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Chapter 4
 

Chapter 4

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Chapter 4 Chapter 4 Presentation Transcript

    • Musculoskeletal System
    • Chapter # 4
    • By; Precious Blanton
    • Introduction
    • Anatomy - is the scientific term for the study of the human body.
    • Physiology – is the term for the study of how the body function.
    • They both are closely related as form and function, are intertained .
          • Gives the body shape
          • Protects internal organs
          • Provides for movement
          • Consists of more than 600 muscles
    • Three Types of Muscles
    • The three types of muscles tissues are:
    • Smooth
    • Skeletal
    • Cardiac
    • Smooth muscle
    • Smooth ( or Visceral ) muscle.
    • Form the muscle layers in the walls of the digestive tract, various ducts, bladder, arteries and veins, and other internal organs.
    • Smooth muscle cells are elongated and thin, have only one nucleus, and form sheets rather than bundles of muscles.
    • Skeletal (voluntary) muscle
    • Skeletal muscle, is the most abundant tissue in the human body, it produce movement.
    • Cardiac muscle
      • Cardiac ( or heart) muscle, a cross between the smooth and striated muscles, makes up the heart tissue.
    • Closed fracture
      • does not break the skin
    • Open fracture
      • External wound
    • Nondisplaced fracture
      • Simple crack
    • Displaced fracture
      • deformity
    • Signs & symptoms
      • Pain
      • Edema
      • Possible deformity
      • Contusion
      • Loss of motion
      • false motion
      • Crepitus
      • Guarding
    • Treatment - immobilize, ice, elevate if possible .
    • Signs & symptoms
      • Pain
      • Deformity
      • Break in skin and/or exposed bone
    • Treatment - dressing , immobilize, ice, & elevate if possible
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