CSCP - City for one Planet Living by Michael Kuhndt


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Presented at the 4th Global Infrastructure Basel Summit 21 & 22 May 2014. Read more at
Next Summit: 27 & 28 May 2015 in Switzerland

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CSCP - City for one Planet Living by Michael Kuhndt

  1. 1. CITY FOR ONE PLANET LIFESTYLE Value-oriented development and investment Michael Kuhndt, Director CSCP - Collaborating Centre on 
 Sustainable Consumption and Production
  2. 2. www.scp-­‐  |  2 Michael  Kuhndt   CSCP: Mainstreaming Sustainability 
 in Consumption and Production Sustainable Lifestyles Habits & Behaviour Products, Services & Infrastructure Innovation & Business Models + + =
  3. 3. www.scp-­‐  |  3 Michael  Kuhndt   Source:  Happy  Planet  Index   < 1 planet 1 – 2 planets 2 – 4 planets > 4 planets Challenges of Over-Used and Scarce Resources
  4. 4. www.scp-­‐  |  4 Michael  Kuhndt   Image Source: UNEP, Consumption and Lifestyles Vary Greatly

  5. 5. www.scp-­‐  |  5 Michael  Kuhndt   Family 
 Wife (Age 33); 2 children (Age 4 and 1) Consumption 
 4 Planets Food •  Eats meat every second day •  Buys regional and organic food when possible, but needs to be comfortable as well Housing •  Middle-sized house (7 rooms) in the countryside •  Heating and energy production with wood •  Living •  Jogging, skiing in the winter and playing tennis in the summer •  Shopping once a week, brand aware •  Moving •  One car (in addition to the one from his wife) as highly dependent for getting to work and child care, shopping (no public transport or shopping facilities in walking distance) •  For holidays, likes to travel by car / airplane Average Middle Class Consumer in Europe: 
 Bernd (34), Self-employed Consumer in Developed Country
 Example from Germany
  6. 6. www.scp-­‐  |  6 Michael  Kuhndt   Sustainable Footprint (7~10t/a) Current Footprint (56t/a) Vision of Sustainable Living 2050

