One of Sir Sidney Nolan’s “Kelly” paintings. Blood v. Authority refers to the idea that this was a) and familily/ethnic/colonial/class struggle
Pic is of Ned’s mug shot from his first stint in gaol. Zero in on reference to his mother, shooting of Lonnigan and the flag of stars
Ned and his brother Dan built the house.
Classicnolan view of kelly. Police view – who cold it be – lonnigan. Kelly’s view from movie Ned Kelly. Police view from doc. Outlaw – the real nedkelly
Ned had a rep of asking local farmers for assistance and being helped. Like Robin hood. In reality he raided their properties and demanding and taking what he wanted.
The co-operation of Irishmen with authorites was always a sore point. The judge who sentenced Kelly and two of the police he killed were irish.
Note the odd stance. All his weight on his left leg and his right arm is tucked into his belt. This is because they were now useless after being shot to bits.
He was man enough in the end to take his punishment and go out with some dignity
Fenian’s were Irish agitatios in the UK demanding independence.
At the time there was a belief that the shape of one’s skull could be an indicator of criminality. Ned was buried inside Old Melb. Gaol – imprisoned for life on unconsecrated ground. When Melb gaol closed his coffin was moved into Pentridge Prison. Someone nicked his skull in the process.
Ned kelly blood and authority
NED KELLY<br />Blood <br />versus <br />Authority<br />
POOR NEDBy Red Gum, 1982.<br /> Eighteen-hundred & Seventy-Eight was the year I remember so well They put my father in an early grave and slung my mother in gaol Now I don't know what’s right or wrong but they hung Christ on nails Six kids at home and two still on the breast they wouldn't even give us bail <br /> Poor Ned, you're better off dead at least you'll get some peace of mind You're out on the track They're right on your back Boy they're gonna‘hang you high <br />You know I wrote a letter 'bout Stringy-Bark Creek so they would understand That I might be a bushranger but I'm not a murdering man I didn't want to shoot Kennedy or that copper LonniganHe alone could have saved his life by throwing down his gun <br /> Poor Ned, you're better off dead at least you'll get some peace of mind You're out on the track They're right on your back Boy they're gonna’ hang you high<br /> You know they took Ned Kelly and they hung him in the Melbourne Gaol He fought so very bravely dressed in iron mail A no man single handed can hope to break the bars There's a thousand like Ned Kelly who'll hoist the flag of stars we sing...<br />
THE STORY OF NED KELLY...<br />A policeman, Alexander Fitzpatrick, came to the Kelly household in Greta (pictured) looking for Ned in relation to a stolen horse.<br />Ned was not there<br />The accusation is that Fitzpatrick began to force himself on Ned’s sister<br />Ned’s brother stepped in, taking Fitzpatrick’s gun and threatening him with it.<br />Fitzpatrick fled.<br />Ned returned and he, his brother Dan, Dan’s friend Steve Hart and Ned’s friend Joe Byrne all went into hiding in ‘The Bush’ at a place called Stringy Bark Creek.<br />
STRINGY BARK CREEKThe events that took place here, and one’s interpretation of them, sets the tone for how most people view Kelly and his Story. In groups you will research the following and identify the differences and key moment in the Kelly narrative.<br />Research Kelly’s View<br />Research The police View<br />
WANTED<br />For this act Kelly was now wanted for the sum of 2000 pounds<br />That is $1,000,000 in today’s money<br />
OUTLAW<br />Now Ned truly became an outlaw – a bushranger<br />Over the next 12 – 18 months he robbed several banks. On one occasion burning all the mortgage deeds before he left<br />He even crossed over into the neighbouring colony of New South Wales.<br />The reward was now $2,000,000 in today’s money.<br />
The Jerilderie Letter, 10th February, 1879.<br />During one such robbery he took the entire town hostage and with Joe Byrne drafted the Jerilderie Letter.<br />The letter records his version of events to that point.<br />Ned opened the bar while he drafted the letter.<br />
I have been wronged...<br />This extract is the most often quoted from the 8000 word document<br />Read this and use quotes to identify:<br />Ned’s attitude to the police;<br />Another influential person in Ned’s life;<br />Ned’s comic side, and;<br />Ned’s brutal side.<br />Who was Ned angriest at?<br /> “I have been wronged and my mother…has no alternative only to put up with the brutal and cowardly conduct of a parcel of big ugly fat-necked wombat headed big bellied magpie legged narrow hipped splaw-footed sons of Irish Bailiffs of English landlords…I am a widow’s son outlawed and my orders must be obeyed.”<br />
NED THE ‘WIDOWS SON’<br />Ned made mention of his mother numerous times. Her Husband, and Ned’s father, Red Kelly had died when Ned was very young.<br />Can you imagine what life would be like for a single mother in the 19th Century?<br />Ellen Kelly, Ned's mother, with granddaughters Lil and Alice Knight. C. 1911<br />
THE GLENROWAN HOTEL<br />The penultimate act of Ned’s life took place at the Glenrowan Hotel back in Victoria.<br />Again Ned took the town hostage.<br />He and his men planned to derail the trainload of police he knew were coming.<br />Some suggest he was aiming to generate a wider rebellion but the authorities at least were really worried about this.<br />A school teacher (!@#$) managed to talk his way out but then warned the police, using his wife’s red petticoat, who then laid siege to the hotel.<br />
THE LAST STAND<br />Ned and his band came forth donning suits of armour they had made<br />It was raining<br />After the first fight Ned escaped into the surrounding bush.<br />The others retreated inside.<br />
INGLORIOUS END<br />Dan Kelly and Steve Hart held out until morning.<br />The police decided to burn down the Hotel with them inside.<br />Dan Kelly and hart committed suicide.<br />The police probably thought Ned was inside as well.<br />
KELLY’S CAPTURE<br />Ned had actually slept the night away close by under a log.<br />He returned and attacked the police again but was captured after being shot in the arm and leg.<br />This picture was taken while in gaol for Ned’s family.<br />What evidence of the injuries sustained at Glenrowan can you see?<br />
“SUCH IS LIFE.”<br />These were the last words of Ned Kelly just before he was hanged in Old Melbourne Gaol on 11th November 1880.<br />What do these words and his final actions reveal about the character of Ned Kelly?<br />
WOULD THE REAL NED KELLY PLEASE STAND FORWARD.<br />The Real Ned Kelly on the eve of his execution<br />The POP Culture Icon, Ned Kelly’s helmet<br />
Ned Kelly became an incredibly popular person<br />Then...<br />And now. <br />
SOME POINTS TO CONSIDER<br />WHAT SORT OF CONFLICT WAS THIS?<br />Local quarrel?<br />Family quarrel?<br />Colonial quarrel?<br />Class quarrel?<br />Ethnic quarrel?<br />WHY WOULD A CHARACTER LIKE NED KELLY BECOME SO POPULAR AT ALL?<br />Recall the title of the first slide.<br />
“It’ll take a thousand like Ned Kelly to hoist the flag of stars”Redgum, Poor Ned. 1982.<br />Kelly’s actions also bought into the idea of class struggle which had turned violent at the battle of the Eureka Stockade at Ballarat, Victoria in 1854 where 22 rebels and 6 authorities were killed.<br />The Flag of Stars refers to the flag flown by the rebels at the Eureka Stockade.<br />
POST SCRIPT...<br />A cast of Ned’s head was taken after his death.<br />His grave has possibly been located during excavations at Pentridge Prison.<br />
POST POST SCRIPTThe mayor of Ipswich, an armature historian, claims that Dan Kelly escaped and is buried in the Ipswich town cemetery.<br />