that runs on alcohol instead of aviation fuel andmethods by which solar energy can be harnessed; and Zara’s airplane engine was successfully tested in a test flight conducted at the ManilaInternational Airport (now the Ninoy Aquino International Airport) on Sept. 30, 1954.For having completed over 40 research papers and making 20 outstanding contributions toscience, Zara received many awards, including: The Presidential Diploma of Merit; He was conferred the Distinguished Service Medal in 1959 for his pioneering works andachievements in solar energy research, aeronautics and television; The Presidential Gold Medal and Diploma of Honor for Science and research in 1966; The Cultural Heritage Award for Science Education and Aero Engineering in 1966; and Proclaimed as National Scientist and Academician in 1978 by the National Academy ofScience and Technology created in 1976.
2 | P a g ePaulo C. Campos, MDIs noted for his work in nuclear medicine.Notable achievements: He was credited for establishing the first known radioisotope laboratory in the countryand the first research laboratory of the University of the Philippines MedicineDepartment. He also established the Thyroid Clinic of the UP-PGH; and As a health scientist, Campos authored and co-authored 75 scientific publications, someof which have won awards.Awards: Three of his works, titled Observation of Some Parameter of Insulin Action, Cr-51Tagged Red Cell Studies and The Genetic Factor in Endemic Goiter, have won the firstprize in Research Award; In the field of medical research, Campos was named conferred the Gregorio Y Zaraaward as an outstanding scientist by the Philippine Association for the Advancement ofScience (PAAS); and Proclaimed as National Scientist in 1989 and Academician in 1978 by the NationalAcademy of Science and Technology created in 1976.
3 | P a g eJose N. Rodriguez, MD LeprologyHe is a renowned Filipino leprologist and researcher who has devoted 53 years of his life to thecontrol of leprosy in the country.Education: M.D. University of the Philippines, 1920 CPH Johns Hopkins University, 1932 MPH Johns Hopkins University, 1948Achievements: As one of the few pioneers in the early fight against leprosy worldwide, Rodriguezproposed a leprosy control program which was adopted by the Philippines and otherAsian countries; He has written many scientific articles on leprosy which have been published in variousmedical journals all over the world and which are considered classic texts in leprosyresearch.Awards: In recognition of his untiring struggle to control and eradicate leprosy in the Philippineshe is the recipient of many honors and awards, including the 1974 Damien DuttonAward; Proclaimed as Academician in 1979 by the National Academy of Science and Technologycreated in 1976.
4 | P a g eLourdes Jansuy CruzDoctor Lourdes Cruz has made scientific contributions to the biochemistry field of conotoxins,in particular the toxins of the venom of the marine snail Conus geographus.Educations: B.S. Chemistry, University of the Philippines, 1962 M.S. Biochemistry, University of Iowa, 1966 Ph.D. Biochemistry, University of Iowa, 1968Achievements: Documented the biochemical characterization of the homologous highly toxicmonomeric peptides with internal disulfide bonds including: Conotoxin GI, ConotoxinGIA and Conotoxin GII; Has helped develop conotoxins for the purpose biochemical probes for examining theactivities of the human brain; Lourdes Cruz has published over one hundred and twenty papers in her field of study.Awards: NAST Outstanding Young Scientist Award 1981; NRCP Achievement Award in Chemistry 1982; Outstanding Women in the Nations Service Award (Biochemistry) 1986; and National Scientist 2008.
5 | P a g eGregorio T. Velasquez, Ph. D.Known as the Father of Philippine Phycology, Dr. Velasquez pioneered the intensive study andcollection of the Philippine blue-green algal species.Some cyanobacteria are sold as food, notably Aphanizomenon flos-aquae andArthrospira platensis (Spirulina).Blue green algae, also known as spirulina, is a form of algae. The aroma and taste ofspirulina is similar to seaweed. It is found in many fresh water locations such as ponds,lakes and rivers. According the University of Maryland Medical Center (2011), spirulinais rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, carotenoids and contains nutrients including Bcomlex, beta-carotene, vitamin E, manganese, zinc, copper, iron, selenium and gammalinolenic acid. Due to its supply of nutrients and antioxidants, blue green algae is usedfor various health-related issues, ranging from diet supplements and anti-aging toexternal skin treatments (eHow).Recent research has suggested the potential application of cyanobacteria to thegeneration of renewable energy via converting sunlight into electricity.[clarificationneeded] Currently efforts are underway to commercialize algae-based fuels such asdiesel, gasoline and jet fuel (Wikipedia).
6 | P a g eEducation: B.S. University of the Philippines - 1925 M.S. University of the Philippines - 1931 M.A. University of Michigan - 1937 Ph. D. University of Michigan - 1939Achievements: He studied and investigated algal specimens in Oriental Mindoro, Eastern Palawan, Sulu,Batangas and Bataan such as the Euglenophyceae, Chlorophyceae, and Myxophyceae;and He was able to produce 47 basic and 77 valuable scientific papers on the subject.Awards: Distinguished Science Medal and Diploma of Honor from RP 1956; John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellowship, 1956-57; R.P. Cultural Heritage Award, 1972; Citations by the Carnegie Institute of Technology, USA; Citation by the Max Planck Institute of Zellbiologie in Germany; Emeritus Membership in the New York Academy of Sciences; For many years, he was Chairman for Biological Sciences of the National ResearchCouncil of the Philippines; In 1982 he was conferred the title of National Scientist; With his wife, Carmen Camacho Velasquez, also named as a National Scientist later on;and The Velasquezes claim to be only the second husband and wife pair to be honored assuch in the world after the Curie couple of France.Reference: About ~ http://inventors.about.com/od/filipinoscientists/Filipino_Inventors_and_Filipino_Scientists.htm e-How ~ http://www.ehow.com/how_8313160_use-blue-green-algae.html#ixzz2VpyQrUhT Wikipedia ~ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyanobacteria Blogspot ~ http://jobert.blogspot.com/2006/01/famous-philippine-scientists.html DOST ~ http://web.archive.org/web/20040604181149/www.nast.dost.gov.ph/pub-nats.htm