Infinite            ZoundsIZ 121    a selection of questions from 2010 and 2011                 J. RamanandSet I: India, S...
IntroductionInfinite Zounds started in October 2010 as a-question-a-day blog aboutcurrent affairs. Sheesh. “Current Affair...
How to read this bookThis ebook has 11 questions from three themes each. Each questionappears first, and its answer appear...
CopyrightInfinite Zounds : IZ 121 by J Ramanand is licensed under a CreativeCommons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3...
India
Its logo was designed by Atul Pande and consists of the Sun and a fingerprint.The opening lines of its theme song are:    ...
Its logo was designed by Atul Pande and consists of the Sun and a fingerprint.The opening lines of its theme song are:    ...
For special trains, 0.For Kolkata locals, 3.Secunderabad is 4.9 for Mumbai suburban locals, 91 is for all mail and express...
For special trains, 0.                For Kolkata locals, 3.                Secunderabad is 4.                9 for Mumbai...
The New York Times has launched a new India-centric blog. Its name is one that has been invokedbefore in relation to India...
The New York Times has launched a new India-centric blog. Its name is one that has been invokedbefore in relation to India...
This place in Delhi used to be a large pond in the old walled city area. Some timeduring the 1930s, the pond was filled up...
This place in Delhi used to be a large pond in the old walled city area. Some timeduring the 1930s, the pond was filled up...
While on the Lokpal, the first time such a Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabhawas in 1968. In fact, the bill was even pas...
While on the Lokpal, the first time such a Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabhawas in 1968. In fact, the bill was even pas...
Four versions of the "Vivek Express" have been launched by Indian Railways in2011, in various parts of the country. These ...
Four versions of the "Vivek Express" have been launched by Indian Railways in2011, in various parts of the country. These ...
On 18th February 2011, airports around India were decorated and lit up, to markhundred years of civil/commercial aviation ...
On 18th February 2011, airports around India were decorated and lit up, to mark  hundred years of civil/commercial aviatio...
The subject of speculation for many years, this phenomenon was the core of aquestion by the Kerala High Court in mid-Janua...
The subject of speculation for many years, this phenomenon was the core of aquestion by the Kerala High Court in mid-Janua...
This place in UP is famed for its hand-made carpets and in 2010, receivedgeographical indicator status for the same. It ev...
This place in UP is famed for its hand-made carpets and in 2010, receivedgeographical indicator status for the same. It ev...
A poser about a poser. This resident of Punewas honoured with a bunch of eightcommemorative stamps by Chinese postalauthor...
A poser about a poser. This resident of Punewas honoured with a bunch of eightcommemorative stamps by Chinese postalauthor...
The chosen name seemed incongruous to many,especially in connection with such a modern sport.Some say the name comes from ...
The chosen name seemed incongruous to many,especially in connection with such a modern sport.Some say the name comes from ...
Sports
After this unusual moment happened at the 2010 US Open, one of the on-aircommentators said (paraphrased):       "it is rem...
After this unusual moment happened at the 2010 US Open, one of the on-aircommentators said (paraphrased):       "it is rem...
Mike Horn won a Laureus award for "World Alternative Sportsperson of theYear" in 2001 and was elected to the Laureus World...
Mike Horn won a Laureus award for "World Alternative Sportsperson of theYear" in 2001 and was elected to the Laureus World...
SPORTS
SPORTSThese peopledelivered BradmanOrations in theseyears.
This competition, named after the number of national teams that participate init, is held annually and began in 1996. In a...
This competition, named after the number of national teams that participate init, is held annually and began in 1996. In a...
Billed as the equivalent of Twenty-20 cricket in its sport, this new format for thisgame is designed to encourage faster p...
Billed as the equivalent of Twenty-20 cricket in its sport, this new format for thisgame is designed to encourage faster p...
This is Patrick Makau of Kenya in a race held inBerlin in 2011. What astonishing feat has he justcompleted here? (incident...
This is Patrick Makau of Kenya in a race held inBerlin in 2011. What astonishing feat has he justcompleted here? (incident...
Following a local referendum in the province of Catalonia in Spain, a famednational practice has come to end in that state...
Following a local referendum in the province of Catalonia in Spain, a famednational practice has come to end in that state...
This athletics rule has changed over the years. Earlier, the most number oftimes every participant could do something was ...
This athletics rule has changed over the years. Earlier, the most number oftimes every participant could do something was ...
This is from a match in 2011 Copa America. You see thereferee holding a recent innovation that has been used inSouth Ameri...
