History of prophet_ar-raheeq_in_tamil

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History of prophet_ar-raheeq_in_tamil

  1. 1. ரஹீìஇÚதி இைறòàத÷ ÓஹõமÐ நபி (ஸø) அவ÷களிý வாúìைக வரலாÚஉலகளாவிய ேபாðÊயிø Óதø பரிÍ ெபüற áø ஆசிரிய÷: இŠலாமியô ேபரறிஞ÷ ஸஃபிöÔ÷ ர‹மாý தமிழிø: ெமளலவி Óஃôதி உம÷ ஷரீஃô காசிமி
  2. 2. ‫ﺑﺴﻢ اﷲ اﻟﺮﺣْﻤﻦ اﻟﺮ ِﻴﻢ‬ ِ ‫ِ ْ ِ ِ ﱠ ِ ﱠﺣ‬ K`k;kJ egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; tho;f;if tuyhW gjpg;Giunjhlf;fj;jpYk; ,WjpapYk; mfpyj;jhhpd; ,iwtd; my;yh`;Tf;Nf vy;yhg; GfOk;!mfpyj;jhUf;F Xu; mUl;nfhilahf te;j ,Wjp ,iwj;J}ju; K`k;kJ (]y;)mtu;fSf;Fk;> mtu;fsJ FLk;gj;jhu;> Njhou;fs;> cyf K];ypk;fs; midtUf;Fk;,iwaUSk; <Nlw;wKk; cz;lhFf!cq;fs; iffspy; jtOk; - ,e;E}y; gw;wpa RUf;fkhd Xu; mwpKfj;ij jq;fSf;FKd; rku;g;gpf;fpd;Nwhk;.`p[;hp 1396 Mk; Mz;L ugPTy; mt;ty; khjk; (1976 khu;r;) ghfp];jhdpy; egpK`k;kJ (]y;) mtu;fspd; tho;f;if tuyhW Fwpj;J cyfshtpa khehLeilngw;wJ. me;j khehl;by;> uhgpjJy; Mykpy; ,];yhkp" (Muslim World League)vd;w ngahpy; kf;fhit jiyikafkhff; nfhz;L ,aq;fp tUk; ,];yhkpaepWtdk; fPo;fz;l Xu; mofpa mwptpg;ig ntspapl;lJ.egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; J}a tho;f;if tuyhw;iw ,];yhkpa mwpQu;fs; Ma;Tnra;J> fl;Liufs; vOjp uhgpjhtplk; rku;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;. mtw;Ws; Kjy; jukhfNju;T nra;ag;gLk; Kjy; Ie;J Ma;TfSf;F nkhj;jk; 1>50>000 ]T+jp hpahy;fs;md;gspg;ghf toq;fg;gLk;. NkYk;> vOjg;gLk; Ma;Tfs; gpd;tUk;epge;jidfSf;F cl;gl;L ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.1) Ma;Tfs; KOikahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. tuyhw;W epfo;Tfs;> rk;gtq;fs; thpirfpukkhf Fwpg;gplg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;.2) kpf mofpa Kiwapy; njhFf;fg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. vq;Fk; ,jw;F Kd; mJgpuRukhfp ,Uf;ff; $lhJ.3) ,e;j Ma;Tf;Fr; rhd;whf> mbg;gilahf vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;l rpwpa nghpaE}y;fspd; ngau;fisf; Fwpg;gpl Ntz;Lk;.4) Ma;thsu; jdJ tho;f;iff; Fwpg;igAk;> fy;tpj; jpwidAk;> NtW VNjDk;mtuJ ntspaPLfs; ,Ug;gpd;> mtw;iwAk; njspthfTk; tptukhfTk; Fwpg;gplNtz;Lk;.5) mofpa ifnaOj;jpy; vOjg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lk;. ~jl;lr;R| nra;J mDg;GtJ kpfVw;wkhdJ.6) mugp my;yJ mugpay;yhj tof;fpYs;s nkhopfspy; Ma;Tfs; ,Uj;jy;Ntz;Lk;.7) fl;Liufs; rku;g;gpf;f Ntz;ba fhyk; `p[;hp 1396 ugpcy; mt;ty; Kjy; `p[;hp1397 K`u;uk; tiu. (1976 khu;r; Kjy; 1977 [dthp tiu.)8) kf;fhtpYs;s ~uhgpjJy; Mykpy; ,];yhkpk;d; jiyikr; nrayfj;Jf;F%lg;gl;l ciwapy; Ma;Tf; Nfhu;itfs; gjpTj; jghypy; mDg;gg;gl Ntz;Lk;. Page 1 of 518
  3. 3. 9) ,j;Jiwapy; epGzj;Jtk; ngw;w mwpQu;fspd; FO xd;W Nfhu;itfis Ma;Tnra;J Nju;T nra;Ak;.,t;thW kfpo;r;rpf;Fhpa mwptpg;igAk; mjd; epge;jidfisAk; uhgpjhntspapl;lTld; mwpQu; ngUkf;fs; NguhtYld; ngUk; Kaw;rp vLj;JMa;Tfis Nfhu;it nra;J uhgpjhTf;F mDg;gpdu;.gy nkhopfspy; nkhj;jk; 1182 Ma;Tfs; mDg;gg;gl;ld. mtw;Ws; 183 Ma;Tfs;kl;LNk epge;jidf;Fl;gl;L ,Ue;jjhy; mit ghprPyidf;F vLj;Jf;nfhs;sg;gl;ld.mtw;iw ghprPyid nra;jjpy; Ie;J Ma;Tfs; Kjy; juk; tha;e;jit vd KbTnra;ag;gl;L ghpRf;fhf Nju;T nra;ag;gl;ld.1) mwpQu; ]/gpa;Au; u`;khd; (Kghuf;g+u;> c.gp.> ,e;jpah) mtu;fspd; (mugp) Ma;TKjy; ghpR ngw;wJ. ghpRj; njhifahf 50>000 hpahy;fs; toq;fg;gl;ld.2) fyhepjp kh[pj; myP fhd; (GJ nly;yp> ,e;jpah) mtu;fspd; (Mq;fpy) Ma;T,uz;lhk; ghpR ngw;wJ. ghpRj; njhifahf 40>000 hpahy;fs; toq;fg;gl;ld.3) fyhepjp eh]Pu; m`;kJ ehrpu; (ghfp];jhd;) mtu;fspd; (cu;J) Ma;T %d;whk;ghpR ngw;wJ. ghpRj; njhifahf 30>000 hpahy;fs; toq;fg;gl;ld.4) Nguhrpau; `hkpj; k`;%J (vfpg;J) mtu;fspd; (mugp) Ma;T ehd;fhk; ghpRngw;wJ. ghpRj; njhifahf 20>000 hpahy;fs; toq;fg;gl;ld.5) Nguhrpau; mg;J];]yhk; `hpk; (]T+jp) mtu;fspd; (mugp) Ma;T Ie;jhk; ghpRngw;wJ. ghpRj; njhifahf 10>000 hpahy;fs; toq;fg;gl;ld.`p[;hp 1398> /ghd; khjj;jpy; (1978-[_iy) fuhr;rpapy; eilngw;w Mrpa,];yhkpa khehl;by;" ntw;wp ngw;wtu;fspd; ngau;fis uhgpjh mwptpj;jJ. NkYk;>mjid gy gj;jpiffSk; gpuRj;jd.ghpRfis toq;Ftjw;fhf rq;iff;Fhpa ,sturu; ]{CJ ,g;D mg;Jy; K`;]pd;mtu;fs; jiyikapy; khngUk; tpoh xd;W kf;fhtpy; Vw;ghL nra;ag;gl;lJ.mjd;gb> ntw;wp ngw;wtu;fSf;F `p[;hp 1399> ugPcy; mt;ty; gpiw 12 rdpf;fpoikfhiyapy; ghpRfis toq;fp ,sturu; rpwg;gpj;jhu;.E}ypd; ,g;gpd;dzpia njhpe;J nfhz;lhy; ,J vt;tsT Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jE}y; vd;gij vspjpy; Ghpe;J nfhs;syhk;.,e;E}Yf;F Mrphpau; itj;j ngau; mu;u`Pf;Fy; kf;J}k;" vd;gjhFk;.Kj;jpiuaplg;gl;l cau;e;j kJghdk;" vd;gJ mjd; mu;j;jk;. my;yh`;tpd;neUf;fj;ij mile;j cau;e;NjhUf;F ,t;tif kJ Rtu;f;fj;jpy; toq;fg;gLk; vd;Wmy;Fu;Mdpy; (83 : 25) $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; tho;f;if tuyhW>gbg;gtUf;F RitahfTk; ,dpikahfTk; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;gjhy;> egpatu;fisg;gw;wpa jdJ E}Yf;F ctik mbg;gilapy; ,e;jg; ngaiu Mrphpau; #l;bAs;shu;.mijNa ehk; RUf;fkhf ,e;E}ypd; jkpohf;fj;jpw;F u`Pf;" vd;W ngahpl;Ls;Nshk;.jhUy; `{jhtpd; Copau;fshd ehq;fs; ,e;E}iyj; jkpohf;fk; nra;JntspapLtjpy; nghpJk; kfpo;r;rpailfpNwhk;. mj;Jld; tha;g;gspj;j my;yh`;Tf;Nfmidj;J Gfo;r;rpfisAk; ed;wpfisAk; chpj;jhf;FfpNwhk;. Page 2 of 518
  4. 4. ,k;nkhopahf;fg; gzpapy; nghpJk; cjtpAk; xj;Jiog;Gk; ey;fpa rNfhjuu;fisAk;,e;E}y; ntsptu cjtpa ez;gu;fs; midtiuAk; cq;fs; JMf;fspy; ,izj;Jf;nfhs;Sq;fs;.my;yh`; ,tu;fSf;Fk; cyf K];ypk;fs; midtUf;Fk; vd;nwd;Wk; ey;yUs;Ghpthdhf! my;yh`; ek; midtUf;Fk; mtdJ nghUj;jj;ij toq;Fthdhf!,e;E}ypy; Fiwfs;> jtWfs; VJk; ,Ug;gpd; mtw;iw kWgjpg;gpy; rhpnra;J nfhs;sVJthf Rl;bf; fhl;LkhW thrf md;gu;fis md;Gld; Nfl;Lf; nfhs;fpNwhk;.mjw;fhf my;yh`; jq;fSf;F ew;$yp toq;Fthdhf!jhUy; `{jh Nkd;NkYk; gy ey;y E}y;fis nkhopahf;fk; nra;J ntspaplNtz;Lk; vd my;yh`;tplk; jhq;fs; kwthky; ,iwQ;r Ntz;Lk; vd;w md;ghdNfhhpf;ifia Kd; itf;fpNwhk;.mfpyj;jhhpd; xNu ,iwtd; my;yh`;Tf;Nf vy;yhg; GfOk;! ,iwaUSk;<Nlw;wKk; egp K`k;kJ mtu;fSf;Fk;> mtu;fspd; FLk;gj;jhu;> Njhou;fs;>K];ypk;fs; midtUf;Fk; cz;lhFf! MkPd;!!Fwpg;G: ,e;E}ypd; Muk;gg; gFjpapy; egp (]y;) gpwg;gjw;F Ke;jpa tuyhw;iwg; gw;wprw;W tphpthff; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. mJ rpy thrfu;fSf;F rilthfj; Njhd;wpdhy;>mtu;fs; E}ypd; mLj;j gFjpf;Fr; nrd;W tplTk;. mjpy; jhd; egp (]y;)mtu;fspd; gpwg;gpw;Fg; gpe;jpa tho;f;if tuyhw;iwg; gw;wp kpf Mjhuj;Jld;tpthpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. Mrphpahpd; tho;f;iff; Fwpg;Gngau;: ]/gpAu;u`;khd; ,g;D mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D K`k;kJ mf;gu;.cj;ju gpuNjr khepyk; M[k; fl; khtl;lj;jpYs;s ~Kghuf;g+u;| vDk; efuj;jpypUe;JxU iky; njhiytpYs;s ~`{i]dhghj;| vDk; fpuhkj;jpy; 1942 Mk; Mz;LMrphpau; gpwe;jhu;.1948Mk; Mz;L ~jhUj;j/yPk;| (Kghuf;g+u;) vd;w ,];yhkpa kj;u]htpy; mbg;gilkw;Wk; njhlf;ff; fy;tp fw;f Nru;e;jhu;.1954Mk; Mz;L ~,`;ahTy; cY}k;| (Kghuf;g+u;) vd;w ,];yhkpa kj;u]htpy;eLepiyf; fy;tp gapy Nru;e;jhu;.1956Mk; Mz;L ~/ig[; Mk;| (kt;T> c.gp.) vd;w Gfo;ngw;w ,];yhkpa fy;Y}hpapy;Nkw;gbg;Gf;fhf Nru;e;J 1961Mk; Mz;L Mypk; kw;Wk; K/g;jp gl;lk; ngw;whu;.NkYk; ,e;jpa murhq;fj;jpd; fy;tpj; Jiwahy; mq;fPff;fg;gl;l gy ,];yhkpagl;lq;fisAk; Mrphpau; ngw;Ws;shu;. mit:1959Mk; Mz;L kt;ytp".1960Mk; Mz;L Mypk;".1972Mk; Mz;L /gh[py; mjg;".1978Mk; Mz;L /gh[py; jPdpahj;" Mfpa gl;lq;fshFk;. Page 3 of 518
  5. 5. my;yh`;tpd; mUshy; ,];yhkpa fy;tpf;$lq;fspy; ele;j Nju;Tfs;> murhq;fj;Nju;Tfs; midj;jpYk; Mrphpau; Kjy; ,lj;jpNyNa ntw;wp ngw;whu;.gzpahw;wpa nghWg;GfSk; ,lq;fSk;1961 Mk; Mz;L gl;lk; ngw;w gpd; ,yh`hghj; kw;Wk; ehf;g+u; Mfpa efuq;fspy;fy;tpg; gzpahw;wpdhu;.1963ypUe;J 1965 tiu ~/ig[; Mk; kj;u]htpy;| Mrphpauhf gzpahw;wpdhu;.1966ypUe;J 1968 tiu ~jhUy; `jP];| (kt;T> c.gp.) kj;u]htpy; %d;whz;Lfs;Mrphpauhf gzpahw;wpdhu;.1969 ypUe;J 1971 tiu kj;jpa gpuNjrj;jpy; cs;s ~/ig[{y; cY}k;| vd;w,];yhkpaf; fy;Y}hpapd; jiytuhf gzpahw;wp fy;Y}hpia epu;tfpj;jy;> ghlk;elj;Jjy; Mfpa gzpfSld; Rw;Wg;Gw fpuhkq;fSf;Fr; nrd;W ,];yhkpamiog;Gg; gzp nra;tjpYk; jPtpukhf <Lgl;lhu;.1972ypUe;J 1973 tiu Kghuf;g+y; cs;s ~jhUj;j/yPk;| vd;w kj;u]htpy; Mrphpauhfgzpahw;wpdhu;.1974y; thudh]p efuj;jpYs;s ~[hkpM ]y/gpa;ah| vd;w ,];yhkpaf; fy;Y}apy;Mrphpauhf Nru;e;jhu;. ,e;E}y; vOjpa gpwF kjPdhtpy; cs;s ,];yhkpagy;fiyf;fofk; mtiu mq;F mioj;Jf; nfhz;lJ.Mrphpau; mtu;fs; cUJ kw;Wk; mugp nkhopapy; NkYk; gy E}y;fs; vOjpAs;shu;.NkYk; gdhu]pypUe;J ntsptUk; ~K`j;jp];| vd;w khj ,jopd; MrphpauhfTk;gzpahw;wpAs;shu;.my;yh`; mtu;fSf;F KOikahd cly; Rfj;ijAk;> Nkd;NkYk; jq;fspd;fy;tpahy; rKjha kf;fSf;F gadspf;fTk; ey;tha;g;G mUs;thdhf! ,k;ikapYk;kWikapYk; mtu;fSf;F <Nlw;wj;ijAk; cau; gjtpfisAk; toq;Fthdhf! MkPd;!!Mrphpau; Kd;Diumstw;w mUshsDk; epfuw;w md;GilNahDkhfpa my;yh`;tpd; jpUg;ngauhy;Muk;gk; nra;fpNwd;.vy;yhg; GfOk; my;yh`;Tf;Nf! mtd; jdJ J}ju; K`k;kJ (]y;) mtu;fSf;FNeu;top kw;Wk; rj;jpa khu;f;fj;ij toq;fp> cyfpYs;s midj;J khu;f;fq;fisAk;ntw;wp nfhs;Sk;gb nra;jhd;. NkYk;> rhl;rpahsuhfTk;> ew;nra;jp $WgtuhfTk;>mr;r%l;b vr;rhpg;gtuhfTk;> my;yh`;tpd; gf;fk; mtdJ fl;lisiaf; nfhz;Lmiof;Fk; miog;ghsuhfTk;> gpufhrpf;Fk; fyq;fiu tpsf;fhfTk; mtiuMf;fpdhd;. my;yh`;itAk; kWik ehisAk; mQ;rp mtid mjpfkjpfk; epidT$u;gtu;fSf;F mj;J}jhplk; mofpa Kd;khjphpia mikj;jhd;.my;yh`;Nt! mj;J}ju; kw;Wk; mtu;fsJ cwtpdu;fs;> Njhou;fs; MfpNahiukWik ehs; tiu kdj;J}a;ikAld; gpd;gw;WNthUf;F cdJ mUisAk;<Nlw;wj;ijAk;> eyk; nghUe;jpa tsq;fisAk;> md;igAk;> nghUj;jj;ijAk;vd;nwd;Wk; toq;Fthahf! Page 4 of 518
  6. 6. kpf kfpo;r;rpf;Fhpa nra;jp ahnjdpy;: `p[;hp 1396> ugpcy; mt;ty; khjk;ghfp];jhdpy; ]Puj;Jd; egp" (egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; tho;f;if tuyhW) Fwpj;J xUkhehL eilngw;wJ. vOj;jhsu;fis Cf;Ftpg;gjw;fhf> mtu;fsJ Muha;r;rpiaNkk;gLj;Jtjw;fhf ~uhgpjJy; Mykpy; ,];yhkp| vd;w mikg;G mk;khehl;by; xUmfpy cyf Nghl;bia mwptpj;jJ. egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; tho;f;if tuyhw;iw kpfmofpa Xu; Ma;T fl;Liuahf vOjp me;j mikg;gplk; rku;g;gpf;fNtz;Lnkd;gJjhd; me;j mwptpg;G. thf;fpaq;fshy; tu;zpf;f Kbahj msTf;Frpwg;Gkpf;fjhf ,e;j mwptpg;ig ehd; fUJfpNwd;. egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; tho;f;iftuyhW Xu; Mokhd Cw;whFk;. ,jpNyjhd; ,];yhkpa cyfpd; capNuhl;lKk;> KOkdpj rKjhaj;jpd; <Nlw;wKk; ,Uf;fpd;wd vd;gij Mokhf MuhAk;NghJnjhpe;J nfhs;syhk;.me;j rpwg;Gkpf;f Nghl;bapy; fye;J> fl;Liuia rku;g;gpf;Fk; tha;g;G fpl;baijehd; vdf;Ff; fpilj;j ew;Ngwhff; fUJfpNwd;. vdpDk;> Kd;Ndhu; gpd;Ndhd;jiytuhd egp K`k;kJ (]y;) mtu;fspd; tho;f;ifia gw;wp KOikahf vd;dhy;$wp Kbf;f ,ayhJ. egp (]y;) mtu;fis gpd;gw;wp tho;e;J <Nlw;wk; ngwtpioAk; rhjhuz mbahd; ehd;. egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; rKjhaj;jpy; xUtdhftho;e;J> mtu;fspd; rKjhaj;jpy; xUtdhf kuzpj;J mtu;fsJ ghpe;Jiuahy;my;yh`; vd; ghtq;fis kd;dpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj mbNadpd; yl;rpak;.mLj;J> fl;Liu vg;gb ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd gy epge;jidfis uhgpjhmwptpj;jpUe;jJ. mJ jtpu ehDk; ,e;j Ma;Tf;fhf vdf;nfd gy epge;jidfisVw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;Nld;.mjhtJ> Nrhu;T Vw;gLj;JksTf;F ePskhf ,y;yhkYk;> GhpaKbahj tifapy;RUf;fkhf ,y;yhkYk; eLepiyahf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. epfo;Tfs; Fwpj;J gykhWgl;l nra;jpfs; ,Ue;J mtw;wpilNa xw;Wik Vw;gLj;j Kbatpy;iynadpy;>Mo;e;j Ma;Tf;Fg; gpd; vdJ ghu;itapy; kpf Vw;wkhdjhf ehd; fUJtij kl;Lk;,f;fl;Liuapy; Fwpg;gpLNtd;. ehd; njhpT nra;jjw;fhd fhuzq;fis gf;fq;fs;mjpfkhfptpLk; vd;gjw;fhf vOjtpy;iy.%j;j mwpQu;fs; mwptpg;Gfis Vw;Wf;nfhz;lhYk; my;yJ kWj;jhYk;> mtu;fspd;Kbit mg;gbNa ehd; xg;Gf; nfhs;fpNwd;. mtu;fs; rhpahdJ mofhdJgytPdkhdJ vd vg;gb KbT nra;jhYk; mijNa ehDk; Vw;Wf; nfhs;fpNwd;.fhuzk;> ,JFwpj;J Nkyha;T nra;tjw;F NghJkhd Neuk; vd;dplk; ,y;iy.ehd; $Wk; fUj;Jfs; gbg;gtu;fSf;F GJikahf ,Uf;fyhk; vd ehd; mQ;Rk;,lq;fspy; my;yJ ngUk;ghNyhd; fUj;J ehd; $Wk; cz;ikahd fUj;Jf;Fkhw;wkhf ,Uf;Fkplq;fspy; kl;Lk; ehd; njhpT nra;j fUj;Jf;Fhpa Mjhuq;fisRl;bf; fhl;bAs;Nsd;. my;yh`;jhd; ey;tha;g;G toq;f NghJkhdtd;.my;yh`;Nt! ,k;ikapYk; kWikapYk; vdf;F eyit KbT nra;! ePjhd;kd;dpg;ghsd;> md;G nrYj;Jgtd;> mu;pd; mjpgjp> fz;zpaj;jpw;Fhpatd;!!]/gpa;Au; u`;khd;>Kghuf;g+u;> ,e;jpah. Page 5 of 518
