Dien bien phu

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Dien bien phu

  1. 1. Siege of Dien Bien PhuSiege of Dien Bien Phu The Battle that ended the FirstThe Battle that ended the First Indochina WarIndochina War
  2. 2. Source: Stephen Kirchoff, Dien Bien Phu (2003) Retrieved from http://www.campbell.edu/faculty/Slattery/dien_bien_phu.htm
  3. 3. Source: Stephen Kirchoff, Dien Bien Phu (2003) Retrieved from http://www.campbell .edu/faculty/Slattery/ dien_bien_phu.htm
  4. 4. http://www.youtube.com/watch?http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=th7tImvzutcv=th7tImvzutc
  5. 5. SourcesSources  Who is the author of your source?Who is the author of your source?  When was your source written? Is it primary orWhen was your source written? Is it primary or secondary?secondary?  What is the tone of the source (eg biased,What is the tone of the source (eg biased, reasonable, emotional etc)?reasonable, emotional etc)?  Was there a purpose in writing it? Who was theWas there a purpose in writing it? Who was the intended audience?intended audience?  What information can you take from this source?What information can you take from this source? What can it be used for?What can it be used for?
  6. 6. Vo Nguyen Giap talks about Dien Bien Phu:Vo Nguyen Giap talks about Dien Bien Phu: The Dien Bien Phu campaign is a great and first victory of a feudal colonialThe Dien Bien Phu campaign is a great and first victory of a feudal colonial nation, whose agricultural economy is backward, against the great imperialistnation, whose agricultural economy is backward, against the great imperialist capitalist which has a modern industry and a great army. Thus, it means a lot tocapitalist which has a modern industry and a great army. Thus, it means a lot to us, to people all over the world, and to other countries. This is also how Ho Chius, to people all over the world, and to other countries. This is also how Ho Chi Minh saw it.Minh saw it. We see the Dien Bien Phu victory as the victory [over] the French army andWe see the Dien Bien Phu victory as the victory [over] the French army and [over] the intervention of the Americans --because in the Dien Bien Phu[over] the intervention of the Americans --because in the Dien Bien Phu campaign, 80 percent of the war expenditures were spent by the Americans.campaign, 80 percent of the war expenditures were spent by the Americans. The Americans had their hands in it. So the Dien Bien Phu defeat was a defeatThe Americans had their hands in it. So the Dien Bien Phu defeat was a defeat for both the French and the Americans. But whether the Americans had drawnfor both the French and the Americans. But whether the Americans had drawn the lessons from that, I don't think so. That's why the Americans continued inthe lessons from that, I don't think so. That's why the Americans continued in South Vietnam. ...South Vietnam. ... When we received news of the Dien Bien Phu victory, everyone practicallyWhen we received news of the Dien Bien Phu victory, everyone practically jumped up in the air, they were so happy about it. But Ho Chi Minh said thatjumped up in the air, they were so happy about it. But Ho Chi Minh said that this is only victory of the first step: we have yet to fight the Americans. It wasthis is only victory of the first step: we have yet to fight the Americans. It was very clear then.very clear then. Source: CNN Interview with Vo Nguyen Giap, 1996 (retrieved fromSource: CNN Interview with Vo Nguyen Giap, 1996 (retrieved from http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/11/interviews/giap/http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/11/interviews/giap/
  7. 7. A French Foreign Legionnaire reflects on the war:A French Foreign Legionnaire reflects on the war: The artillery never stopped at night. It was like theThe artillery never stopped at night. It was like the Battle of the Somme in 1916. Every day we sawBattle of the Somme in 1916. Every day we saw their trenchlines coming closer and closer. Wetheir trenchlines coming closer and closer. We could not shoot them because they were belowcould not shoot them because they were below ground level. All we saw was soil flying into theground level. All we saw was soil flying into the air. This condition made strong men weak; theair. This condition made strong men weak; the weak simply broke down. We knew they wereweak simply broke down. We knew they were coming and would be on top of us in maybe twocoming and would be on top of us in maybe two weeks or less.weeks or less. Source: Historical Services of the French Army,Source: Historical Services of the French Army, Reports of the French ExpeditionaryReports of the French Expeditionary Corps in the Far East: Dien Bien Phu: Documents, Letters, Correspondence. Report ofCorps in the Far East: Dien Bien Phu: Documents, Letters, Correspondence. Report of Sergeant Jean Claude Casta, Camp Dominique, 4 April 1954Sergeant Jean Claude Casta, Camp Dominique, 4 April 1954
  8. 8. Two French scholars assess the war:Two French scholars assess the war: It is not surprising that the French ExpeditionaryIt is not surprising that the French Expeditionary Force failed to achieve decisive results… AfterForce failed to achieve decisive results… After 1947, they limited themselves to a series of1947, they limited themselves to a series of fragmentary and murderous operations. ‘Hit-and-fragmentary and murderous operations. ‘Hit-and- run’, ‘mopping up’, ‘raking over’, commando raids –run’, ‘mopping up’, ‘raking over’, commando raids – all of these could never bring victory. On theall of these could never bring victory. On the contrary, by sowing more and more ruin andcontrary, by sowing more and more ruin and hatred and by constantly increasing the burden ofhatred and by constantly increasing the burden of the war upon the people, such actions turned thethe war upon the people, such actions turned the peasant masses against the French and greatlypeasant masses against the French and greatly simplified the psychological and material tasks ofsimplified the psychological and material tasks of the People’s Army.the People’s Army. Source: Philippe Devillers and Jean Lacouture,Source: Philippe Devillers and Jean Lacouture, End of a War: Indochina, 1954End of a War: Indochina, 1954,, Pall Mall, London, 1969.Pall Mall, London, 1969.

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