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Islam and the environment

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Islam and the environment

Islam and the environment

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  • 1. A school assembly resource for KS2
  • 2. Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 3. Islam teaches us that God is One.God has almighty power over everything; all life iscreated by Him and belongs to Him. Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 4. God has given human beings a higher status than all other living creatures on earth. God has given humans the important role of stewardship over all animals and plant life. The Arabic word for stewardship is Khalifah. Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 5. Muslims believe thatlooking after the planet isa great responsibility anda test from God. This responsibility is a trust between God and humankind. The Arabic word for trust is Amanah. Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 6. What does the Qur’an teach us about our responsibility over the earth? ‘It is He who made you successors on the earthand raises some of you above others in ranks, to test youthrough what He gives you. (Prophet), your Lord is swift in punishment, yet He is Most Forgiving and Merciful.’ (Qur’an 6:165) Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 7. What did Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him),teach us about our responsibility over the earth? ‘The world is beautiful and verdant, and verily God, be He exalted, has made you His stewards in it, and He sees how you acquit yourselves.’ (Hadith related by Muslim from Abu Sa’id al-Khudri) Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 8. Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 9. Environmental damage and destruction We often fail to act asgood stewards over the earth. We take more of the planet’s natural resources than we need. Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 10. What does the Qur’an teach us about excess? ‘Children of Adam, dress well whenever you are at worship, and eat and drink (as we have permitted) but do not be extravagant: God does not like extravagant people.’ (Qur’an 7:31) Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 11. PollutionOur actions are causing damage and destruction to the natural world. Deforestation Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 12. Polluted water DroughtDesertification A rise in resources diseases This is leading to climate change Increased natural Melting disasters ice caps Storms Floods Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 13. Environmental destruction is affecting plants and animals. Image left: Melting ice caps in the Arctic are affecting the habitats of many animals such as polar bears.Millions of people throughout the world are suffering fromthe effects of climate change.Image right: People waiting to receiveemergency food packs in the Somali regionof Ethiopia, an area affected by famine anddrought. IR was involved in emergencyfood distribution and water supply (2003).(Image from Islamic Relief Worldwide) Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 14. Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 15. What is the link between the environment and poverty? The people who are most affected by changes to the natural environment are those who live in the world’s poorest countries. It is however, the world’sImage above: Destruction and wealthiest countries thatdevastation caused by an earthquake in contribute the most toHaiti (2010). the affects of climate change.(Image from Islamic Relief Worldwide)
  • 16. Why are the world’s poorest people often most affected? Many people in the developing In some parts of world have rural lifestyles, which the world, rising are heavily dependent upon temperatures are natural resources. turning soil into desert. People are often unable to grow enough food to make a living. Image left: Emergency water distribution in Ethiopia (2003). (Image from Islamic Relief Worldwide) Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 17. Why are the world’s poorest people often the most affected? Chronic poverty means People living in the they are less able than developing world are wealthier countries to most vulnerable to cope with the effects of natural disasters. such disasters. Image right: Naeem Muhammad from Islamic Relief USA, looking at the devastation caused by the tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia (2005). (Image from Islamic Relief Worldwide) Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 18. Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 19. What can you do to help prevent environmental destruction?Put into practice the 3 ‘R’s! •Reduce •Reuse •Recycle Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 20. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) • These were compiled by the United Nations in the year 2000• The aim of the MDGs is to halve chronic world poverty by 2015 • Goals included are to reduce child mortality, improve maternal health and Image above: Malnutrition ensure environmental sustainability in Ethiopia (2000). (Image from Islamic Relief Worldwide) • In order to reach these goals, urgentaction is needed to stop our environment from being damaged further Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 21. Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 22. AcknowledgementsIslam and the Environment:A school assembly resource for KS2 (7–11 yr olds)Written and produced by Sarah Kilou, Development Education, Islamic Relief UKEdited by Samia Ahmed, Senior Development Education Coordinator, Islamic Relief UKCreditsPhotographs: Islamic Relief Worldwide and Islamic Relief UKResources consulted: The Qur’an (A new translation) by M.A.S Abdel Haleem, 2005 Islam and the Environment: Summary Paper produced by Islamic Relief The Basis for a Discipline of Islamic Environmental Law by Othman Abd-ar-Rahman Llewellyn, in Islam and Ecology, 2003 Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010
  • 23. Biographies Samia Ahmed is the Senior Development Education Coordinator at Islamic Relief. Samia has had various leadership and management roles as well as experience of teaching Key Stage 2 national curriculum subjects in an independent primary school. She has a Masters in Islamic Studies and is currently learning Classical Sciences in Islam from a London based scholar, as well as being involved in educational projects in London. She has also written and published two children’s books from the Bilal’s Day Out series. Sarah Kilou is a researcher and writer for Islamic Relief’s Development Education Department. She has experience of the development education sector, having compiled and produced a series of online resources on Islam and international development. Copyright © Islamic Relief 2010

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