The Land Of Cotton
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  • 1. THE LAND OF COTTON
    9/22/10
  • 2. THE SOUTHERN ECONOMY
    MAIN IDEA:
    THE COTTON GIN MADE COTTON THE MOST IMPORTANT CASH CROP IN THE SOUTH AND DEEPENED THE REGION’S DEPENDENCY ON ENSLAVED LABOR.
  • 3. THE SOUTHERN ECONOMY
    NO CROP PLAYED A GREATER ROLE IN THE SOUTH’S FORTUNES THAN COTTON
    THE COTTON GIN (SHORT FOR ENGINE)
    MACHINE DESIGNED TO MAKE PICKING SEEDS OUT OF COTTON EASIER
  • 4. COTTON BECOMES KING
    COTTON PRODUCTION MADE SOUTHERNERS RICH, AND STRENGTHENED THE INSTITUTION OF SLAVERY.
    CONGRESS OUTLAWED THE FOREIGN SLAVE TRADE IN 1808, BUT THE BIRTHS OF SLAVE CHILDREN MADE POPULATION GROW.
    INDUSTRY LAGS
    THE SOUTH DID NOT INDUSTRIALIZE AS MUCH AS THE NORTH, IT REMAINED A REGION OF RURAL VILLAGES AND PLANTATIONS.
  • 5. SOCIETY IN THE SOUTH
    MAIN IDEA:
    IN CONTRAST TO THE NORTH, THE SOUTH HAD A RIGID SOCIAL CLASS SYSTEM.
  • 6. SOCIETY IN THE SOUTH
    THE ECONOMY OF THE SOUTH RESULTED IN A RIGID AND CLEARLY DEFINED CLASS STRUCTURE
    THE PLANTER ELITE
    PLANTATION OWNERS
    PEOPLE WHO OWNED 20 OR MORE SLAVES
    YEOMAN FARMERS
    ORDINARY FARMERS
    HELD FOUR OR FEWER SLAVES
    WHITE RURAL POOR
    SLAVES
    ALSO, A SMALL CLASS OF URBAN PROFESSIONALS WHO INVESTED IN SOUTHERN PLANTATIONS.
  • 7. SLAVERY
    MAIN IDEA:
    ENSLAVED AFRICAN AMERICANS HAD NO LEGAL RIGHTS, RESISTANCE AND REBELLION WERE 2 WAYS OF COPING WITH ENSLAVEMENT.
  • 8. SLAVERY
    ENSLAVED PEOPLE HAD FEW LEGAL RIGHTS.
    SLAVE CODES
    COULD NOT OWN PROPERTY
    COULD NOT LEAVE PLANTATION WITHOUT PERMISSION
    COULD NOT BRING A LAWSUIT OR SIGN CONTRACTS
    COULD NOT OWN FIREARMS
    COULD NOT TESTIFY AGAINST WHITES IN COURT
    COULD NOT READ OR WRITE
    SLAVES WERE TREATED AS PROPERTY
  • 9. PLANTATION LIFE
    2 BASIC LABOR SYSTEMS
    TASK SYSTEM
    FARMS WITH FEW SLAVES
    AFTER WORK, THEY WERE ALLOWED TO SPEND THE REST OF THE DAY AS THEY CHOOSE
    GANG SYSTEM OF LABOR
    LARGE PLANTATIONS
    SLAVES ORGANIZED INTO WORK GANGS THAT WORKED FROM SUN UP TO SUN DOWN
    LED BY A “DRIVER” OR DIRECTOR OF THE WORK GANG
  • 10. PLANTATION LIFE
    FREDERICK DOUGLASS
    ROSE FROM SLAVERY TO BECOME A PROMINENT LEADER OF THE ANTI-SLAVE MOVEMENT
    “MY NATURAL ELASTICITY WAS CRUSHED; MY INTELLECT LANGUISHED; THE DISPOSITION TO READ DEPARTED; THE CHEERFUL SPARK THAT LINGERED ABOUT MY EYE DIED; THE DARK NIGHT OF SLAVERY DESCENDED UPON ME, AND BEHOLD A MAN TRANSFORMED TO A BRUTE”
  • 11. ENSLAVED WOMEN AND CHIDLREN
    WOMEN SERVED AS MAIDS, NANNIES OR COOKS
    OLDER WOMEN CARED FOR THE BABIES OF OTHER ENSLAVED WOMEN
    CHILDREN
    OFTEN PLAYED WITH PLANTATION OWNERS CHILDREN UNTIL THEY WERE OLD ENOUGH TO WORK
  • 12. FREE AFRICAN AMERICANS
    BY 1850, 225,000 FREE AFRICAN AMERICANS LIVED IN THE SOUTH
    SOME WERE DESCENDANTS OF INDENTURED SERVANTS
    SOME EARNED FREEDOM IN REVOLUTIONARY WAR
    SOME WHERE HALF WHITE CHILDREN OF SLAVE OWNERS
    SOME HAD BEEN FREED BY THEIR OWNERS
  • 13. FREE AFRICAN AMERICANS
    SOME BECAME SLAVEHOLDERS
    CECEE MCCARTY (OWNED 32 SLAVES)
    FREE AFRICAN AMERICANS COULD ORGANIZE THEIR OWN CHURCHES, VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS, AND PUBLISH NEWSPAPERS.
    JAMES FORTEN
    STARTED AS AN EXPLOSIVE HANDLER ON SHIPS
    EVENTUALLY OWNED A SAIL FACTORY AND HAD 40 WORKERS
  • 14. COPING WITH ENSLAVEMENT
    AFRICAN AMERICAN CULTURE
    SONGS USED TO GET THROUGH WORKDAYS
    SONGS ALSO PLAYED A KEY ROLE IN RELIGION
    RELIGIOUS SERVICES CENTERED AROUND THEIR DREAMS OF FREEDOM OR A BETTER LIFE IN THE NEXT WORLD.
  • 15. RESISTANCE AND REBELLION
    MANY SLAVES FOUND WAYS TO OPPOSE SLAVERY
    WORK SLOWDOES, BROKE TOOLS, SET FIRES
    GABRIEL PROSSER (1800)
    PLANNED TO CAPTURE RICHMOND, KILL WHITES AND ESTABLISH AN AFRICAN AMERICAN NATION
    WAS EXPOSED AND LATER HUNG
  • 16. RESISTANCE & REBELLION
    DENMARK VESEY (1822)
    WOODWORKER IN CHARLESTON
    ACCUSED OF PLANNING AN ARMED REVOLT OF SLAVES
    NAT TURNER (1831)
    BELIEVED THAT GOD CHOSE HIM TO FREE PPL
    KILLED 50 WHITE PPL