Ruth 4:4-11


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Ruth 4:4-11

  1. 1. Chapter FourRedemption and RewardTHE BOOK OF RUTH
  2. 2. Ruth 4:6-11aBOAZ REDEEMS RUTH
  3. 3. 1Then went Boaz up to thegate, and sat him downthere: and, behold, thekinsman of whom Boazspake came by; unto whomhe said, “Ho, such a one!turn aside, sit down here.”And he turned aside, andsat down. Ruth 4:1
  4. 4. 2 And he took ten men of theelders of the city, and said,“Sit ye down here.” Andthey sat down. 3 And he saidunto the kinsman, “Naomi,that is come again out of thecountry of Moab, selleth aparcel of land, which wasour brother Elimelechs: Ruth 4:2, 3
  5. 5. 4 “And I thought toadvertise thee, saying, „Buyit before the inhabitants,and before the elders of mypeople. If thou wilt redeemit, redeem it: Ruth 4:4a
  6. 6. “but if thou wilt not redeemit, then tell me, that I mayknow: for there is none toredeem it beside thee; and Iam after thee.”And he said, “I will redeemit.” Ruth 4:4b
  7. 7. “…none…beside thee…”• Boaz says there are only two who can redeem the parcel of land • Nearer kinsman (nameless here) • Boaz is next in line • There appears to be no other• Nearer kinsman is ready and willing (and apparently able) to redeem the land
  8. 8. 5 Then said Boaz, “Whatday thou buyest the field ofthe hand of Naomi, thoumust buy it also of Ruth theMoabitess, the wife of thedead, to raise up the nameof the dead upon hisinheritance.” Ruth 4:5
  9. 9. 6 And the kinsman said,“I cannot redeem it formyself, lest I mar mine owninheritance: redeem thoumy right to thyself; forI cannot redeem it.” Ruth 4:6
  10. 10. “I cannot redeem it…”• Twice the nearer kinsman states, “I cannot redeem it…”• When something is repeated in Scripture, especially so close together – take note!
  11. 11. 6 And the kinsman said, “Icannot redeem it formyself, lest I mar mine owninheritance: redeem thoumy right to thyself; for Icannot redeem it.” Ruth 4:6
  12. 12. “…my own inheritance…”• The nearer kinsman is able to redeem the land, but is not able to redeem Ruth.• Why?• Let‟s read on…
  13. 13. 6 And the kinsman said, “Icannot redeem it formyself, lest I mar mine owninheritance: redeem thoumy right to thyself; for Icannot redeem it.” Ruth 4:6
  14. 14. “…my right…”• Right gellulah • kindred, redemption, right of redemption, price of redemption• Used in only 13 verses • Leviticus 25 – Law of Redemption • Jeremiah 32 – Purchasing land before captivity • Ruth 4 – Boaz and the nearer kinsman • Ezekiel 11:15 – God promises to return Israel to her land
  15. 15. 7 Now this was the mannerin former time in Israelconcerning redeeming andconcerning changing, for toconfirm all things; a manplucked off his shoe, andgave it to his neighbour:and this was a testimony inIsrael. Ruth 4:7
  16. 16. 7 (Now in earlier times inIsrael, for the redemptionand transfer of property tobecome final, one partytook off his sandal and gaveit to the other. This was themethod of legalizingtransactions in Israel.) Ruth 4:7 NIV
  17. 17. “…plucked off his shoe…”• Shoes and feet symbolized possession, power, and domination • Joshua 10:24; Psalm 8:6• Moses removed shoes on holy ground • Exodus 3:5; Joshua 5:15• Barefoot: powerless and humble • 2 Sam. 15:30; Isaiah 20:2-4• God gave Israelites land they walked on • Deuteronomy 1:36, 11:24; Joshua 1:3, 14:9
  18. 18. 8 Therefore the kinsmansaid unto Boaz, “Buy it forthee.” So he drew off hisshoe. Ruth 4:8
  19. 19. Transfer of Property
  20. 20. 9 And Boaz said unto theelders, and unto all thepeople, “Ye are witnessesthis day, that I have boughtall that was Elimelechs,and all that was Chilionsand Mahlons, of the handof Naomi. Ruth 4:9
  21. 21. 10 “Moreover Ruth theMoabitess, the wife ofMahlon, have I purchased tobe my wife, to raise up thename of the dead upon hisinheritance, that the name ofthe dead be not cut off fromamong his brethren, and fromthe gate of his place: ye arewitnesses this day.” Ruth 4:10
  22. 22. 11a And all the people thatwere in the gate, and theelders, said,“We are witnesses…” Ruth 4:11a
  23. 23. “I have purchased…”• Boaz speaks in front of all the witnesses • Elders • People of the city• “I have purchased” and “I have bought”• 15 times in this chapter, reference is made to paying the price of redemption.• Compare Revelation 5 to this scene in Ruth
  24. 24. The Scene in Revelation 5• Someone is sitting on a throne• He is holding a scroll, written on the inside and the backside, sealed with seven seals• A mighty angel asks who might be worthy and able to open the scroll.• No man on earth, under earth, or in heaven was able to do it
  25. 25. The Scene• Four “beasts” (living creatures) are present• Twenty-four elders are present• In their midst, on the throne, is the Lamb Who was slain. He has been found worthy to open the scroll.• He takes the scroll from the One on the throne• The elders say that the Lamb has redeemed them and has made them “kings and priests”
  26. 26. So… Who IS the Nearer Kinsman?• There are at least two theories of who is represented by the Nearer Kinsman.• The most common theory is that he represents the Mosaic law.• The Law cannot redeem us.
