The study of a social situation with a view to improving the quality of action.
A form of collective self-reflective inquiry undertaken by participants in order to improve the productivity, rationally, and justice of their own social and educational practices.
To provide a way of working which links theory and practice.
To produce active knowing which will preserve and enhance this capacity and this power.
Trying out ideas in practice as a means of improvement and as a means of increasing knowledge about the curriculum, teaching, and learning.
The result is improvement in what happens in the classroom and school, and better articulation and justification of the educational rationale for what goes on.
THE CYCLE OF ACTION RESEARCH To improve what is already happening To act to implement the plan To observe the effects of action in the context in which it occurs To reflect on these effects as a basis for further planning, subsequent action, through a succession of cycles.
A GENERAL IDEA A DIFFICULT PROBLEM REQUIRING SOLUTION PLANNING HOW TO SOLVE THE PROBLEM ACTING A FIELD EXPERIMENT. IMPLEMENATION OF A STRATEGIC PLAN OBSERVING COLLECTING DATA. AN EVALUATION OF THE ACTION. APPROPRIATE METHODS AND TECHNIQUES REFLECTING REGARDING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF ACTION. REFLECTING ON THE RESULTS AND ON THE WHOLE PROCESS Identification of a new problem and a new cycle Lewin, 1946. S T E P S OF ACTION-RESEARCH
PEDAGOGICAL KNOWLEDGE Recognizing real contexts Decision-M aking Solving problems Improving teaching practice
RECOGNIZING REAL CONTEXTS
RESTARTING THE CYCLE
ACTION - RESEARCH CYCLE
QUESTIONS If teacher-trainees transfer the reflective action-research cycle into their classrooms… Will they improve and change their action as educators? … Will they be able to produce pedagogical knowledge? ?
LEVELS OF THE DIARY DESCRIPTIVE LEVEL INTERPRETATIVE LEVEL REFLECTION LEVEL -ACTION PLAN
Topic: The Diary.
Sitting around the table, I began the seminar at 2:30 p.m. On the table was the material: The readings, definitions of a diary, a list of some methodological instructions, samples of diaries, teacher’s and students’ notebooks...
I consider that the diary is definitely a fundamental tool in the process or learning action-research methodologies... It is necessary to begin the diary in order to give the teacher-trainees confidence and freedom to write their experiences. They will grow as observers. Note-taking improve.
“ It is the written production coming up from teachers´ reflected experience.” “ Teaching, learning, and education are the distinctive features of every teacher. There is the genesis of pedagogical knowledge.” (Quintero, 2001. Doctoral Dissertation. U Antioquia-U Caldas) PEDAGOGICAL KNOWLEDGE Evidences