A guide to RSSBSupporting continuous improvement in the GB railway industry
Contents 3   RSSB underpinning knowledge based decision-making 4   RSSB and co-operation in the railway industry 5   Our m...
RSSB underpinning knowledge based decision-making                                                  Data is obtained from i...
RSSB and co-operationin the railway industryThe GB railway is a complex system and all of the                             ...
Our members                     There are six categories of membership as shown.                     Each member category ...
20                                         18                                 1 6 .9 %                      1 5 .3 %      ...
Safety data                                       &     intelligenceWhile individual organisations are accountable for    ...
77         %            ris                                                                                               ...
Research                             &      developmentRSSB manages two industry-wide research and                   the t...
Co-operative programmesRSSB’s functions are interdependent and combine todeliver a package of services to the industry. Fo...
Through its Safety Management System (SMS)                     In 2008 RSSB took on responsibility for the industry’siniti...
[PERFORMANCE MONITORING]                                                                                                 5...
Interface standardsRailway Group Standards (RGSs) are documents                  Since the enactment in UK legislation of ...
RSSB   will continue to develop its services to meet the changing needs of its members                           14
The futureRSSB will continue to support the industry’s efforts to              published ‘Sustainable Development Principl...
RSSBBlock 2Angel Square1 Torrens StreetLondon EC1V 1NYTel. +44 (0)20 3142 5300enquirydesk@rssb.co.ukwww.rssb.co.uk
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A guide to RSSB

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A guide to RSSB

  1. 1. A guide to RSSBSupporting continuous improvement in the GB railway industry
  2. 2. Contents 3 RSSB underpinning knowledge based decision-making 4 RSSB and co-operation in the railway industry 5 Our members 7 Safety data & intelligence 9 Research & development10 Co-operative programmes13 Interface standards15 The future
  3. 3. RSSB underpinning knowledge based decision-making Data is obtained from incident reports, confidential reporting, research activity, and other sources as necessary. It is compiled in the Safety Management Information System (SMIS), other information RSSB publications, based Changes are made by the systems, and research outputs. on data collected, provide industry through the planning a wide range of information.process, through implementing They include regular reports revised standards, or by on safety performance and other operational or other topical issues, as well engineering measures. as research reports. DATA IMPLEMENTATION INFORMATION Data to decision-making audit trail INDUSTRY DECISIONS ANALYSIS KNOWLEDGE Decisions are taken by Data and information are recognised industry decision- used in modelling and other making bodies, such as analytical work conducted by standards committees. RSSB RSSB’s analysts. For example, provides governance for Outputs from RSSB analysis SMIS data is used in the these industry bodies and and models, such as the Safety Risk Model (SRM) owns the outputs (such as SRM, PIM and VTISM, and Precursor Indicator Model standards) on behalf of the provide knowledge which (PIM), and research results industry. Through this route, helps the industry to develop and operational experience are decisions can be traced its understanding of key risks used to populate the Vehicle back through knowledge to and opportunities on the Track Interaction Strategic information to valid data. railway system. Model (VTISM). RSSB functions have safety at their core, but they are increasingly holistic in their scope 3
  4. 4. RSSB and co-operationin the railway industryThe GB railway is a complex system and all of the RSSB is a not-for-profit company owned and fundedcompanies that are part of it share a common by major stakeholders in the railway industry, but ispurpose. They seek to deliver a safe, reliable and independent of any one party. RSSB has around 250environmentally friendly railway while offering value staff, including experts in a wide range of technicalfor money. disciplines and other professionals such as project managers, meeting facilitators and support staff.RSSB provides support and facilitation for a widerange of cross-industry activities. This is usually RSSB is funded by levies on its members and grantsachieved through RSSB’s support to cross-industry for research from the Department for Transport.working groups and committees. ON AND AT I FU IC IF N C DI E NG SP Department for Transport Train Network Operators RSSB Rail Office of Rail Supply Regulation Supply Chain Chain ON EC TI O O N LA M IC E GU AN D S AFE TY R 4