  7. 7. mugpau;fs; epygug;G kw;Wk; tkprk;> Ml;rp kw;Wk; nghUshjhuk;> rkak; kw;Wk; r%fk; mugpau;fs; tho;e;j ,lq;fSk; mugpa rKjhaq;fSk;~egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; tho;f;if tuyhW| vd;gJ kdpj rKjhaj;jpw;fhf mtu;fs;nfhz;L te;j ,iwj;J}ijf; Fwpf;Fk; nrhy;yhFk;. jhd; nfhz;L te;j ,iwj;J}ijjq;fspd; nrhy;> nray;> topfhl;ly;> xOf;f khz;Gfs; Mfpatw;wpd; %yk; kdpjFyj;jpw;F vLj;Jiuj;jhu;fs;. me;j ,iwj;J}Jj;Jtj;jhy; kdpj tho;tpd;msTNfhy;fis Kw;wpYkhf khw;wpdhu;fs;; jPikfisf; fise;J ed;ikfisNghjpj;jhu;fs;; ,Uistpl;L kf;fis mfw;wp xspia Nehf;fp mioj;J te;jhu;fs;.gilg;gpdq;fis tzq;FtjpypUe;J kdpjid KOikahf tpLtpj;J>gilg;ghsdhfpa xNu ,iwtid tzq;Fk;gb nra;jhu;fs;. RUq;ff;$wpd;>,t;Tyfpy; newp jtwp tho;e;j kdpjdpd; tho;f;ifg; ghijia khw;wp nrk;ikahdmofpa ghijapy; mtid thor;nra;jhu;fs;.ekJ ,f;fUj;ij tpsq;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lkhapd; K`k;kJ (]y;) mtu;fs; J}juhfmDg;gg;gLtjw;F Kd; ,Ue;j epiyikfisAk;> mtu;fs; J}juhf mDg;gg;gl;lgpd; Vw;gl;l khw;wq;fisAk; Kd; epWj;jp ghu;g;gJ mtrpak;.,jdhy; egp (]y;) mtu;fs; ,];yhkpd; gf;fk; kf;fis miog;gjw;F Kd;gpUe;jmugpa rKjhaq;fs;> mtu;fsJ fyhr;rhuq;fs;; NkYk;> mf;fhyj;jpy; ,Ue;jrpw;wuru;fs;> Nguuru;fs;> rKjha mikg;Gfs;> mtu;fsJ kj ek;gpf;iffs;> r%fgof;f tof;fq;fs;> rlq;Ffs; kw;Wk; mtu;fsJ murpay;> nghUspay; Mfpatw;iwFwpj;J rpy gphpTfspy; RUf;fkhf Ma;T nra;tJk; mtrpak;.,tw;Ws; xt;nthd;iwAk; gw;wp $Wtjw;F ehk; jdpj;jdp gphpTfisVw;gLj;jpapUf;fpd;Nwhk;. ,g;NghJ me;j gphpTfisg; ghu;g;Nghk;.mugpau;fs; tho;e;j ,lq;fs;~mug;| vd;w nrhy;Yf;F ghiytdk;> nghl;ly; g+kp> (kuk;> nrb nfhbfs;> jz;zPu;,y;yhj) twl;rpahd epyg;gug;G vdg; gy mu;j;jq;fs; cs;sd. ePz;l fhykhfmugpa jPgfw;gj;Jf;Fk; (,d;iwa ]T+jp) mq;F trpg;gtu;fSf;Fk; ,g;ngau;$wg;gLfpwJ.mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpd; Nkw;Nf nrq;flYk; ]dh/ ehLk;> fpof;Nf mugpatisFlhTk; ,uhf;fpd; rpy gFjpfSk;> njw;Nf mugpf; flYk; (,J ,e;jpag;ngUq;fly; tiu njhlu;fpwJ). tlf;Nf hk; (rphpah) kw;Wk; ,uhf;fpd; rpyefuq;fSk; ,Uf;fpd;wd. ,jd; gug;gsT 10>00>000 rJu fpNyh kPl;lhpypUe;J13>00>000 rJu fpNyh kPl;lu; tiuapyhFk;.mugpa jPgfw;gj;Jf;F Gtpapay; uPjpahfTk; mjd; ,aw;if mikg;ghYk; kpFe;jKf;fpaj;Jtk; cz;L. mjd; cl;Gw vy;iyfs; ehyh jpirfspYk; kzw;ghq;fhdghiytdj;jhy; #og;gl;Ls;sd.mugpau; my;yhj ntspehl;ltu;fs; jq;fsJ Mjpf;fj;ij me;ehl;by; nrYj;Jtjw;F,g;Gtpapay; mikg;G ngUk; jilahf ,Ue;jJ. mjd; fhuzkhf me;ehl;L kf;fs;vy;yhf; fhyq;fspYk; jq;fs; nray;ghLfs; midj;jpYk; Rje;jpukhdtu;fshfNt Page 6 of 518
  8. 8. jpfo;e;jhu;fs;. mtu;fSf;F mUfhikapy; khngUk; ,U ty;yuRfs; (Nuhk;-ghurPfk;),Ue;Jk; mit ,g;gFjpapy; jq;fspd; Mjpf;fj;ij nrYj;j Kbahky; Nghdjw;F,e;j ,aw;ifahd Gtpapay; mikg;Ng fhuzk;!mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpd; vy;iyfs; ngau; ngw;w gy fz;lq;fSf;F eLtpy;mike;jpUf;fpd;wd. mit flw;gug;Gfs;> rkntspfs; %yk; me;j fz;lq;fSld;,ize;jpUf;fpd;wd. mjd; tlNkw;Fg; gFjp Mg;gphpf;fh fz;lj;JlDk;>tlfpof;Fg; gFjp INuhg;gh fz;lj;JlDk;> fpof;Fg; gFjp kj;jpa Mrphpah> njw;FMrpah kw;Wk; J}u fpof;F ehLfSlDk; ,ize;Js;sJ. mt;thNw> xt;nthUfz;lKk; fly; khu;f;fkhf mugpa jPgfw;gj;Jld; ,izfpwJ. mf;fz;lq;fspypUe;JtUk; fg;gy;fs; mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpd; JiwKfq;fspy; jq;fpr; nry;fpd;wd.,g;Gtpapay; mikg;gpd; fhuzkhf> njw;F-tlf;F gFjpfs; kf;fs; te;J xJq;Fk;,lkhfTk;> tpahghuk;> gz;ghL> rkak; kw;Wk; fiyfspd; ghpkhw;w ikakhfTk;jpfo;e;jd.mugpa rKjhaq;fs;tuyhw;whrphpau;fs; mugpa rKjhaj;ij tkprhtsp mbg;gilapy; %d;whfgphpf;fpd;wdu;.1) my; muGy; ghapjh,tu;fs; gz;ilf; fhy mugpau;fshd MJ> ]%J> j];K> [jP];> ,k;yhf;> cikk;>[{u;`{k;> `*u;> tghu;> mgPy;> [h]pk;> `o;u kt;j; Mfpa tkprj;jpdu; Mtu;.Kjy; tifiar; Nru;e;j ,tu;fs; fhyg;Nghf;fpy; mope;Jtpl;ljhy; ,tu;fSilatuyhw;W Fwpg;Gfs; VJk; njhpatpy;iy.2) my; muGy; Mgh,tu;fs; v;[{g; ,g;D a/Ug; ,g;D f`;jhdpd; re;jjpapdu; Mtu;. f`;jhd;tkpr mugpau; vd;Wk; ,tu;fis miof;fg;gLk;.3) my; muGy; K];j/gh,tu;fs; egp ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fspd; re;jjpapduhtu;. ,tu;fis mj;dhd;tkpr mugpfs; vd;Wk; miof;fg;gLk;.Nkw;$wg;gl;l my; muGy; Mgh vd;gtu;fs; f`;jhd; tkprj;jpy; te;j akd;thrpfs;. ,tu;fsJ Nfhj;jpuq;fs; ]gh ,g;D a;[{g; ,g;D a/Ug; ,g;D f`;jhd;vd;gtd; top te;jitahFk;. ,e;j Nfhj;jpuq;fspy; 1) `pk;au; ,g;D ]gh> 2)f`;yhd; ,g;D ]gh vd;w ,uz;L Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; kl;Lk; gpugykhdtu;fs;.`pk;au;> f`;yhd; ,Utiuj; jtpu ]ghTf;F gjpndhd;W my;yJ gjpdhd;Fgps;isfs; ,Ue;jdu;. mtu;fSf;Fk; mtu;fsJ top te;jtu;fSf;Fk; ~]ghtkprj;jpdu;| vd;Nw $wg;gl;lJ. mtu;fSf;nfd jdpg; ngau; nfhz;l Nfhj;jpuq;fs;VJk; cUthftpy;iy.m) `pk;au; Nfhj;jpuKk; mjd; cl;gphpTfSk;1) FohM: g`;uh/> gypa;k;> my;ifd;> fy;g;> cj;uh> tguh Mfpa FLk;gj;jpdu;FohMtpypUe;J cUthdtu;fs;. Page 7 of 518
  9. 9. 2) ]fh]pf;: ,tu;fs; i[J ,g;D thk;yh ,g;D `pk;au; vd;gtd; re;jjpapdu;Mtu;. ,jpy; `pk;ahpd; Nguuhd i[J vd;gtu; ~]fh]pf;| vd;w Gidg; ngauhy;miof;fg;gl;lhu;. (gpd;dhy; $wg;glTs;s f`;yhd; tk;rj;jpy; Njhd;wpa fpd;jhvd;w gphptpy; $wg;gLk; ]fh]pf; vd;gtu; NtW. ,q;F $wg;gl;Ls;s i[J]fh]pf; vd;gtu; NtW.)3) i[J my; [k;`_u;: ,jpy; `pk;au; m];qu; (rpd;d `pk;au;)> ]gh m];qu;(rpd;d ]gh)> `Ou;> J} m];gh Mfpa FLk;gq;fs; cUthfpd.Nuhku;fs; mf;fhyj;jpy; kp];u;> hk; Mfpa ,U ehLfisAk; ifg;gw;wp f`;yhd;tkprj;jpdhpd; fly; kw;Wk; jiutop tpahghuq;fisj; jLj;jdu;. ,jdhy; f`;yhd;tkprj;jpdhpd; tzpfq;fs; ngUksT erpe;jd. ,jdhYk; mtu;fs; akdpypUe;JFbngau;e;J NghapUf;fyhk;. mj;NjhL ]gh gFjpapy; ~my;muPk;| vd;w nts;sg;ngUf;F Vw;gl;lJ. mjdhYk; rpy fhyj;jpw;Fg;gpwF mtu;fs; akdpypUe;JFbngau;e;J NghapUf;fyhk; vd;W $wg;gLfpwJ. ,t;thW f`;yhd; tkprj;jpdu;akd; ehl;il tpl;L ntspNawpajw;F rpyu; rpy fhuzq;fis $wpdhYk;>nts;sg;ngUf;F Vw;gLtjw;F Kd;gpUe;Nj ,tu;fspd; tzpfq;fs; erpe;JNghapUe;jd. njhlu;e;J ]gh ehl;by; nts;sg;ngUf;F Vw;gl;L tptrhaq;fSk;>fhy;eilfSk; KOikahf mope;Jtpl;ljhy; ]gh gFjpapy; ,tu;fshy;tho;f;ifiaj; njhlu Kbatpy;iy. ,jdhYk; mtu;fs; mq;fpUe;J ntspNawp,Uf;fyhk; vd rpyu; Fwpg;gpLfpd;wdu;.Nkd;ikkpF Fu;Mdpy; ~]gh| vDk; mj;jpahaj;jpy; ,lk;ngw;wpUf;Fk; 15-19 Mfpatrdq;fs; ,tu;fspd; $w;iw cWjp nra;fpwJ.Nkw;$wg;gl;l ,U fhuzq;fis jtpu kw;nwhU fhuzKk; ,Ue;jjhf njhpatUfpwJ. mjhtJ f`;yhd;> `pk;au; ,U tkprj;jpdu; ,ilapy; rz;il rr;ruTfs;Njhd;wpd. ,jdhy; f`;yhd; tkprj;jpdu; jq;fsJ ehl;ilj; Jwe;J mikjpahd,lj;ij Nehf;fp nrd;W tpl;ldu;. tzpfq;fs; erpe;J tpl;lJ kl;Lk; fhuzkhf,Ue;jpUe;jhy; `pk;au; tkprj;jpdUk; ]ghtpy; ,Ue;J ntspNawp ,Ug;ghu;fs;.Mdhy;> mtu;fs; ntspNawtpy;iy. ,jpypUe;J ,t;tpU tk;rj;jpdUf;Fk; ,ilNa,Ue;j gifikAk; xU fhuzk; vdj; njhpa tUfpwJ.ehL Jwe;j f`;yhd; tkprj;jpdu; ehd;F tifg;gLtu;:1) m[;J fpisapdu;,tu;fs; jq;fspd; jiytu; ~,k;uhd; ,g;D mk;u; Ki[f;fpah/| vd;gtd;MNyhridf;fpzq;f ehL Jwe;jdu;. ,tu;fs; akd; ehl;bd; gy gFjpfSf;F nrd;WRw;wpg; ghu;j;J> jq;fSf;F tpUg;gkhd gFjpfspy; jq;fpdu;. ,t;tkprj;jpy; ahu; vq;Fjq;fpdu; vd;w tpguq;fs; gpd;tUkhW:,k;uhd; ,g;D mk;u; vd;gtu; jdJ FLk;gj;Jld; ~ckhd;| (Xkd;) ehl;by; nrd;Wjq;fpdhu;. ,tu;fis ckhd; ehl;L m[;J tkprj;jpdu; vd;W nrhy;yg;gLfpd;wJ.e];u; ,g;D m[;J FLk;gj;jpdu; ~J`hkh| vd;w ,lj;jpw;Fr; nrd;W jq;fpdu;.,tu;fis D}M m[;J tkprj;jpdu; vdf; $wg;gLk;.]/ygh ,g;D mk;u; Ki[fpah/ vd;gtu; `p [h]; gFjpf;Fr; nrd;W ~]/ygpah|kw;Wk; ~J} fhu;| vd;w ,lq;fSf;fpilapy; jdJ FLk;gj;Jld; jq;fpdhu;. mtuJ Page 8 of 518
  10. 10. gps;isfs; Ngud;fs; nghpatu;fshfp ed;F typik ngw;wTld; mq;fpUe;JGwg;gl;L kjPdh efu; te;J jq;fpdhu;. ,e;j ]/yghTila kfd; `h]htpd;gps;isfs;jhd; mt;];> f];u[; vd;w ,UtUk;. ,t;tpUty; ,Ue;Nj mt;];> f];u[;vd;w ,U tkprq;fs; Njhd;wpd.m[;J tkprj;ij Nru;e;j `h]h ,g;D mk;u; FLk;gj;jpdu; `p [h]; gFjpapy;~ku;Uy; s`;uhd;| vd;Dk; ,lj;jpy; jq;fpdu;. rpwpJ fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpd; kf;fh kPJgilnaLj;J mq;F trpj;j [{u;`{k; tkprj;jtu;fis ntspNaw;wp tpl;L kf;fhitjq;fsJ Cuhf Mf;fpf; nfhz;ldu;. ,e;j `h]htpd; tkprj;jpw;F ~F[hM| vd;wngaUk; cz;L.[/g;dh ,g;D mk;u; vd;gtu; jdJ FLk;gj;Jld; rphpah nrd;W jq;fpdhu;. ,tuJre;jjpapdu;jhd; tUq;fhyj;jpy; rphpahit Ml;rp nra;j f];]hdpa kd;du;fs;Mtu;. rphpah tUtjw;F Kd; [/g;dh ,g;D mk;u; `p [h]; gFjpapy; cs;s~f];]hd;| vd;w fpzw;Wf;fUfpy; FbNawp rpy fhyk; jq;fpapUe;jdu;. ,jd;fhuzkhfNt gpw;fhyj;jpy; ,tu;fSf;F ~f];]hdpau;| vd;w ngaUk; te;jJ.fmg; ,g;D mk;u;> `h]; ,g;D mk;u;> mt;/g; ,g;D mk;u; Nghd;w rpwpa rpwpaFLk;gj;jtu;fSk; Nkw;$wg;gl;l nghpaNfhj;jpuq;fSld; ,ize;J `p [h]; kw;Wk;rphpahtpy; Fbngau;e;jdu;.2) yf;k; kw;Wk; [{jhk;,tu;fs; fpof;F kw;Wk; tlf;F ehLfspy; Fbngau;e;jdu;. yf;k; tkprj;jpy; te;je];u; ,g;D ugPM vd;gtd; re;jjpapdu;jhd; ~`Puh| ehl;il Mz;l muru;fs;. me;jmuru;fis ~Kdhjpuh| vd;W miof;fg;gl;lJ.3) gD} ija;m[;J tkprj;jpdu; akdpypUe;J Fbngau;e;jTld; ,e;j Nfhj;jpuj;jpdUk; mugpajPgfw;gj;jpd; tlf;F gFjpf;Fr; nrd;W m[/> ry;kh vd;w ,U kiyfSf;fpilapy;FbNawpdu;. gpw;fhyj;jpy; me;j kiyfSf;F ~ija; kiyfs;| vd;w ngau; te;jJ.4) fpd;jh,e;j Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; g`;iudpy; FbNawpdu;. mq;F mtu;fSf;Fg; gy rpukq;fs;Vw;glNt kPz;Lk; akd; ehl;by; ~`o;u kt;j;| vDk; efhpy; FbNawpdu;. mq;Fk;mtu;fSf;F rpukq;fs; Vw;glNt> mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpd; e[;J gFjpapy; FbNawp xUngUk; murhq;fj;ij epWtpdu;. Mdhy;> rpy fhyq;fSf;Fs;shfNt mtu;fsJmurhq;fk; mope;J RtLfs; njhpahky; Nghapw;W.`pk;au; tkprj;ijr; Nru;e;j ~FohM| vd;w Nfhj;jpuj;jhu; akdpypUe;J ntspNawp~kh/Gy; ,uhf;| vd;w gFjpapy; ~ghjpaj;J]; ]khth| vd;Dk; Chpy; FbNawpdu;.FohM tkprj;ijr; Nru;e;j rpy gphptpdu; ~kh/G; hk;| vd;w gFjpapYk; `p[h]; khepyj;jpd; tlf;Fg; gFjpapYk; FbNawpdu;.,jw;F Kd; $wg;gl;l my; muGy; K];j/ghtpd; Kjd; Kjyhd ghl;ldhu; egp,g;wh`Pk; (miy) Mthu;fs;. egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fs; ,uhf; ehl;by; /Guhj;ejpapd; Nkw;F fiuapy; $/ghtpw;F mUfhikapy; cs;s ~cu;| vd;w Ciur;Nru;e;jtu;fs;. egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fspd; FLk;gk;> cu; kw;Wk; mij Page 9 of 518
