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Better Hearing And Speech Month

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Better Hearing And Speech Month Better Hearing And Speech Month Presentation Transcript

  • Celebrate Better Hearing and Speech Month TxTeam partnered with Frederick Memorial Hospital May 2010
  • American Speech-Language-Hearing Association consist of:
    • Speech-Language Pathologists assess, diagnose, treat, and help to prevent disorders related to speech, language, cognitive-communication, voice, swallowing, and fluency to individuals of all ages.
    • Audiologists work with people who have hearing, balance, and related ear problems. They examine individuals of all ages and identify those with the symptoms of hearing loss and other auditory, balance , and related sensory and neural problems.
  • Speech Sound Development : Three muscle areas must demonstrate proper coordination to produce accurate speech sounds. Articulators Lips Tongue Jaw
  • Fluency Development: Three subsystems must demonstrate proper coordination to produce fluent speech. Respiration Phonation Articulation
  • Voice Development : The following subsystems must coordinate to function the human voice properly. Vocal Folds of the Larynx Articulators Lungs/Respiratory System
  • Language Development: The following must coordinate properly to demonstrate adequate Receptive, Expressive, Pragmatic language skills. Physical- Sensory Social- Behavior Cognitive-Linguistic
  • Audiology and Hearing Development: Proper hearing includes proper coordination of the outer, middle, and inner ear. Outer Ear Middle Ear Inner Ear
  • Feeding and Swallowing Development: Proper feeding and swallowing must include the following coordination. Bite/ Chew Masticating Food Swallow
    • The
    • Disorders
  • Speech Sound Disorder : the disruption of the articulation (speech –motor-control) and phonology development (language knowledge). Speech sounds disorders can be seen in the following disorders noted below. Cleft Palate Dysarthria Accent Modification Phonological Processes Articulation Disorder Apraxia of Speech In Adults Orofacial Myofunctional Disorder Childhood Apraxia of Speech Speech Sound Disorders
  • Fluency Disorder is a dysrhythmic flow of speech consisting of various repetitions, prolongations, interjections, pauses, broken words, revisions, and incomplete sentences. Fluency disorders can be found in the following disorders. Cluttering Aphasias Dysarthrias Stuttering Fluency Disorders
  • Voice Disorder is a disturbance of pitch, loudness, or quality in relation to an individual’s age, gender, and cultural background. Voice Disorders Quality Pitch Intensity Shimmer: rough or soft Hoarsness Harshness Strain-strangled Breathy Glottal Fry Jitter: tremor and Hoarsness Stridency Falcetto Vertilization
  • Related Voice Disorders Resonance Disorders Transgender/ Transexual Laryngeal Cancer Aphonia Spasmodic Dysphonia Paradoxical Vocal Fold Movement Vocal Cord Paralysis Vocal Cord Nodules and Polyps Ventilator Tracheostomy Voice Disorders
  • Language Disorder is the abnormal acquisition, comprehension, or use of spoken or written language. This disorder may involve the aspects of content, form, and use. Classifications of language disorders include:
    • Comprehension (receptive language)
    • Language production (expressive language)
    • Semantics (meaning of words)
    • Morphology (grammar)
    • Syntax (word order within sentence structures)
    • Pragmatics (use of language in social contexts)
    • Phonology (speech sound system)
  • Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder Language Based- Learning Disability: Dyslexia Aphasias Dementia Right Hemisphere Brain Damage Traumatic Brain Injury Autism Spectrum Disorders Language Disorders
  • Hearing Impairment Conductive Hearing Loss Sensorineural Hearing Loss Mixed Hearing Loss External Otitis Otitis Media Serous Otitis Media Acute Otitis Media Otosclerosis Recruitment Various Drug intake Prolong noise Ototoxic Drugs Birth Defects STORCH
  • Swallowing Disorder or Dysphagia involves the impaired coordination of the oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal stages of swallow.
    • Patients will have difficulties with:
            • Chewing the food
            • Preparing it for swallow
            • Initiating the swallow
            • Propelling the bolus through the pharynx
            • Passing the food through the esophagus
  • Signs of Swallowing Disorders Pain/Dryness When swallow Throat clearing Less enjoyment Of eating or drinking Risk of Aspiration Dehydration/poor Nutrition Weight loss Recurring Pneumonia or Chest congestion Food or liquid Spillage from mouth Extra effort or Time needed to Chew or swallow Wet/Gurgly Sound voice During or after eating Coughing during Or after eating Signs/Symptoms
  • Speech-Language Pathologists also interact with other disciplines:
    • Dieticians
    • Occupational Therapists
    • Physical Therapists
    • Otolaryngologists
    • Pediatricians
    • Plastic Surgeons
    • Neurosurgeons
    • Audiologists
    • Dentists
    • Prosthodontists
    • Psychologists
    • Special and Regular Education Teachers
    • Radiologists
    • Pulmonary Specialists
    • Social Workers
  • References
    • Roseberry-McKibbin, C. and Hegde, M.N. (2000). An Advance Review of Speech- Language Pathology.
    • Roth, Froma P., and Worthington, Colleen K. (2001). Treatment Resource Manual for Speech-Language Pathology 2 nd Edition.
    • Lahey, M., and Bloom, L. Language Development and Language Disorders.
  • Contact Information
    • Frederick Memorial Hospital (FMH)
    • Rose Hill Rehabilitation-Outpatient Facility
    • Speech-Language Pathology Department
    • 1562 Opossumtown Pike
    • Frederick, Maryland 21702
    • Phone Number: 240-566-3132