Distance education is a field of education that focuses on the pedagogy, technology and instructional system design that aim to deliver education to students who are not physically “on site” in a traditional classroom or campus.
A process to create and provide access to learning when the source of information and the learners are separated by time and distance.
The main advantage of distance education is the students rather than attending courses individually can communicate through internet with the teacher s at their own time and can exchange the material over the net.
(Wikipedia, 2010, para. 1)
The main factors for the success of distance education
delivery of Distance of education
Distance education models
The correspondence model includes very few group work activities or/and collaborative learning .
This model requires radio and television networks, therefore, it is necessary for institutions to employ many specialists in instructional design, media pedagogy, testing and institutional research.
Flexible Learning Model
The significant advantage of this model is that it is the most flexible model and students everywhere around the world would be able to access the system at the same time. This progress would be done through voice command, voice recognition, pointing and hand gestures to control programming, and artificial intelligence to enable computers to better interpret human commands and requirements . (M/Cyclopedia, 2005, para. 1-4)
Advantages & disadvantages of distance education
Distance education advantages 1- It is require no moving therefore saving time and money. 2-You complete most of the classes in your own pace without pressure. 3-Contribute to raising the cultural level, scientific and social standing of the members of the community. 4-You can live anywhere in the world and study anywhere in the world. 5-Taking computer and internet skills will gain you extra information and knowledge while you are learning. 6-Flexibility for the students with irregular work schedules. 7-Study materials at own speed, without having to wait for the rest of your classmates or being overwhelmed in fast paced classroom. 8-Web-based resources such as online textbooks, case studies, syllabi, study guides, workbooks, reading resources and more.
Disadvantages of distance education 1-Sometimes the technology is costly and complex. 2-Oftentimes the instructors and the students need to make schedule for the time to get everything done. 3-Distance education dose not offer an immediate feedback contrary to what is happening in the traditional classroom, the student has to wait to get the feedback. 4-“Does not give the students the opportunity to work on oral communication skills”. 5- Students often times miss the social interaction that accompanies the traditional classroom on campus. 6-It does not offer all the coursework resources online for each degree programs. Finally, distance education is a great technology but unfortunately there are still many distance education disadvantages that developers and educators are trying to solve and overcome through use of technology.
references M/Cyclopedia (2005). M/cyclopedia the new of media, distance education –models. Retrieved from http://wiki.media-culture.org.au/index.php/Distance_Education_-_Models Wetzel, R. D. (2008). Suite 101.com. Advantages of Distance Education for Adults. Retrieved from http://www.suite101.com/content/advantages-of-distance-education-for-adults-a6160 Wikipedia (2010). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, distance education. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distance_education