  11. 11. Rw;wpAs;s Cu;fspd; rka r%f gz;ghLfs; Fwpj;J gy tphpthd jfty;fs;mfo;thuha;r;rpfs; kw;Wk; njhy; nghUs; Muha;r;rpfs; %yk; fpilj;Js;sd.,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fs; jdJ ChpypUe;J ntspNawp `huhd; my;yJ `u;uhd;vDk; Chpy; FbNawpdhu;fs;. rpy fhyj;jpw;Fg; gpd; mq;fpUe;Jk; Gwg;gl;L/gy];jPdk; ehl;by; FbNawpdhu;fs;. /gy];jPid jdJ miog;Gg; gzpf;Fikakhf Mf;fpf;nfhz;L mq;Fk; mijr; Rw;wpAs;s gy gFjpfspYk; tho;e;jkf;fis xNu ,iwtdpd; gf;fk; mioj;jhu;fs;. xU Kiw kidtp rhuhTld;miog;Gg; gzpf;fhf mUfpYs;s Xu; CUf;Fr; nrd;whu;fs;. md;id rhuh kpfmofpa Njhw;wKilatuhf ,Ue;jij mwpe;j mt;T+hpd; mepahaf;fhu murd;>mtu;fis mioj;J tur;nra;J mtu;fSld; jtwhd Kiwapy; elf;f Kad;whd;.md;id rhuh mtdplkpUe;J jd;id ghJfhf;FkhW my;yh`;tplk; Ntz;bdhu;.mtd; rhuhit neUq;f Kbahjgb my;yh`; mtid Mf;fptpl;lhd;.my;yh`;tplk; rhuh kpf kjpg;gpw;Fhpatu;; NkYk;> ey;nyhOf;fr; rPyu; vd;gij ,jd;%yk; mwpe;j me;j mepahaf;fhud;> rhuhtpd; rpwg;ig nkr;rp my;yJ my;yh`;tpd;jz;lidapypUe;J jg;gpj;Jf; nfhs;s rhuhTf;F gzp nra;a Xu; mofpa mbikg;ngz;iz toq;fpdhd;. rhuh mtu;fs; mg;ngz;iz jdJ fztu; ,g;wh`PKf;Ftoq;fp tpl;lhu;fs;. mg;ngz;kzpjhd; md;id `h[u; Mthu;. (]`P`{y; Gfhhp),e;epfo;r;rpf;Fg; gpd; ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) jq;fspd; trpg;gplkhd /gy];jPdj;jpw;Fj;jpUk;gpdhu;fs;. mq;F `h[hpd; %ykhf ~,];khaPy;| vd;w Nkd;ikf;Fhpa xUkfid> my;yh`; ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fSf;F toq;fpdhd;. gpwF my;yh`;tpd;fl;lisf;F ,zq;f ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) jq;fsJ kfd; ,];khaPy; (miy) kw;Wk;`h[iu mioj;Jf; nfhz;L kf;fh te;jhu;fs;.mf;fhyj;jpy; mq;F ,iw ,y;ykhd ~fmgh| fl;llkhf ,Uf;ftpy;iy. fmgh,Ue;j ,lk; rw;W caukhd Fd;iwg;Nghy; ,Ue;jJ. nts;sk; tUk;NghJ fmgh,Ue;j me;j Nkl;Lg; gFjpapd; tyJ ,lJ ,U Xuq;fisj; jz;zPu; mhpj;Jte;jJ. fmgj;Jy;yh`;tpd; mUfpypUe;j Xu; mlu;j;jpahd ku epoypy;mt;tpUtiuAk; mku itj;J> rpwpJ NguPj;jq;fdpfs; ,Ue;j xU igiaAk;>jz;zPu; cs;s xU JUj;jpiaAk; mt;tpUtUf;fhf toq;fptpl;L> ,g;wh`Pk; (miy)/gy];jPdk; jpUk;gpdhu;fs;. rpy ehl;fspy; mt;tpUthpd; czthdNguPj;jq;fdpfSk; jz;zPUk; jPu;e;Jtpl;ld. my;yh`; jdJ mUspdhy; grpiaAk;jhfj;ijAk; Nghf;Fk; mw;Gjkhd ~[k;[k;| Cw;iw mt;tpUtUf;fhf Njhd;wr;nra;jhd;. (]`P`{y; Gfhhp),f;fhyj;jpy; ,uz;lhtJ [{u;`{k; vd;w akd; Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; kf;fh topNatUk;NghJ (jz;zPu; ,Ug;gijg; ghu;j;J) mq;F trpf;f tpUk;gp md;id `h[hplk;mDkjp ngw;W jq;fpdu;. rpy tuyhw;W Mrphpau;fs; ,e;j ,uz;lhtJ [{u;`{k;tkprj;jpdu; Kd;gpUe;Nj kf;fhitr; Rw;wpAs;s gs;sj;jhf;Ffspy; trpj;J te;jdu;vd;Wk; kf;fhtpy; md;id `h[u; FbNawp> [k;[k; fpzW Njhd;wpaTld; jhq;fs;trpj;J te;j gs;sj;jhf;Ffis tpl;L ntspNawp kf;fhtpy; FbNawpdu;" vd;Wk;$Wfpwhu;fs;. (]`P`{y; Gfhhp),khk; Gfhhp (u`;) jq;fsJ E}ypy; ,r;rk;gtk; gw;wp Fwpg;gpl;bUg;gij Muha;e;jhy;ehk; Kjypy; $wpa $w;Nw kpfr; rhpahdJ vd;gij mwpe;J nfhs;syhk;. ,khk;Gfhhp (u`;) $wpapUg;gjhtJ: Page 10 of 518
  12. 12. ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) jkJ kidtpiaAk; gps;isiaAk; kf;fhtpy; jq;f itg;gjw;FKd;Ng kf;fh topahf ,uz;lhtJ [{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;jhu; Nghf tu ,Ue;jhu;fs;.md;id `h[u; kf;fhtpy; te;J jq;fp jz;zPu; trjpAk; Vw;gl;lgpd;> mjhtJ,];khaPy; (miy) thypgkiltjw;F Kd;G ,tu;fs; FbNawpAs;shu;fs;. ,t;thNw]`P`{y; Gfhhpapy; te;Js;sJ. ,jpypUe;J ,tu;fs; kf;fhtpd; vg;gFjpapYk;,jw;F Kd; FbapUf;ftpy;iy vd;gJ njspthfj; njhpa tUfpwJ. mNj Neuk;>jhd; tpl;L te;j kidtp kw;Wk; kfid re;jpf;f egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fs;nrd;W te;jhu;fs;. nkhj;jk; vj;jid Kiw re;jpf;fr; nrd;whu;fs; vd;gJ cWjpahfnjhpatpy;iy. vdpDk; ehd;F Kiw nrd;wjw;fhd cWjpkpf;fr; rhd;Wfs; cs;sd.me;j ehd;F Kiwfs; tUkhW:1) ,ijg; gw;wp my;yh`; jd; jpUkiwapy; $wpapUf;fpd;whd;. egp ,g;wh`Pk;(miy)> mtu;fs; jkJ kfdhu; ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fis mWj;J my;yh`;Tf;Fjpahfk; nra;tJNghy; fdT xd;W fz;lhu;fs;. mf;fdit my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisvd;W czu;e;J mij epiwNtw;w kf;fh te;jhu;fs;. ,J Fwpj;J gpd;tUk; Fu;Md;trdj;jpy; my;yh`; ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;.MfNt> mt;tpUtUk; (,iwtdpd; tpUg;gj;jpw;F) Kw;wpYk; topg;gl;L> (,g;wh`Pk;jd; kfd; ,];khaPiy mWj;Jg; gypapl) Kfq;Fg;Gwf; fplj;jpaNghJ ehk;,g;wh`PNk!" vd ehk; mioj;J cz;ikahfNt ePq;fs; cq;fSila fditnka;ahf;fp itj;Jtpl;Bu;fs; vd;Wk;> ed;ik nra;gtUf;F ehk; ,t;thNw $ypnfhLg;Nghk;" vd;Wk; $wp> epr;rakhf ,J kfj;jhdnjhU ngUk; NrhjidahFk;"(vd;Wk; $wpNdhk;). MfNt> kfj;jhdnjhU gypia mtUf;F gfukhf;fpNdhk;.(my;Fu;Md; 37 : 103-107),];`hf;iftpl ,];khaPy; (miy) gjp%d;W Mz;Lfs; %j;jtu; vd;W jt;whj;"Ntjj;jpy; ~jf;tPd;| vd;w mj;jpahaj;jpy; Fwpg;gplg;gl;Ls;sJ. NkYk;>,r;rk;gtj;ijg; gw;wp tpthpf;Fk; Fu;Md; trdq;fspypUe;J ,e;epfo;r;rp ,];`hf;(miy) gpwg;gjw;F Kd; ele;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;Nw njhpfpwJ. Vnddpy;>Nkd;ikkpF Fu;Mdpy; egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fs; ,];khaPy; (miy)mtu;fis mWj;Jg; gypapl Kad;w epfo;r;rp KOJk; $wg;gl;l gpwF mijaLj;Nj,];`hf; (miy) gpwg;ghu; vd;w ew;nra;jp $wg;gl;Ls;sJ.Mf> ,jpypUe;J ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fis mWg;gjw;fhf egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy)mtu;fs; xUKiw kf;fh nrd;Ws;shu;fs; vd;gJk;> mg;NghJ ,];khaPy; (miy)thypgkilatpy;iy vd;gJk; njhpa tUfpwJ.kw;w %d;W gazq;fisg; gw;wp ,g;D mg;gh]; (uop) mtu;fspd; thapyhf ,khk;Gfhhp (u`;) mtu;fs; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;sjpd; RUf;fkhtJ:2) ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fs; [{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;jhhplk; mugp nkhopiaf;fw;whu;fs;. mtu;fspd; xOf;fk; kw;Wk; ew;gz;Gfis [{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;jhu;nghpJk; tpUk;gp jq;fs; ,dj;ijr; Nru;e;j xU ngz;iz ,];khaPYf;F kzKbj;Jitj;jhu;fs;. ,j;jpUkzj;jpw;F gpwNf md;id `h[u; mtu;fs; ,we;jhu;fs;.,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fs; kPz;Lk; kidtpiaAk; kfidAk; re;jpg;gjw;F kf;fhte;jNghJ kidtp ,we;j nra;jpiaj; njhpe;J nfhz;lhu;fs;. ,];khaPy; (miy)mg;NghJ kf;fhtpy; ,y;iy. ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fspd; kidtpaplk; jdJkfidg; gw;wpAk; mt;tpUthpd; tho;f;if> Rfeyd;fs; gw;wpAk; tprhhpj;jhu;fs;. Page 11 of 518
  13. 13. mg;ngz;Nzh jq;fsJ ,y;yw neUf;fbiaAk; tWikiaAk; gw;wp Kiwapl;lhu;.mijf; Nfl;l egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fs; ,];khaPy; te;jhy;> jdJ tPl;Lthry; epiyia khw;w Ntz;Lk; vd;W ehd; $wpajhf> mthplk; eP nrhy;!" vd;Wnrhy;yptpl;L nrd;whu;fs;. ,];khaPy; (miy) tPL jpUk;gpaTld; mg;ngz; ele;jepfo;r;rpia tptj;jhu;. jdJ je;ij $wpa fUj;jpd; Nehf;fj;ijg; Ghpe;J nfhz;Lmg;ngz;iz ,];khaPy; (miy) kztpyf;F nra;Jtpl;lhu;. mjw;Fg; gpwF[{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;jhhpd; jiytu; ~Kohj; ,g;D mk;u;| vd;gtd; kfisj;jpUkzk; nra;jhu;.3) ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fs; ,uz;lhtjhf jpUkzk; nra;J nfhz;lgpd; egp,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fs; kf;fh te;jhu;fs;. mg;NghJk; ,];khaPy; (miy) tPl;by;,y;iy. egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) jdJ kUkfsplk; kfidg; gw;wpAk; FLk;gepiyiag; gw;wpAk; tprhhpj;jhu;fs;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; mUshy; ehq;fs;eyKld; ,Uf;fpNwhk;" vd;W mtu; gjpyspj;jhu;. mijf; Nfl;l egp ,g;wh`Pk;(miy) mtu;fs; ,];khaPy; (miy) te;jhy; jdJ tPl;L thrypd; epiyia jf;fitj;Jf; nfhs;sl;Lk; vd;W ehd; $wpajhf> ,];khaPyplk; nrhy;!" vd;Wnrhy;yptpl;L /gy];jPdk; nrd;whu;fs;.4) ehd;fhk; Kiw egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) kf;fh te;jNghJ jdJ kfidre;jpj;jhu;fs;. ,];khaPy; (miy) [k;[k; fpzw;wUfpy; ,Ue;j xU kuj;jpd; epoypy;mku;e;J jdJ mk;igf; $u;ikgLj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;jhu;fs;. je;ijiag; ghu;j;jJk;vOe;J khpahij nra;J jq;fsJ md;igg; ghpkhwpf; nfhz;lhu;fs;.,g;gazj;jpy;jhd; ,UtUk; ,ize;J fmgj;Jy;yh`;itf; fl;b> my;yh`;tpd;fl;lisf;fpzq;f kf;fis `[;[{f;F mioj;jhu;fs;. (]`P`{y; Gfhhp),uz;lhtJ kidtpapd; %yk; egp ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fSf;Fg; gd;dpuz;LMz; gps;isfis my;yh`; toq;fpdhd;. mtu;fspd; ngau;fs; gpd;tUkhW:1) ehgpj; (eghA+j;)> 2) ifjhu;> 3) mj;gh<y; 4) kpGhk;> 4) kp;kh/> 6) J}kh> 7)kPh> 8) `{jj; 9) jPkh> 10) aJ}u;> 11) e/gP];> 12) ifJkhd;.gpw;fhyj;jpy; ,e;j gd;dpuz;L gps;isfs; topahfj;jhd; gd;dpuz;L Nfhj;jpuq;fs;cUthfpd. ,tu;fs; midtUk; gy fhyq;fs; kf;fhtpy; trpj;jdu;. akd;> rphpah>kp];u; Mfpa ehLfSf;F nrd;W tpahghuk; nra;J tho;f;if elj;jpdu;. rpyfhyq;fs; fopj;J ,tu;fspy; gyu; mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpd; kw;w gFjpfspYk; mjd;ntspapYk; FbNawpdu;. ehsiltpy; ehgpj;> ifjhu; FLk;gq;fisj; jtpukw;wtu;fisg; gw;wpa tuyhw;Wf; Fwpg;GfNs ,y;yhky; Ngha;tpl;lJ.[h]pd; tlf;Fg; gFjpapy; ehgpj; vd;gtd; gps;isfs; ed;F tsu;r;rp ngw;WKd;Ndwp ~gj;uh| vd;w Ciu jiyefuhff; nfhz;L tYkpf;f Xu; murhq;fj;ijepWtpdu;. ,e;efuk; (cu;Jd;) N[hu;lhdpd; njw;Nf tuyhw;Wg; Gfo; tha;e;j goq;fhyefukhFk;. ,tu;fspd; murhl;rpf;F gzpe;Nj mq;Fs;Nshu; tho;e;jdu;. ,tu;fismg;NghJ tho;e;j vtuhYk; ,tu;fis vjpu;f;fNth> Gwf;fzpf;fNth Kbatpy;iy.,Wjpahf Nuhku;fs; ,tu;fspd; murhq;fj;ij mopj;jdu;. ,e;j ehgpj;jpd;tkprj;jpw;F ~epgpj;jp tkprk;| vd;w kw;nwhU ngaUk; cz;L. rphpahtpy; Ml;rpnra;j f];]hd; tkprj;J muru;fSk; kjpdhtpy; trpj;j mt;];> f];u[;tkprj;jpdUk; ,e;j ehgpj; ,g;D ,];khaPypd; FLk;gj;ij Nru;e;jtu;fs; vd tkprMa;thsu;fspd; xU $l;lj;jpdu; $Wfpd;wdu;. ,e;j tkprj;ijr; Nru;e;j gyu; me;jCu;fspy; ,d;Wk; trpf;fpd;wdu;. ,khk; Gfhhp (u`;) jq;fsJ E}ypy; egp ,];khaPy; Page 12 of 518
  14. 14. (miy) mtu;fSld; akd; ehl;L njhlu;G (cwT) vd;W xU ghlj;ijFwpg;gpl;Ls;shu;. mg;ghlj;jpy; jiyg;Gf;F nghUj;jkhd rpy egpnkhopfis vOjp>jdJ fUj;Jf;F typik Nru;j;Js;shu;.`jP]; fiy (egpnkhop) ty;Ydu; ,g;D `[Uk; jdJ tphpTiuapy;> f`;jhd;tkprj;jpdu; ehgpj; ,g;D ,];khaPypd; FLk;gj;jpypUe;J te;jtu;fs; vd;wfUj;ijNa Vw;wkhdJ vd Fwpg;gpl;Ls;shu;fs;.egp ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fspd; kfd; ifjhd; FLk;gj;jpdu; gy fhyq;fs;kf;fhtpy; tho;e;jdu;. mtuJ re;jjpapy; mj;dhDk; mtu; kfd; kmJk; NgUk;GfOk; ngw;wtu;fs;. ,tu;fspypUe;J mj;dhdpa mugpau;fs; Njhd;wpdu;.,tu;fisaLj;J gpw;fhyj;jpy; ,tuJ re;jjpapy; Njhd;wpatu;fs;> mj;dhd; tiujq;fsJ %jhijfspd; ngau;fis rhpahf kddkpl;L ghJfhj;Jf; nfhz;ldu;. egp(]y;) mtu;fspd; tkpr jiyKiwapy; ,e;j mj;dhd; vd;gtu; 21-tJ jiyKiwghl;ldhuhthu;.rpy mwptpg;Gfspy; te;Js;sjhtJ: egp (]y;) mtu;fs; jq;fspd; tkprjiyKiwfis Fwpg;gpLk;NghJ mj;dhd; ngau; te;jTld; epWj;jpf; nfhz;L>,jw;F Nky; tkpr jiyKiwia $wpatu;fs; ngha;Aiuj;J tpl;ldu;" vd;W$Wthu;fs;.,t;tplj;jpy; kw;nwhU fUj;Jk; Fwpg;gplj;jf;fJ. mjhtJ> rpyu; Nkw;$wg;gl;legpnkhop gytPdkhdJ vd;gjhy; mj;dhDf;F NkYk; jiyKiw ngau;fis$wyhk; vd;fpd;wdu;. vdpDk;> mj;dhDf;F Nky; ,t;twpQu;fs; $Wk;jiyKiwapy; gy khWgl;l ngau;fis $Wfpd;wdu;. mf;fUj;Jfis xUq;fpizf;fKbahj msT mjpy; NtWghLfSk; cs;sd.mj;dhd; kw;Wk; egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fSf;fpilapy; ehw;gJ jiyKiwfs;cs;sd" vd;W gpugykhd tuyhw;W mwpQu; ,g;D ]mJ (u`;) $Wfpwhu;. ,f;fhymwpQu;fspy; ngUk; Ma;thsuhf tpsq;Fk; K`k;kJ Riykhd; vd;gtUk;,f;fUj;ijNa rhpfhz;fpwhu;. NkYk;> ,khk; jghp kw;Wk; k];T+jp jq;fspd; gyfUj;Jf;fspy; ,jidAk; xd;whf $wpAs;shu;fs;.kmjpd; kfd; e[hu; vd;gtu; %yk; gy FLk;gq;fs; Njhd;wpd. (kmJf;F ~e[hu;|vd;w xU kfd; kl;Lk;jhd; ,Ue;jhu; vd;W rpyu; $wpAs;sdu;.)e[hUf;F ehd;F gps;isfs; ,Ue;jdu;. mtu;fs; %yk; nghpatkprq;fs; Njhd;wpd.1) ,ahj;> 2) md;khu;> 3) ugPM> 4) Kou;.,f;Nfhj;jpuq;fisg; gw;wpAs;s tptuq;fspd; tiuglj;ij mLj;j gf;fj;jpy;ghu;f;fTk;.egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: epr;rakhf my;yh`; ,g;wh`PKila gps;isfspy;,];khaPiyj; Nju;T nra;jhd;. ,];khaPYila gps;isfspy; ~fpdhdh| FLk;gj;ijj;Nju;T nra;jhd;. fpdhdh FLk;gj;jpy; Fiwpau;fisj; Nju;T nra;jhd;.Fiwpau;fspy; `hpk; FLk;gj;ijj; Nju;T nra;jhd;. (]`P`; K];ypk;)egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: gilg;gpdq;fspy; (kdpjd;> [pd; vd;w ,U gphptpy;)kpfr; rpwe;j gphptpy; vd;idg; gilj;J mjpy; (K];ypk;> fh/gpu;fnsd;W) ,UgphpTfspy; rpwe;j gphptpy; vd;id Mf;fpdhd;. gpwF Nfhj;jpuq;fisj; Nju;Tnra;Jmjpy; rpwe;j Nfhj;jpuj;jpy; vd;idg; gilj;jhd;. gpwF FLk;gq;fisj; Nju;Tnra;J> Page 13 of 518
