Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Solar system & constellation(g 4)
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Solar system & constellation(g 4)

568

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
568
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Solar System & Constellation
  • 2. Overview
    • Solar system refers to the sun (our star) and all objects that travel around its.
    • Components of the solar system divided into planets, satellites, asteroids, and comets.
    • Planets in Solar System are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.
    • Planets in Solar System named after figures from Greek and Roman mythology.
  • 3. Nine planets can classified or grouped different ways:
    • By size :
    • Small planet – Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars and Pluto.
    • Giant planet – Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.
    • By position from Sun :
    • Inner planet – Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars.
    • Outer planet – Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and
    • Pluto.
    • By composition :
    • Terrestrial or rocky planet – Mercury, Venus, Earth and
    • Mars.
    • Gas planet – Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.
  • 4. Sun
    • A gigantic ball of very hot gases.
    • Converts 6 million tons of hydrogen into helium every second.
  • 5. Sun
    • Diameter : 1.4 million km (870,000 miles), which is 109 Earth diameters
    • Mass : 330,000 times the mass of the Earth
    • Time to rotate (at equator) : 25 Earth days
    • Temperature in central core : 14 million
    • Distance from center of our galaxy : 26,000 light years
    • Age : 4.5 billion years
  • 6. Mercury – at the edge of the Sun
    • A dense, rocky planet with a core made of iron and nickel.
    • The planet closet to the Sun.
    • Size bigger than Pluto, about the size of Earth.
    • Surface is scarred by ancient craters.
    • Temperatures soar to 370 day and night -185.
    • Orbit around the Sun, travels 50km/s(30 mile/s) faster than other planet.
  • 7. Mercury
    • Average distance from the Sun: 58 million km
    • Diameter: 4880 km(3032 miles)
    • Mass: 0.06 times the Earth’s mass
    • Time to orbit the Sun: 88 Earth days
    • Rotation time (a day): 59 Earth days
    • Number of Moons: None
  • 8.  
  • 9. Venus – cloud-covered inferno
    • Called Earth’s sister planet.
    • Hottest world in the Solar system.
    • Second planet from the Sun.
    • The size and masses same as the Earth.
    • Temperature on surface 480 (896 )
    • Venus shrouded under a thick blanket of clouds, containing carbon dioxide and sulfuric acid.
  • 10. Venus
    • Average distance from the Sun: 108 million km (67 million miles)
    • Diameter: 12,102 km (7520 miles)
    • Mass: 0.82 times the Earth’s mass
    • Time to orbit the Sun: 225 Earth days
    • Rotation time (a day):243 Earth Days
    • Number of Moon: None
  • 11.  
  • 12. Earth – the oasis
    • The only planet that can support human.
    • The only planet has oceans of liquid water, plenty of oxygen in its atmosphere.
    • Third planet from the Sun.
    • Pretty planet with swirling white clouds, blue oceans and mostly brown continents.
    • Earth’s core mostly made up of nickel and iron.
  • 13. Earth
    • Average distance from the Sun: 150 million km (93 million miles)
    • Diameter: 12,756 km (7926 miles)
    • Mass: 6 x 10 24 kilograms
    • Time to orbit the Sun: 365 Earth days
    • Rotation time (a day): 23 hours 56 minutes 4 second
    • Number of Moon: One
  • 14.  
  • 15. Moon – our traveling companion
    • Has no atmosphere and no oceans of water.
    • Surface of Moon is pitted by numerous craters produced by series of impact about 4 billion years ago.
    • Surface was strewn with loose rocks, ranging in the size from pebbles to boulders as big as houses.
  • 16. Moon
    • Average distance from the Sun: 384,400 km (238,855 miles)
    • Diameter: 3475 km (2160 miles)
    • Mass: Almost 1/100 th of the mass of the Earth
    • Rotation time (a day): 27 Earth days, 7 hours and 45 minutes, with respect to the stars
  • 17. Mars – the red world
    • The red planet.
    • A small rocky planet.
    • Fourth planet from the Sun.
    • Has inspired numerous science fiction tales as a source of hostile alien beings and underground colonies.
    • Smaller and colder than the Earth.
    • Rock looks red because iron in its surface soil has combined with oxygen to make rust.
    • Has two tiny moon called Phobos and Deimos.
    • Temperatures as low as -140 (-220 )
  • 18. Mars
    • Average distance from the Sun: 228 million km (142 million miles)
    • Diameter: 6794 km (4221 miles )
    • Mass: 0.11 times the Earth’s mass
    • Time to orbit the Sun: 687 Earth days (or 1.88 years)
    • Rotation time (a day): 24 Earth hours and 43 minutes
    • Number of Moon: two
  • 19.  
