Kingdom of Saudi Arabia King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia King Abdullah was born in Riyadh in 1924, and received his early education at the royal court. His years spent living in the desert with Bedouin tribes taught him their values of honor, simplicity, generosity, and bravery, and instilled in him the desire to assist in the development of his people. King Abdullah is also Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers and Commander of the National Guard.
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia King Abdullah’s notable achievements in this area include the launch of four mega economic cities. King Abdullah has also sought to resolve conflicts in the Arab and Islamic world. Peace in the Middle East and the plight of the Palestinians are of particular concern to him. He has played a key role in brokering agreements for a Palestinian national unity government and a reconciliation accord between Sudan and Chad on Darfur.
Kingdom of Saudi ArabiaDifference to Rizal: Self development was influenced by his father Used his power to help and manage things concerning them. While Rizal, has to study and experienced all unfair treatments from the Spaniards.Similarities to Rizal: They ought for peace. Profound values among his fellow countrymen.
Japan He was a Japanese Author, Enlightenment Writer, Translator, Entrepreneur, and Journalist. His ideas about government and social institutions made a lasting impression on a rapidly changing Japan during the Meiji Era. Fukuzawa was one of the most influential people ever that helped Japan modernize into the country it is today. He never accepted any high position and stayed a normal Japanese citizen for his whole life.
Japan By the time of his death, he is regarded as one of the founders of modern Japan. He is called a Japanese Voltaire. Fukuzawa was soon regarded as the foremost expert on all things western, leading him to conclude that his mission in life was to educate his countrymen in new ways of thinking in order to enable Japan to resist European imperialism. His most lasting principle, "national independence through personal independence." Through personal independence, an individual does not have to depend on the strength of another.
JapanDifference to Rizal: Fukuzawa shared to every Japanese all what he learned and experienced through his books, he translated textbook from Dutch/English to Nihonggo so Japanese can easily understand it. He came from a samurai clan, while Rizal, he studied for his personal causes and came from a normal and simple family.
JapanSimilarities to Rizal: They are both authors of their books and influenced their people through these. They both want their countries to be independent from those who want to imperialize it. They studied foreign cultures, particularly languages, and adopt it to their own. They both appears on their country’s money (Fukuzawa on 10,000 yen bill, rizal on 1 peso coin)
Slovakia He served as the guard of prisoners at the Bytča castle where he met a prisoner called Tomáš Uhorčík, the captain of the highwaymen from Kysuce. After he joined his group as Tomáš escaped, he was elected to became the captain of the group. But his captainship did not last longer a year, he was arrested by the soldiers of Liptov and after a trial that also involved torture, he was executed.
Slovakia He was called the Slovak Robin Hood. “He took from the rich and gave to the poor” is the famous statement associated with him. This probably best-known Highwayman in the whole Austro-Hungarian Empire.
SlovakiaDifference to Rizal: During the short period of his captainship he made a lot of hold-ups and robberies. He surely belonged to “extremely dangerous elements” because only those were executed by hanging on a hook. Rizal didn’t act that way in able to help his people.Similarities to Rizal: They were both executed after their trials. They both want to help less fortunate people.
GreeceLeonidas “Son of the Lion”, King of Sparta
Greece Leonidas was a 5th century B.C. Spartan military King who bravely led a small force of Greeks – mostly Spartan (the famous 300). He is noted for his heroic stand against the Persians at the Battle of Thermopylae in 480. Seeing the hopelessness of the situation, he sent most of his troops in retreat and with his 300-man royal guard with stood the Persian Army for two days, battling valiantly to the last man. He became the object of a hero cult at Sparta, and he stands as The Epitome of bravery against overwhelming odds.
GreeceDifference to Rizal: Leonidas was a Military King that used to fight and kill enemies that wants to destroy Sparta, while Rizal didn’t kill anyone just to protect his landSimilarities to Rizal: They were both brave to fight for the country. Though Rizal didn’t do what Leonidas’ way to fight, but still they are willing to give their life just for their country.
Russia The merchant from Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, who became a national hero for his role in defending the country against the Polish invasion in the early-17th century. He was a prosperous butcher (meat trader) n their city. He oversees the handling of the public funds donated by them to raise and equip the Second Volunteer Army. Minin distinguished himself as a skilled commander and was made a nobleman and member of the Boyar Duma under the newly elected Tsar Michael Romanov.