This is from a match in 2011 Copa America. You see thereferee holding a recent innovation that has been used inSouth Ameri...
SPORTS
SPORTSBobby Fischer, the legendaryAmerican chess champion
The Royal Mint of the United Kingdom has issuedthis commemorative coin as part of a set issued forthe upcoming 2012 London...
The Royal Mint of the United Kingdom has issuedthis commemorative coin as part of a set issued forthe upcoming 2012 London...
Science &Technology
Excerpts from whose career?   ●   Wrote the open source port scanning program Strobe   ●   Co-invented the rubberhose deni...
Excerpts from whose career?   ●   Wrote the open source port scanning program Strobe   ●   Co-invented the rubberhose deni...
The last time this happened was on Dec 31, 2009, 23:59:59 UTC. The nexttime this will happen is on June 30th, 2012, 23:59:...
The last time this happened was on Dec 31, 2009, 23:59:59 UTC. The nexttime this will happen is on June 30th, 2012, 23:59:...
Wikipedia has been running a series of ads as part of their fund-raisingcampaign. These feature various people, usually as...
Wikipedia has been running a series of ads as part of their fund-raisingcampaign. These feature various people, usually as...
The Nobel Prize of Medicine for 2011 was awarded to Bruce Beutler (USA),Ralph Steinman (Canada), and Jules Hoffmann (Franc...
The Nobel Prize of Medicine for 2011 was awarded to Bruce Beutler (USA),Ralph Steinman (Canada), and Jules Hoffmann (Franc...
Microsoft has evolved a new "design language" (a set of principles for signs,typography, and interfaces), and applied it t...
Microsoft has evolved a new "design language" (a set of principles for signs,typography, and interfaces), and applied it t...
In 2011, the German city of Darmstadt, the scientist Wilhelm Roentgen, andthe astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus were three (o...
In 2011, the German city of Darmstadt, the scientist Wilhelm Roentgen, andthe astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus were three (o...
This graphic novel, issued in 2011, is written by JimOttaviani and illustrated by Leland Myrick. Thesubject is a non-ficti...
This graphic novel, issued in 2011, is written by JimOttaviani and illustrated by Leland Myrick. Thesubject is a non-ficti...
Ubuntu, the freely available open source OS, gives its versions an alliterativename, involving an animal. For instance, v4...
Ubuntu, the freely available open source OS, gives its versions an alliterativename, involving an animal. For instance, v4...
Copenhagen Suborbitals is a Denmark-based organisation attempting to bethe first amateur group to achieve manned spaceflig...
Copenhagen Suborbitals is a Denmark-based organisation attempting to be the first amateur group to achieve manned spacefli...
This biographical science book begins with the story of Carla Reed, who isthirty years old and works as a teacher in Massa...
This biographical science book begins with the story of Carla Reed, who isthirty years old and works as a teacher in Massa...
Described as follows, this logo was announced in 2011 forwhat?   "It stands strong and true, resilient and universal as th...
Described as follows, this logo was announced in 2011 forwhat?   "It stands strong and true, resilient and universal as th...
Other setsThis ebook had questions from India, Sports, and Science & Technology.The other three sets are:Set II: Books, En...
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InfiniteZounds IZ 121: Set I (India, Sports, SciTech)

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Part I of "IZ 121": a selection of questions from the Infinite Zounds blog.

InfiniteZounds IZ 121: Set I (India, Sports, SciTech)

  1. 1. Infinite ZoundsIZ 121 a selection of questions from 2010 and 2011 J. RamanandSet I: India, Sports, Science & Technology
  2. 2. IntroductionInfinite Zounds started in October 2010 as a-question-a-day blog aboutcurrent affairs. Sheesh. “Current Affairs” is perhaps the least excitingphrase to describe an interest in the relentlessly remarkable world that welive in. But call it what you will, IZ is a tiny lens to peer through at it. Thinkof it as a daily dosage of arbit. Or an easy single to the cover region. Allright, enough with the meta-fours.IZ was designed to provide the easiest quizzing experience possible, withvery little separating you from the question and its answer. In that veinand to mark 500+ days of IZ, heres “IZ 121”, a selection of 121 questionsacross 11 thematic groups. This is for quizzers, for the generally curious,and for the specifically furious.Thanks are due to all IZ readers and supporters, particularly those whosuccessfully overcame their natural inertia to point out errors and makesuggestions.Heres some more “IZ” in your Quiz.~Ramanand
  3. 3. How to read this bookThis ebook has 11 questions from three themes each. Each questionappears first, and its answer appears on the next slide. Before peeking at it,a moment to pause and ponder over the question is recommended.There are 3 other such sets – I hope you will find it worth getting them aswell.Ramanandinfinitezounds@gmail.com
  4. 4. CopyrightInfinite Zounds : IZ 121 by J Ramanand is licensed under a CreativeCommons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.Authors NoteIn essence, this license allows you to reuse the contents of this book only innon-commercial settings, expects you to provide credits to me if you use orderive from these questions, and allows you to redistribute your derivationsunder the same terms.So if you want to use these questions, go ahead. The only request is that youprovide adequate credit to this author wherever and whenever you usethese questions in the form you found them here.Dhanyavaad.