  • 20. Jupiter – king of planet
    • The largest planet in the Solar system.
    • Fifth planet from the Sun.
    • Is a gas planet and does not have a solid surface like the Earth.
    • Atmosphere bristles with lightning and huge storm systems.
    • Top layers of Jupiter form swirling patterns of cloud, with bands of different color.
    • Temperatures change rapidly., from much hotter to much colder than any other places on Earth.
  • 21. Jupiter
    • Average distance from the Sun: 778 million km (483 million miles)
    • Diameter: 142,984 km (88,846 miles)
    • Mass: 317 times the Earth’s mass
    • Time to orbit the Sun: 11.9 Earth yaers
    • Rotation time (a day): 9 Earth hours and 51 minutes
    • Number of Moon: at least 28
  • 22.  
  • 23. Saturn – jewel of the Solar System
    • Sixth planet from the Sun.
    • Famous for its dazzling and complicated rings.
    • Saturn’s ring span about 270,000 km(168,000 miles) from edge to edge.
    • The rings are very thin, only a few tens of meters thick.
    • Saturn composed of hydrogen and helium.
    • No solid surface.
    • Has more moon than others planet.
  • 24. Saturn
    • Average distance from the Sun: 1430 million km (889 million miles)
    • Diameter: 120,536 km (74,898 miles)
    • Mass: 95 times the Earth’s mass
    • Time to orbit the Sun: 29.5 Earth years
    • Rotation time (a day): 10 Earth hours and 48 minutes
    • Number of Moon: at least 30
  • 25.  
  • 26. Uranus – rolling on its side
    • A giant gas planet.
    • Seventh planet from the Sun.
    • Has cloudy atmosphere made up of hydrogen and helium.
    • Spins on its axis in the opposite direction (known as retrograde) to most of the other planet.
    • The atmosphere has streaking bands and dark spot.
    • Circled by very thin rings which composed of centimeter-sized particles.
  • 27. Uranus
    • Average distance from the Sun: 2877 million km (1788 million miles)
    • Diameter: 51,118 km (31,763 miles)
    • Mass: 14.5 times the Earth’s mass
    • Time to orbit the Sun: 84 Earth years
    • Rotation time (a day): 17 Erath hours and 17 minutes
    • Number of Moon: at least 21
  • 28.  
  • 29. Neptune – blue world of the deep
    • The fourth and last giant gas planet.
    • Eighth planet from the Sun.
    • Atmosphere made up of hydrogen.
    • Streaks of white cloud, ranging in width from 50-200km (30-120 miles) cross the atmosphere.
  • 30. Neptune
    • Average distance from the Sun: 4498 million km (2795 million miles)
    • Diameter: 49,528 km (30,775 miles)
    • Mass: 16.7 times the Earth’s mass
    • Time to orbit the Sun: 165 Earth years
    • Rotation time (a day): 16 Earth hours and 5 minutes
    • Number of Moon: at least eight
  • 31.  
  • 32. Pluto – baby of the family
    • Smallest planet in Solar System.
    • Is icy and rocky, with frozen surface layers of methane.
    • Smaller than Earth’s Moon.
    • Temperature at the surface is about -220 (-365 )
    • Orbit around the Sun is highly elongated (or elliptical) and more tilted than other planet.
  • 33. Pluto
    • Average distance from the Sun: 5919 million km (3675 million miles)
    • Diameter: 2274 km (1413 miles)
    • Mass: 0.002 times the Earth’s mass
    • Time to orbit the Sun: 249 Earth years
    • Rotation time (a day): 6 Earth days and 9 hours
    • Number of Moon: One
  • 34.  
  • 35. Solar System Uranus Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Neptune Pluto Mercury
  • 36. Circumpolar Constellations
    • The constellations near the north celestial pole are visible all year long
    • Its phase and brightness affect the number of stars you see even on the most cloud-free, haze-free nights.
  • 37. Polaris
    • One special, moderately bright star stays fixed in the sky all the time, day and night, season after season, and year after year.
    • Polaris always defines the points of the compass.
  • 38. Draco
    • One of the largest circumpolar constellations, obscure to casual observers on account of its long, winding shape, is Draco , the dragon.
  • 39.  
  • 40. Perseus
    • Perseus is another circumpolar constellation with an elongated, rather complicated shape.
  • 41.  
