History project


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History project

  2. 2. DESCRIBE HOW PEOPLE TRIED TO STOP ANY MORE WARS HAPPENING?PEOPLE PROTESTED AND FOUGHT PLUS THEY TRIED EVERYTHING TO GET WARS HAPPENING BUT IT DIDN’T WORK OUTSO THAT’S WHEN THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS CAME IN BUT THEY COULDN’T DO MUCH EITHER.The aim of the League ofNations was disarmament, to stop wars, improve lives and employment for citizens and enforce and maintain the Treatyof Versailles. The League planned to make peace and settle any disputes without violence or force. The League hadSome good ideas and they were successful, but overall, it was a failure. There were many reasons why it had failed tokeep peace: Not all countries joined the League, therefore it was weak, there were lack of troops, economic sanctionsdidnt work, there was betrayal, there was self-interest of leading members and decisions were slow.First, Germany was not allowed to join as a punishment for starting WWI, and also Russia because of rising fear ofCommunism. Most of all, even though it was Woodrow Wilson from USA who created the League of Nations, USA wasnever a member of the League due to isolationism since they didnt want to get involved in other countries problemsand issues. The next reason was that they didnt want to risk more Americans dying in a war. They felt that it wouldresult in them making efforts by such as sending soldiers all around the world to sort out small disputes created by othercountries. This caused the absence of power in the League. Furthermore, neither France nor Britain had power sincethey both got weakened by WWI. They had no power and enough resources like the USA, and the USA was the mostpowerful country in the world. The League couldnt accomplish its aim without troops, power and money.The main weapon of the League of Nations was sanctions. Sanctions were made when countries were against Covenant.They informed countries to stop trading with aggressive countries when some countries broke the covenant, but didntwork because countries could still trade with non-member countries. When the world was hit by depression, countrieseconomy fell, redundancy rose trade was reduced, and businesses lost income. When the world was hit by depression inthe late 1920s, countries were unwilling to lose trading partners to other non-member countries, so they kept trading.Other countries overcame depression by making a bigger empire. For example, in 1931, Japan attacked Manchuria,wanting to get over depression. The League of Nations sent a group led by Lytton to check the problem in Manchuria,and told Japanese to leave the place in 1933. However, they refused to leave and remained there. Instead, they decidedto leave the League of Nations. Since so many countries had trading connection with Japan and the League of Nationsdidnt war to happen, they couldnt do anything.Britain and France were the two leading members in the League and often made decisions based on their own interest.Due to the impact of WWI, they were very weak in terms of both economy and military power. In order to build upthese powers, they had to make decisions often based on their own interest. For example, Italy invaded Abyssinia andthe League did not try to stop Mussolini, instead, they gave part of Abyssinia to Italy so that they would not start a war,but this obviously made people of Abyssinia unhappy. Japan and Italy fully ignored the Leagues suggestions and ordersthen they soon betrayed and didnt become part of the League. This made the League of Nations appear powerless, andsometimes was overruled by other non-member countries.Moreover, the League of Nations was unable to decide promptly. The members of the League met only once a year.They made unanimous decisions (i.e. decisions had to be agreed by all nations during the League of Nations meeting).When countries called the League of Nations for help, they had to set up a quick meeting, discuss about the situationand get the agreement of all countries. Even if only one country disagreed with a decision, the other countries had tothink of another, better decision. As a result, this made the League of Nations make decisions slow to stop an act ofaggression. For example, when Japan invaded Manchuria, it took a whole year for the Leagues decision to be made.Another reason was that because one they the League had failed to keep collective security. Britain and France alongwith other members were more concerned about their own interests. As a result they were reluctant to get involved incollective security (one of the reasons why Britain and France were reluctant to commit troops to fight for the League ofNations) and their League could not make powerful countries obey their rulings.