  5. 5. India
  6. 6. Its logo was designed by Atul Pande and consists of the Sun and a fingerprint.The opening lines of its theme song are: Bhor hui jeevan mein Shuru nai udaan Mili hume pehchaan Khule naye ab dwaarWhat? INDIA
  7. 7. Its logo was designed by Atul Pande and consists of the Sun and a fingerprint.The opening lines of its theme song are: Bhor hui jeevan mein Shuru nai udaan Mili hume pehchaan Khule naye ab dwaarWhat? INDIAThe "Aadhar" a.k.a UID project.
  8. 8. For special trains, 0.For Kolkata locals, 3.Secunderabad is 4.9 for Mumbai suburban locals, 91 is for all mail and express trains.What is all this about? INDIA
  9. 9. For special trains, 0. For Kolkata locals, 3. Secunderabad is 4. 9 for Mumbai suburban locals, 9 1 is for all mail and express trains. What is all this about? INDIAIn December 2010, Indian Railways added anew prefix digit for different types of trains.
  10. 10. The New York Times has launched a new India-centric blog. Its name is one that has been invokedbefore in relation to India and writing, and comesfrom a product once deeply associated with thecountry (though there have been claims that theproduct was first made in China). Image: New York TimesMade from soot, what is the name of this product, andthus the blog? (also enabling the logo designers to usea blotchy effect for the North, thus avoiding politico-cartographic problems) INDIA
  11. 11. The New York Times has launched a new India-centric blog. Its name is one that has been invokedbefore in relation to India and writing, and comesfrom a product once deeply associated with thecountry (though there have been claims that theproduct was first made in China). Image: New York TimesMade from soot, what is the name of this product, andthus the blog? (also enabling the logo designers to usea blotchy effect for the North, thus avoiding politico-cartographic problems) INDIA"India Ink"
  12. 12. This place in Delhi used to be a large pond in the old walled city area. Some timeduring the 1930s, the pond was filled up so that an annual religious & culturalevent could be held in that place (from which it gets its name).Over the decades, the place has also been used for political reasons. TheMunicipal Corporation of Delhi isnt very happy about all this and wants to turn itinto a green area where people can relax, instead of being agitated.Which place, which was in the news for much of 2011, is this? INDIA
  13. 13. This place in Delhi used to be a large pond in the old walled city area. Some timeduring the 1930s, the pond was filled up so that an annual religious & culturalevent could be held in that place (from which it gets its name).Over the decades, the place has also been used for political reasons. TheMunicipal Corporation of Delhi isnt very happy about all this and wants to turn itinto a green area where people can relax, instead of being agitated.Which place, which was in the news for much of 2011, is this? INDIAThe Ramlila Maidan, which in recent timewas the focus of the Lok Pal protests.
  14. 14. While on the Lokpal, the first time such a Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabhawas in 1968. In fact, the bill was even passed by the Lok Sabha the next year. Butthe bill wasnt taken forward as the lower house ended its term in 1970.The word "Lokpal" (for the concept of ombudsman) was coined, according toArun Jaitley, during a debate on April 3rd, 1963, by an independent MP (who,much later, joined the BJP, and also had a distinguished ambassadorial record).The MPs son is now in the Congress, and as history would have it, is playing a keyrole in the current Lokpal formulation.Who are this father and son? INDIA
  15. 15. While on the Lokpal, the first time such a Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabhawas in 1968. In fact, the bill was even passed by the Lok Sabha the next year. Butthe bill wasnt taken forward as the lower house ended its term in 1970.The word "Lokpal" (for the concept of ombudsman) was coined, according toArun Jaitley, during a debate on April 3rd, 1963, by an independent MP (who,much later, joined the BJP, and also had a distinguished ambassadorial record).The MPs son is now in the Congress, and as history would have it, is playing a keyrole in the current Lokpal formulation.Who are this father and son? INDIAThe father is L.M.Singhvi, the son Abhishek Manu Singhvi(who headed the Standing Committee for the Lok Pal.)
