British interests in India before the Raj
British East India Company <ul><li>Private trading company with the endorsement of the British government </li></ul><ul><l...
What did they want from India? <ul><li>Financial gains </li></ul><ul><li>To ‘civilise’ the ‘savages’ </li></ul><ul><li>To ...
Financial gains <ul><li>BEIC wanted trade monopolies on cotton, silk, indigo dye, stone salt, tea, and later opium which w...
‘ Civilising’ the ‘savages’ <ul><li>Desire to provide the people of India with a stable, liberal, incorrupt system of gove...
Spreading Christianity <ul><li>During this period Europeans were typically avid churchgoers </li></ul><ul><li>Missionaries...
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British interests in india before the raj

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British interests in india before the raj

  1. 1. British interests in India before the Raj
  2. 2. British East India Company <ul><li>Private trading company with the endorsement of the British government </li></ul><ul><li>Arrived in India in the 17 th Century </li></ul><ul><li>Primary goal was to secure trade monopolies </li></ul><ul><li>Gradually gained territory through battle and diplomacy </li></ul><ul><li>As time went on, it began to function more as a nation than a trading company </li></ul>
  3. 3. What did they want from India? <ul><li>Financial gains </li></ul><ul><li>To ‘civilise’ the ‘savages’ </li></ul><ul><li>To spread Christianity </li></ul>
  4. 4. Financial gains <ul><li>BEIC wanted trade monopolies on cotton, silk, indigo dye, stone salt, tea, and later opium which was illegally smuggled into China </li></ul><ul><li>Set up factories in India for the manufacture of goods (with permission of local rulers) </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders of BEIC won power and wealth by using their armed forces to assist certain Indian leaders </li></ul>
  5. 5. ‘ Civilising’ the ‘savages’ <ul><li>Desire to provide the people of India with a stable, liberal, incorrupt system of government </li></ul><ul><li>Desire to ‘civilise’ people to European standards </li></ul><ul><li>Is this humanitarianism or justification? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Spreading Christianity <ul><li>During this period Europeans were typically avid churchgoers </li></ul><ul><li>Missionaries sought to convert as many people to Christianity as possible </li></ul>I am now prepared to reply to the Committee in the words of the Prophet, ‘Here am I, send me.’ The work is most arduous, but is of God, and must prosper; many sacrifices painful to ‘ flesh and blood’ must be made but not any correspondent to the glory of winning souls for Christ. I feel myself almost transported with joy, everything else appears to fall out of view as vain and insignificant. (Alexander Duff, 1828)

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