  15. 15. mjpy; kpfr; rpwe;j FLk;gj;jpy; vd;id Mf;fpdhd;. ehd; mtu;fspy; Md;khthYk;kpfr; rpwe;jtd;. FLk;gj;jhYk; kpfr; rpwe;jtd;. (]`P`; K];ypk;)kw;Nwhu; mwptpg;gpy; te;Js;sJ: my;yh`; gilg;gpdq;fisg; gilj;J mtw;wpy;kpfr; rpwe;j gphptpdhpy; vd;id Mf;fp itj;jhd;. gpwF mg;gphpit ,uz;lhfMf;fp mtw;wpy; kpfr; rpwe;j gphptpy; vd;id Mf;fpdhd;. gpwF mtu;fisNfhj;jpuq;fshf Mf;fp mtw;wpy; kpfr; rpwe;j Nfhj;jpuj;jpy; vd;id Mf;fpdhd;.gpwF mtu;fisg; gy FLk;gq;fshf Mf;fp mtw;wpy; FLk;gj;jhYk; Md;khthYk;rpwe;jtu;fspy; vd;id Mf;fpdhd;. ([hkpTj; jpu;kpjp)mj;dhd; re;jjpapdUila vz;zpf;if gy;fpg; ngUfpaNghJ mtu;fs; kio tsk;>gRik> nropg;Gkpf;f ,lq;fisj;Njb muG ehl;bd; gy gFjpfSf;Fr; nrd;wdu;.mg;J if];> gf;U ,g;D thapy; kw;Wk; jkPk; Mfpa re;jjpapdu; g`;iudpYk;>`dP/gh ,g;D myP ,g;D gf;u; FLk;gj;jpdu; ~akhkh| nrd;W mq;Fs;s ~`{[;u;|gFjpapYk; FbNawpdu;. (`{[;u; vd;gJ akhkhtpd; xU efukhFk;.) gf;u; ,g;Dthapypd; Vida FLk;gq;fs; akhkh> g`;iud;> i]/g; fhspkh> mjd;mUfhikapYs;s flw;gFjp> ,uhf;fpd; fpuhkg;Gwq;fs; Mfpa ,lq;fspy;FbNawpdu;.jq;ypg; FLk;gj;jtu;fs; ~/Guhj;| ejpf;fiuapy; FbNawpdu;. mtu;fspy; xU gphptpdu;gf;u; FLk;gj;jhUf;F mUfpy; trpj;jdu;. gD} jkPk; FLk;gj;jtu;fs; g]uhtpYk;mjd; fpuhkg; gFjpfspYk; trpj;jdu;.Riyk; FLk;gj;jpdu; kjPdhTf;F mUfhikapy; trpj;jdu;. mtu;fs; thjpy;FuhtpypUe;J ifgu;tiu> kjPdhtpd; fpof;Fg; gFjp> mjd; ,U kiyg;gFjpfs;kw;Wk; `u;uh tiu trpj;jdu;.m]j; FLk;gj;jpdu; ~jPkh/| efuj;jpd; fpof;Fg; gFjpYk; ~$/gh| efuj;jpd; Nkw;Fg;gFjpapYk; trpj;jdu;. mtu;fSf;Fk; jPkh/Tf;FkpilNa ~ja;k;| Nfhj;jpuj;ijr;Nru;e;j G`;j;Ju; FLk;gj;jtu;fspd; FbapUg;Gfs; mike;jpUe;jd. mt;T+Uf;Fk;$/ghTf;F kpilapy; Ie;J ehl;fSf;F chpa eilJ}uk; ,Ue;jJ. jpg;ahd;FLk;gj;jtu;fs; jPkh Kjy; `t;uhd; efuk; tiuapYk; fpdhdhtpd; re;jjpapdu;~jp`hkh| gFjpapYk; trpj;jdu;. kf;fhtpYk; mjd; Rw;Wg;Gwq;fspYk; FiwpFLk;gj;jtu;fs; trpj;jdu;. mtu;fs; xw;Wik ,d;wp gythwhfg; gphpe;J tho;e;jdu;.F]a;k; ,g;D fpyhg; mtu;fis xUq;fpizj;J FiwpaUf;nfd jdpg;ngUk;rpwg;GfisAk; cau;TfisAk; ngw;Wj; je;jhu;. muG ehl;by; Ml;rp mjpfhuk;egp (]y;) mtu;fs; jq;fsJ Vfj;Jt miog;igj; njhlq;fpa fhyfl;lj;jpy; mugpajPgfw;gj;jpy; Ml;rp nra;jtu;fs; ,U tifapduhf ,Ue;jdu;.1) Kb#l;lg;gl;ltu;fs;: Mdhy; ,tu;fspy; gyu; jdpj;J ,aq;Fk; Rje;jpuk;ngwtpy;iy. khwhf> xU NguuRf;Ff; fPo; fl;Lg;gl;L elg;gtu;fshf ,Ue;jdu;.2) FLk;gk; kw;Wk; Nfhj;jpuq;fspd; jiytu;fs;: Kb#l;lg;gl;l muru;fSf;Fhpajdpj;jd;ikAk; chpikAk; ,tu;fSf;Fk; ,Ue;jd. ,tu;fspy; ngUk;ghNyhu; KORje;jpuj;Jld; nray;gl;ldu;. kw;Wk; rpyu; VjhtJ Xu; murhpd; gpujpepjpahfnray;gl;ldu;. Page 14 of 518
  16. 16. Kbauru;fspd; tpguk; gpd;tUkhW: akd; ehl;L muru;fs;> hk; ehl;L muru;fs;>(,tu;fis f];]hdpd; FLk;gj;jtu;fs; vd tuyhw;wpy; $wg;gLfpwJ) `Puh ehl;Lmuru;fs;. ,tu;fisj;jtpu NtW rpy muru;fSk; ,Ue;jdu;. mtu;fSf;F KiwahfKb#l;lg;gltpy;iy. ,e;j muru;fs; kw;Wk; jiytu;fs; gw;wp RUf;fkhff;fhz;Nghk;.m) akd; ehL (Vkd;)~my; muGy; Mgh| vDk; mugpau;fs; ~]gh $l;lj;jpdu;| vd akdpy; Gfo;ngw;wpUe;j kpfg;goikahdtu;fs;. mtu;fs; fp.K. 25 Mk; E}w;whz;Lf;F Kd;tho;e;jjhf ~mt;u;| vDk; efhpy; elj;jpa mfo;thuha;r;rpapy; rhd;Wfs;fpilj;Js;sd. fp.K. 11 Mk; E}w;whz;by; mtu;fsJ Ml;rpAk; Mjpf;fKk;nropg;gila Muk;gpj;jJ.mtu;fsJ fhyj;ijg; gpd;tUkhW gphpf;fyhk;:1) fp.K. 1300 ypUe;J fp.K. 620 tiu,f;fhyfl;lj;jpy; mtu;fsJ ehL ~kaPdpa;ah| vd miof;fg;gl;lJ. e[;uhDf;Fk;`ou kt;j;Jf;FkpilNa cs;s ~[t;/g;| vDk; gFjpapy; mtu;fsJ Ml;rp Njhd;wptsu;r;rp ngw;W `p[h]pd; tl gFjpahd ~kMd;| kw;Wk; ~cyh| tiu gutpapUe;jJ.kaPdpah murhq;fj;jpd; Mjpf;fk; mugpa ehLfspd; vy;iyfSf;F ntspNaAk;tphptile;jpUe;jjhf $wg;gLfpwJ. tzpfNk mtu;fsJ Kf;fpa tho;thjhukhfj;jpfo;e;jJ. mtu;fs;jhd; k/ug; efhpy; akDila tuyhw;wpy; Gfo;ngw;w kpfg;ngUk;mizf;fl;ilf; fl;bdhu;fs;. mjdhy; mtu;fsJ epyq;fs; nropg;gile;jd.MapDk;> mtu;fs; my;yh`;Tf;F ed;wp nrYj;jhky; ghtq;fs; Ghpe;jdu;.,ijg;gw;wp my;yh`; Fu;Mdpy; $Wfpwhd;.... mtu;fs; (my;yh`;it) epidg;gijNa kwe;J (jhq;fshfNt ghtk; nra;J)mope;JNghFk; kf;fshfp tpl;lhu;fs;. (my;Fu;Md; 25 : 18),f;fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; mtu;fsJ muru;fs; ~kf;G ]g/| vDk; Gidg;ngauhy;miof;fg;gl;ldu;. mtu;fsJ jiyefuk; ]pu;th`; MFk;. k/g; vDk; efypUe;Jtl Nkw;fpy; 50 fpNyh kPl;lu; njhiytpYk; ]d;MTf;Ff; fpof;Nf 142 fpNyhkPl;lu; njhiytpYk; me;efuj;jpd; rpjpyq;fs; fhzf;fpilf;fpd;wd. me;efuk; ,d;W~Fiugh| vDk; ngahpy; mwpag;gLfpwJ. ,t;turu;fspd; vz;zpf;if 22 ypUe;J 26tiu ,Ue;jJ.2) fp.K. 620ypUe;J fp.K. 115 tiuakd; ehl;L murhl;rp ,f;fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; ~]gh| vd miof;fg;gl;lJ. ,f;fhyj;jpy;Ml;rp nra;jtu;fs; ~kf;g;| vd;w jq;fsJ Gidg; ngaiuj; jtpu;j;J tpl;lhu;fs;.mjd; Ml;rpahsu;fis ]gh kd;du;fs; vd miof;fg;gl;lJ. ~]pu;th| vd;wefUf;F gjpyhf ~k/ug;| vd;w efiu jq;fsJ jiyefuhf;fpf; nfhz;ldu;. k/ug;efuj;jpd; rpije;j fl;llq;fs; ~]d;M| efhpd; fpof;Nf 192 fpNyh kPl;lu;njhiytpy; ,d;Wk; fhzg;gLfpd;wd.3) fp.K. 115ypUe;J fp.gp. 300 tiu,f;fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; me;ehL ~Kjyhk; `pk;ahpa;ah muR| vd;w ngahpy;miof;fg;gl;lJ. Vnddpy;> `pk;au; Fyj;jtu; ]ghit ntw;wp nfhz;L jq;fsJ Page 15 of 518
  17. 17. Mjpf;fj;jpd; fPo; nfhz;L te;jdu;. Kd;G me;ehl;il Ml;rp nra;jtu;fs; ~]gh|muru;fs; kw;Wk; ~J}iujhd;| muru;fnsd miof;fg;gl;ldu;. ,k;kd;du;fs;~k/ug;f;F gjpyhf iujhd; vd;gij jq;fsJ jiyefuhf mikj;Jf; nfhz;ldu;.iujhd; efUf;F ~sp/ghu;| vd;w kw;nwhU ngaUk; cz;L. me;efhpd; rpijTfs;~au;ak;f;F rkPgkhf kJ}u; vDk; kiyapd; mUfhikapy; fhzg;gLfpd;wd.,f;fhyj;jpy;jhd; ]gh muRf;F mopTk; tPo;r;rpAk; Muk;gkhapd. mtu;fspd;tzpfq;fSk; erpe;jd.mjw;Fhpa fhuzq;fshtd: 1) ~epg;j;| ,dj;jtu; `p[h]pd; tlgFjpapy; jq;fsJMjpf;fj;ij tphpTgLj;jpdu;. 2) Nuhku;fs; kp];u; (vfpg;J)> hk; (rphpah) kw;Wk;`p[h]pd; tlgFjpia xl;bAs;s efuq;fspy; jq;fsJ Mjpf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpakd; ehl;L muru;fspd; tpahghuj;jpw;fhd fly;khu;f;fj;ijAk; milj;J tpl;ldu;.3) mtu;fsJ Nfhj;jpuq;fSf;Fs; rz;il rr;ruTfs; Njhd;wpd. Mf> ,k;%d;Wfhuzq;fshy; mtu;fsJ Ml;rp tPo;r;rp fz;lJ. NkYk;> f`;jhd; tkprj;jtu;fs;akd; ehl;il Jwe;J J}ukhd ehLfspy; Fbngau;e;jdu;.4) fp.gp. 300ypUe;J ,];yhk; EioAk;tiu,f;fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; me;ehL ~,uz;lhk; `pk;ahpa;ah muR| vd miof;fg;gl;lJ.mg;NghJ Ml;rp nra;jtu;fs; ]g/> J}iujhd;> `ou kt;j;> ak;Dj; muru;fs; vdmiof;fg;gl;ldu;. ,f;fhyj;jpy; cs;ehl;L Fog;gq;fs;> FLk;gr; rz;ilfs;>Gul;rpfs; njhlu;r;rpahf epfo;e;jd. mjd; fhuzkhf mtu;fsJ murhl;rp KbTf;Fte;jJ. ,f;fhyj;jpy; Nuhku;fs; ~mj;d;| efiuf; ifg;gw;wpdu;. `k;jhd; kw;Wk;`pk;au; Fyj;jtilNa ,Ue;j Nghl;biag; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhz;L Nuhku;fspd;cjtpAld; `gpau;fs; Kjd; Kjyhf fp.gp. 340y; akd; ehl;il ifg;gw;wpdu;.,tu;fspd; Ml;rp fp.gp. 378 tiu ePbj;jJ. mjw;Fg;gpd; me;ehL `gpau;fspd;Mjpf;fj;jpypUe;J Rje;jpukile;jJ. fp.gp. 450 my;yJ 451y; khngUk; nts;sg;gpusak; Vw;gl;L mtu;fsJ efuq;fs; ngUj;j Nrjk; mile;jjhy;> efuq;fisj;Jwe;J gy ,lq;fSf;Fr; nrd;W FbNawpdu;. ,t;nts;sg; gpusaj;ij ~irYy;mhpk;| vd Nkd;ikkpF Fu;Md; $WfpwJ.fp.gp. 523k; Mz;by; akd; ehl;il Ml;rp nra;j ~J} Eth];| vd;w A+jf;nfhLq;Nfhyd; e[;uhd; tho; fpU];Jtu;fs; kPJ nfh^ukhd jhf;Fjiyj; njhLj;jhd;.mtu;fis gyte;jkhf fpU];Jt kjj;jpypUe;J khw;wpl Kide;jhd;. mtu;fs;kWj;jjd; fhuzkhf ngUk; mfo;fisj; Njhz;b neUg;Gf; Fz;lj;ij tsu;j;J>mjDs; mtu;fis tPrp vwpe;jhd;. ,J Fwpj;J my;yh`; jdJ mUs;kiwapy;gpd;tUkhW Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;:tpwFfs; Nghl;L vhpf;Fk; neUg;G mfo; Njhz;batu;fs; mopf;fg; gl;lhu;fs;....(my;Fu;Md; 85 : 4-7),r;rk;gtj;jhy; fpwp];Jtu;fs; kpfTk; nfhjpg;gile;J gopthq;fj; Jbj;jdu;. vdNt>Nuhkhdpa muru;fspd; jiyikf;F fPo; xd;wpize;J akd; ehl;bd; kPJ Nghu; GhpaMaj;jkhapdu;.Nuhk; kd;du;fs; `gpau;fisj; J}z;btpl;L mtu;fSf;nfd fg;gy; kw;Wk;glFfisj; jahu;nra;J nfhLj;jhu;fs;. mjd; fhuzkhf ~mu;ahj;| vd;gtd;jiyikapy; `ghtpypUe;J 70>000 tPuu;fs; akd; te;jpwq;fp fp.gp 525k; Mz;Lmjid ,uz;lhtJ Kiwahf ifg;gw;wpdu;. mu;ahj; fp.gp 549 tiu `ghkd;dd; ftu;duhf ,Ue;jhd;. mu;ahj;jpd; jsgjpfspy; xUtdhd ~mg;u`h ,g;D Page 16 of 518
  18. 18. ]g;gh`; my; m;uk;| vd;gtd; mu;ahij tQ;rfkhff; nfhiy nra;Jtpl;L`gh kd;dd; xg;GjYld; jd;id murdhf mwptpj;Jf; nfhz;lhd;. ,e;jmg;u`hjhd; ,iwapy;ykhd fmghit ,bf;f giliaj; jpul;batd;. mtDk;mtdJ ahidg; gilapdUk; ~m];`hGy; /gPy;| vd mwpag;gLfpd;wdu;.me;epfo;r;rpf;Fg;gpd; ]d;M jpUk;gpa mtid my;yh`; mopj;njhopj;jhd;.mtDf;Fg; gpwF mtDila kfd; ~af;]_k;| vd;gtDk; mjw;Fg; gpwF,uz;lhtJ kfd; ~k];&f;| vd;gtDk; akid Ml;rp nra;jdu;. ,e;j ,UtUk;jq;fsJ je;ijiatpl Fbkf;fisf; nfhLik nra;Ak; kpff; nfhbanfhLq;Nfhyu;fshf ,Ue;jdu;.ahid rk;gtj;jpw;Fg;gpd; fp.gp. 575y; akdpau;> kmjP fg i]/g; ,g;D J} a[pd;my;`pk;ahpd; jiyikapd; fPo; ghurPfu;fspd; cjtpAld; akid Mf;fpukpj;jpUe;j`gpau;fis vjpu;j;Jg; Nghhpl;L mtu;fis akdpypUe;J ntspNaw;wp> mijj;jq;fsJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; nfhz;L te;jdu;. mtiuj; jq;fsJ muruhfTk; Vw;Wf;nfhz;ldu;. ~kmjP fg| jdf;F Copak; nra;aTk; gazq;fspy; Jizahf,Ug;gjw;fhfTk; xU `gpg; giliaj; jd;Dld; itj;jpUe;jhu;. mtiu mtu;fs;jpBnudj; jhf;fp tQ;rfkhff; nfhd;W tpl;ldu;. mtuJ kuzj;Jld; ~J} a[pd;|FLk;g Ml;rp KbTf;F te;jJ.mjd;gpwF ghurPf kd;du;fspd; mjpfhuj;jpd; fPo; akd; ehL te;jJ. ghurPfkd;du;fs; xUtu; gpd; xUtuhfj; njhlu;e;J Ml;rp nra;jdu;. mtu;fspy;Kjyhktu; t`;U[;> gpwF kpu;[;ghd; ,g;D t`;U[;> gpwF mtuJ kfd; jPd;[hd;>gpwF F];U ,g;D jPd;[hd;> gpwF ghjhd;. ,tNu ghurPf kd;du;fspy; ,Wjpahdtu;.,tu; fp.gp. 628y; ,];yhik Vw;whu;. ,j;Jld; akd; kPjhd ghurPfu;fspd; Ml;rpKbTf;F te;jJ.M) `Puh ehL,uhf;ifAk; mijr; Rw;wpAs;s gFjpfisAk; ~$&{y; fgPu;| vd;gtd; jiyikapd;fPo; fp.K. 557ypUe;J fp.K. 529 tiu ghurPfu;fs; Ml;rp nra;jdu;. mtu;fisvtuhYk; tPo;j;j Kbatpy;iy. ,Wjpahf> ghurPfu;fspd; muruhd ~jhuh| vd;gtiu~,];fe;jUy; kf;J}dp| vd;gtu; fp.K. 326y; Njhw;fbj;jhu;. NkYk; ghurPfu;fspd;Mjpf;fj;ijAk; typikiaAk; Kwpabj;J mtu;fsJ efuq;fis rpd;dhgpd;dkhf;fpdhu;. gpwF jthap/g; vd;w ngaUila muru;fs; me;ehl;il gygFjpfshff; gphpj;J fp.gp. 230 tiu Ml;rp nra;jdu;. ,tu;fsJ Ml;rp fhyj;jpy;f`;jhd; Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; ,uhf;fpd; rpy fpuhk gFjpfisf; ifg;gw;wpdu;. mijj;njhlu;e;J mtu;fSf;Fg; Nghl;bahf mj;dhd; Nfhj;jpuj;jhu;fSk; /Guhj;ejpf;fiuapd; rpy gFjpfspy; FbNawpdu;.,t;thW Fbngau;e;jtu;fspy; KjyhtJ muruhf ,Ue;jtu; f`;jhd; tkprj;ijNru;e;j ~khypf; ,g;D /g`;k; mj;jD}fp| vd;gtuhthu;. ~md;ghu;| my;yJ mjw;FmUfpYs;s gFjp mtuJ Ml;rpapd; jiyikafkhfj; jpfo;e;jJ. mtUf;Fg; gpwFmtuJ rNfhjuu; mk;U ,g;D /g`;k; Ml;rp nra;jhu;. rpyu; ~mg;u;> to;oh`;|vd;W miof;fg;gl;l ~[{ijkh ,g;D /g`;k;| vd;w mtuJ rNfhjuu; Ml;rpnra;jhu; vdf; $Wfpd;wdu;.fp.gp. 226-Mk; Mz;L ]h]hdpah muir cUthf;fpa ~mu;JPu; ,g;D ghgf;| vd;wkd;dd; fhyj;jpy; ,uz;lhtJ Kiwahf ghurPfu;fs; ,uhf; ehl;il ifg;gw;wpdu;.mk;kd;du; ghurPfu;fis xd;wpizj;J ehl;bd; vy;iyg; Gwq;fspy; tho;e;J te;j Page 17 of 518
