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History and Future of the Internet in 20 slides


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Presentation made during a Barcamp in Brussel on 20th of may 2006. Clo Willaerts for the history & Denis Balencourt for the future

Presentation made during a Barcamp in Brussel on 20th of may 2006. Clo Willaerts for the history & Denis Balencourt for the future

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  • 1. History and future of the internet in 20 slides By Clo Willaerts & Denis Balencourt
  • 2. 1895
    • Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine establish the Repertoire Bibliographique Universel (RBU), an ambitious attempt at developing a master bibliography of the world’s accumulated knowledge.
    • “ Everything in the universe, and everything of man, would be registered at a distance as it was produced . In this way a moving image of the world will be established, a true mirror of his memory. From a distance, everyone will be able to read text, enlarged and limited to the desired subject, projected on an individual screen . In this way, everyone from his armchair will be able to contemplate creation, as a whole or in certain of its parts.”
    • http://
  • 3. 1962
    • J.C.R. Licklider of MIT discusses his “ Galactic Network ” concept in a series of memos
    • a globally interconnected set of computers through which everyone could quickly access data and programs from any site.
    • The first recorded description of the social interactions that could be enabled through networking
    • Licklider later teamed up with ARPA
    • the rest is history…
  • 4. 1992
    • World-Wide Web released by CERN.
    • “ cyberspace is the conceptual space where words and human relationships, data and wealth and power are manifested by people using CMC technology;
    • virtual communities are cultural aggregations that emerge when enough people bump into each other often enough in cyberspace.”
    • (Howard Rheingold: A Slice of Life in My Virtual Community)
    • CMC = computer-mediated communication
  • 5. 1994
    • founding of
    • “the store that sells everything”
    • the leading Internet retailer
    • Over the years, introduced:
      • one-click shopping
      • e-mail order verification
      • automated personalized recommendations & customer reviews – a store that can make suggestions.
  • 6. 1995
    • Gore Verbinski creates “Frogs”, and advertising for Budweiser
    • The origin of viral marketing
    • offered in 1996 as a free download from, the Bud Frogs Screen Saver was an instant hit
    • Later: Wazzup!
    • Parodies, pranks and hoaxes
  • 7. 1997
    • News for nerds, stuff that matters
    • a collaborative peer-to-peer publishing of "open source news” -> community-generated content
    • Reputation management systems : Slashdot's karma; , cfr. Ebay's colored stars
    • “ the slashdot effect”
  • 8. 1999
    • The Cluetrain Manifesto
    • http:// /
    • Markets are conversations and the Internet is a facilitator of one of the grandest, most global of those conversations.
    • “ Their members communicate in language that is natural, open, honest, direct, funny and often shocking . Whether explaining or complaining, joking or serious, the human voice is unmistakably genuine. It can't be faked .”
  • 9. 2002
    • The Small World Project is an online experiment to test the idea that two people in the world can be connected via “ six degrees of separation ”
    • “ In an interactive space, content is not king. Contact is.“. Douglas Rushkoff: Social Currency @
    • http://
    • Clay Shirky: YASNS (Yet Another Social Network Service.
  • 10. 2004
    • "Audible Revolution" (Ben Hammersley, The Guardian),,1145689,00.html
    • Adam Curry iPodder-script
    • Dave Winer rss-formaat
  • 11. 2005
    • During 2005 it's estimated that the one-billionth user went online.
    • Netcraft survey reports there are more than 74 million web sites online, while in 1993 only 130 web sites existed online.
    • Google releases new services every other day
  • 12. 2006
    • For the next 5 years Newspapers will lose 10% of audience & Internet gains 10% of audience
    • Create, share & promote content is made easy for everyone
      • On top of Blogs, Flickr, YouTube & DailyMotion allow to share video
      • Social network based on self promotion are success MySpace, Blog platforms, etc.
    • Mixing & Filtering is the struggle against Info overload
    • Bubble 2.0 is questioned. Is there more than 55374 users for the new web?
  • 13. 2007
    • French Presidential election is an info war and blogosphere counts for 55% of final voting decision
    • Active follow up of bookmarks becomes an email like habit
      • RSS quietly becomes a mainstream tool
    • Renowned content mixers & Leaders of community gain a mass audience
    • Dedicated search tool surpass generic search engines
    • On Demand is THE commercial argument
  • 14. 2008
    • Content is most of the time first seen online
    • Social applications determine US election debate
    • The internet is not yet seen as the most trusted voting system but the US election is won on the internet with a massive motivation of online communities
    • Gallileo satellite allows Europe to provide geolocalized service accurately for everything thanks to RFID
  • 15. 2009
    • Cultural awareness of Online kids is wider than ever. Access to different & diverse content has never been so easy.
    • Viral news & Social applications question the social gap & the world organization
    • Political power is in question any time since its power comes from online communities
  • 16. 2010
    • Surfers : 1.750 billon for 6.8 billions human
    • World Cup 2010 bring unprecedented focus on Africa and online gap
    • A human-like digital meme tracker reads news an comment discussion 24 hours a day
  • 17. 2011
    • The web is 20 years old
    • Access or Control of the mediators is vital for industry & political groups
    • Everything is connected, all artifacts can be online, tracked, accessed
    • Browse the web is also browsing the physical world
  • 18. 2012 - 2015
    • Virgin offers space trips to view the last Venus Sun Earth conjunction of the century
    • Voting thru electronic devices is secure
    • Mobile voting & web voting lead to abstention rate drop
    • Switch off button forbidden by law
    • Social application turns into legal social control
  • 19. 2015 - 2019
    • VR immersion is possible with emotional & physical interaction
    • Ubiquitous robots are present and control part of our lives, security
    • Emotion-control devices are developed
  • 20. 2020
    • In a world with information overload, where all information are available the noise is so heavy that, even when filtered, the “Mundaneum” dream of Paul Otlet looks like a nightmare.
    • Somewhere a young person who is able to give sense to the whole information get a small group of followers and their message start spreading…
    • No one knows if they will turn helping us or not…