To appreciate the import ante the new computer-aided communication can have, one must consider the dynamics of " critical mass ," as it applies to cooperation in creative endeavor. Take any problem worthy of the name, and you find only a few people who can contribute effectively to its solution. Those people must be brought into close intellectual partnership so that their ideas can come into contact with one another. But bring these people together physically in one place to form a team, and you have trouble , for the most creative people are often not the best team players , and there are not enough top positions in a single organization to keep them all happy. Let them go their separate ways, and each creates his own empire , large or small, and devotes more time to the role of emperor than to the role of problem solver ... There has to be some way of facilitating communicantion among people without bringing them together in one place.
The Computer as a Communication Device by J.C.R. Licklider, Robert W. Taylor , Science and Technology, April 1968 . Online republish by Systems Research Center of DEC, p.29. In Gromov, Gregory R. History of Internet and WWW: The Roads and Crossroads of Internet History. Available at http://netvalley.com/intval1.html
Found via Jill Walker’s blog, available on Slideshare at http://www.slideshare.net/betaTrondheim/delingskulturen-og-offentlig-virksomhet Delingskulturen og offentlig virksomhet - Petter Bae Brandtzæg
danah boyd (2007): Social software is an attitude , and one loaded with a certain amount of optimism , that is different from previous technologies because it signals changes in production processes, changes in distribution patterns, and changes in how people behave online that represent a break with the mass media model .
1. A state of permanent beta , disrupting previous software production practices that were geared towards achieving a “finished” product.
2. A bypass of the restrictions of mass media through referral and networking to profit from the growing size of the web and thus achieve a much larger capacity for distribution.
3. Context in social software starts with people , not with topics. Clashes produced by misunderstandings of cultural cues and the mixing of otherwise separate layers of our lives (social convergence).
boyd, danah (2007). The Significance of Social Software. BlogTalks Reloaded: Social Software Research & Cases (eds. Thomas N. Burg and Jan Schmidt). Norderstedt, pp. 15-30. Available at http://www.danah.org/papers/BlogTalksReloaded.pdf
Blogs stand between private and public, and have taken over practices such as journalism
Mortensen T. and J. Walker (2007). Blogging thoughts. Available at http://www.intermedia.uio.no/konferanser/skikt-02/docs/Researching_ICTs_in_context-Ch11-Mortensen-Walker.pdf
A clasification of Blogs (Wikipedia) (Wikipedia) By authorship: Personal or Corporate / Institutional By genre: Political, fashion, educational, travel, etc. By media type: Vlog, photoblog, linkblog By device: moblog And if you use your blog as the base for a book, it becomes a blook . English Wikipedia entry on blogs. Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blog
Social Network Sites (SNS) are “web based services that allow their users to create public or semi-public profiles and use these to create lists of other users with whom they share a connection, with the possibility to make their networks visible to themselves and also to make these networks visible at various degrees of public access. These technologies also allow for communication between members of a network within various degrees of control and privacy” (boyd and Ellison 2008).
boyd, danah & Nicolle Ellison, 2008. Social Network Sites: Definition, History and Scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication 13, 210–230. pp. 211.
Social Network Sites (SNS)
Ryze - an enterpreneur network. Friendster - for people looking for a safe place to connect. 2001 2002 2003 LinkedIn - professional networks MySpace - “a place for friends” 2004 Facebook - “giving people the power to share” 2007 Origo - Norsk blogg + nettverk, delt i soner A timeline of SNS