  19. 19. mugpau;fis mlf;fp mtu;fs; kPJ jdJ Mjpf;fj;ij epiyehl;bdhu;. `Puhehl;ltu;fSk; md;ghu; efuj;ij Nru;e;jtu;fSk; mtUf;Ff; fPo;g;gbe;jhu;fs;.Mdhy;> FohM Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; jq;fsJ Cu;fisj; Jwe;J hk; ehl;Lf;FFbngau;e;jdu;.mu;jPUila fhyj;jpy; `Puh kw;Wk; ,uhf;fpy; tho;e;j fpuhkj;jtu;fs; kw;Wk;mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpy; tho;e;j ugPM> Kou; MfpNahu; kPJ ~[{ijkj;Jy; to;oh`;|vd;gtu; Mjpf;fk; nrYj;jpdhu;. mjhtJ mugpau;fs; kPJ Neubahf Ml;rpnra;tJk; mtu;fspd; jhf;Fjy;fspypUe;J jdJ ehl;ilf; fhg;gJk; mu;jPUf;FkpFe;j rpukkhfj; Njhd;wpaJ. MfNt> mugpau;fspNyNa xUtiuj; Nju;e;njLj;Jmtiu muruhf;fpdhy; mtu; jdf;F cWJizahfTk; cjtpahfTk; mikthu; vdvz;zpdhu;. NkYk;> jd;id mr;RWj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; Nuhku;fis vjpu;nfhs;sme;j mugpfspd; cjtpiag; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s KbAnkdTk; jpl;lkpl;lhu;.mJkl;Lkpd;wp Nuhku;fSf;F cjtp nra;JtUk; hk; ehl;L mugpau;fis,uhf;fpd; mugpau;fis nfhz;L jLf;f ehbdhu;. MfNtjhd; mugpauhfpa[{ijkhit Nkw;$wpa gFjpfSf;F mu;jPu; muruhf;fpdhu;. jdJ Ml;rpiavjpu;f;Fk; mugpa goq;Fb kf;fis mlf;fp itf;f [{ijkhTf;F ghurPfuhZtg;gil xd;iwAk; mtu; toq;fpdhu;. [{ijkh fp.gp. 268-Mk; Mz;Lkuzkile;jhu;.[{ijkh kuzkhd gpd;G> mjhtJ kd;du; ~fp];uh ]hg+u; ,g;D mu;jPUila|Ml;rpf; fhyj;jpy; mk;U ,g;D mjP ,g;D e];u; my;yf;kp fp.gp. 268 Kjy; 288tiu `PuhitAk; md;ghiuAk; Ml;rp nra;jhu;. yf;k; Nfhj;jpu muru;fspYk;`Puhitj; jiyefuhff; nfhz;L Ml;rp Ghpe;jtu;fspYk; ,tNu Kjd;ikahdtu;.,tiuaLj;J yf;k; Nfhj;jpu muru;fs; gyu; njhlu;e;J `Puhit Mz;L te;jdu;.,Wjpahf (fp.gp. 448 Kjy; 531 tiu) ~Fghj; ,g;D /igNuh[;| ghurPf kd;duhdhu;.,tuJ Ml;rpapd;NghJ ~k[;jf;| vd;gtd; Njhd;wp Kiwaw;w ghypay; cwtpd;gf;fk; kf;fis mioj;jhd;. kd;du; Fghj; kw;Wk; mtdJ Fbkf;fspy;mjpfkhdtu;fs; mtid gpd;gw;wpdu;. gpwF Fghj;> `Puhtpd; kd;duhd Kd;jpu;,g;D khT]; ]khit (fp.gp. 512-554) ,opthd ,t;topKiwia Vw;FkhWmioj;jhd;. mtu; mij Kw;wpYkhf kWj;Jtpl;lhu;. mjdhy; mtiu ePf;fptpl;LmtUf;Fg; gjpyhf k[;jf;fpd; topia gpd;gw;wpa ~`h]; ,g;D mk;u; ,g;D `[u;my; fpd;jP| vd;gtid murdhf;fpdhd;.FghJf;Fg; gpwF ~mD}Nu;thd;| (fp.gp. 531-578) vd;gtu; kd;duhdhu;. ,tu; ,e;jjtwhd topia Kw;wpYk; ntWj;jhu;. k[;jf; kw;Wk; mtdJ topiagpd;gw;wpatu;fisf; nfhiy nra;jhu;. `h]; ,g;D mk;iu ePf;fptpl;L kPz;Lk;Kd;jpiu `Puhtpd; muruhf;fpdhu;. `h]; ,g;D mk;iu ifJ nra;a Kad;wNghJmtd; ~fy;G| Nfhj;jpuj;jhhplk; nrd;W milf;fykhfp kuzk; tiu mq;NfNajq;fptpl;lhd;. Kd;jpu; ,g;D khT]; ]khTf;Fg; gpwFk; mtuJ FLk;gj;jhhplNkMl;rp ,Ue;jJ. mtuJ kfd; E/khd; ,g;D Kd;jpu; fp.gp. 583 ypUe;J 605 tiuMl;rp nra;jhu;. mg;NghJ ~i[J ,g;D mjP| vd;gtd; $wpa jtwhd jftyhy;E/khd; kPJ Nfhgkile;J mtiuj; Njbtu fp];uh tPuu;fis mDg;gp itj;jhu;.E/khd; ufrpakhf ntspNawp ighd; Nfhj;jpuj;jpd; jiytuhd `hdp ,g;Dk];T+jplk; milf;fyk; ngw;W mthplk; jdJ FLk;gj;jpdiuAk; nry;tq;fisAk;xg;gilj;Jtpl;L fp];uhtplk; jpUk;gpdhu;. fp];uh mtiu kuzkilAk; tiurpiwapy; milj;jhu;. Page 18 of 518
  20. 20. mjd;gpwF E/khDf;Fg; gjpyhf ~,ah]; ,g;D fgP]h mj;jhk;| vd;gtiu `Puhtpd;muruhf;fpdhu;. `hdp ,g;D k];T+jplk; E/khd; nfhLj;J itj;jpUe;jij kPl;LtUkhW> ,ah]{f;F fp];uh cj;jutpl;lhu;. fp];uhtpd; cj;jutpw;fpzq;f ,ah];rpyiu `hdpaplk; mDg;gpaNghJ `hdp> E/khdpd; mkhdpjj;ij ju Kw;wpYk;kWj;Jtpl;L fp];uhTld; Nghiu gpufldg;gLj;jpdhu;. mijf; fz;l ,ah];jd;dplkpUe;j fp];uhtpd; gil gl;lhsq;fis mioj;Jf; nfhz;L `hdpaplk;Nghu; Ghpa gazkhdhu;. ~jP fhu;| vd;Dkplj;jpy; ,U gilfSf;FkpilNa kpff;fLikahd Nghu; ele;jJ. ,Wjpapy; ighd; Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; ntw;wpngw;wdu;.ghurPfu;fs; gLNjhy;tp mile;jdu;. ,JNt mugpau;fs; mugpauy;yhjtu;fs; kPJnfhz;l Kjy; ntw;wpahFk;. ,e;epfo;r;rp egp (]y;) mtu;fs; gpwe;j gpwFeilngw;wJ.,g;Nghu; eilngw;w fhyk; Fwpj;J tuyhw;W Mrphpau;fSf;fpilNa khWgl;l gyfUj;Jfs; ,Uf;fpd;wd.1) egp (]y;) mtu;fs; gpwe;j rpwpJ fhyj;jpNyNa ,g;Nghu; eilngw;wJ `Puhtpw;F,ah]; ,g;D fgP]h ftu;duhfg; nghWg;Ngw;w vl;lhtJ khjj;jpy; egp (]y;)mtu;fs; gpwe;jhu;fs; vd;W rpyu; $Wfpd;wdu;.2) egp (]y;) mtu;fSf;F egpj;Jtk; fpilg;gjw;Fr; rpwpJ fhyj;jpw;F Kd;dhy;,g;Nghu; epfo;e;jJ vd;W rpyu; $Wfpd;wdu;. ,JNt Vw;fj;jf;fJ.3) egpj;Jtk; fpilf;fg; ngw;wjw;F rpwpJ fhyj;jpw;F gpwF ,g;Nghu; epfo;e;jJ vd;Wrpyu; $Wfpd;wdu;.4) egp (]y;) mtu;fs; kf;fhtpypUe;J kjPdh nrd;wjw;F gpwF ,g;Nghu; epfo;e;jJvd;Wk; rpyu; $Wfpd;wdu;.5) gj;u; Aj;jj;jpw;Fg; gpwF ,g;Nghu; eilngw;wJ vd;Wk; rpyu; $Wfpd;wdu;. kw;Wk;gy fUj;Jf;fSk; $wg;gLfpd;wd.,ah]{f;Fg; gpwF ~M[hjpgh ,g;D kh`;gpahd; ,g;D k`;uh ge;jhj;| vd;wghurPfiu `Puhtpd; ftu;duhf fp];uh epakpj;jhu;. mtu; gjpNdO Mz;Lfs; (fp.gp.614-631) Ml;rp nra;jhu;. gpwF fp.gp. 632y; ~yf;k;| Nfhj;jpuj;jhu;fsplk; Ml;rpjpUk;gpaJ. mtu;fspy; ~k/&u;| vd;wiof;fg;gl;l Kd;jpu; ,g;D E/khd; vd;gtu;Ml;rp nghWg;Ngw;whu;. vdpDk;> mtuJ Ml;rp vl;L khjq;fNs ePbj;jJ. fhypj;,g;D tyPj; (uop) K];ypk;fspd; gilAld; nrd;W me;ehl;il ntw;wp nfhz;lhu;fs;.,) hk; ehL (]phpah)mugpau;fs; gy;NtW gFjpfSf;Fk; Fbngau;e;J nfhz;bUe;j fhyj;jpy; FohMNfhj;jpuj;jpd; ~gD} ]{iy`; ,g;D `{y;thd;| FLk;gj;jpdu; hk; ehl;bd;~kh/g;| vd;w gFjpfspy; FbNawpdu;. ~o[hk;kh| vdg; gpugykile;j ~o[;mk;,g;D ]yP`;| vd;w gphptpdu; Nkw;$wg;gl;l gD} ]{iy`; FLk;gj;ijr;Nru;e;jtu;fs; Mtu;. ghiytdq;fspy; topg;gwp nra;J nfhz;bUe;j fpuhkj;Jmugpau;fisj; jLf;fTk;> ghurPfu;fis vjpu;f;fTk; o[hk;khf;fis Nuhku;fs;gad;gLj;jpdu;. mjw;fhf mtu;fspy; xUtUf;F mur gjtpAk; toq;fpdu;. gyMz;Lfs; ,tu;fsJ FLk;g Ml;rp njhlu;e;jJ. ,tu;fspy; ~[pahJ ,g;D `g+yh|vd;gtu; Gfo;ngw;w muruhthu;. Page 19 of 518
  21. 21. o[hk;khtpdd; Ml;rpf; fhyk; fp.gp. ,uz;lhk; E}w;whz;bd; njhlf;fj;jpypUe;Jmjd; ,Wjptiu ePbj;jJ. mjw;F gpwF f];]hdpau;> o[hk;khtpdu; kPJ Nghu;njhLj;J Ml;rpiaf; ifg;gw;wpdu;. ,ijf; fz;l Nuhku;fs; hk; ehl;Lmugpau;fSf;F f];]hdpau;fis muru;fshf epakpj;jdu;. ,tu;fsJ jiyefukhfG];uh tpsq;fpaJ. `p[;hp 13Mk; Mz;L au;%f; Nghu; eilngWk; tiuf];]hdpau;fs; Nuhku;fspd; ftu;du;fshfNt hk; ehl;by; Ml;rp nra;jdu;. me;jf;ftu;du;fspy; ,Wjpahdtuhd ~[gyh ,g;D ma;`k;| vd;gtu; mkPUy; K/kpdPd;cku; (uop) mtu;fspd; fhyj;jpy; K];ypk;fSf;F mbgzpe;jhu;. (,J Fwpj;j Nky;tptuq;fis jghp> ,g;D fy;J}d;> k];Cjp> ,g;D Fijgh> ,g;Dy; m]Pu; MfpaE}y;fspy; fhzyhk;.)<) `p [h]; gFjpapy; mjpfhuk;,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fs; jq;fspd; tho;ehs; tiu kf;fh efhpd; jiytuhfTk;,iwapy;ykhd fmghtpd; epu;thfpahfTk; ,Ue;jhu;fs;. mtu;fs; 137tJ tajpy;kuzkile;jhu;fs;. (]p/g;Uj; jf;tPd;> jghp),];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fs; 130tJ tajpy; kuzkhdhu;fs; vd;w xU $w;Wk;$wg;gLfpwJ. (jg> ah$gp),];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fspd; kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpwF mtu;fSila gps;isfspy;xUtu; kf;fhit epu;tfpj;jhu; vd;Wk;> rpyu; Kjyhtjhf ehgpj; gpwF ifjhu; vd,UtUk; epu;tfpj;jdu; vd;Wk; $Wfpd;wdu;. mtu;fSf;Fg; gpd; mt;tpUthpd;jha;top ghl;ldhuhd Koho; ,g;D mk;u; [{u;`{kp jiytuhdhu;. ,t;thW,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fspd; FLk;gj;jhhplkpUe;J [{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;Jf;Fjiyikj;Jtk; khwpaJ. Mdhy;> ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fs; jq;fsJ je;ijAld;,iwahyaj;ij fl;batu;fs; vd;w mbg;gilapy; mtu;fspd; guk;giuapdUf;Fkf;fs; kj;jpapy; kpFe;j kjpg;Gk; khpahijAk; ,Ue;jJ. vdpDk; jiyikj;Jtk;kw;Wk; mjpfhuj;jpy; mtu;fSf;F vt;tpjg; gq;Fk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. (,g;D `phk;)ehl;fs; efu;e;jd. fhyq;fs; fle;jd. ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fSila re;jjpfspd;epiyikfis vLj;Jf; $WksTf;F nghpjhf ,y;iy. ~Gf;j; e];u;| vd;w kd;dd;Njhd;Wtjw;Fr; rpwpJ fhyk; Kd;G [{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; Kw;wpYk;eype;Jtpl;ldu;. mf;fhyj;jpy; kf;fhtpy; mj;dhd; tkprj;jtd; murpay; Mjpf;fk;tsuj; njhlq;fpaJ. Gf;Je];Uf;Fk; mugpau;fSf;FkpilNa ~jhj; ,u;f;| vd;w,lj;jpy; eilngw;w Nghhpy; mugpag; gilapd; jsgjpahf [{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu;,Uf;ftpy;iy. khwhf> ,g;gilf;F mj;dhd; jsgjpahf ,Ue;jhu;. (jg)gpwF Gf;J e];u; fp.gp. 587y; ,uz;lhtJ Kiwahf Nghu; njhLj;jNghJmj;dhdpau;fs; akd; ehl;Lf;Fj; jg;gpr; nrd;wdu;. mr;re;ju;g;gj;jpy;,];uNtyu;fspd; egpahd ~au;kpah`;| mtu;fspd; Njhou; ~gu;fpah| vd;gtu;mj;dhdpd; kfd; ~kmj;ij hk; ehl;bYs;s `u;uhd; efUf;F mioj;Jr;nrd;whu;. Gf;J e];Uila fhyj;Jf;Fg; gpd; kmj; kf;fh jpUk;gpdhu;. mq;F[{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;jpy; ~[t;k; ,g;D [{y;`{kh| vd;gtu; kl;LNk kPjkpUe;jhu;.mtuJ kfis kmj; kze;J nfhz;lhu;. ,UtUf;Fk; e[hu; vd;gtu; gpwe;jhu;. (jghp>/gj;`{y; ghhp)[{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;jpdhpd; epiyik kf;fhtpy; kpf Nkhrkile;J> nghUshjhuneUf;fbf;F Mshapdu;. fmghit jhprpf;f te;jtu;fis ,k;rpj;J fmghtpd;nry;tq;fisAk; #iwahbdu;. (jghp) Page 20 of 518
