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0401 0401 Presentation Transcript

  • 熱與塵: 戈壁沙漠的傳教三 戈壁沙漠的傳教三姊妹 台灣師範大學 翻譯研究所 李根芳
  • Travel writing and gender Margery Kempe (c. 1373-1438) Lady Mary Wortley Montagu (1689-1762) Victorian lady travelers Exceptional, determined, less authoritarian, credible/reliable, the everyday experience, private vs. public,
  • Rediscovering women travelers Spinsters Abroad (1989), Ladies on the Loose: Women Travelers of the 18th and 19th Centuries (1981); The Blessings of A Good, Thick Skirt (1988)
  • Brief Introduction (The Trio, CIM, The Gobi Desert) Femininity Revisited (women travelers, missionaries) The Image of the Desert (barren vs. fertile) Their Journey, Their Home
  • Mildred Cable 蓋群英(1878-1952) Evangeline French 馮貴珠(1869-1960) Francesca French 馮貴石(1871-1960) Through Jade Gate and Central Asia (1927) A Desert Journal (1934) The Gobi Desert (1942)
  • Brief Introduction As they are called, “The Trio”: Mildred Cable, Francesca and Evangeline French are probably the most well-known Western women missionaries in modern times for their crossing and re-crossing the Gobi Desert five times between 1923 and 1936. They were the first Christians in the region since Nestorians in the sixth century, and they were the last.
  • How is their femininity manifested ‘In the past, the few women who left their European or North American homes to travel to “exotic” and possibly dangerous places in “foreign lands,” quite frequently did so to escape the strictures on women in their own societies.’ (Holcomb 1993: 11)
  • Mildred wrote, ‘Womanhood needed education, training and emancipation in every form.’ Women and their predicament in Chinese society remained the Trio’s chief concern.
  • The Image of the Desert The Gobi had so lured me on and fascinated me with its strange charm that I had almost forgotten its terrors in exploring the unique beauty of its hidden treasures. Its silence had rested me, and its spaciousness had given me a sense of expansion to my spirit, but now it sternly recalled me to a realization of the severity which also formed a part of its discipline’ (p. 84).
  • Once the spirit of the desert had caught us it lured us on and we became learners in its severe school. (p.11) My course would now lie over a sea of sand, and as the seafaring man stands as the prow of his vessel and looks across the trackless waste of waters, so I stood on a small desert eminence and I looked over the boundless plain. My first feeling had been a sense of liberation which was intoxicating. (pp. 288-89)
  • Their Journey, Their Home Referring to John Banyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress, Mildred claimed that she also felt the same way as he did, ‘I come from the City of Destruction and am going to the Celestial City. These were Christian’s focal points; ‘the goal is definite and must be reached. Plains, deserts, mountains, small stages, and even large towns, are but incidental to the main objective of the journey’ (p. 128).
  • Mixture of Marco Polo’s The Travel and John Banyan’s The Pilgrim’s Progress with a feminist twist. They adopted a deaf and dumb 7-year-old child and called her Topsy (蓋愛憐), which demonstrated their true commitment to God and Christian virtues.
  • The End