  3. 3. DESCRIBE THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN DEMOCRACY AND A DICTATORSHIP AND GIVE CASE STUDIES-E.G. ITALY OR RUSSIA?DEMOCRACY: DEMOCRACY IS A GREEK WORD IT LITERALLY MEANS “POWERTO THE PEOPLE”.ITS A FORM OF THE GOVERNMENT, DEMOCRACY IS EITHERGOVERNMENT DIRECTLY BY THE PEOPLE, OR BY OFFICIALS ELECTED BY THEPEOPLE THEY REPRESENT.IN DEMOCRACY YOU ARE GIVEN THE RIGHT TO VOTEFOR WHO YOU THINK CAN RUN THE COUNTRY. PLUS YOU CAN ALSO VOTE FORYOURSELF AS GOVERNOR OR MAYOR.DICTATORSHIP: A DICTATORSHIP IS A FORM OF THE GOVERNMENT WHERECONTROL AND DOMINANCE TOTAL LIES WITH A SMALL GROUP OF PEOPLE ORJUST ONE PERSON.THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BOTH OF THEM:6 DIFFERENCES ARE: 1. Dictatorship is the concentration of the power of a country or community to a single individual whereas democracy is the power division among people of a country. 2. Dictatorship can ruin a country but not democracy. 3. In dictatorship, peoples opinions are not heard nor done.....but democracy does that all. 4. Dictatorship can suppress any upheavals against them.......but not in a democracy. 5. Dictatorship can often lead to unstable government and economy but surely not democracy. 6. Just understand what happened to HITLERS Germany, STALLINS soviet union, IDI AMEENS Uganda .............compare it with the status enjoyed by USA, INDIA, FRANCE etc.......which are all democratic country.
  4. 4. Hitler: 1. He is the unique scapegoat: "Evilizing" Hitler protects the rest of the world from having to memorize their contributions to the "Eugenics" movement, their genocides, their imperialism, their crimes against humanity. It is an excuse for British genocides on the German people. Those are suppressed like the blockade in 1918 or the British genocides are "justified" by their objective, like the bombing of German civilians in WWII. Those "justifications"overloook that all laws of warfare explicitely are written in order to avoid that any method can be used to achieve the goal, no matter how honourable it might be. Polish imperialism which threatened all neighbouring states during interwar times is covered as well as Polish anti Semitism and as Zionist collaboration with the Nazis. Hitler has made them all heroes. Except the German people and therefore "German bashing" is the only form of racism which is tolerated in societies fighting against "hate speech". From movies to the Goldhagen publication: insulting Germans is welcome anywhere. 2. He has founded the state of Israel: By channelling Jewish emmigrants assets into Palestine through the Haavara agreement the settlers economical situation improved, fostered by bilateral trade they became economically relevant for the first time. The British administration of Palestine couldnt ignore them anymore from that time. 3. He had lost against Stalin enabling him to conquer and occupy 75% of Europe, has contributed to the bancrupcy of the British Empire and that some war criminals like Winston Churchill or "Butcher" Harris can think of themselves to have been heroes. Mussolini: Mussolinis actions changed the world only very temporarily and in a very limited sense. He invaded present-day Ethiopia in the 30s, only to be initially beaten back by the native tribes, and he lost it again as a colony in 1941. Other efforts at invasion were equally unsuccessful: when he tried to conquer Greece in WW II, his army was soundly beaten and Greece was finally occupied by the Germans. His efforts to conquer parts of southern France at the beginning of WW II were also unsuccessful. His armies fought together with the Germans under General Rommel in the North African campaign. Rommel used them mainly as cannon fodder, which was probably the reason that the Italians in that theater had a reputation for surrendering easily. When the Allies invaded Italy in 1943, the Italians were quick to change sides (their hearts had never been really in it) and Mussolini had to flee. He was re-installed by the Germans who had taken over the fighting in Italy. But his influence and power of independent action was gone.At the end of the war, he was caught by the Italian résistance and shot. These 2 have made a change to this world but they are very cruel Heheheehhehheh lol 