  16. 16. Four versions of the "Vivek Express" have been launched by Indian Railways in2011, in various parts of the country. These commemmorate the 150th birthanniversary of Swami Vivekananda. Among these is train no. 15906, which is nowIndias longest running train.This train will traverse 4,286 km in about eighty-plus hours. Like the previousholder of this record (the Himsagar Express), one of the trains termini isKanyakumari.What is the other end-point? INDIA
  17. 17. Four versions of the "Vivek Express" have been launched by Indian Railways in2011, in various parts of the country. These commemmorate the 150th birthanniversary of Swami Vivekananda. Among these is train no. 15906, which is nowIndias longest running train.This train will traverse 4,286 km in about eighty-plus hours. Like the previousholder of this record (the Himsagar Express), one of the trains termini isKanyakumari.What is the other end-point? INDIADibrugarh in Assam
  18. 18. On 18th February 2011, airports around India were decorated and lit up, to markhundred years of civil/commercial aviation in India, which began with a flight in1911.What exactly was the purpose of this flight, to Naini from Allahabad? INDIA
  19. 19. On 18th February 2011, airports around India were decorated and lit up, to mark hundred years of civil/commercial aviation in India, which began with a flight in 1911. What exactly was the purpose of this flight, to Naini from Allahabad? INDIAIn this flight, Henri Piquet carried packages of post; this isalso considered to be the first ever airmail flight in the world.
  20. 20. The subject of speculation for many years, this phenomenon was the core of aquestion by the Kerala High Court in mid-January 2011. The answer was that thiswas indeed man-made, and was following a tradition begun in the past by tribalsin the area.However, the people involved also invoked the brightness of Sirius on the day.What? INDIA
  21. 21. The subject of speculation for many years, this phenomenon was the core of aquestion by the Kerala High Court in mid-January 2011. The answer was that thiswas indeed man-made, and was following a tradition begun in the past by tribalsin the area.However, the people involved also invoked the brightness of Sirius on the day.What? INDIAThe Makarajyothi phenomenon. Each year, a bright light is observed onMakaravillaku day on a hill near Sabarimalai, and is the highlight of theAyyapa pilgrimage season. Popular belief has it that this is a mysteriousphenomenon, but after a stampede on that day in January 2011, the HCasked for details on this. The priests involved conceded that the actuallight on the hill is a man-made fire, but claim that the jyothi alludes toSirius which is brightest that day.
  22. 22. This place in UP is famed for its hand-made carpets and in 2010, receivedgeographical indicator status for the same. It even houses the IndianInstitute of Carpet Technology.Which place? INDIA
  23. 23. This place in UP is famed for its hand-made carpets and in 2010, receivedgeographical indicator status for the same. It even houses the IndianInstitute of Carpet Technology.Which place? INDIABhadohi
  24. 24. A poser about a poser. This resident of Punewas honoured with a bunch of eightcommemorative stamps by Chinese postalauthorities during a 2011 visit to promote anddiscuss the discipline he is famous for.Who?Image: A.M.Mohanans blog INDIA
  25. 25. A poser about a poser. This resident of Punewas honoured with a bunch of eightcommemorative stamps by Chinese postalauthorities during a 2011 visit to promote anddiscuss the discipline he is famous for.Who?Image: A.M.Mohanans blog INDIAThe yoga guru B.K.S. Iyengar
  26. 26. The chosen name seemed incongruous to many,especially in connection with such a modern sport.Some say the name comes from the district in which thisis located. Some say it was chosen to keep the thenadministration happy.Its logo represents the initial "B" in the name and theIndian connection.What? INDIA
  27. 27. The chosen name seemed incongruous to many,especially in connection with such a modern sport.Some say the name comes from the district in which thisis located. Some say it was chosen to keep the thenadministration happy.Its logo represents the initial "B" in the name and theIndian connection.What? INDIAThe Buddh International Circuit which hostedIndias first ever F-1 Grand Prix. It is located in UPin the Gautam Buddh Nagar district.
