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British interests in india before the raj
 

British interests in india before the raj

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    British interests in india before the raj British interests in india before the raj Presentation Transcript

    • British interests in India before the Raj
    • British East India Company
      • Private trading company with the endorsement of the British government
      • Arrived in India in the 17 th Century
      • Primary goal was to secure trade monopolies
      • Gradually gained territory through battle and diplomacy
      • As time went on, it began to function more as a nation than a trading company
    • What did they want from India?
      • Financial gains
      • To ‘civilise’ the ‘savages’
      • To spread Christianity
    • Financial gains
      • BEIC wanted trade monopolies on cotton, silk, indigo dye, stone salt, tea, and later opium which was illegally smuggled into China
      • Set up factories in India for the manufacture of goods (with permission of local rulers)
      • Leaders of BEIC won power and wealth by using their armed forces to assist certain Indian leaders
    • ‘ Civilising’ the ‘savages’
      • Desire to provide the people of India with a stable, liberal, incorrupt system of government
      • Desire to ‘civilise’ people to European standards
      • Is this humanitarianism or justification?
    • Spreading Christianity
      • During this period Europeans were typically avid churchgoers
      • Missionaries sought to convert as many people to Christianity as possible
      I am now prepared to reply to the Committee in the words of the Prophet, ‘Here am I, send me.’ The work is most arduous, but is of God, and must prosper; many sacrifices painful to ‘ flesh and blood’ must be made but not any correspondent to the glory of winning souls for Christ. I feel myself almost transported with joy, everything else appears to fall out of view as vain and insignificant. (Alexander Duff, 1828)