  27. 27. 20 Therefore no one will bedeclared righteous in God‟ssight by the works of thelaw; rather, through the lawwe become conscious ofour sin. Romans 3:20
  28. 28. 7 Now if the ministry thatbrought death, which wasengraved in letters onstone…9 If the ministry thatbrought condemnation wasglorious, how much moreglorious is the ministry thatbrings righteousness! 2 Corinthians 3:7, 9
  29. 29. Not Able to Redeem• The Law was never meant to redeem us to God.• God‟s intention for the Law was to reveal our sinful condition.• Instead of redemption and life, the Law brought condemnation and death.
  30. 30. Jesus – Willing and Able• The nearer kinsman may have been afraid to redeem Ruth because the Law prohibits marriage to a Moabite.• The kinsman would have sacrificed too much if he took a Gentile bride• Jesus is willing and able to redeem both Jew and Gentile.• Grace overcomes Law – Love is the real law.
  31. 31. 10 Forall who rely on theworks of the law are undera curse, as it is written:“Cursed is everyone whodoes not continue to doeverything written in theBook of the Law.” Galatians 3:10
  32. 32. 21 Isthe law, therefore,opposed to the promises ofGod? Absolutely not! For ifa law had been given thatcould impart life, thenrighteousness wouldcertainly have come by thelaw. Galatians 3:21
  33. 33. 24 So the law was ourguardian until Christ camethat we might be justifiedby faith. 25 Now that thisfaith has come, we are nolonger under a guardian. Galatians 3:24-25
  34. 34. 1Therefore, there is now nocondemnation for thosewho are in Christ Jesus, 2because through ChristJesus the law of the Spiritwho gives life has set youfree from the law of sin anddeath. Romans 8:1-2
  35. 35. 3 For what the law waspowerless to do because itwas weakened by the flesh,God did by sending his ownSon in the likeness of sinfulflesh to be a sin offering.And so he condemned sinin the flesh, Romans 8:3
  36. 36. 4 inorder that the righteousrequirement of the lawmight be fully met in us,who do not live accordingto the flesh but according tothe Spirit. Romans 8:4
  37. 37. The Law Cannot Save• The Law requires MAN to do the work.• No grace or faith is required for salvation.• If a man keeps ALL of the Law, he will be saved.• But… man cannot do it.• Works cannot save us.• “I cannot redeem!” says the nearer kinsman.
  38. 38. The Law = Nearer Kinsman?• Like the nearer kinsman, the Law has no name.• The law is able to redeem the land, but not able to redeem people.• The law forbid marriage to Gentiles.• But there is another theory…
  39. 39. Another theory…• Could the nearer kinsman be God the Father?• We do not know the real name of the Father.• Compare with Revelation 5• Boaz redeems Ruth at the city gates. Liken this to the throne room (seat of authority) in Revelation 5.• There are many other similarities between Ruth and Revelation.
  40. 40. Type / Antitype• The Old Testament picture of something revealed later in the New Testament is called a “type.”• The revealed mystery in the New Testament (that was foreshadowed in the O.T.) is called an “antitype.”• The Book of Ruth is a “type” of the marriage of the Bride in Revelation (the “antitype.”)
  41. 41. Type / Antitype• A type in the Old Testament must match its antitype in the New Testament.• If Ruth is a type of the redeemed church, we must compare Ruth / Revelation to see if the type/antitype match up.• Do they match?
  42. 42. Type / Antitype• Type: After working in Boaz‟s fields throughout the harvest, Ruth goes to meet Boaz on the threshing floor (threshing=judgment)• She uncovers his feet (same word as used in Daniel 9 – bronze feet = judgment)• Antitype: Revelation begins with the judgment of the Church (chapters 1-4)
  43. 43. Type / Antitype• Type: Boaz seen on threshing floor, but immediately afterward begins the process of redeeming Ruth and the land.• Antitype: Lion of Judah (Revelation 5) is connected with judgment, but immediately after the judgment comes the redemption (Lamb Who was slain.)• Jesus is both judge (lion) and redeemer (lamb)
  44. 44. Type / Antitype• Type: Boaz purchased Ruth through a forfeited inheritance• Antitype: Jesus will purchase His bride through a forfeited inheritance (Adam)• Type: Ruth automatically becomes his bride through the redemptive process• Antitype: We will automatically become bride of Christ through redemptive process (Rev. 5- 19)
  45. 45. Type / Antitype• Type: nearer kinsman will mar his inheritance if he redeems Ruth• Antitype: Father is judging/redeeming His wife Israel on earth while Church is in heaven with Jesus• Type: nearer kinsman hands Boaz his shoe. Boaz is now free to redeem.• Antitype: the Father hands the scroll to Jesus, who is now free to redeem.
  46. 46. Type / Antitype• Type: nearer kinsman cannot redeem without marring his own inheritance.• Antitype: God the Father is said to be the husband of the nation of Israel. • Jeremiah 3:6-8 (unfaithful Israel – divorced) • Verse 14 – Israel returns as wife • Hosea 2:2 (“not my wife”) • Verse 16 – Israel brought back as wife