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Tabla grupos funcionales
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Tabla grupos funcionales

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  • 1. Tabla de preferencia de grupos funcionales de Química Orgánica www.vaxasoftware.com Sufijo si es Prefijo si es Fórmula Función grupo principal sustituyente Ejemplo (grupo secundario) O || CH3−COOH R−C−OH Ácido −oico carboxi− ácido etanoico O || CH3−COO−CH3 R−C−O−R Éster −oato de ... ilo alcoxicarbonil− etanoato de metilo O || CH3−CH2−CONH2 R−C−NH2 Amida −amida carbamoil− Propanamida CH3−CN R−C≡N Nitrilo −nitrilo ciano− Etanonitrilo Cianuro de metilo O || CH3−CH2−CHO R−C−H Aldehído −al oxo− Propanal O || CH3−CO−CH3 R−C−R Cetona −ona oxo− Propanona R−OH Alcohol −ol hidroxi− CH3−CH2OH Etanol CH3−CH2−NH2 R−NH2 Amina −amina amino− Etilamina Etanamina −oxi ... ano CH3−O−CH2−CH3 R−O−R Éter oxa− − il ...ileter Metoxietano Etilmetiléter CH3−CH=CH2 C=C Doble enlace −eno Propeno CH3−C≡CH −C≡C− Triple enlace −ino Propino CH3−CH2−NO2 R−NO2 Nitro nitro− Nitroetano fluoro−, cloro−, CH3−CH2Br R−X Halógeno Bromoetano bromo−, yodo− CH3 −R Radical il− | CH3−CH−CH3 Metilpropano
  • 2. Software GRATISCalculadora científica de números complejos gratis - CJ47 www.vaxasoftware.com/cal/cj47.htmlCalculadora científica gratis - CL70 www.vaxasoftware.com/cal/cl70.htmlConversor de unidades químicas gratis - Kikon www.vaxasoftware.com/soft_edu/kikon.htmlImpresor de papel milimetrado gratis - Ipmm www.vaxasoftware.com/soft_edu/ipmm.htmlRecursos educativos GRATISMatemáticas Física Química Bioquímica Astronomía GenéricosSoftware destacadoGeneradores de Ejercicios - Merlín www.vaxasoftware.com/gp/index.htmlValoraciones ácido-base - WinVal www.vaxasoftware.com/soft_edu/winval.htmlEstadística y Probabilidad - HEstadis www.vaxasoftware.com/soft_edu/hestadis.htmlEquilibrios ácido-base - EABW www.vaxasoftware.com/soft_edu/eabw.htmlSimulador de destilaciones - SDES www.vaxasoftware.com/soft_edu/sdes.htmlGráficador de funciones - Fungraf www.vaxasoftware.com/soft_edu/fungraf.html

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