  5. 5. Our members There are six categories of membership as shown. Each member category is represented on the 60 Members RSSB Board. 1 Infrastructure manager 25 Passenger operating companies RSSB Board 8 Freight operating companies 3 Rolling stock leasing companies 8 Infrastructure contractors Executive Management 15 Suppliers TeamAlstom Transport Amey LG Ltd Amey Rail Angel Trains Ltd Arriva Trains Wales Atkins Rail Limited BabcockRail Ltd Balfour Beatty Rail Plant Ltd Bombardier Transportation UK Ltd C2C Rail Limited Carillion RailColas Rail Collinson Dutton Limited Corus Rail DeltaRail Group Ltd DB Schenker Rail (UK) Limited DirectRail Services Limited East Midlands Trains Limited English, Welsh & Scottish Railway International LimitedEnotrac UK Ltd Fastline Ltd Faiveley Transport Birkenhead Ltd First Capital Connect Limited First GBRailfreight Ltd First Greater Western Limited First Hull Trains Limited First ScotRail Company Limited FirstTranspennine Express Freight Europe (UK) Limited Freightliner Heavy Haul Ltd Freightliner Ltd GrandCentral Railway Company Limited Heathrow Express Operating Company Limited HSBC Rail (UK) LtdIndependent Glass Co Limited Interfleet Technology Ltd Knorr-Bremse Rail Systems (UK) Limited London& South Eastern Railway Limited London Eastern Railways Limited London Midland London OvergroundRail Operations Limited (LOROL) LPA Industries Limited Lloyds Register Rail Mersey Rail Electrics (2002)Limited Network Rail Infrastructure Limited Northern Rail NXEC TRAINS Limited Porterbrook LeasingCompany Ltd Rail Express Systems Limited Siemens PLC Signal House Group Limited Serco RailOperations Ltd Southern Railway Limited Stagecoach South Western Trains Limited The Chiltern RailwayCompany Limited Tyne and Wear Passenger Transport Executive Volker Rail Group Limited West CoastTrains Limited Wrexham, Shropshire & Marylebone Railway Company Limited XC Trains LimitedCorrect as at 1 November 2009 5
  6. 6. 20 18 1 6 .9 % 1 5 .3 % ju ri e s % w e ig h te d in 1 5 .5 16 1 2 .4 % fa ta li ti e s 14 1 2 .5 % 11 .0 % 12 10 8 .8 % 8 5 .8 % 6 4 2 2008 2007 0 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001[DATA COLLECTION] ATOC19 collisions between trains and road vehicles at level crossings in 2008(mainly as a result of road users’ behaviour), the highest level since 2003 THERE ARE APPROXIMATELY 7,000 LEVEL CROSSINGS ON THE GB MAINLINE RAILWAY 6
  7. 7. Safety data & intelligenceWhile individual organisations are accountable for These models provide members with ansafety within their own undertakings, RSSB plays understanding of the risks to passengers, workforcea key role in the management of system safety. and the general public and contribute significantly toRSSB’s core functions include measuring safety improved performance across the industry.performance and analysing risk. 140 120RSSB operates the industry Safety Management 100 PIM IndicatorInformation System (SMIS) that collects safety 80records for the GB railway network. In making this 60information accessible to the railway industry, 40RSSB provides support and guidance on using 20the data to analyse risk, expose trends and focus 0 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009decision-making on priority areas. Recent European legislation has placed obligationsAs a world leader in the field of railway risk on Member States relating to maintaining ormodelling, RSSB seeks to maximise the benefit its improving levels of safety in each country, and tomembers can derive from data through its Safety develop and achieve ‘Common Safety Targets’.Risk Model (SRM) and the Precursor Indicator RSSB has deployed its expertise and data collectionModel (PIM). The SRM models hazardous events capabilities to help the industry and governmentthat could directly lead to injury or fatality during influence European legislation and targets, andthe operation and maintenance of the mainline supports the industry through the collection of therailway. The PIM focuses specifically on train relevant data to report against these targets.accident risk and is a key measure of systemsafety for the industry. 7
  8. 8. 77 % ris r wo fro k from vioube rkfor m CE risk r beha ha vio ce F O R 48% enge s ur K pas R WO TO % 21 SK PAS RI TO % 39 SK SENGE 1% RI 30 % ris k fro m 2% wo rkf orc e be ha vio ur TO P % 40 SK R RI S UB 17% LI C pub risk lic f 5% beh rom en ri avi our gi sk ne fr er om in beh k from g our avi s pub 7% ri lic 9 [OPERATIONAL RISK ANALYSIS] ATOC 5 passenger fatalities in 2008, the lowest number ever recorded YEARLY PASSENGER JOURNEYS CONTINUE TO RISE , LATEST FIGURE : 1.2 BILLION JOURNEYS 8
