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Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
Iranian revolution
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Iranian revolution

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Published in: News & Politics, Spiritual
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  • 1. MONARCHY TO THEOCRACY, SHAH TO AYATOLLAH
  • 2.
    • Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1919 – 1980)
    • Promised constitutional monarchy
      • Increasingly took power from PM
  • 3.
    • (Replaced father, Reza Pahlavi 
      • Forced to abdicate
      • By Britain & USSR
      • Friendly relations with Nazi Germany)
  • 4.
    • Crowned himself:
      • Emperor
      • In 1967
      • Also crowned his wife: empress
      • (Note: Peacock Throne->)
  • 5.
    • Manipulation
    • Built loyal army
    • Expansion of constitutional powers
      • After assassination attempt
      • 1949
    • Secret police: “SAVAK”:
      • Suppressed opponents
    • Helped rich at expense of poor
  • 6.
    • Ally of the West
      • Not USSR: bordering nation
    • Oil deal with U.S.
      • Opponents critical of subservience to US
  • 7.
    • From Shi’ite Muslims Western moderization:
        • Western clothing
        • Eliminated Qur’anic oaths
        • Lack of democracy
      • Unresponsive to public opinion
      • Uneven distribution of wealth
  • 8.
    • In 1970’s
    • Islamic clerics, esp. Ayatollah Khomeini
      • built on popular discontent
        • Demonstrations, riots, strikes
      • Tied these ideas to Islamic principles
      • Called for overthrow of the Shah
  • 9.  
  • 10.
    • Widespread demonstrations
      • 1978-’79
    • Shah’s gov’t. collapsed
      • Jan. 16, 1979
      • Shah fled Iran
      • Went to Egypt
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13.
    • Or theocracy
    • = gov’t which supports religion
    • Led by Rouhollah Khomeini …….. 
      • Muslim “ayatollah”
    • Based on Islamic fundamentalism
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
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  • 18.  
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