British interests in india before the raj
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Like this? Share it with your network

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. British interests in India before the Raj
  • 2. British East India Company
    • Private trading company with the endorsement of the British government
    • Arrived in India in the 17 th Century
    • Primary goal was to secure trade monopolies
    • Gradually gained territory through battle and diplomacy
    • As time went on, it began to function more as a nation than a trading company
  • 3. What did they want from India?
    • Financial gains
    • To ‘civilise’ the ‘savages’
    • To spread Christianity
  • 4. Financial gains
    • BEIC wanted trade monopolies on cotton, silk, indigo dye, stone salt, tea, and later opium which was illegally smuggled into China
    • Set up factories in India for the manufacture of goods (with permission of local rulers)
    • Leaders of BEIC won power and wealth by using their armed forces to assist certain Indian leaders
  • 5. ‘ Civilising’ the ‘savages’
    • Desire to provide the people of India with a stable, liberal, incorrupt system of government
    • Desire to ‘civilise’ people to European standards
    • Is this humanitarianism or justification?
  • 6. Spreading Christianity
    • During this period Europeans were typically avid churchgoers
    • Missionaries sought to convert as many people to Christianity as possible
    I am now prepared to reply to the Committee in the words of the Prophet, ‘Here am I, send me.’ The work is most arduous, but is of God, and must prosper; many sacrifices painful to ‘ flesh and blood’ must be made but not any correspondent to the glory of winning souls for Christ. I feel myself almost transported with joy, everything else appears to fall out of view as vain and insignificant. (Alexander Duff, 1828)