  28. 28. Sports
  29. 29. After this unusual moment happened at the 2010 US Open, one of the on-aircommentators said (paraphrased): "it is remarkable how hard that was hit. I suppose if you have twins, you dont have to worry about these things anymore".What was he talking about? SPORTS
  30. 30. After this unusual moment happened at the 2010 US Open, one of the on-aircommentators said (paraphrased): "it is remarkable how hard that was hit. I suppose if you have twins, you dont have to worry about these things anymore".What was he talking about? SPORTSRoger Federers astonishing between-the-legs (“tweener”) winnerversus Brian Dabul in his 1st round US Open 2010 match. This was the2nd consecutive US Open he managed that, not to mention othertournaments.
  31. 31. Mike Horn won a Laureus award for "World Alternative Sportsperson of theYear" in 2001 and was elected to the Laureus World Academy in 2007. He hasquite a few extreme records to his credit, such as being the first person to goaround the Arctic Circle without motorized transport or dogs. Currently, his mainproject is termed the "Pangaea Expedition" aimed at promoting knowledge of theworld through exploration and about environmental issues.What has he got to do with the Cricket World Cup of 2011? SPORTS
  32. 32. Mike Horn won a Laureus award for "World Alternative Sportsperson of theYear" in 2001 and was elected to the Laureus World Academy in 2007. He hasquite a few extreme records to his credit, such as being the first person to goaround the Arctic Circle without motorized transport or dogs. Currently, his mainproject is termed the "Pangaea Expedition" aimed at promoting knowledge of theworld through exploration and about environmental issues.What has he got to do with the Cricket World Cup of 2011? SPORTSIn addition to all this, Mike Horn is also a well-known motivationalspeaker, and addressed the Indian cricket team before the Cup beganand also before their semi-final. He also accompanied the team for thenext couple of days, and was named by Sachin Tendulkar as being asignificant motivational influence for the team.
  33. 33. SPORTS
  34. 34. SPORTSThese peopledelivered BradmanOrations in theseyears.
  35. 35. This competition, named after the number of national teams that participate init, is held annually and began in 1996. In all likelihood, the competition will beexpanded in 2012, with the addition of one more country (so, yes, the name of thecompetition will also change). This will also add a new continent to the twocontinents already represented.What sporting competition, and who is the latest addition? SPORTS
  36. 36. This competition, named after the number of national teams that participate init, is held annually and began in 1996. In all likelihood, the competition will beexpanded in 2012, with the addition of one more country (so, yes, the name of thecompetition will also change). This will also add a new continent to the twocontinents already represented.What sporting competition, and who is the latest addition? SPORTSThe Tri Nations Cup, a Rugby Union event involving the SouthernHemisphere countries of Australia, South Africa, and New Zealand. Thelatest addition will be Argentina.
  37. 37. Billed as the equivalent of Twenty-20 cricket in its sport, this new format for thisgame is designed to encourage faster play and more goals.The number of players per team are reduced by 2 (thus giving this form its name),the match is just 15 minutes per half, and there is a "face-off" instead of a penaltyshot where the striker approaches the goal (instead of taking a single shot at it)and has to beat the keeper within 8 seconds. The goal is also much wider.Which new sporting format, designed by Ric Charlesworth, is this? SPORTS
  38. 38. Billed as the equivalent of Twenty-20 cricket in its sport, this new format for thisgame is designed to encourage faster play and more goals.The number of players per team are reduced by 2 (thus giving this form its name),the match is just 15 minutes per half, and there is a "face-off" instead of a penaltyshot where the striker approaches the goal (instead of taking a single shot at it)and has to beat the keeper within 8 seconds. The goal is also much wider.Which new sporting format, designed by Ric Charlesworth, is this? SPORTS“Hockey 9”
  39. 39. This is Patrick Makau of Kenya in a race held inBerlin in 2011. What astonishing feat has he justcompleted here? (incidentally, the last four previousversions of the same feat have also been performedat Berlin)Image: Wikipedia SPORTS
  40. 40. This is Patrick Makau of Kenya in a race held inBerlin in 2011. What astonishing feat has he justcompleted here? (incidentally, the last four previousversions of the same feat have also been performedat Berlin)Image: Wikipedia SPORTSHe broke the mens marathon record, improving Haile Gebrselassiesmark by 21 seconds. This was at the Berlin Marathon.
  41. 41. Following a local referendum in the province of Catalonia in Spain, a famednational practice has come to end in that state. The last of its kind was held inBarcelona; Jose Tomas was the key ringleader.This does not affect the practice in the rest of the country.What practice? SPORTS
  42. 42. Following a local referendum in the province of Catalonia in Spain, a famednational practice has come to end in that state. The last of its kind was held inBarcelona; Jose Tomas was the key ringleader.This does not affect the practice in the rest of the country.What practice? SPORTSBull-fighting.