  7. 7. www.scp-­‐  |  7 Michael  Kuhndt   Individual Lifestyle Is Embedded in the City What is more sustainable city? Transformation from livable city with reduced emission and resource consumption to One Planet City enabling sustainable living to sustain systematic change Redefine value of sustainable city
  8. 8. www.scp-­‐  |  8 Michael  Kuhndt   What if current challenges were overcome? (Possible Example) Food: 3.0t/a ,mostly vegetarian Household goods: 0.5t/a, efficient, different and sufficient Housing: 1.3t/a, 20 m2/person, zero net energy Mobility & Tourism: 2.0t/a, 10 000 km/a, no car Health & well-being: 0.9t/a, Improved health, well-being, happiness Electric power: 0.3t/a, 1000 kWh via wind and solar But the 8 tons can also be distributed differently, depending on the needs, wishes and local circumstances of a household Sustainable Footprint (8t/a) Current Footprint (56t/a) Identify Hotspots of Lifestyles
 Vision: sustainable footprint of 8 tonnes in 2050
  9. 9. www.scp-­‐  |  9 Michael  Kuhndt   What Is Needed to Make the Transformation ?
 Opportunities for Enabling Sustainable City with Sharing Economy One Planet Lifestyle Cities Investors Transportation Housing and working Food Production Goods ICT …
  10. 10. www.scp-­‐  |  10 Michael  Kuhndt  
  11. 11. www.scp-­‐  |  11 Michael  Kuhndt  
  12. 12. www.scp-­‐  |  12 Michael  Kuhndt   Emerging Innovative Sustainable Option
 Bringing sharing economy to the city attraction of •  Start-ups and creative industries •  Investments •  Know-how carriers promote sharing city via Innovative approaches by •  expanding sharing infrastructure, •  promoting existing sharing enterprises •  incubating sharing economy startups “Sharing Economy initiatives are connecting citizens with each other bottom-up. This way they are continuously organizing themselves, providing services to citizens and reaching into fields which traditionally were administered and controlled by the city administration. We see a need to coordinate and cooperate with these initiatives, in order to not lose control over systems and services which are to be provided and monitored by the city government.
 Member of the Mobility Department, Ghent, Belgium Source:h9p://www.collabora<veconsump< resolve to make cities more sharable by   •  Encouraging a better understanding  •  Creating local task forces •  Making appropriate publicly owned assets available for maximum utilization  •  utilizing idle public resources •  providing more access to data Seoul San Francisco The US Conference of Mayors
  13. 13. www.scp-­‐  |  13 Michael  Kuhndt   Cities Integrate Sharing Economy
 Transportation D.C. free parking spaces to carsharing Bike lanes in Copenhagen Bike sharing programme in Hangzhou Elecctric car sharing programme in Milan Charging station for shared electric car Role of the city •  Initiate car sharing, bike sharing programme •  Construct facilities (bike lanes, parking lots, charging stations etc.) for shared transportation •  Integrate sharing option in transportation reservation system •  … … Examples of good practices
  14. 14. www.scp-­‐  |  14 Michael  Kuhndt   Role of the city •  Initiate urban gardening project from public open space •  Offer initial support for facilities, technology to ensure productivity •  Innovative marketing system, including quality labeling •  ...   Cities Integrate Sharing Economy
 Urban gardening: Governador Valadares , Brazil Green roof on government structure, Hongkong Community Gardens in the eThekweni Municipality South Africa … Examples of good practices Food
  15. 15. www.scp-­‐  |  15 Michael  Kuhndt   Cities Integrate Sharing Economy
 Role of the city •  Finance or develop communal sharing hub (e.g. tools library, flea market, repair café etc.) •  Initiate project to share government owned/ maintained tools (e.g. media tools, gardening tools etc.) Little free library in the UK Repair Cafe in Amsterdam Library tools in Toronto … Examples of good practices Goods
  16. 16. www.scp-­‐  |  16 Michael  Kuhndt   Role of the city •  Finance or co-develop co-housing communities •  Develop communal space within existing communities for co-housing, e.g. common living room, kitchen, audio room etc. •  Develop new co-working space, also as incubator for entrepreneurship •  Reinventing idle city-owned properties and provide support by renting out and maintaining •  Sharing municipal buildings with the public during off-hours and idle days •  Partnership with private sector to establish enabling facilities for co- working, e.g. ICT for distance working Community garden, shared working tools, common dinner, monthly group meeting in co-housing in Aarhus Examples of good practices Seoul shares municipal buildings with the public during off-hours and idle days “Affordable creative spaces” initiated by Sydney “Connected and Sustainable Work” initiated by Amsterdam and Cisco … Park Fab Lab in Kenya funded by the government Cities Integrate Sharing Economy
 Housing and working
  17. 17. www.scp-­‐  |  17 Michael  Kuhndt   Beyond What Exists, Visioning Promising Practices Brings Large Potential
  18. 18. www.scp-­‐  |  18 Michael  Kuhndt   Partnership with Private Sector Enhances the Benefit Survey on Sharing Economy business 6% 8% 30% 35% 44% 44% 49% 63% 69% 75% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% No support required Other Public policy (taxes, financing, regulatory, legislation, etc). Impact assessment of products /services Communication with stakeholders and potential partners Education of consumers Communication with consumers Further financial support New partnerships Marketing and communication of product/service What additional support is needed to further upscale the impact of your initiative? % of respondants
  19. 19. www.scp-­‐  |  19 Michael  Kuhndt   What if Sustainability Can Be Experienced? „One Planet City“ What if...? •  „The One Planet City“ to experience, learn, discuss •  Meeting place, showroom, creative workshops •  Together in cooperation with other sustainability pioneers Questions & Focus: •  What is a „One Planet City“? •  Which practices are behind a „One Planet Lifestyle“? •  What are the necessary infrastructure and actions? •  How can consumers contribute?
  20. 20. www.scp-­‐  |  20 Michael  Kuhndt   Sustainable City Lab Integrating Sharing Options Joint minds Tangible Foresight with Bernd •  Imagine new possibilities together •  Reframe stuck debates •  Create a better understanding of problems and solutions •  Play out the consequences of innovative actions •  Identifying lifestyle opportunities in your city How will citizens’ lives be different and yet the same? What will have to have happened to enable this change? Tailor sustainable development strategy for your city
  21. 21. www.scp-­‐  |  21 Michael  Kuhndt   Opportunities of Enabling Sustainable City with Sharing Economy One Planet Lifestyle Cities Investors Transportation Housing and working Food Production Goods Public-Private Partnership Policy Framework ICT …
  22. 22. www.scp-­‐  |  22 Michael  Kuhndt   Pathway of Enabling Sustainable City with Sharing Economy Assessing     Status  quo Analyzing  relevant   stakeholders Mapping  of   opportunity  fields Visioning   Tailoring  framework Assisted   implementa<on   •  Transportation •  Housing •  Industry and Commercial development •  Hospitality •  Energy Environment •  Visioning One-Planet Lifestyle City •  Creating joint understanding •  Setting targets •  Capacity building •  Stakeholder Involvement •  Business •  Academics Multi-stakeholderprocessmanagement •  City administration •  Policy maker •  Civil society •  Existing initiatives •  Existing legislation •  Existing idle capacity •  Existing Infrastructure •  Manual on integrating shareable city strategy •  Integration into city future goal •  Defining milestones •  Managing advisory board •  Evaluating economic, social & ecological benefit
  23. 23. www.scp-­‐  |  23 Michael  Kuhndt   End-of-pipe treatment to clean the environment Creating services to shape and support sustainable systems and lifestyles Treat waste Reduce waste Systems  &   lifestyles   Focus Improve process and infrastructure to reduce emission from production and living Sustainable Consumption Sustainable Technology Sustainable Components Sustainable Treatment Sustainable Operation Sustainable Society Value  crea1on   Target Risk mitigation Risk Mitigation to Value Creation in Sustainable City Development
  24. 24. www.scp-­‐  |  24 Michael  Kuhndt   INFRASTRUCTURE & POLICY SPHERE OF CONTROL SPHERE OF INFLUENCE SPHERE OF CONCERN CITIZENS’ LIVELIHOODS SUSTAINABLE LIVING Securing Future Sustainable Living Catalyse Sustainable Lifestyles for Living Good Tomorrow … and Today
  25. 25. Thank you for your attention! Collaborating Centre on Sustainable Consumption and Production