  9. 9. Research & developmentRSSB manages two industry-wide research and the technical strategy advisory group, which consistsdevelopment programmes, both of which are DfT of senior industry, academic, government andfunded – a programme that supports long-term regulatory representatives, facilitated by RSSB.strategy and a core programme that supports many It has delivered a ‘road map’ which shows theaspects of operations. RSSB undertakes research contribution that different applications can makeprojects that cross industry boundaries or interfaces. to the 30-year vision.The core programme has a broad capability and The research that RSSB undertakes for the industryexpertise in areas such as engineering, operations, is a part of the overall RSSB support to operationshuman factors, risk, workforce development, and the delivery of industry objectives. Researchoccupational health, sustainable development and outputs add value to the industry through providingpublic behaviour. It works with client groups from answers to questions, evidence to support decisions,across the industry to deliver solutions to current and tools that support ongoing operations etc. In all casesfuture challenges and the evidence base to support the research is not an end in itself, and it is onlycomplex or controversial industry decisions. through engagement with the wider industry at both inception and completion that the fruits ofWith government support the core programme research can be embedded and add value. Thehas been supplemented with a new strategic effectiveness of the research depends onprogramme, to support the development and considerable input from across industry throughimplementation of the Rail Technical Strategy. The involvement in client groups and researchstrategy, which includes a vision of the railways in projects themselves.30 years’ time, has the primary objective of helpingthe industry achieve challenging long-term goals The RSSB website received 500,000 requests forassociated with customers, carbon, capacity and research reports in 2008.cost (the 4 Cs). The programme has a single client, 9
  10. 10. Co-operative programmesRSSB’s functions are interdependent and combine todeliver a package of services to the industry. Forexample, both research and risk modelling inform thedevelopment of interface standards; and safety dataand intelligence are used to support the industry’sefforts on community safety. These synergies add tothe economic efficiency of RSSB’s delivery of each ofthem, and provide the company with the necessary Each SIC involves senior people from all parts ofcritical mass to deliver coherent solutions. the industry and both sides of the interface. The SIC looks for opportunities to improve efficiency atAs a result, RSSB has become the natural home for a the interface, considers how the industry can bestrange of cross-industry activities. RSSB facilitates five respond to those opportunities, and promotesSystem Interface Committees (SICs), which help the agreement on how solutions can be implemented.industry to manage all aspects of system interfaces inthe most effective way. The interfaces covered by the The Sustainable Rail Programme (SRP) is helpingfive SICs are: the industry to respond to the opportunities and• Vehicle / Structures challenges presented by sustainable development.• Vehicle / Track• Vehicle / Train energy RSSB’s engineering and operations knowledge,• Vehicle / Train control and communications together with its experience of managing standards,• Vehicle / Vehicle. has resulted in the company providing substantial input to the cross-industry programme, led by Network Rail, to deliver the European Rail Traffic Management System (ERTMS). 10
  11. 11. Through its Safety Management System (SMS) In 2008 RSSB took on responsibility for the industry’sinitiative, RSSB supports and facilitates the efficient Confidential Incident Reporting and Analysis Systemimplementation of British and European legislation in (CIRAS), which reflects RSSB’s existing knowledgethe field of safety management. RSSB also supports and experience of managing programmes as well asthe industry’s efforts to modernise its supplier its expertise in safety and human factors.assurance regimes through the provision andpromotion of the Railway Industry Supplier ApprovalScheme (RISAS). The aim of the industry’s work on community safety is to maintain and build public confidence in personal safety and security while people travel on trains orRSSB also sponsors the online National Incident use railway facilities, and to protect the interests ofReporting system that helps maintain the safety of the industry and its workforce. Much of the industry’sthe railway network, by providing a platform for rail work on community safety is carried out at local levelcompanies to communicate important information by individual companies and by collaborative effortconcerning safety incidents in real time. Recognised through Community Safety Partnership Groupsas the leading such system in the country, it records (CSPGs). RSSB works at the industry level todetails of remedial action taken by affected support these local initiatives with the resourcescompanies in response to the original incident and they need.so builds a history of events and actions taken. 11