  43. 43. This athletics rule has changed over the years. Earlier, the most number oftimes every participant could do something was two. The rule was thenmodified, apparently because TV broadcasters complained about the potentialdelays. So in 2001, the rule changed to a system where the first person to doso got a yellow card and the next person to do this got a red card and askedto leave.In 2010, this rule changed again, controversially, to a harsher one strike andout rule. A high-profile casualty of this rule in 2011 caused many to call formore leniency.What rule, and who was the casualty? SPORTS
  44. 44. This athletics rule has changed over the years. Earlier, the most number oftimes every participant could do something was two. The rule was thenmodified, apparently because TV broadcasters complained about the potentialdelays. So in 2001, the rule changed to a system where the first person to doso got a yellow card and the next person to do this got a red card and askedto leave.In 2010, this rule changed again, controversially, to a harsher one strike andout rule. A high-profile casualty of this rule in 2011 caused many to call formore leniency.What rule, and who was the casualty? SPORTSThe false start rule in athletics. During the 2011 World AthleticsChampionships, reigning champion Usain Bolt made a false start in the100m final, and was promptly disqualified.
  45. 45. This is from a match in 2011 Copa America. You see thereferee holding a recent innovation that has been used inSouth American football in recent times and was introducedto such an international tournament for the first time.It was invented by the Argentinian player-turned-businessman Pablo Silva who has a company called "9.15 FairPlay Limit" that makes it. Some claim that since itsintroduction, the number of goals in matches has gone up.What does the referee usually use it for? Image: Yahoo! and Getty Images SPORTS
  46. 46. This is from a match in 2011 Copa America. You see thereferee holding a recent innovation that has been used inSouth American football in recent times and was introducedto such an international tournament for the first time.It was invented by the Argentinian player-turned-businessman Pablo Silva who has a company called "9.15 FairPlay Limit" that makes it. Some claim that since itsintroduction, the number of goals in matches has gone up.What does the referee usually use it for? Image: Yahoo! and Getty Images SPORTS When a free kick is given, there must be at least 10 yards (9.15 m) between the ball and the defenders. A common defensive tactic is to creep forward, esp. when the referees attention is distracted, making it difficult for the free-kick taker to attempt a direct shot on goal (if possible). This has led to the introduction of an aerosol spray can that the referee can use to (temporarily) mark the 10 yard spot, thus helping to enforce the rule.
  47. 47. SPORTS
  48. 48. SPORTSBobby Fischer, the legendaryAmerican chess champion
  49. 49. The Royal Mint of the United Kingdom has issuedthis commemorative coin as part of a set issued forthe upcoming 2012 London Olympics. This particulardesign was sent in by sports journalist Neil Wolfson.Wolfson thought this design might serve as a handyguide to anyone trying to demystify a particularsporting rule. What rule? Image: The Royal Mint SPORTS
  50. 50. The Royal Mint of the United Kingdom has issuedthis commemorative coin as part of a set issued forthe upcoming 2012 London Olympics. This particulardesign was sent in by sports journalist Neil Wolfson.Wolfson thought this design might serve as a handyguide to anyone trying to demystify a particularsporting rule. What rule? Image: The Royal Mint SPORTSThe offside rule.
  51. 51. Science &Technology
  52. 52. Excerpts from whose career? ● Wrote the open source port scanning program Strobe ● Co-invented the rubberhose deniable encryption concept used in cryptography ● wrote "Surfraw", a command line interface to search engines ● Contributor to the book: Underground: Tales of Hacking, Madness and Obsession on the Electronic Frontier SCITECH
  53. 53. Excerpts from whose career? ● Wrote the open source port scanning program Strobe ● Co-invented the rubberhose deniable encryption concept used in cryptography ● wrote "Surfraw", a command line interface to search engines ● Contributor to the book: Underground: Tales of Hacking, Madness and Obsession on the Electronic Frontier SCITECHJulian Assange, who later co-founded WikiLeaks
  54. 54. The last time this happened was on Dec 31, 2009, 23:59:59 UTC. The nexttime this will happen is on June 30th, 2012, 23:59:59 UTC. There was somespeculation whether the practice would be scrapped after this year.The U.N. body in charge of this decision heard arguments for (by countrieslike the UK and others) and against it (by the US and others), and decided tomaintain the status quo. This decision will be reviewed in 2015.What scientific adjustment? SCITECH
  55. 55. The last time this happened was on Dec 31, 2009, 23:59:59 UTC. The nexttime this will happen is on June 30th, 2012, 23:59:59 UTC. There was somespeculation whether the practice would be scrapped after this year.The U.N. body in charge of this decision heard arguments for (by countrieslike the UK and others) and against it (by the US and others), and decided tomaintain the status quo. This decision will be reviewed in 2015.What scientific adjustment? SCITECHThe addition of an extra "leap" second to adjust for the earths rotationnot being quite perfect.
