Leptospirosisalso known as Weils syndrome, canicola fever, canefield fever, nanukayami fever, 7-day fever, Rat Catchers Yellows, Fort Bragg fever, black jaundice, and Pretibial fever is caused by infection with bacteria of the genus Leptospira and affects humans as well as other animals.
• Leptospirosis is caused by leptospira bacteria found in both wild and domestic animals, including rats, dogs, cattle, pigs, horses and insectivores (carnivorous mammals that survive by eating small insects).
• Rats shed large amounts of leptospires in their urine, and human transmission occurs through contact of the skin and mucous membranes with urine-contaminated water, damp soil, vegetation or mud. It takes about 10 days before manifestations appear, though in some cases it can take as little as two days or as many as 30 after exposure.
The common signs and symptoms of early-stage leptospirosis include :• high fever• severe headache• muscle pain• Chills• redness in the eyes• abdominal pain• Jaundice• hemorrhages in skin and mucous membranes• Vomiting• diarrhea• rashes.
• When patients are not managed, the kidneys, lungs and intestinal tract can be affected, causing decreased urination, coughing out of blood, breathlessness and intestinal haemorrhage.
Treatment & Prevention• Antibiotic Therapy and Supportive Therapy• Clean Surroundings• Good Personal Hygiene• Healthy Lifestyle