Improvement of the Solid Waste Management System in Kathmandu Metropolitan City Presented by Devendra DongolDepartment Head, Urban Development Department Kathmandu Metropolitan City / NEPAL Basel, Switzerland 2012
General dataKathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC)• Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC) is the capital of Nepal• A member of ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability• Estimated population (KMC) as of 2011 – 1.000.000• Population Growth 6 % (during 2001-2011)• Estimated population (Kathmandu valley) – 4 millions• No major industries within the city limit. Few garment industries
Project area: Solid Waste ManagementScenario in Kathmandu Metropolitan City (KMC)• Increase in population due to rapid urbanization between 1981- 1991, 1991-2001 and 2001 onwards.• Amount of waste generation increased tremendously and characteristic & composition of waste have undergone changes.• Sanitary landfill site at Sisdol (26 km North West of KMC) were developed in 2006 for disposal of waste.
Project background:Current State of Solid Waste Management in KMC(KMC Survey 2003)Generation – Disposal Situation• Average Waste Generation - 365 Tons/Day: – Disposal by KMC - 342 Tons/Day (93%) – Remains to be Unmanaged: 23 Tons/Day (7%)Collection• KMC: 206 Tons/Day (60%)• Private Sector: 136 Tons/Day (40%)KMC Expenditure:USD 37.5 million (USD 3.5 / Capita / year)
Project background:Pre-feasibility study (CDIA program 2009)Components of the study:1. Bishnumati River Corridor along with Inner City/Historic core (mainlyfocusing on the urban transport elements) (implementation phase withfunding from ADB)2. The improvement of the Solid Waste Management. The KathmanduMetropolitan City is seeking fund from the potential investors and theinternational funding agencies to implement the project elements underthis component.
Project description:Activities to be fundedKMC is looking for potential private investors and the international fundingagencies for the implementation of the following project elements:Upgrading of existing transfer station and construction of new transfer stations•Tentative Estimated cost: USD 1.5 millions•Duration: 1.5-2 years (tentative)Installation of large scale modern composting plant at the central level•Tentative Estimated cost: USD 11millions including power generation•Duration: 2-3 yearsInstallation of Bio-gas plant, power unit and sanitization activities in the existing landfill site•Tentative Estimated cost: USD 14millions•Duration: 2.5-3.5 yearsPromotion and implementation of small scale waste water treatment plants along Bishnuma RiverCorridors•Tentative Estimated cost: USD 1.3 millions•Duration: 1.5-2 years
Project description:Additional informationKMC is in direct contact with the companies like EuRec Technology(Germany) and MPI (Czech) to acquire more information on the mosteconomical and feasible technology being developed and implemented inother developing countries