  56. 56. Wikipedia has been running a series of ads as part of their fund-raisingcampaign. These feature various people, usually associated with or those whobenefited from Wikipedia.In this ad, you see Ward Cunningham who is somebody that Wikipedia owes adebt of gratitude to. What did he invent?Image: Wikipedia SCITECH
  57. 57. Wikipedia has been running a series of ads as part of their fund-raisingcampaign. These feature various people, usually associated with or those whobenefited from Wikipedia.In this ad, you see Ward Cunningham who is somebody that Wikipedia owes adebt of gratitude to. What did he invent?Image: Wikipedia SCITECHThe "wiki" itself; he came up with the idea of a browser-editable pageand implemented the concept.
  58. 58. The Nobel Prize of Medicine for 2011 was awarded to Bruce Beutler (USA),Ralph Steinman (Canada), and Jules Hoffmann (France), for their work on thehuman immune system. However, the award to Steinman turned out to bemore than a routine affair.In awarding the prize, the Nobel committee had to break one of their mostimportant rules. The reason they went ahead nevertheless was because thisbreach of rules was inadvertent.Which rule? SCITECH
  59. 59. The Nobel Prize of Medicine for 2011 was awarded to Bruce Beutler (USA),Ralph Steinman (Canada), and Jules Hoffmann (France), for their work on thehuman immune system. However, the award to Steinman turned out to bemore than a routine affair.In awarding the prize, the Nobel committee had to break one of their mostimportant rules. The reason they went ahead nevertheless was because thisbreach of rules was inadvertent.Which rule? SCITECHThe rule that the Prize cannot be awarded posthumously. Steinmandied only days before the announcement, and the committee onlydiscovered this fact when they were trying to contact Steinman toinform him about his award.
  60. 60. Microsoft has evolved a new "design language" (a set of principles for signs,typography, and interfaces), and applied it to its Windows Phone 7 product. Thecompany also plans to apply to this to existing and upcoming products likeWindows 8 OS.The design aims to emphasize data and its readability while de-emphasizing UIelements such as frames. The inspiration partly came from signage seen in publictransport systems, especially in the Seattle area, which no doubt also influenced thename for this design language.What is this system called? (Question based on a suggestion by Harsh Nene) SCITECH
  61. 61. Microsoft has evolved a new "design language" (a set of principles for signs,typography, and interfaces), and applied it to its Windows Phone 7 product. Thecompany also plans to apply to this to existing and upcoming products likeWindows 8 OS.The design aims to emphasize data and its readability while de-emphasizing UIelements such as frames. The inspiration partly came from signage seen in publictransport systems, especially in the Seattle area, which no doubt also influenced thename for this design language.What is this system called? (Question based on a suggestion by Harsh Nene) SCITECH“Metro”
  62. 62. In 2011, the German city of Darmstadt, the scientist Wilhelm Roentgen, andthe astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus were three (official) additions to a listthat numbers just over a hundred. This decision was taken at an institute inDarmstadt.Other members of this list include such scientists as Albert Einstein, NielsBohr, and Madame Curie, and different places such as California,Copenhagen, and Germany.What list is this? SCITECH
  63. 63. In 2011, the German city of Darmstadt, the scientist Wilhelm Roentgen, andthe astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus were three (official) additions to a listthat numbers just over a hundred. This decision was taken at an institute inDarmstadt.Other members of this list include such scientists as Albert Einstein, NielsBohr, and Madame Curie, and different places such as California,Copenhagen, and Germany.What list is this? SCITECHThe list of names of chemical elements. The International Union ofPure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), the body that hands out officialnames for elements, has added Darmstadtium (Ds), Roentgenium (Rg)and Copernicium (Cn) to the list (elements 110 to 112).