  22. 22. ,r;nray; mj;dhdpau;fSf;F kpFe;j ntWg;ig cz;lhf;fpaJ. F[hMNfhj;jpuj;jpdu; kf;fhTf;F mUfpYs;s ~ku;Us; s`;uhd;| vd;w ,lj;jpy;FbNawpaNghJ [{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; kPJ mj;dhdpau;fs; nfhz;bUe;jntWg;ig gad;gLj;jpf; nfhz;ldu;. mj;dhdpau;fspd; xU gphptpduhd ~gD} gf;U,g;D mg;J kdh/g;| FLk;gj;jhhpd; cjtpAld; F[hMtpdu; [{u;`{k;Nfhj;jpuj;jhu; kPJ Nghu; njhLj;J> mtu;fis kf;fhtpypUe;J ntspNaw;wp> mijj;jq;fsJ fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Fs; nfhz;L te;jdu;. fp.gp. ,uz;lhk; E}w;whz;bd; ghjptiumtu;fsJ Ml;rpNa kf;fhtpy; ePbj;jJ.[{u;`{k; $l;lj;jpdu; kf;fhtpypUe;J ntspNaw;wg;gl;lNghJ [k;[k; fpzw;iwmilahsk; njhpahj tifapy; gy nghUs;fisg; Nghl;L epug;gp kiwj;J tpl;ldu;.tuyhw;whrphpauhd ,g;D ,];`hf; (u`;) $Wfpwhu;:~;mk;u; ,g;D `h]; ,g;D Koho; [{u;`{kP| vd;gtu; fmghtpypUe;j ,uz;L jq;fkhd; rpiyfisAk;> m];tj; fy;iyAk; [k;[k; fpzw;wpDs; Nghl;L %btpl;lhu;.mtUk; mtiur; Nru;e;j [{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;jhUk; akd; ehl;Lf;Fr; nrd;WFbNawpdu;. kf;fhit tpl;Lg; gpe;jijAk; mjd; mjpfhuk; if eOtpg; NghdijAk;vz;zp mtu;fs; kpFe;j tUj;jk; mile;jdu;.,J Fwpj;J mk;u; ,f;ftpijia ghbdhu;:`[_d;> ]/gh ,ilNa NerUkpy;iykf;fhtpy; ,uhf;fij NgRgtUk; ,y;iykhwhf> ehq;fNs mq;F trpj;J te;Njhk;;Mdhy; vq;fis fhyq;fspd; khw;wq;fSk;Mgj;J epiwe;j tpjpfSk; mopj;Jtpl;ld. (,g;D `phk;> jghp)egp ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fspd; fhyk; egp <]h (miy) mtu;fsJ gpwg;Gf;F,uz;lhapuk; Mz;LfSf;F Ke;jpajhFk;. [{u;`{k; Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; Vwf;Fiwa,uz;lhapuj;J E}W Mz;Lfs; kf;fhtpy; trpj;J mjid Vwf;Fiwa ,uz;lhapuk;tUlq;fs; jq;fspd; Mjpf;fj;jpy; itj;jpUe;jdu;.F[hMtpdu; kf;fhitf; ifg;gw;wpa gpwF gf;u; Nfhj;jpuj;jhiu ,izj;Jf;nfhs;shky; jdpahfNt jq;fsJ Ml;rpia epWtpf; nfhz;ldu;. vdpDk;> gf;u;Nfhj;jpuj;ij Nru;e;j Kou; FLk;gj;jhUf;F kl;Lk; %d;W nghWg;Gfs; fpl;bd.KjyhtJ: `[;[{f;F tUgtu;fis mu/ghtpypUe;J K[;jyp/ghTf;F mioj;JtUtJ kw;Wk; `[;[pd; filrp jpdkhd 13tJ ehsd;W kpdhtpypUe;Jgazkhtjw;F mDkjpaspj;jy;.,g;nghWg;Gfs; ,y;ah]; ,g;D Kou; tkprj;jpy; my; ft;]; ,g;D Ku;uhFLk;gj;jhUf;Ff; fpl;bd. ,tu;fs; ~]_/gh| vd miof;fg;gl;ldu;. ,tu;fsJrpwg;G vd;dntdpy;> ]_/ghitr; Nru;e;j xUtu; mfghtpy; fy; vwpahjtiu NtWahUk; vwpakhl;lhu;fs;. kf;fs; fy;nywpe;J Kbj;J kpdhtpypUe;JntspNaWtjhapUe;jhy; fzthapd; ,UGwq;fisAk; ]_/ghtpdu; %btpLthu;fs;.mtu;fs; Kjypy; ntspNawpr; nrd;w gpwNf kw;wtu;fs; ntspNawmDkjpf;fg;gLthu;fs;. ]_/ghtpdu; ,we;Jtpl;l gpwF jkPk; fpisiar; Nru;e;j]mJ ,g;D i[J kdhj; FLk;gj;jpdUf;F ,g;nghWg;G fpilj;jJ.,uz;lhtJ: Jy;`[; gpiwapd; 10Mk; ehs; K[;jyp/ghtpypUe;J kpdhTf;Fkf;fis mioj;Jr; nry;Yk; nghWg;G mj;thd; FLk;gj;jhu;fsplk; ,Ue;jJ. Page 21 of 518
  23. 23. %d;whtJ: (Nghu; Ghpa jil nra;ag;gl;l) Gdpj khjq;fis #o;epiyf;Nfw;g Kd;gpd;dhf khw;wpf; nfhs;Sk; mjpfhuk;> ~/Gifk; ,g;D mjP| vd;w fpdhdhFLk;gj;jhhplk; ,Ue;jJ. (,g;D `phk;)F[hMtpdhpd; Mjpf;fk; kf;fhtpy; Kd;D}W Mz;Lfs; ,Ue;jJ. (ah$j;>/gj;`{y; ghhp),tu;fspd; fhyj;jpy; mj;dhd; tkprj;ijr; Nru;e;jtu;fs; e[;j;> ,uhf;> g`;iud;Mfpa ehLfSf;Fr; nrd;W FbNawpdu;. kf;fhtpy; Fiwpiar; Nru;e;j rpyFLk;gj;jhu;fs; kl;Lk; Mq;fhq;Nf gphpe;J tho;e;jdu;. mtu;fSf;F kf;fh kw;Wk;Gdpj fmghtpd; mjpfhuk; vJTk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy. ,e;epiyapy; ~F]a; ,g;D fpyhg;|vd;gtu; Fiwpau;fspy; Njhd;wpdhu;. (,g;D `phk;)F]a;apd; RUf;fkhd tuyhW~F]a;apd;| rpW tajpNyNa mtuJ je;ij kuzkhfptpl;lhu;. mtuJ jhia cj;uhFLk;gj;ijr; Nru;e;j ~ugPM ,g;D `uhk;| vd;gtu; kzKbj;jhu;. mtu; jdJkidtpiaAk; F]a;iaAk; hk; ehl;bYs;s jdJ CUf;F mioj;J te;jhu;.F]a; thypguhfp kf;fh jpUk;gpdhu;. me;Neuj;jpy; kf;fhtpd; epu;thfpahf F[hMNfhj;jpuj;ijr; Nru;e;j ~`{iyy; ,g;D `g;pa;ah| vd;gtu; ,Ue;jhu;. `{iyypd;kfs; ~`{g;gh| vd;gtiu F]a; kzKbj;jhu;. (,g;D `phk;)rpy ehl;fSf;Fg; gpwF `{iyy; fhykhdhu;. mg;NghJ F[hM kw;Wk;FiwpaUf;fpilapy; rz;il %z;lJ. ,jpy; F]a;Ak; mtiur; Nru;e;jtu;fSk;kf;fhtpd; mjpfhuj;ijf; ifg;gw;wpdu;.,r;rz;il %z;ljw;Fhpa fhuzq;fisg; gw;wp %d;W fUj;Jf;fs; $wg;gLfpd;wd.1) F]a; kf;fhtpy; ed;F Gfo;ngw;whu;. mtuJ nry;tq;fSk; FLk;gq;fSk; ngUfpd.jdJ khkdhu; `{iyy; kuzkhd gpwF F[hM kw;Wk; gf;u; Nfhj;jpuj;jhiu tpljhNd fmghitAk; kf;fhitAk; epu;tfpg;gjw;Fj; jFjpahdtu;; mJkl;Lkpd;wp>Fiwpau;jhd; ,];khaPy; (miy) mtu;fspd; topj;Njhd;wy;fspy; jiyikj;Jtk;kpf;ftu;fs; vd vz;zpdhu;. MfNt> F[hM kw;Wk; gf;u; Nfhj;jpuj;jhiukf;fhtpypUe;J ntspNaw;Wtjw;F fpdhdh kw;Wk; Fiwp Nfhj;jpuj;jhhplk; F]a;k;Ngr;Rthu;j;ij elj;jpdhu;. mtu;fSk; mij xg;Gf;nfhs;sNt ,tu;fs; mtu;fs;kPJ Nghu; njhLj;jdu;.2) fmgh kw;Wk; kf;fhit epu;tfpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd F]a;k;f;F `{iyy; jdJ kuzNeuj;jpy; fl;lisapl;lhu;. Mdhy; mjw;F F[hMtpdu; xg;Gf;nfhs;stpy;iy.vdNt ,U jug;gpdilNa Nghu; %z;lJ.3) `{iyy; jdJ kfs; `{g;ghtpw;F fmghit epu;tfpf;Fk; mjpfhuj;ijtoq;fpdhu;. mts; rhu;ghf mg;nghWg;ig epiwNtw;Wtjw;F F[hM tkprj;ijr;Nru;e;j ~mg+ FGhd;| vd;gtiu F]a; epakpj;jhu;. mtu; `{g;ghTf;F gjpyhffmghit epu;tfpj;J te;jhu;. mtu; rw;W Gj;jp RthjPdkw;wtuhf ,Ue;jhu;. `{iyy;kuzkile;j gpwF F]a; mg+ FGhDf;F rpy xl;lfq;fs; my;yJ rpy kJg;gPg;gha;fs; nfhLj;J fmghtpd; mjpfhuj;ijf; ifg;gw;wpdhu;. ,ij F[hMtpdu;xg;Gf; nfhs;stpy;iy. F]a; fmghit epu;tfpf;ff;$lhJ vd jLj;jdu;. ,jdhy;F]a; kf;fhtpypUe;J F[hMtpdiu ntspNaw;Wtjw;fhf Fiwp kw;Wk; fpdhdhNfhj;jpuj;jpdhpd; cjtpia ehbdhu;. mtu;fSk; mjw;fpzq;fpajhy; ,Ujug;gpdUf;fpilNa Nghu; %z;lJ. (/gj;`{y; ghhp> k];T+jp) Page 22 of 518
  24. 24. fhuzq;fs; vJthf ,Ug;gpDk; epfo;Tfs; gpd;tUkhW mike;jd:`{iyy; kuzkile;j gpwFk; ]_/ghf;fs; jq;fspd; Nkw;$wg;gl;l nghWg;GfisepiwNtw;wp te;jdu;. xUehs; Fiwp kw;Wk; fpdhdh Nfhj;jpuj;jpdiu F]a;jd;Dld; mioj;Jf; nfhz;L ~]_/ghf;fs; $bapUe;j fztha;f;F te;J ,e;jnghWg;Gf;F cq;fistpl ehq;fNs mjpf chpikAs;stu;fs;" vd;W $wpdhu;. ,UgphptpdUf;Fk; ,ilapy; tha; rz;il %z;L iffyg;G Vw;gl;lJ. ,Wjpapy;]_/ghf;fis Njhw;fbj;J F]a; tpul;btpl;lhu;. ,J F[hM kw;Wk; gf;u;Nfhj;jpuj;jhUf;F gpbf;fhjjhy; F]a;aplkpUe;J tpyfpr; nrd;whu;fs;. ,ijawpe;jF]a; mtu;fSf;F vjpuhfg; giliaj; jpul;b mtu;fs; kPJ Nghu; njhLj;jhu;. ,UgphptpdUf;FkpilNa kpff; fLikahd Nghu; %z;L ,Ujug;gpYk; ngUj;j capu;r;Nrjk; Vw;gl;lJ. xU topahf ,U jug;gpdUk; rkhjhd cld;gbf;if nra;Jnfhs;sKd;te;jdu;. mt;Tld;gbf;iff;F gf;u; Nfhj;jpuj;ijr; Nru;e;j ~a/Ku; ,g;Dmt;/g;| vd;gtiuj; jiytuhf;fpdu;.kf;fhit Ml;rp nra;aTk;> fmghit epu;tfpf;fTk; F[hM Nfhj;jpuj;jhiutplF]a;k;f;Nf mjpf jFjp cz;L F]a;apdhy; Vw;gl;l midj;J nfhiyfSk;kd;dpf;fg;gl;lit mt;thNw F[hM kw;Wk; gf;u; Nfhj;jpuj;jpduhy;nfhy;yg;gl;ltu;fSf;F mtu;fs; e;l<L toq;f Ntz;Lk;. fmghtpd; epu;thfj;ijF]a;aplk; xg;gilf;f Ntz;Lk;" vd;W a/%u; jPu;g;gspj;jhu;. ,e;jj; jPu;g;gpd;fhuzkhf mtUf;F ~j;jhf; - mePjj;ijj; jfu;j;jtu;| vd;w Gidg;ngau; te;jJ.(,g;D `phk;)Mf> F[hMtpdu; fmghit epu;tfpj;j fhyk; 300 Mz;LfshFk;. fp.gp. 5Mk;E}w;whz;bd; kj;jpapy; mjhtJ fp.gp. 440y; F]a; kf;fhitAk; fmghitAk; jd;fl;Lg;ghl;Lf;Ff; fPo; nfhz;Lte;jhu;. (/gj;`{y; ghhp),jd; fhuzkhf kf;fh efhpd; KO jiyikj;Jtk; F]a;k;f;Fk;> mtUf;Fg; gpd;du;Fiwp Nfhj;jpuj;jhUf;Fk; fpilj;jJ. mugpa jPu;gfw;gj;jpd; gy gFjpfspypUe;Jmugpau; jhprpf;f tUk; fmghtpd; kjj; jiytuhf F]a; tpsq;fpdhu;.mjd;gpwF gy;NtW gFjpfspy; tho;e;J nfhz;bUe;j Fiwp Nfhj;jpuj;jhiukf;fhTf;F tutioj;J xt;nthU Fiwp FLk;gj;Jf;Fk; ,lq;fisg; gphpj;Jf;nfhLj;J mtu;fsJ tho;f;if trjpfisf; F]a; Nkk;gLj;jpf; nfhLj;jhu;. mt;thNwMY ]/g;thd;> gD} mj;thd;> Ku;uh ,g;D mt;/g; Nghd;NwhUf;F mtu;fsplk;,Ue;j nghWg;ig mtu;fSf;Nf toq;fpdhu;. Gdpj khjq;fis jq;fsJ trjpf;Nfw;gKd;gpd;dhf khw;wpaikj;Jf; nfhs;Sk; tof;fj;ij mtUk; gpd;gw;wpdhu;. Vnddpy;>,t;thwhd rlq;Ffs; midj;Jk; khw;wj;jfhj khu;f;f rlq;Ffs; vd mtu;ek;gpapUe;jhu;. (,g;D `phk;)Fiwpau;fSf;fhf fmghtpd; tlf;Fg; gFjpapy; ~jhUe; ej;th| vDk; xU rq;fj;ijepWtpaJ F]a; nra;j ew;nray;fspy; xd;whff; fUjg;gl;lJ. mJ Fiwpau;fs;xd;W Nru;e;J mtu;fspd; gpur;ridfis tpthjpj;Jj; jPu;T fhZkplkhfTk;>mtu;fspilNa xUq;fpizg;ig Vw;gLj;Jk; kd;wkhfTk; tpsq;fpajhy;>mtu;fSf;F kpFe;j gaDs;sjhf ,Ue;jJ. mjDila thry; fmghit Nehf;fpmike;jpUe;jJ. (,g;D `phk;> ,f;ghUy; fpuhk; gp mf;ghy; k];[pjpy; `uhk;) Page 23 of 518
  25. 25. F]a;apd; rhjidfs;1) jhUe; ej;thtpd; jiyikFiwpau;fs; jq;fSf;F epfOk; Kf;fpag; gpur;ridfs; Fwpj;J ,q;F jhd;MNyhrid elj;Jthu;fs;. NkYk;> jq;fspd; ngz; gps;isfSf;F ,jidj;jpUkz kz;lgkhf gad;gLj;jpdhu;fs;. ,e;j jhUe; ej;thtpd; jiytuhf F]a;tpsq;fpdhu;.2) nfhbgpw rKjhaj;Jld; Nghu; nra;tjhf ,Ue;jhy; mjw;fhd rpwpa my;yJ nghpanfhb>F]a; my;yJ mtuJ gps;isfspd; fuj;jpy; nfhLf;fg;gl;L jhUe; ej;thtpy;elg;gLk;.3) topelj;Jjy;kf;fhtpypUe;J tpahghuk; my;yJ NtW Nehf;fq;fSf;fhf ntspapy; nry;Yk;gazf; $l;lq;fSf;F F]a; my;yJ mtuJ gps;isfspy; xUtu; jiyiktfpg;ghu;.4) fmghit epu;tfpj;jy;fmghtpd; thapiyj; jpwg;gJ> %LtJ> guhkhpg;gJ> topghLfs; elj;JtJmidj;ijAk; F]a; Nkw;nfhs;thu;.5) `h[pfspd; jhfk; jPu;j;jy;njhl;bfspy; ePiu epug;gp mjpy; cyu;e;j jpuhl;ir kw;Wk; NguPj;jk; goq;fisg;Nghl;L RitA+l;b me;j kJukhd ePiu kf;fh tUgtu;fSf;F F]a; Fbf;ftoq;Fthu;.6) `h[pfSf;F tpUe;jspj;jy;Fiwpau;fsplk; `[;[{ila fhyq;fspy; thp t#ypj;J mjd;%yk; `h[pfSf;FF]a; tpUe;Njhk;gy; Ghpthu;. ,t;tpUe;jpy; trjpaw;w `[; gazpfs;fye;Jnfhs;thu;fs;. (,g;D `phk;> a/$gp),it midj;Jk; F]a;k;f;F mike;jpUe;j rpwg;GfshFk;. mtuJ gps;isfspy;mg;Jj;jhu; vd;gtu; %j;jtuhf ,Ue;jhu;. Mdhy;> mtiu tpl ,isatuhd mg;Jkdh/g; kf;fspilNa kpFe;j nry;thf;Fk; khpahijAk; cilatuhfj; jpfo;e;jhu;.,J mg;Jj;jhUf;F ntWg;ig Vw;gLj;jpaJ. ,jdhy; mg;Jj;jhiu F]a; mioj;Jkf;fs; cd;idtpl cdJ rNfhjuid vt;tsTjhd; cau;thf;fpdhYk; ehd;cd;idNa mtu;fSf;Fj; jiytuhf;FNtd;" vd;W $wp jd;dplKs;s midj;Jrpwg;GfisAk; nghWg;GfisAk; mg;Jj;jhUf;Nf juNtz;Lnkd capy; vOjpdhu;.F]a;apd; ve;j KbTf;Fk; kf;fs; khWnra;a khl;lhu;fs;. mtu; thOk;NghJk;>kuzj;Jf;Fg; gpd;Dk; mtuJ fl;lisiag; gpd;gw;WtNj khu;f;fk; vd midtUk;fUjpdu;.mtuJ kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd; mtuJ gps;isfs; je;ij nra;j kuzNeu fl;lisg;gbvt;tpj fUj;J NtWghLkpd;wp nghWg;Gfis epiwNtw;wpdu;. mg;J kdh/gpd;kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpwF mtuJ gps;isfs; jq;fspd; je;ijapd; rNfhjuu; mg;Jj; Page 24 of 518
  26. 26. jhUila gps;isfSld; Nkw;$wg;gl;l nghWg;Gfis ngWtjpy; rr;ruT nra;jdu;.,jdhy; Fiwpau;fs; ,uz;lhfg; gphpe;J rz;ilf;F Maj;jkhapdu;. vdpDk;>Nghiuj; jtpu;j;J rkhjhdk; nra;Jnfhs;s midtUk; tpUk;gp jq;fSf;Fs; me;jnghWg;Gfisg; gphpj;Jf; nfhz;ldu;. `h[pfSf;F ePu; Gfl;LtJ> mtu;fSf;FtpUe;jspg;gJ kw;Wk; gazk; nry;Yk; FOtpdUf;F jiyik tfpg;gJ vd %d;WnghWg;Gfs; mg;J kdh/gpd; kf;fSf;Ff; fpl;bd. jhUe; ej;thtpw;F jiyiktfpg;gJ> nfhb gpbg;gJ kw;Wk; fmghit guhkhpg;gJ Mfpa nghWg;Gfs;mg;Jj;jhUila kf;fSf;Ff; fpilj;jd.jhUe; ej;thtpd; jiyikj;Jtk; kl;Lk; ,U gphptpdUf;Fk; nghJthf ,Ue;jJvd;Wk; rpyu; $Wfpd;wdu;.gpwF mg;J kdh/Gila kf;fs; rPl;L FYf;fpg; Nghl;L jq;fSf;Ff; fpilj;jnghWg;Gfis jq;fs; FLk;gq;fSf;Fs; gfpu;e;J nfhz;ldu;. mjd; mbg;gilapy;`h[pfSf;F ePu; Gfl;Ljy; kw;Wk; mtu;fSf;F tpUe;jspf;Fk; nghWg;Gfs;`hpKf;F fpilj;jd. tpahghuf; FOtpdUf;Fj; jiyik tfpf;Fk; nghWg;G mg;Jk;]{f;F fpl;baJ. `hpk; jdJ nghWg;Gfis tho;ehs; KOtJk; rpwg;ghfepiwNtw;wpdhu;. mtuJ kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpd; mtuJ rNfhjuu; Kj;jypg; ,g;D mg;Jkdh/g; nghWg;Ngw;whu;. Kj;jypgpd; kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpwF `hpKila kfd; mg;Jy;Kj;jypg; nghWg;Ngw;whu;. ,e;j mg;Jy; Kj;jypg; jhd; egp (]y;) mtu;fspd;ghl;ldhu; Mthu;. mg;Jy; Kj;jypgpd; kuzj;jpw;Fg; gpwF mtuJ gps;isfs;nghWg;Gfis epiwNtw;wpdu;. ,Wjpapy; kf;fh> K];ypk;fspd; fl;Lg;ghl;by;te;jNghJ mg;gh]; (uop) mtu;fSf;F mg;nghWg;Gfs; fpl;bd.rpyu;> F]a;jhd; jdJ gps;isfSf;fpilapy; nghWg;Gfis gq;fpl;Lf; nfhLj;jhu;.me;j mbg;gilapNyNa mg;nghWg;Gfis mtuJ gps;isfs; epiwNtw;wp te;jdu;vd;W $Wfpd;wdu;. cz;ik epiyia my;yh`;Nt mwpe;jtd;. (,g;D `phk;)Fiwpfs; jq;fspilNa gq;fpl;Lf; nfhz;l Nkw;$wg;gl;l nghWg;GfSld; NtWrpy gjtpfisAk; cUthf;fp> mtw;iwj; jq;fSf;fpilNa gq;fpl;L xU rpwpamurhq;fj;ij epWtpf;nfhz;ldu;. mJ ,d;iwa [dehaf muR> Nju;jy;>ghuhSkd;wk; Mfpa eilKiwfSf;F xj;jpUe;jJ. mtu;fs; tfpj;j gjtpfs;gpd;tUkhW:1) ew;Fwp> Jw;Fwp (rh];j;jpuq;fs;> rFdq;fs;) ghu;g;gJk;> mDkjp ngWtJk;>rpiyfSf;F Kd;dhy; itf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; mk;Gfisf; nfhz;L Fwp nrhy;Yk;mjpfhuKk; [{k`; FLk;gj;jhUf;F ,Ue;jd.2) rpiyfSf;F mspf;fg;gLk; fhzpf;iffs; kw;Wk; Neu;r;irfisg; ngw;W ghJfhj;Jguhkhpj;jy;; rz;il> rr;ruTfs; kpf;f tof;Ffspy; jPu;g;G nrhy;tJ Mfpa ,UnghWg;GfSk; ]`;k; FLk;gj;jhUf;F ,Ue;jd.3) m]j; FLk;gj;jhUf;F> MNyhrid $Wk; nghWg;G!4) ijk; FLk;gj;jhUf;F> mguhjk; kw;Wk; jz;lg; ghpfhuk; toq;Fk; nghWg;G!5) cka;ah FLk;gj;jhUf;F> rKjhaf;nfhb Ve;jpr; nry;Yk; nghWg;G!6) kf;[_k; FLk;gj;jhUf;F> uhZtq;fisAk; mjw;Fj; Njitahd FjpiufisAk;epu;tfpf;Fk; nghWg;G! Page 25 of 518