  12. 12. [PERFORMANCE MONITORING] 50 0 40 0 30 0 29 7 NUM BER OF SPAD S 20 0 10 0 11. 34 % RIS K LEV EL 0 JUN E 09 MA R 09 DE C 08 SE PT 08 JUN E 08 MA R 08 DE C 07 SE PT 07 JUN 07 MA R 07 DE C 06 SE PT 06 JUN E 06 MA R 06 DE C 05 SE PT 05 JUN E 05 MA R 05 DE C 04 SE PT 04 JUN 04 MA R 04 DE C 03 SE PT 03 JUN E 03 MA R 03 DE C 02 SE PT 02JUN E 02 MA R 02 DE C 01SE PT 01 Network Rail More than 80% reduction in risk from signals passed at danger in 2008 since 2001 BRITAIN ’ S RAILWAY NETWORK COMPRISES OVER 21,000 TRACK MILES 12
  13. 13. Interface standardsRailway Group Standards (RGSs) are documents Since the enactment in UK legislation of thethat define mandatory engineering and operational European directives on safety and interoperability,requirements in respect of the mainline railway. The the European standards regime, based on Technicalcentral purpose of RGSs is to enable the different Specifications for Interoperability (TSIs), has becomeparticipants in the industry to co-operate safely and increasingly important for the GB mainline railway.efficiently where they need to do so, without having RSSB’s role in managing RGSs has led to it playingto reinvent the basis of that co-operation every time. an important part in European standards – particularly in achieving clarity about how to workCompliance with RGSs is mandatory, through licence with TSIs and in co-ordinating input to theconditions, and the content of each RGS is development of the TSIs themselves.developed and agreed by the GB railway industry,through Standards Committees facilitated by RSSB.RSSB’s role includes drafting the content ofstandards and assessing their impact, as well asmanaging meetings, carrying out consultations, andpublishing the standards themselves. 13
  14. 14. RSSB will continue to develop its services to meet the changing needs of its members 14
  15. 15. The futureRSSB will continue to support the industry’s efforts to published ‘Sustainable Development Principles’ asimprove safety while significantly reducing costs and listed below. The SD Principles represent core valuesin its drive towards being the backbone of a modern that are fundamental to the delivery of a sustainableand sustainable integrated transport system. In order railway that meets the travel needs of society withoutto achieve this RSSB will seek to assist the industry compromising future quality of life.in embedding, in everything it does, the recentlyCustomer-driven Embed a culture where dialogue with Carbon smart Pursue initiatives to achieve long-termcustomers puts them at the very heart of the railway, reductions in carbon emissions through improved energyand where they are able to make optimal travel and efficiency, new technology and lower carbon powerlogistics choices. sources and facilitate modal shift, helping others make more carbon efficient journeys.Putting rail in reach of people Position rail as aninclusive, affordable and accessible transport system through Energy wise Maximise rail’s energy efficiency forthe provision of information and accessible facilities. traction and non-traction use.Providing an end-to-end journey Work together with all Supporting the economy Boost the productivity andtransport modes to provide an integrated, accessible competitiveness of the UK, at a national and regional level,transport system. through the provision of efficient passenger and freight services and by facilitating agglomeration and catalysingBeing an employer of choice Respect, encourage and economic regeneration.develop a diverse workforce, support its wellbeing andactively consider and address the challenges of the future Optimising the railway Maximise the rail system’sglobal labour market. capability and build on its strengths to deliver a transport system that is efficient and offers good value for money.Reducing our environmental impact Operate andimprove the business in a way that minimises the negative Being transparent Promote a culture of open andimpacts and maximises the benefits of the railway to accountable decision-making and measure, monitor andthe environment. report publicly on our progress toward sustainability. 15
  16. 16. RSSBBlock 2Angel Square1 Torrens StreetLondon EC1V 1NYTel. +44 (0)20 3142 5300enquirydesk@rssb.co.ukwww.rssb.co.uk

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