  64. 64. This graphic novel, issued in 2011, is written by JimOttaviani and illustrated by Leland Myrick. Thesubject is a non-fictional biography of a legendarytwentieth century figure, known for hiscontributions to quantum physics, education, andfor popularising science. He was also an amateurmusician and painter.Who is this book about?Image: Amazon SCITECH
  65. 65. This graphic novel, issued in 2011, is written by JimOttaviani and illustrated by Leland Myrick. Thesubject is a non-fictional biography of a legendarytwentieth century figure, known for hiscontributions to quantum physics, education, andfor popularising science. He was also an amateurmusician and painter.Who is this book about?Image: Amazon SCITECHRichard P. Feynman, the Nobel Prize winning physicist and polymath.
  66. 66. Ubuntu, the freely available open source OS, gives its versions an alliterativename, involving an animal. For instance, v4.10 was "Warty Warthog" and 5.10 was"Breezy Badger". After 5.10, the sequence has followed an alphabetical order, suchas "Dapper Drake", followed by the likes of "Edgy Eft" and "Feisty Fawn".The latest release (11.04) is called "Natty ___". The associated animal is a type ofwhale, whose most prominent feature is its a tusk (seen in males). Usually foundin the Arctic region, it is even mentioned in the book "Moby Dick". Which marineanimal is this?Image: Wikipedia SCITECH
  67. 67. Ubuntu, the freely available open source OS, gives its versions an alliterativename, involving an animal. For instance, v4.10 was "Warty Warthog" and 5.10 was"Breezy Badger". After 5.10, the sequence has followed an alphabetical order, suchas "Dapper Drake", followed by the likes of "Edgy Eft" and "Feisty Fawn".The latest release (11.04) is called "Natty ___". The associated animal is a type ofwhale, whose most prominent feature is its a tusk (seen in males). Usually foundin the Arctic region, it is even mentioned in the book "Moby Dick". Which marineanimal is this?Image: Wikipedia SCITECHThe “narwhal”.
  68. 68. Copenhagen Suborbitals is a Denmark-based organisation attempting to bethe first amateur group to achieve manned spaceflight. Towards that end, they(and successfully) launched an unmanned rocket in 2011.The rocket is named "Heat-1X" and is also named for a famous Danish scientist;this scientist is known particularly for having a nose for the bizarre.Which scientist? SCITECH
  69. 69. Copenhagen Suborbitals is a Denmark-based organisation attempting to be the first amateur group to achieve manned spaceflight. Towards that end, they (and successfully) launched an unmanned rocket in 2011. The rocket is named "Heat-1X" and is also named for a famous Danish scientist; this scientist is known particularly for having a nose for the bizarre. Which scientist? SCITECHTycho Brahe. He lost his nose in a drunken duel and wore an artificialone made from metal alloys for the rest of his life.
  70. 70. This biographical science book begins with the story of Carla Reed, who isthirty years old and works as a teacher in Massachusetts. On May 19, 2004, Carlawakes up with a severe headache which she describes as: "a sort of numbness in my head. The kind of numbness that instantly tells you that something is terribly wrong".Which book? SCITECH
  71. 71. This biographical science book begins with the story of Carla Reed, who isthirty years old and works as a teacher in Massachusetts. On May 19, 2004, Carlawakes up with a severe headache which she describes as: "a sort of numbness in my head. The kind of numbness that instantly tells you that something is terribly wrong".Which book? SCITECHSiddhartha Mukherjees The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography ofCancer which won him a Pulitzer Prize for General Non-fiction.
  72. 72. Described as follows, this logo was announced in 2011 forwhat? "It stands strong and true, resilient and universal as the markup you write. It shines as bright and as bold as the forward-thinking, dedicated [...] you are. Its the standards standard, a pennant for progress. And it certainly doesnt use tables for layout. We present..." SCITECH
  73. 73. Described as follows, this logo was announced in 2011 forwhat? "It stands strong and true, resilient and universal as the markup you write. It shines as bright and as bold as the forward-thinking, dedicated [...] you are. Its the standards standard, a pennant for progress. And it certainly doesnt use tables for layout. We present..." SCITECHHTML5, the latest version of the hypertextmarkup language.
  74. 74. Other setsThis ebook had questions from India, Sports, and Science & Technology.The other three sets are:Set II: Books, Entertainment & Media, Language, and EtymologySet III: VIZuals, Connections, Awards, and ObituariesSet IV: Business & Economics, Social Sciences, and CultureAbout the AuthorJ. Ramanand is a quizzer from Pune, India, and was the youngest winner ofBBC Mastermind India programme in 2002. He loves to set and talk aboutquizzes, and helps run the BCQC, Punes quizzing group.
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