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Gobi Bear

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    • 1. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability Gobi Bear Species Conservation
    • 2. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability The Gobi Bear Unique among Brown Bears having adapted to desert life Ursus arctos gobiensis - sub species of the Brown Bear © Granada Wild Estimates of around 40 individuals in the population
    • 3. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability The Gobi Bear Full protection under CITES Appendix 1 Mongolian Red List (2006) lists the Gobi bear as “critically endangered” © Granada Wild Very little research has been conducted into the ecology of the bear
    • 4. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability The Gobi Bear Reproductive population may be as low as 20 2 populations exist one small, one larger, interbreeding between the two © Granada Wild populations does not seem to occur Small population is mainly male with no young
    • 5. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability Habitat and climate Around 30 bears survive in 15,000 km2 , a Carrying Capacity of about 1 bear 500km-2 (poor food) Extremes of dry hot summers and very cold dry winters Desertification accelerating in the area
    • 6. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability Habitat and climate © Rogier Gruys www.bluepeak.net
    • 7. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability Conservation so far 1976 Great Gobi National Park - Bears range entirely encompassed Mongolia Designated “Strictly Protected Area” Gobi Bear area Great Gobi National Park Little enforcement of protection
    • 8. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability Conservation so far Supplementary feeding April, May and early June Occurs after hibernation © Granada Wild Hit by economic constraints
    • 9. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability Economic question Collapse of Mongolian economy following end of communism Third of human population at starvation levels (UNDP) Reverse in urbanisation has led to overgrazing in some areas
    • 10. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability Economic question National environmental protection budget slashed Dependence on outside support International agencies have shifted focus to “world hotspots” eg Rainforests - a not every species can be saved approach
    • 11. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability Threats To varying extents: Disturbance by livestock Accidental trapping Habitat destruction and http://www.swiss-cooperation.admin.ch/mongolia/en/Home/ Development_Cooperation/Livestock_Project_Mongolia desertification
    • 12. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability Threats To varying extents: Wolf predation Poor food supply of low quality © Granada Wild Inbreeding Models suggest extinction in 10 years
    • 13. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability However Population seems to have been stable for three decades Remote hostile environment may be the bears best defense © Granada Wild A willingness locally exists to do something
    • 14. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability Conservation options Captive breeding and reintroduction: Could augment a critically small population © Granada Wild But - means taking wild animals originally and it may not be successful
    • 15. Topic 4: Conservation and Biodiversity 4.2: Evaluating Biodiversity and Vulnerability Conservation options Ecosystem answers: (but maybe to late) Better research to understand the bears © Granada Wild Improving food quality - increasing prey food numbers Better habitat protection

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