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Tobacco Project

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Transcript

  • 1. The Tobacco Industry Presented by Lacey Admore
  • 2. History
    • Columbus, upon arriving in the Americas, was given tobacco leaves as a gift from the natives. Uncertain of the nature of the plant, he threw it away.
    • 1530: Tobacco makes its debut in Spain and is rolled into what will later be known as a cigar.
    • Tobacco became popular in England in 1586 after several expeditions to the Americas.
    • Around 1612, John Rolfe is the first settler of America to market tobacco in England.
    • 1727: "Tobacco notes" become Legal Tender in Virginia. The notes are more convenient than the leaf itself, which had been used as money for the past 100 years.
  • 3. History (Cont’d.)
    • In 1826,England is importing 26 pounds of cigars a year. The cigar becomes so popular that within four years, England will be importing 250,000 pounds of cigars a year.
    • 1828: In Spain, the cigarette becomes popular as a new way of smoking.
    • In 1860, the Census for Virginia and North Carolina list 348 tobacco factories, virtually all producing chewing tobacco. Only 6 list smoking tobacco as a side-product
    • 1871: The federal income tax, instituted in 1862, is repealed, replaced by liquor and tobacco taxes to finance the federal budget.
    • Pall Mall brand is introduced in 1899 by Butler & Butler Tobacco Co. in New York.
  • 4.
    • 1901: CONSUMPTION: 3.5 billion cigarettes and 6 billion cigars are sold. Four in five American men smoke at least one cigar a day.
    • 1902: In an end to the war, Imperial Tobacco (UK) and Buck Duke's American Tobacco Co. (USA) agree to stay in their own countries, and unite to form a joint venture, the British American Tobacco Company (BAT) to sell both companies' brands abroad.
    • RJ Reynolds introduces Camels in 1913, claiming that they contain what he called the “American blend” of tobacco. They become the most popular cigarettes in America.
    • 1930:Federal tax revenues from tobacco products are over $500 million, 80% from cigarettes.
  • 5. Marlboro’s Campaign: Marlboro Man
    • 1902: Philip Morris sets up a corporation on Broad St. in New York to sell its British brands, including one named "Marlboro, " named after "Great Marlborough Street," site of Philip Morris' original factory in London.
    • In 1924, Philip Morris introduces Marlboro, a women's cigarette that is "Mild as May“ in America.
    • Marlboro man died of lung cancer in 1992 at the age of 51. He attributed it to 30 years of smoking.
    • 1954: Marlboro Cowboy created for Philip Morris by Chicago ad agency Leo Burnett.
  • 6. Camel’s campaign: Joe Camel
    • 1921: R.J. Reynolds Co. spends $8 million in advertising, mostly on Camel and introduces the "I'd Walk a Mile for a Camel" slogan.
  • 7. Newport’s Campaign: Menthol
    • Newport cigarettes targeted the African American crowd with the first ever menthol brand of cigarettes.
    • Menthol is an organic compound commonly found in mint plants.
    • Menthol triggers the cold receptors on skin, producing a cooling effect when inhaled or when it comes into contact with skin.
  • 8. Pall Mall “Mild” Campign
    • When I interviewed Melinda McGreevy, she told me that she perfers Pall Mall because “they last longer. They have a fuller flavor and are much smoother in texture.”
  • 9. Some Statistics
    • Approximately $36 million is spent on cigarette ads every day.
    • In 2002, U.S. consumers spent about $88.2 billion on tobacco products.
    • Nearly 64 million pounds of moist snuff were sold in 2001.
  • 10. Tax Information
    • In September of 2006, a man in Minnesota says he quit smoking Marlboro lights and in six months saved about $400.
    • In 2005, tobacco taxes contributed $13 billion to state budgets.
    • In April of this year, federal cigarette tax rose from 39 cents a pack to $1.01 a per pack
  • 11. More Tax Info
    • There is currently a $2.75 cigarette excise tax in New York
    • Excise tax is a type of tax charged on goods produced within the country.