  27. 27. 7) mjP FLk;gj;jhUf;F> J}J nfhz;L nry;Yk; nghWg;G! (,g;D `phk;)c) Vida mugpau;fspd; Ml;rp mjpfhuk;f`;jhdpau;> mj;dhdpau; ehL Jwe;jijAk; mtu;fs; muG ehLfisjq;fSf;fpilapy; gphpj;Jf; nfhz;lijAk; Kd;G fz;Nlhk;. ,tu;fspy; `Puhehl;Lf;F mUfpypUe;jtu;fs; `Puhtpd; mugpa kd;dUf;F fl;Lg;gl;L tho;e;jdu;.hk; ehl;by; trpj;jtu;fs; f];]hdpa muru;fSf;Ff; fl;Lg;gl;L tho;e;jdu;.vdpDk;> fl;Lg;ghL vd;gJ ntWk; ngaustpy;jhd; ,Ue;jJ. ,t;tpuz;ilj; jtpujPgfw;gj;jpd; Vida fpuhkg; gFjpfspy; tho;e;jtu;fs; KOr; Rje;jpuk;ngw;wtu;fshf vtUf;Fk; fl;Lg;glhky; tho;e;J te;jdu;.,e;j ,uz;L Nfhj;jpuj;ijr; Nru;e;jtu;fSk; jq;fSf;nfdj; jiytu;fisj;Nju;e;njLj;Jf; nfhz;ldu;. xt;nthU Nfhj;jpuKk; xU rpwpa murhq;fj;ijg;Nghd;W ,Ue;jJ. FyntwpAk;> jq;fsJ Mjpf;fg; gFjpfis vjphpfsplkpUe;JghJfhg;gJk; ,tu;fsJ murpay; mbg;gil Nehf;fkhf ,Ue;jJ.muru;fSf;F ,izahf Nfhj;jpuj; jiytu;fSf;F kjpg;G ,Ue;jJ.rz;ilapLtjpYk;> rkhjhdk; nra;J nfhs;tjpYk; kf;fs; jq;fsJ jiytu;fspd;Kbit vt;tpjj; jaf;fKkpd;wp Vw;W te;jdu;. jiytu;fspd; cj;juTk; mjpfhuKk;Nguuru;fspd; cj;juTf;Fk; mjpfhuj;Jf;Fk; xj;jpUe;jJ. mtu; VNjDk; xUrKjhaj;jpdu; kPJ Nfhgk; nfhz;lhy; vt;tpj Nfs;tpAkpd;wp Mapuf;fzf;fhdths;fs; me;j rKjhaj;jpdUf;F vjpuhf cau;j;jg;gLk;. vdpDk;> mtu;fs;jiyikf;fhf jq;fsJ je;ijAila rNfhjuu;fspd; (je;ijapd; cld;gpwe;jhu;)gps;isfsplNk Nghl;bapl;Lf; nfhz;ldu;. ,jd; tpisthf kf;fspilNaGfo;ngWk; Nehf;fpy; nrytpLjy;> tpUe;jpdiu cgrhpj;jy;> ju;k rpe;jidAlDk;tpNtfj;JlDk; ele;Jnfhs;Sjy;> vjphpfsplk; tPuj;ijAk; typikiaAk;ntspg;gLj;Jjy; Nghd;witf;F kpFe;j Kf;fpaj;Jtk; mspj;J te;jdu;. mt;thNwmf;fhyj;jpy; r%fq;fspd; gpujpepjpfshfj; jpfo;e;j ftpQu;fsplk; Gfiog; ngw;WNghl;bahsu;fspilNa jq;fsJ kjpg;ig cau;j;jpf;nfhs;s nghpJk; Kad;wdu;.jiytu;fSf;nfd rpy rpwg;G chpikfs; ,Ue;jd. mtu;fs; kpu;gh/> ]/gpa;>ePj;jh> /G*y; vd;w ngau;fspy; kf;fsJ nry;tq;fis mDgtpj;J te;jdu;.,JFwpj;J xU ftpQu; $Wfpwhu;:vkJ ntw;wpg; nghUspy; fhy; gq;Fk;> eP tpUk;gp vLj;Jf; nfhz;lJk;> topapy;fpilj;j nghUSk;> gq;fpl Kbahj kpQ;rpa nghUSk; cdf;Nf nrhe;jkhdJ.vq;fspy; cdJ mjpfhuNk nry;YgbahdJ."kpu;gh/: ,J Nghhpy; fpilf;Fk; ntw;wpg; nghUspy; ehd;fpy; xU gFjp.]/gpa;: ntw;wpg; nghUis (fdPkj;) gq;fPL nra;tjw;F Kd;> jiytu;fs; jq;fSf;FtpUg;gkhdij vLj;Jf; nfhs;tJ.ePj;jh: ,J NghUf;Fr; nry;Yk; topapy; jiytUf;Ff; fpilf;Fk; nghUs;fs;./G*y;: ,J ntw;wpg; nghUspy; gq;fPL nra;a ,ayhj tifapy; kPjkhFk;nghUs;fs;. xl;liffs;> Fjpiufs; Nghd;W! Page 26 of 518
  28. 28. murpay; gpd;dzpmugpa muru;fisg; gw;wp myrpa ehk; mtu;fsJ murpay; gpd;dzpfisg;gw;wpAk; myRtJ mtrpak;! mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpy; me;epa ehLfSld; xl;bapUe;j%d;W vy;iy gFjpfspYk; murpay; epiyik kpfTk; jiyfPohf ,Ue;jJ.mk;kf;fspy; rpyu; mbikfshfTk;> rpyu; Rje;jpukhdtu;fshfTk; ,Ue;jhu;fs;.jiytu;fshf ,Ue;j me;epau;fs; nry;tq;fs; midj;jpw;Fk; chpik nfhz;lhbdu;.Rikfs; midj;ijAk; Fbkf;fs; kPJ Rkj;jpdu;. RUq;ff; $wpd; Fbkf;fs; jq;fsJmurhq;fj;jpw;F tptrha epyq;fisg; Nghd;wpUe;jdu;. murhq;fj;jpw;F gzp nra;tJk;gadspg;gJNk mtu;fsJ flikahf ,Ue;jJ. muru;fs; jq;fsJ Mrhghrk;> ghtk;>mePjk; Nghd;w jPa nray;fSf;F kf;fisg; gad;gLj;jpdu;. Fbkf;fSf;Fehyhjpirfspy; ,Ue;Jk; mePjp ,iof;fg;gl;lJ. mtu;fs; jq;fsJ mwpahikahy;nra;tjwpahJ epiyjLkhwp epd;wdu;. vthplKk; KiwapLtjw;Ff; $l typikaw;Wjq;fs; kPJ ,iof;fg;gLk; mePjq;fis rfpf;f Ntz;ba fl;lhaj;jpy; ,Ue;jdu;.mf;fhy murhq;fk; xU ru;thjpfhukhfNt ,Ue;jJ. kf;fspd; chpikfs; midj;Jk;Gwf;fzpf;fg;gl;ld; ghohf;fg;gl;ld.,e;jg; gFjpfSf;F mUfpy; tho;e;j kf;fSk; jLkhw;wj;jpy; ,Ue;jdu;. mtu;fs; rpyrkak; ,uhf; thrpfSlDk;> rpy rkak; hk; thrpfSlDk; Nru;e;J nfhs;thu;fs;.mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpd; cl;gFjpapy; trpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;j Nfhj;jpuj;jhUk;xw;Wikapd;wp gphpe;J tho;e;J te;jdu;. mtu;fspilNa rka kw;Wk; ,d uPjpahdNkhjy;fSk;> rr;ruTfSk; kpifj;jpUe;jd. mijg; gw;wp mtu;fspy; xU ftpQu;$Wfpwhu;:ehd; $l f[pa;ah Fyj;jtNd! f[pa;ah topnfl;lhy;...ehDk; topnfLNtd;. mtu;fs; Neu;top elg;gpd; ehDk; Neu;top elg;Ngd;."mtu;fis top elj;Jtjw;Nfh> rpukkhd fhyq;fspy; MNyhrid $wp cjtpnra;tjw;Nfh mtu;fSf;nfd Ml;rpahsu; ahUk; ,Uf;ftpy;iy.mNj Neuj;jpy; `p [h]; gFjpapd; Ml;rpahsu;fis kf;fs; kpFe;j fz;zpaj;Jld;Nehf;fpdu;. mtu;fisNa jq;fsJ rka kw;Wk; r%f topfhl;bfshff; fUjpdu;.cz;ikapy; `p [h]; gFjp murhq;fk; mf;fhyj;jpy; rka kw;Wk; r%ftopfhl;bahf ,Ue;jJ. me;j Ml;rpahsu;fs; Vida mugpau;fis rkaj;jpd;ngauhy; Mz;L te;jdu;. ,iwapy;yk; fmghitAk;> mq;F tUgtu;fspd;NjitfisAk; mtu;fNs epu;tfpj;J te;jjhy; mg;gFjp midj;jpYk; jq;fsJMjpf;fj;ij nrYj;jp te;jdu;. egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fspd; khu;f;fj;ijmky;gLj;jp te;jdu;. ,d;iwa fhyj;ijg; Nghd;W jq;fsJ Ml;rpahsu;fisjhq;fshfNt Nju;e;njLf;Fk; toikia mtu;fs; nfhz;bUe;jdu;. vdpDk;gpur;ridfis rkhspf;f Kbahj msT gytPdkhdjhfNt mtu;fsJ ml;rp,Ue;jJ. `gpfs; njhLj;j Nghhpy; ,tu;fs; gytPdkhdjpypUe;J ,ij njhpe;Jnfhs;syhk;. mugpau;fspd; rka newpfs;egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fspd; re;jjpapdu; kf;fhtpy; FbNawp mugpa jPgfw;gk;KOtjpYk; gutpa fhyk;njhl;L mugpau;fspy; ngUk;ghNyhu; ,g;wh`Pk; (miy)mtu;fspd; khu;f;fj;ijNa gpd;gw;wp tho;e;jdu;. my;yh`;it kl;LNk tzq;fp Page 27 of 518
  29. 29. mtdhy; mq;fPff;fg;gl;l khu;f;fj;ij KOikahff; filgpbj;J te;jdu;. fhyq;fs;nry;yr; nry;y my;yh`;tpd; topfhl;ly;fisAk; NghjidfisAk; rpwpJ rpwpjhfkwf;f Muk;gpj;jdu;. vdpDk;> mtu;fspilNa Xhpiwf; nfhs;ifAk; khu;f;fj;jpd;cau;e;j newpfSk; XusT epiyj;jpUe;jd. F[hM Nfhj;jpuj;jpd; jiytdhd mk;U,g;D Y`a; rka rk;ge;jg;gl;l nray;fspy; kpFe;j Mu;tk; nfhz;ltdhf,Ue;jhd;. kf;fSf;fpilapy; ew;nray;fis gug;gp> jhd ju;kq;fs; nra;J te;jhd;.vdNt> kf;fs; nghpJk; kjpj;J mtid Xu; ,iwNeruhff; fUjpdu;.mtd; xUKiw hk; ehl;Lf;Fr; nrd;whd;. mq;F kf;fs; rpiyfis tzq;fpf;nfhz;bUe;jdu;. mtu;fspd; ,e;j rpiy tzf;f topghL mtidg; nghpJk;ftu;e;jJ. hk; ehL> egpkhu;fs; kw;Wk; Ntjq;fs; mUsg;gl;l gFjpahf ,Ue;jjhy;me;jr; rpiy tzf;fKk; cz;ikahd xd;whfj;jhd; ,Uf;Fk; vd mtd;vz;zpdhd;. vdNt> mtd; kf;fh jpUk;gpaNghJ ~`{Gy;| vd;w rpiyiaf;nfhz;L te;J fmghtpd; eLtpy; mij itj;J tpl;lhd;. me;jr; rpiyiaf;flTshf Vw;W my;yh`;Tf;F ,izitf;FkhW kf;fhthrpfSf;F miog;GtpLj;jhd;. mtu;fSk; mij Vw;W my;yh`;Tf;F ,iz itj;jdu;. kf;fhthrpfs;,iw ,y;yk; fmghit epu;tfpg;gtu;fshfTk;> Gdpj efukhd kf;fhtpy;trpg;gtu;fshf ,Ug;gjhYk; mtu;fisNa jq;fsJ Kd;Ndhbfshf vLj;Jf;nfhz;L `p [h]; gFjpapd; Vida kf;fSk; rpiy topghl;by; mtu;fisg;gpd;gw;wpdu;.~`{Gy;| vd;gJ nre;epwf; fy;ypy; kdpj cUthfr; nrJf;fg;gl;l xU rpiy! mjd;tyJ fuk; cile;jpUe;jJ. mjw;F Fiwpfs; jq;fj;jpdhy; if nra;Jmzptpj;jdu;. ,Jjhd; kf;fh ,izitg;ghsu;fspd; Kjy; rpiyahFk;. ,ijkpFe;j kfj;Jtkpf;fjhfTk; Gdpjkpf;fjhfTk; Fiwpfs; fUjpdu;. (fpjhGy;m];dhk;)`{Gy; kl;Lkpd;wp> kdhj; vd;gJk; mtu;fspd; goq;fhy rpiyfspy; xd;whFk;. mJnrq;flypd; Xuj;jpy; mike;Js;s ~Fijj;| vd;w efhpd; mUfhikapYs;s~Ky;yy;| vd;w ,lj;jpy; mikf;fg;gl;bUe;jJ. (Ky;yy; vd;gJ xU kiyNkLmjd; mbthuj;jpy; Fijj; cs;sJ - ]`P`{y; Gfhhp) ,ij `{ijy; kw;Wk;F[hM Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; tzq;fp te;jdu;.jhap/g; efuj;jpy; ~yhj;| vDk; rpiyia ]fP/g; Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; tzq;fp te;jdu;.(fpjhGy; m];dhk;)~jhj;j ,u;f;| vd;w efhpd; ~ef;yh hkpa;ah| vd;w gs;sj;jhf;fpy; ~c[;[h| vd;wrpiy ,Ue;jJ. ,ij Fiwp> fpdhdh kw;Wk; gy Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; tzq;fp te;jdu;.(fpjhGy; m];dhk;),k;%d;W rpiyfSk; mugpau;fsplk; kpfg; nghpa kjpg;Gkpf;f rpiyfshf ,Ue;jd.,Jkl;Lkpd;wp mtu;fspilNa pu;f; (,izitj;jy;) mjpfhpf;f mjpfhpf;fxt;nthU ChpYk; rpiyfspd; vz;zpf;ifAk; mjpfj;jd.mk;U ,g;D Y`a;k;f;F jfty; nfhLf;Fk; xU [pd; ,Ue;jJ. mJ mtdplk; egpE}`; (miy) mtu;fspd; fhyj;J rpiyfshd tj;> ]{th/> a$];> e];u; Nghd;wit[pj;jh efuj;jpy; Gije;jpUf;fpd;wd vd;W $wpaJ. mtd; [pj;jh te;J me;jrpiyfisj; Njhz;bnaLj;J kf;fhtpw;Ff; nfhz;L te;jhd;. `[;[{ila fhyj;jpy;fmghit jhprpf;f te;jpUe;j gy;NtW Nfhj;jpuj;jpdUf;Fg; gphpj;Jf; nfhLj;jhd;. Page 28 of 518
  30. 30. mtu;fs; mtw;iw jq;fsJ gFjpfSf;F vLj;Jr; nrd;W tzq;f Muk;gpj;jdu;vd;W rpyu; $Wfpd;wdu;.~tj;| rpiyia ,uhf; ehl;Lf;F mUfpYs;s ~jt;kJy; [e;jy;| vd;w gFjpapYs;s~[u;;| vd;w ,lj;jpy; fy;G Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; tzq;fp te;jdu;.~]{th/| rpiyia `p[h[; gFjpapd; kf;fh efuUfpy; ~U`hj;| vd;w ,lj;jpy;`{ijy; ,g;D Kj;fh vd;w Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; tzq;fp te;jdu;.~a$];| rpiyia ]gh gFjpapy; ~[{u;/g;| vd;w ,lj;jpy; KuhJ tkprj;jpd; $ij/g;vd;w Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; tzq;fp te;jdu;.~aCf;| rpiyia akd; ehl;by; ~fa;thd;| vd;w Chpy; `k;jhd; Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu;tzq;fp te;jdu;.~e];u;| rpiyia jpy; fpyh Nfhj;jpuj;ijr; Nru;e;j `pk;au; FLk;gj;jpdu; jq;fsJChpy; itj;J tzq;fp te;jdu;. (]`P`{y; Gfhhp> /gj;`{y; ghhp> fpjhGy;m];dhk;),e;j rpiyfSf;nfd gpukhz;lkhd Myaq;fis mikj;jdu;. ,iwapy;ykhdfmghit fz;zpag;gLj;jpaijg; Nghd;W me;j Myaq;fisAk;fz;zpag;gLj;jpdu;. me;j Myaq;fSf;F g+rhhpfSk; gzpahsu;fSk; ,Ue;jdu;.fmghtpw;Ff; fhzpf;if mspj;jijg; Nghd;W me;j Myaq;fSf;Fk; fhzpf;ifnrYj;jp te;jdu;. mj;Jld; midj;ijAk; tpl fmghNt kpf cau;thdJvd;gijAk; xg;Gf;nfhs;sNt nra;jdu;. (,g;D `phk;),d;Dk; gy Nfhj;jpuj;jhUk; ,Nj topiag; gpd;gw;wp rpiyfisf; flTs;fshf Vw;Wmtw;Wf;nfd Myaq;fis cUthf;fpdhu;fs;. mtw;wpy; ~Jy; fy]h| vd;w rpiyiajt;];> f;mk; kw;Wk; Gi[yh Nfhj;jpuj;jhu; akd; ehl;by; cs;s ~jghyh| vd;wChpy; tzq;fp te;jdu;.~/gpy;];| vd;w rpiyia ~ja;| Nfhj;jpuj;jhUk; mtu;fis xl;b ]y;kh> m[h vd;w,U kiyfSf;fpilapy; trpj;J te;jtu;fSk; tzq;fp te;jdu;. ,ijj; jtpu;j;Jmtu;fSf;F NkYk; gy Nfhapy;fs; ,Ue;jd. akd; kw;Wk; `pk;au;thrpfs; ~hpahk;|vd;w NfhapiyAk; ugpM Nfhj;jpuj;jpdu; ~uoh| vd;w xU NfhapiyAk;itj;jpUe;jdu;. NkYk; gf;u;> jf;ypg; Nfhj;jpuj;jhu; jq;fSf;nfd rpW Nfhapy;fisAk;~]d;jhj;| vd;w efhpy; ,ahj; tkprj;jtu;fs; jq;fSf;nfd rpW Nfhapy;fisAk;Vw;gLj;jpapUe;jdu;. (,g;D `phk;)NkYk; jt;]; Nfhj;jpuj;jhUf;F ~Jy; f/g;/igd;| vd;w rpiy ,Ue;jJ. fpdhdhtpd;kf;fshd khypf;> kypfhd; kw;Wk; gf;Uf;F ~]/J| vDk; rpiyAk;> cj;uhTf;F~k;];| vd;w rpiyAk; ft;yhDf;F ~ck;ahdp];| vDk; rpiyAk; Fynja;tq;fshftpsq;fpd. (,g;D aphk;),t;thW mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpd; gy gFjpfSf;Fk; rpiy tzf;ff; fyhr;rhuk; gutpaJ.Kjypy; xt;nthU Nfhj;jpuj;jhUf;Fk; gpwF xt;nthU tPl;bw;Fnkd jdpj;jdpr;rpiyfs; ,Ue;jd. rq;ifkpf;f fmghitAk; rpiyfshy; epug;gpdu;. egp (]y;)mtu;fs; kf;fhit ntw;wp nfhz;lNghJ fmghitr; Rw;wpYk; 360 rpiyfs;,Ue;jd. egp (]y;) mtu;fs; jq;fsJ fuj;jpypUe;j jbahy; mitfisf; Fj;jp fPNojs;spdhu;fs;. gpd;du; egp (]y;) mtu;fspd; cj;jutpd;gb mitfs; fmghtpypUe;JntspNaw;wg;gl;L vhpf;fg;gl;ld. NkYk;> fmghtpd; cl;Gwj;jpy; rpiyfSk; Page 29 of 518
