Tips for finding information


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Tips for finding information

  1. 1. Information Retrieval Skills<br />
  2. 2. Information retrieval for research<br />It is important that you develop effective information retrieval skills so that you can:<br />Get perspective on a topic<br />Identify information and ideas relevant to your work<br />Avoid reinventing the wheel<br />Increase your knowledge of a subject area<br />Provide intellectual content for your own work<br />Complete a successful search for a literature review<br />
  3. 3. Planning for your search<br />Reflect on your information needs before you start<br />Identify key concepts from your assignment requirements<br /><ul><li>Background reading & viewing, brainstorm with peers, concept map</li></ul>Identify synonyms, related terms, alternative spelling and abbreviations<br />Determine search limits such as date, geography<br />Determine appropriate types of sources of information you need (journal articles, books, reports, statistics, conference proceedings)<br />Determine best search tools (Database(s), Library Catalogue, Google)<br />
  4. 4. Search Strategies and Tips<br /><ul><li>Using ‘AND’ narrows a search: results must include both terms, e.g:
  5. 5. Inflation AND“developing countries”</li></ul>Using ‘OR’ broadens a search: results can include either term, e.g:<br /><ul><li>planning ORmanagement
  6. 6. benefits OR strengths OR advantages
  7. 7. GFC OR“global financial crisis”</li></ul>Using ‘NOT’ specifies a term must not appear in the results, e.g:<br /><ul><li>accounting NOTforensic</li></ul>When searching for phrases, enclose using: “….. ” , e.g:<br /><ul><li>“forensic accounting”
  8. 8. “behavioural economics”</li></li></ul><li>Where do you start looking?<br />Databases<br />Library Catalogue<br />Google<br />
  9. 9. Search Tools – the contents<br />Catalogue<br /><ul><li>Books, eBooks, chapters
  10. 10. Journals and conferences
  11. 11. Standards (International)
  12. 12. DVDs, CDs
  13. 13. Selected websites
  14. 14. Selected reports</li></ul>Databases<br /><ul><li>Journal articles
  15. 15. Conference papers
  16. 16. Newspaper and trade magazines
  17. 17. Professional membership resources
  18. 18. Online reference and statistics
  19. 19. Company reports</li></ul>Google<br /><ul><li>Professional association resources
  20. 20. Government sites and reports
  21. 21. Company information</li></li></ul><li>Google- Tips<br />Use advanced search<br />Limit to file types and domains<br />Use phrase searching<br />Use Google Scholar<br />Set up access full-text at QUT<br />Consider other search engines<br />
  22. 22. Library Catalogue Tips<br />Start with keyword searching<br />Use items records to identify subject headings<br />Use Subject Headings to focus your search<br />Use Advanced Search<br />Limit item types<br />Use Journal Title search to locate full text<br />
  23. 23. Databases to consider<br />Use the Library Database guides to help you<br />EIU Country Data <br />Informit<br />Proquest<br />EbscoHOST<br />Informaworld<br />Emerald<br />Tip: If you know a key journal in your field identify which database it is in and search that database – often you will find similar journals in the same database<br />
  24. 24. Databases<br />Use the database guide<br />Research is interdisciplinary – think outside of the box<br />Do not limit yourself to full text only<br />Use limiters and controlled vocabulary to focus your search<br />
  25. 25. Too much or too little?<br />Too Much Information<br />Is your topic too broad?<br />Narrow your topic using more specific terms<br />Use AND<br />Use date limiters / search limiters<br />Not enough information<br />Is your search too specific?<br />Check your spelling!<br />Use TRUNCATION and OR operators<br />Are you looking in the right place<br />Maybe there isn’t much on the topic<br />
  26. 26. Some final notes<br />Think before you start – concept map / brain storm<br />Start with the catalogue – database – internet (or at least use all of the tools)<br />Develop a search strategy and be prepared to change it!<br />Record all the details of all your references as you go<br />You will need this information for your in text citations and reference lists<br />Remember one useful book / article leads to others<br />References (back in time)<br />Cited By (forward in time)<br />