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Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01
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Blooddonationfacts tce-110321134109-phpapp01

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  • 1. T hiagarajar Colle ge of Engineering, Madurai-15 Blood Safety & Blood Donor Motivation
  • 2. Red Letter Day in your premises Blood Donation Camp at  Date : 23th March, 2011 (Wednesday)  Time: 9.30 AM – 4.30 PM  Venue: M1 and M2 Halls
  • 3. Did You Know?  450ml of blood can save as many as three lives.  Every two seconds, someone in India needs blood.  One out of every three of us will need blood in our life time.  Even with all of today’s technology, there is no substitute for blood. Someone has to give blood in order for someone to receive blood.
  • 4. Fact Sheet -1  Hospitals predict that the need for blood will increase 5% each year.  Approximately only 5% of the eligible population in India donates blood.  75% of donors donate only ONCE per year. If they donated just two times per year there would never be any shortages.
  • 5. Fact sheet -2  A person has 5 - 6 litres of blood in their body.  A person can donate blood every 90 days (3 months).  Body recovers the Blood very quickly:  Blood plasma volume– within 24 - 48 hours  Red Blood Cells – in about 3 weeks  Platelets & White Blood Cells – within minutes
  • 6. Some Reasons to Donate Blood Blood is always needed for,  accident victims  cancer patients  blood disorder patients  surgery patients  Pre-mature, pre term babies  and many others…….  1 of out 10 hospital patients needs a blood transfusion  4.5 million Indians lives are saved by blood transfusions each year
  • 7. Pre-Donation information • Blood is taken ONLY from Voluntary Donors • Using sterile, disposable blood bags & instruments • Donated Blood is tested and separated into components benefiting 3-4 patients • It is safe to donate every 3 months • It is quick and safe. • It doesn’t hurt. • It saves 3 to 4 lives.
  • 8. Donor Eligibility Criteria  Who can donate? Wt > 45 Kg • Age: 18 - 60 years • Weight : > 45 kg • Hemoglobin level: >12 gm/dl for men and 12.5 gm/dl for women • In good health
  • 9. Who CANNOT donate? Life long х х Abnormal bleeding disorder х х х х Thyroid disorder х Cancer х х Insulin dependent diabetics Uncontrolled High BP 1 year Heart, Kidney, Liver Disorder Epilepsy, Mental disorders Tuberculosis, Leprosy, Asthma o Surgery 6 Months o Tattooing or body piercing o Typhoid o Dental extraction o Dog bite o Unexplained weight loss o Root canal treatment o Malaria o Continuous low grade fever o Vaccination
  • 10. Female donors cannot donate blood……  During pregnancy  After delivery for one year  When lactating  During menstrual period and for 7 days thereafter Male donors cannot donate blood……  If consumed Alcohol in the previous 24 hours
  • 11. Medical Examination at camp  Blood test for:  Blood grouping  Hemoglobin  Blood pressure  Pulse  General physical examination
  • 12. Blood Donation Procedure Remember! The Donor Must ….  have had good rest / sleep  have had light meal  be mentally prepared
  • 13. Blood Donation Procedure Volume of blood collection Donor Weight Blood collected Amount Used for 45 kgs -55 kgs 350ml Single bag Whole Blood
  • 14. Post Donation Advice  Drink lot of fluids for next 24 hours  Avoid smoking for one hour & alcohol till after a meal  Don’t use elevator to go up immediately after donation as it will make blood rush to your feet & make you dizzy!  Avoid highly strenuous exercises & games for a day  If you feel dizzy, lie down & put your feet up. You will be alright in 10-20 minutes.  Remove band-aid after 4 hours. If it bleeds, apply pressure & reapply band-aid. If bruised and painful, apply cold-pack 4 to 5 times for 5 minutes each. The bruise is due to blood seeping into the surrounding tissue. It will take a few days to get reabsorbed.
  • 15. Blood Products / Components & their uses Blood collected is screened for TTIs (infections) & IF SAFE, is separated into components & stored for issue to patients.  Whole blood  For Exchange Transfusion in Babies  Accident Victims  Complicated Delivery cases  Some specific surgeries  Blood Components      Red Cells (for anemia) Fresh Frozen Plasma (for clotting disorders, burns) Platelets/Platelet rich plasma (for cancer, dengue) Cryoprecipitate (for clotting disorders) Cryo Poor Plasma (for burns)
  • 16. What can YOU do?  Make Blood Donation a HABIT  Donate regularly – every 3 months to commemorate special days like birthdays, anniversaries ….  Motivate others to donate  Refer your friends and relatives
  • 17. Benefits to Donor of blood donation Health benefits: Regular donation (2-3 times a year….)    Lowers cholesterol Lowers lipid levels Decreases incidence of heart attacks, strokes Donor is also eligible to receive one FREE unit of blood if needed for    Self Spouse/ Child/ Parents, and Even friends
  • 18. Volunteer’s role  Most people who have never donated have never been asked.  Posters don’t recruit donors…people do
  • 19. Thank you

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