RussiaDifference and Similarities to Rizal: Like Jose Rizal, Kuzma Minin was defended his country against the Polish invasion and give his loyalty for his King, as well as to his country. Being loyal like Jose Rizal did in our country, signified for their similarities as a hero even if they fought for their country in a different way.
VenezuelaSebastián Francisco de Miranda Rodríguez
Venezuela He was a Venezuelan Revolutionary. He prepared an expedition to invade Venezuela and free it from Spanish rule, and he brought along the flag that would become today’s national symbol. Even though his expedition failed, he was regarded as a forerunner of Simón Bolívar, who during the Spanish American wars of independence successfully liberated a vast portion of South America.
VenezuelaDifference and Similarities to Rizal: They both seek independence for their country. Miranda’s expedition failed but Rizal never. They both came from a wealthy family, went to finest private schools, but experienced discrimination because of their race. Miranda died in prison, while Rizal was executed.
ArgentinaRodolfo Jorge Walsh
Argentina He is a writer, activist, and journalist, founder of investigative journalism. He is most famous for his Open Letter from a Writer to the Military Junta which he wrote the day before his murder, protesting that their economic policies were having an even greater effect on ordinary Argentines than their human rights abuses. Four years later he was killed during a shoot-out with a special military group that set an ambush for him. His body and some of his writings were never seen again.
ArgentinaDifference and Similarities to Rizal: They both contest wrong doings by writing. They ought for peace for their land and justice for its people. Walsh was ambushed, while Rizal was executed, both because of what they have written.
NicaraguaAugusto Cesar Sandino
Nicaragua He was an early 20th century fomenter and practitioner of Latin American revolutionary idealism against American cultural and economic domination. Sandino strived to advance the rights and freedoms of his fellow Nicaraguans that he believed were subservient to the interests of rich American industrial and agricultural interests. Sandino became a hero to many leftists in Nicaragua and much of Latin America as a Robin Hood figure who opposed domination from wealthy elites and foreigners, such as the United States.
NicaraguaDifference to Rizal: Sandino focuses on cultural and economic domination in their land, while Rizal seeks fairness and equality among Filipinos and Spaniards. Americans were interested on Nicaragua’s industry and agriculture, while Spaniards interest was to colonize the Philippines. He was an illegitimate son of a wealthy land owner, while Rizal belongs to a closed-tie family.
NicaraguaSimilarities to Rizal: They both want to travel. They strive to fight for their country’s rights.
BhutanShabdrung Ngawang Namgyal
Bhutan He was a Tibetan Buddhist lama and the unifier of Bhutan as a nation state. In addition to unifying the various warring fiefdoms for the first time in the 1630s, he also sought to create a distinctly Bhutanese cultural identity, separate from the Tibetan culture from which it was derived. Ngawang Namgyal was the main Drukpa hereditary lineage–holder, and legitimate throne- holder at Ralung monastery, the traditional seat of the Drukpa Lineage.
Bhutan He established the dual system of shared power between secular and Buddhist leadership that continues as a tradition to the present. Ngawang Namgyal also established the distinctive dual system of government under the Tsa Yig Legal Code by which control of the country was shared between a spiritual leader.
BhutanSimilarities to Rizal: They both want to have distinction of their races, Namgyal (Bhutanese culture to Tibetans), Rizal (Filipino equality to Spaniards).
Portugal Charismatic and imposing figure, even in his later years, with white hair, jet-black eyebrows and intense black eyes. Led Portugals Communist Party for a half-century and became a national hero after the overthrow of the countrys dictatorship. He was a strong candidate for prime minister in 1975. With support from the Soviet Union, his party won 20 percent in a national ballot. He wanted Portugal to pull out of NATO and become an ally of Moscow.
PortugalDifference to Rizal: After years of keeping his private life secret, Mr. Cunhal confirmed he had a daughter, Ana Maria, from an extramarital relationship with a fellow party member while living underground before the coup.
PortugalSimilarities to Rizal: Mr. Cunhal spent nearly 35 years underground or in jail for his role in building the Communists into the only well-organized opposition to the dictatorship of Antonio Salazar and then Marcelo Caetano, which ended in a bloodless 1974 army coup known as the Revolution of Carnations.
Dr. Jose P. RizalEven though they are all the national heroes of their countries, still they are alldifferent. We, as Filipinos, must relive the memories of our own Dr. Jose P.Rizal. His contributions will never be forgotten.
Credits JozelMarjorie San Angel Shenalyn San Pablo Jasmine Bautista Ara Bobadilla Jhersy Dela Cruz
Life and Works of Rizal Submitted to: Mr. Noel Geda TTM 305