  • 42. Constellations Of Spring
    • There are certain star groups that are Characteristic of the evening sky in spring in the northern hemisphere.
    • The season of spring is 3 month long.
  • 43. Virgo
    • The virgin, is fairly high in the southeastern sky.
    • It has an irregular shape, something like a letter Y with a hooked tail.
  • 44.  
  • 45. Cancer And Canis Minor
    • Cancer, the crab, stands high in the southwestern sky.
    • If you stand facing southwest and look up at an elevation about 70 degrees, you’ll see a group of stars that resembles an upside-down Y.
    • Next to cancer is Canis Minor , the little dog, which contains the prominent star Procyon.
  • 46.  
  • 47. Gemini
    • Gemini is moderately in the western sky.
    • This constellation has the general shape of a tail, thin, squared-off letter U.
    • At the top of the U are prominent castor and pollux.
  • 48.  
  • 49. Auriga
    • Just to right of Gemini is the constellation Auriga.
    • It has the shape of an irregular pentagon.
    • Auriga contains the bright star Capella.
  • 50.  
  • 51. Hercules
    • A complex of star, none of them bright, forming a trapezoid with limbs.
    • Representing a man of legendary strength and endurance.
  • 52.  
  • 53. Constellations Of Summer
    • Appear in the sky in the middle of July.
    • New star groups have risen at the east, and old ones have set in the west.
  • 54. Sagittarius
    • In the east-southeast sky, to the right and above Capricornus.
    • Outline resembles a teapot.
    • Lies in the direction of the densest part of the Milky Way.
  • 55.  
  • 56. Scorpius
    • Sits in the southen sky.
    • Resemblance to the animal or object it represents.
    • The eye of scorpion is the red giant star Antares, which the brightness.
  • 57.  
  • 58. Orhiuchus
    • In the southen sky, centered at the celestial equator.
    • Has a meaningless job.
  • 59.  
  • 60. Coma Berenices
    • About halfway between the horizon and the zenith in the west-northwest sky, you will see a fuzzy blob.
    • With binoculars, this resolves into a cluster of stars known as Coma Berenices ( the hair of Berenice ).
  • 61.  
  • 62. Constellations Of Autumn
    • An evening in the middle of October, a couple of hours of sunset.
    • The sky looked after by new custodians as the night grow longer.
  • 63. Pisces
    • High in the southeast you will see Pisces, the two fish.
    • Legend has it that Pisces were joined or tied together at their long tails ago, and to this day they are flailing about in that unfortunate condition.
  • 64.  
  • 65. Pegasus
    • Nearly at the zenith there is a square consisting of four medium- bright stars.
    • This is a body of Pegasus, the winged horse.
  • 66.  
  • 67. Andromeda
    • Toward the northeast, Andromeda, representing a princess, rides the horse alongside the Milky Way.
    • The Ethiopian princess who married Perseus.
  • 68.  
  • 69. Constellations Of Winter
    • They appear from the latitude of Lake Tahoe, Indianapolis, or Washington, D.C. a few hour after suppertime.
  • 70. Canis Major
    • The southern portion of winter evening sky is dominated by Canis Major, the big dog.
    • Canis Major is easy to spot because of brilliant white star, that appears in the south-southeast
    • This is the brightest star in the whole sky, and its name in fact means “scorching” because it is contained in Canis Major, Sirius is often called the dog star.
  • 71.  
  • 72. Orion
    • Somewhat above and to the right of Sirius you will see another winter landmark, Orion, the hunter.
    • Orion contains two bright stars of its own, Betelgeuse, a red giant, and Rigel, a blue-white star.
  • 73.  
  • 74. Taurus
    • A few degrees from the zenith in the southern sky on winter evenings, is Taurus, the Bull.
    • This constellation contains the bright star Aldebaran, which represents the eye of the bull.
  • 75.  
  • 76. Constellations Constellations Of Spring Circumpolar Constellations Constellations Of Summer Constellation of Winter Constellations of Autumn - Polaris, Ursa Minor, Ursa Major , Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Draco , Perseus -Libra, Virgo, Leo, Cancer And Canis Minor , Gemini, Auriga, Hercules, Corona Borealis , Bootes, Canes Venatici, Corvus, Crater, And Hydra - Capricornus, Sagittarius, Scorpius, The Summer Triangle, Ophiuchus And Serpens, Coma Berenices - Pisces And Aries, Cetus, Pegasus And Andromeda, Aquarius, Piscis Austrinus And Grus -Canis Major And Lepus, Orion, Taurus And The Pleiades, Eridanus

×