  31. 31. cUtg;glq;fSk; ,Ue;jd. mtw;wpy; egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) kw;Wk; egp ,];khaPy;(miy) mtu;fs; jq;fsJ fuq;fspy; mk;Gfisg; gw;wpathW ,Ug;gJNghd;w cUtg;glq;fs; mikf;fg;gl;bUe;jd. ,it midj;Jk; Gdpj fmghtpypUe;J ePf;fpmopf;fg;gl;ld. (]`P`{y; Gfhhp)kf;fs; ,JNghd;w topNfl;by; ePbj;J te;jhu;fs;. mJgw;wp mg+ u[h cjhjP (uop)mtu;fs; $Wfpwhu;fs;: ehq;fs; fw;fis tzq;fp te;Njhk;. ehq;fs; tzq;Fk;fy;iytpl mofpa fy;iyf; fz;lhy; ifapypUg;gij J}f;fp vwpe;Jtpl;L GjpaijvLj;J tzq;FNthk;. vq;fSf;F tzq;Ftjw;fhd fy; fpilf;ftpy;iynadpy;kz;izf; Ftpayhf;fp mjd;Nky; Ml;bd; ghiyf;fwe;J mij tyk; tUNthk;."(]`P`{y; Gfhhp)Mf> ,iz itj;jYk;> rpiy tzf;fKk; me;j mwpahikf; fhyj;jpy; kpf cahpanewpahfg; gpd;gw;wg;gl;lJ. mj;Jld; mtu;fs; jhq;fs; egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy)mtu;fspd; khu;f;fj;ij KOikahf gpd;gw;wp elg;gjhfTk; vz;zpf;nfhz;ldu;.mtu;fspilNa rpiytzf;fk; kw;Wk; ,izitj;jy; cUthdjw;fhd mbg;gilvd;dntdpy; mtu;fs; kyf;FfisAk;> u]_y;khu;fisAk;> egpkhu;fisAk;>my;yh`;tpd; ey;ybahu;fisAk;> ,iwNeru;fisAk; my;yh`;Tf;F kpfneUq;fpatu;fs;; mtdplk; kpFe;j me;j];Jk; nfsutKk; ngw;wtu;fs; vdf;fUjpdu;. mtu;fsplkpUe;J gy;NtW mw;Gjq;fs; ntspg;gl;lijf; fz;l mk;kf;fs;jdf;F kl;LNk chpj;jhd rpy Mw;wy;fis my;yh`; me;j rhd;Nwhu;fSf;Fk;mUspAs;shd; vd;Wk; ek;gpdu;. mr;rhd;Nwhu;fs; ,j;jifa Mw;wy;fshYk;jq;fSf;F my;yh`;tplKs;s fz;zpaj;jpdhYk; my;yh`;Tf;Fk; mtdJmbahu;fSf;FkpilNa eLtu;fshf ,Uf;fj; jFjp ngw;wtu;fs;; ahUf;Fk; vijAk;my;yh`;tplk; Neubahf Nfl;Lg; ngwj; jFjpapy;iy ,r;rhd;Nwhu; %ykhfNtmy;yh`;it mZf KbAk;; mtu;fNs my;yh`;tplk; rpghhpR nra;thu;fs;;mtu;fsJ me;j];ijf; fUj;jpw;nfhz;L my;yh`; mtu;fsJ rpghhpRfisf;fz;bg;ghf Vw;Wf;nfhs;thd;; mtu;fs; %ykhfNt my;yh`;it tzq;f Ntz;Lk;;mtu;fs;jhd; my;yh`;tplk; mbahu;fis kpf neUf;fkhf;fpitf;Fk; Mw;wy;ngw;wtu;fs; vd;Wk; vz;zpdhu;fs;.,e;j vz;zk; ehsiltpy; cWjpahd ek;gpf;ifahf tYg;ngw;wJ. mtu;fisj;jq;fsJ ghJfhtyu;fshff; fUjp my;yh`;Tf;Fk; jq;fSf;FkpilNa eLtu;fshf;fpf;nfhz;ldu;. mtu;fsJ Nerj;ijg; ngw;Wj; jUk; topKiwfnsd jhq;fs; fUjpamidj;ijAk; nfhz;L mtu;fsplk; neUf;fj;ij Vw;gLj;jpf;nfhs;s Kaw;rpj;jdu;.mr;rhd;Nwhu;fSf;fhf mtu;fspd; cUtg;glq;fisAk; rpiyfisAk; cUthf;fpdu;.mtw;Ws; rpy cz;ikaha; cUtg;glq;fshf ,Ue;jd. rpy cUtg; glq;fisjq;fsJ fw;gidf;F Vw;wthW tiue;jdu;. ,e;j cUtg; glq;fSf;Fk; rpiyfSf;Fk;mugp nkhopapy; ~m];dhk;| vd;W $wg;gLk;.rpyu; rhd;Nwhu;fSf;nfd cUtg; glq;fs;> rpj;jpuq;fs; vijAk; tiuahky;mtu;fsJ mlf;fj;jyq;fisAk; mtu;fs; trpj;j> Xa;ntLj;j> jq;fpa ,lq;fisAk;Gdpj ];jyq;fshf Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;ldu;. me;j ];jyq;fSf;Ff; fhzpf;iffisAk;Neu;r;irfisAk; rku;g;gpj;jdu;. NkYk;> mt;tplq;fspy; gzpTlDk; khpahijAlDk;ele;J gy fphpiafisr; nra;jdu;. ,t;thwhd ,lq;fSf;Fk; rkhjpfSf;Fk;mugpapy; ~mt;]hd;| vd;W $wg;gLk;. Page 30 of 518
  32. 32. mtu;fs; m];dhk; kw;Wk; mt;]hd;fSf;Fr; nra;J te;j rlq;Ffspy;ngUk;ghyhdtw;iw mk;U ,g;D Y`a;k; jhd; cUthf;fpj; je;jhd;. mtd;cUthf;fpj; je;j midj;Jk; mofpa mD;lhdq;fs; (gpj;mj; `]dh)" vdTk;>mit ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fsJ khu;f;fj;jpw;F vt;tifapYk; Kuzhdjy;yvdTk; mk;kf;fs; ek;gpdu;.mtu;fs; mt;]hd; kw;Wk; m];dhk; Mfpatw;iw tzq;fpa KiwfshtJ:1) mr;rpiyfis tzq;fp topghLfs; nra;J mtw;wplk; mgak; Njbdu;. jq;fsJneUf;fbahd fhyf;fl;lj;jpy; ghJfhtYf;fhf mjidg; ngau; $wp mioj;jdu;.mit my;yh`;tplk; rpghhpR nra;J jq;fsJ Njitfis epiwNtw;wpf; nfhLf;Fk;vd;w ek;gpf;ifapy; ,t;thW Ntz;b te;jdu;.2) mtw;iw ehb gazpj;jdu;; tyk; Rw;wp te;jdu;; gzpit fhl;b mtw;wpd; Kd;rpuk; gzpe;jdu;.3) mtw;Wf;F jq;fsJ Neu;r;irfis epiwNtw;wpdu;. mr;rpiyfSf;F Kd;mikf;fg;gl;l gyp gPlq;fspy; jq;fsJ gpuhzpfis mWj;J gyp nfhLj;jdu;. vq;Fgpuhzpfis mWj;jhYk; mr;rpiyfspd; ngau; $wpNa mWj;jdu;.mtu;fspd; ,e;j ,Utif capu;g;gypfisg; gw;wp my;yh`; Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;:... (g+i[ nra;tjw;fhf) epakpf;fg;gl;litfspy; mWf;fg;gl;litfSk; cq;fSf;Ftpyf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. (my;Fu;Md; 5 : 3)(ek;gpf;ifahsu;fNs! mWf;Fk;NghJ) my;yh`;Tila ngau; $wg;glhjtw;iw ePq;fs;Grpf;fhjPu;fs;. epr;rakhf mJ ngUk; ghtkhFk;. (my;Fu;Md; 6 : 121)4) mtu;fs; mr;rpiyfSf;F nrYj;jpa tzf;f topghLfspy; xd;W jq;fspd;fw;gidf;F jFe;jthW czT> Fbghdk; Mfpatw;wpy; rpytw;iw mr;rpiyfSf;fhfxJf;fp itj;J tpLthu;fs;. mt;thNw jq;fsJ Ntshz;ik kw;Wk; fhy;eilfspy;rpytw;iw mr;rpiyfSf;fhf xJf;fp tpLthu;fs;. ,jpy; xU Ntbf;if vd;dntdpy;>my;yh`;Tf;fhfTk; rpytw;iw xJf;Fthu;fs;. gpwF gy fhuzq;fisf; $wp mitmidj;ijAk; rpiyfSf;Nf nfhLj;J tpLthu;fs;. Mdhy;> rpiyfSf;fhfxJf;fpatw;wpy; vijAk; my;yh`;Tf;nfd;W vLf;f khl;lhu;fs;. ,ijg; gw;wpNamy;yh`; gpd;tUk; trdj;jpy; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;:tptrhak;> ML> khL> xl;lfk; Nghd;w my;yh`; cw;gj;jp nra;gtw;wpy; xUghfj;ij jq;fs; tpUg;gg;gb Fwpg;gpl;L ,J my;yh`;Tf;F vd;Wk; (kw;nwhUghfj;ij) ,J vq;fSila nja;tq;fSf;F" vd;Wk; $Wfpd;wdu;. mtu;fs; jq;fs;nja;tq;fSf;nfd Fwpg;gpl;l ghfj;jpy; vJTk; my;yh`;Tf;Fr; NrUtjpy;iy.vdpDk;> my;yh`;Tf;nfd Fwpg;gpl;lit (ey;yitahapUe;jhy;) mtu;fSilanja;tq;fSf;Nf Nru;e;J tpLfpd;wd! mtu;fs; nra;Ak; ,j;jPu;khdk; kpff; nfl;lJ.(my;Fu;Md; 6 : 136)5) jq;fspd; tptrhaq;fs; kw;Wk; fhy;eilfspy; rpytw;iw me;j rpiyfSf;fhfNeu;r;ir nra;jdu;. ,ijg; gw;wp gpd;tUk; trdj;jpy; my;yh`; Fwpg;gpLfpd;whd;:(md;wp mtu;fs; jq;fs;) ML> khL> xl;lfk; Mfpatw;wpYk;> tptrhaj;jpYk;(rpytw;iwf; Fwpg;gpl;L) ,J jLf;fg;gl;bUf;fpwJ. vq;fs; nfhs;ifg;gb ehq;fs;tpUk;Gfpw (GNuhfpju;fs;> FUkhu;fs; Mfpa) tu;fisj; jtpu (kw;nwtUk;) mjidg; Page 31 of 518
  33. 33. Grpf;ff;$lhJ" vd;W (jq;fs; %lf; nfhs;ifapd;gb) mtu;fs; $Wfpd;wdu;. jtpu>mt;thNw NtW rpy) ML> khL> xl;lfq;fspd; KJFfs; jLf;fg;gl;bUf;fpd;wd.(mtw;wpd; kPJ VWtJk;> RikNaw;WtJk; $lhJ) vd;Wk;> (NtW) rpy ML> khL>xl;lfq;fis(f; Fwpg;gpl;L mtw;iw mWf;Fk;nghOJ) mtw;wpd; kPJ my;yh`;tpd;jpUehkj;ijf; $wf;$lhJ vd;Wk; (my;yh`; fl;lis ,l;bUg;gjhf) my;yh`;tpd;kPJ ngha;ahff; fw;gid nra;(J $W)fpd;wdu;. mtu;fSila ,g;ngha;f; $w;Wf;Fj;jf;f $ypia (my;yh`;) gpd;du; mtu;fSf;Ff; nfhLg;ghd;. (my;Fu;Md; 6 : 138)6) g`Puh> ]hk;gh> t]Pyh> `hk; vd;w ngau;fspy; jq;fspd; fhy;eilfisrpiyfSf;fhf Neu;r;ir nra;J tpl;ldu;.,tw;iwg; gw;wp ]aPJ ,g;Dy; K]a;ag; mtu;fs; $Wfpwhu;fs;:g`Puh: ,it rpiyfSf;fhf Neu;r;ir nra;ag;gl;l gpuhzpfs;. mjd; ghiy fwf;fkhl;lhu;fs;.]hk;gh: ,it rpiyfSf;fhf Neu;r;ir nra;ag;gl;l gpuhzpfs;. mjd; Nky;Rikfis Vw;w khl;lhu;fs;.t]Pyh: njhlu;e;J ,uz;L ngz; Fl;bfs; <d;w xl;lfq;fisj; jq;fspd;rpiyfSf;fhf Neu;e;J tpLthu;fs;. ,e;j xl;lfq;fs; t]Pyh vdg;gLk;.`hk;: gj;J ngz; xl;liffSld; cwTnfhz;l Mz; xl;lifia rpiyfSf;fhfNeu;e;J tpLthu;fs;. mjpy; vt;tpj RikiaAk; Vw;wkhl;lhu;fs;. ,j;jifa Mz;xl;lfj;jpw;F `hk; vdg;gLk;. (]`P`{y; Gfhhp)Nkw;$wg;gl;l $w;Wf;F rw;W khw;wkhf ,g;D ,];`hf; (u`;) $Wfpwhu;: njhlu;e;Jgj;J ngz; Fl;bfis <d;w xl;lfj;ij rpiyfSf;fhf tpl;L tpLthu;fs;. mjd;kPJ vt;tpjr; RikiaAk; Vw;wkhl;lhu;fs;. vtUk; mij thfdkhf;fp gazpf;fTk;khl;lhu;fs;. mjd; Kbfis ntl;l khl;lhu;fs;. mjd; ghiy tpUe;jpdUf;Fkl;LNk mspg;ghu;fs;. ,j;jifa xl;lfj;jpw;F ~]hk;gh| vd;W $wg;gLk;. mjd;gpwF ,e;j ]hk;gh xl;lfk; xU ngz; Fl;bia <d;why; me;jf; Fl;bapd; fhJfisntl;btpl;L mij mjd; jhAld; tpl;LtpLthu;fs;. mjd; kPJk; vtUk; gazpf;fkhl;lhu;fs;. mjd; ghiy tpUe;jpdiuj; jtpu NtW vtUk; mUe;jkhl;lhu;fs;.,e;jf; Fl;bf;F ~g`Puh| vdg;gLk;.t]Pyh: njhlu;r;rpahf Ie;J gpurtq;fspy; ,uz;buz;lhf gj;J ngz; Fl;bfis<d;w Ml;Lf;Fr; nrhy;yg;gLk;. mjd; gpwF me;j ML <Dk; Fl;b capUs;sjhfg;gpwe;jhy; mjid Mz;fs; kl;Lk; Grpg;ghu;fs;. ,we;j epiyapy; gpwe;jhy; Mz;>ngz; ,UtUk; Grpg;ghu;fs;.`hk;: ,J Xu; Mz; xl;lifapd; ngauhFk;. mjd; cwtpd; %yk; ,ilapy; Mz;Fl;bfspd;wp njhlu;gbahf gj;J ngz; Fl;bfs; <d;wpUe;jhy; me;j Mz;xl;lifapd; kPJ vtUk; rthhp nra;a khl;lhu;fs;. mjd; Kbfis ntl;lkhl;lhu;fs;. mij xl;lf ke;ijapDs; ngz; xl;liffSld; ,iztjw;fhf mijRje;jpukhf tpl;LtpLthu;fs;. ,ijj; jtpu NtW vjw;fhfTk; mjidgad;gLj;jkhl;lhu;fs;. Page 32 of 518
  34. 34. ,Jgw;wp my;yh`; gpd;tUk; trdj;ij ,wf;fpdhd;:g`Puh. ]hk;gh> t]Pyh> `hk; (Nghd;w) ,itnay;yhk; my;yh`; Vw;gLj;jpaitmy;y. vdpDk;> epuhfhpg;gtu;fs;jhd; (,itfs; my;yh`; Vw;gLj;jpait vd)my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ngha;ahd fw;gid nra;(J $W)fpd;wdu;. mtu;fspy; gyu;(cz;ikia) tpsq;fhjtu;fshfNt ,Uf;fpd;wdu;. (my;Fu;Md; 5 : 103)md;wp> mtu;fs; (NtW rpytw;iwf; Fwpg;gpl;L) ,e;j ML> khL> xl;lfq;fspd;tapw;wpypUg;git vq;fSila Mz;fSf;F (kl;Lk;) nrhe;jkhdit. vq;fSilangz;fSf;F mit jLf;fg;gl;L ,Uf;fpd;wd. mit nrj;Jg; gpwe;jhy; mtw;wpy;mtu;fSf;Fk; gq;Fz;L" (mg;NghJ ngz;fSk; Grpf;fyhk;.) vd;Wk; $Wfpd;wdu;.MfNt> mtu;fSila ,f;$w;wpw;Fhpa jz;lidia (my;yh`;) mtu;fSf;Ff;nfhLj;Nj jPUthd;. epr;rakhf mtd; kpf;f QhdKilatdhfTk;> (midtiuAk;)ed;fwpe;jtdhfTk; ,Uf;fpd;whd;. (my;Fu;Md; 6 : 139),itay;yhj NtW gy tpsf;fq;fSk; ,f;fhy;eilfisg; gw;wp tpthpf;fg;gLfpwJ.(,g;D `phk;),e;jf; fhy;eilfs; midj;Jk; mtu;fspd; nja;tq;fSf;FhpaJ vd;w ]aPJ,g;Dy; K]a;ag; mtu;fspd; fUj;ij Kd;du; ghu;j;Njhk;.egp (]y;) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: ehd; mk;U ,g;D Mkpu; ,g;D Y`a; my;F[hapiag; ghu;j;Njd;. mtd; jdJ Fliy euf neUg;gpy; ,Oj;Jf;nfhz;bUf;fpd;whd;." (]`P`{y; Gfhhp)Vnddpy;> egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fSila Neuhd khu;f;fj;ij rPu;Fiyj;jKjy; topNfld; mtNd. mtd;jhd; rpiyfis epWtpdhd;. ]hapgh> g`Puh> t]Pyh>`hk; Mfpa ngau;fspy; rpiyfSf;Ff; fhy;eilfis Neu;r;ir nra;Ak;gof;fq;fis cUthf;fpdhd;. (/gj;`{y; ghhp)mugpau;fs; nra;j ,t;thwhd nray;fs; midj;Jf;Fk; fhuzk; vd;dntdpy;>mr;rpiyfs; jq;fis my;yh`;tpd; gf;fk; neUf;fpitf;Fk;; mtdplj;jpy; jq;fisNru;j;J itf;Fk;; jq;fSf;fhf my;yh`;tplj;jpy; rpghhpR nra;Ak; vd ek;gpf;ifnfhz;bUe;jJjhd;.,ijg;gw;wpNa my;yh`; Fu;Mdpy; $Wfpwhd;:vtu;fs; my;yh`; my;yhjtw;iw jq;fSf;Fg; ghJfhtyhf vLj;Jf;nfhz;bUf;fpwhu;fNsh mtu;fs;> mj;nja;tq;fs; vq;fis my;yh`;Tf;F kpf;frkPgkhf;fp itf;Fk; vd;gjw;fhfNtad;wp ehk; ,tw;iw tzq;ftpy;iy" (vd;W$Wfpd;wdu;). (my;Fu;Md; 39 : 3)(,izitg;gtu;fs;) jq;fSf;F ahnjhU ed;ikAk; jPikAk; nra;a Kbahjmy;yh`; my;yhjtw;iw tzq;FtJld; ,it my;yh`; tplj;jpy; vq;fSf;FrpghhpR nra;git" vd;Wk; $Wfpd;wdu;. (my;Fu;Md; 10 : 18)%lek;gpf;iffs;mugpau; mk;Gfs; %yk; Fwpghu;g;gtu;fshf ,Ue;jdu;. me;j mk;Gfs; %d;Wtifahf ,Uf;Fk;. Page 33 of 518
  35. 35. Kjy; tif: ,jpy; %d;W mk;Gfs; itf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk;. xd;wpy; ~Mk;!| vdTk;kw;nwhd;wpy; ~Ntz;lhk;| vdTk; vOjg;gl;L> %d;whtjpy; vJTk; vOjg;glhky;,Uf;Fk;. jpUkzk;> gazk; Nghd;w Kf;fpakhdtw;wpy; KbntLg;gjw;fhf mtw;wpy;xd;iw vLg;ghu;fs;. mtw;wpy; ~Mk;!| vd;W vOjg;gl;l mk;G te;jhy; mr;nraiyr;nra;thu;fs;. ~Ntz;lhk;| vd;W vOjg;gl;l mk;G te;jhy; mr;nraiy mt;tUlk;js;spg;Nghl;L mLj;j tUlk; nra;thu;fs;. vJTk; vOjg;glhj mk;G te;jhy;Ke;jpa ,uz;by; xd;W tUk;tiu jpUk;gj; jpUk;g vLj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;ghu;fs;.,uz;lhtJ tif: ,e;j mk;Gfspy; Fw;wg; ghpfhuk; e;l<L Nghd;w tpguq;fs;vOjg;gl;bUf;Fk;.%d;whtJ tif: ,e;j mk;Gfspy; ~kpd;Fk;| (cq;fspy; cs;stu;) vd;W vOjg;gl;lXu; mk;Gk; ~kpd;ifFk;| (cq;fspy; cs;stu; my;yu;) vd;W vOjg;gl;l Xu; mk;Gk;>~Ky;]f;| (,izf;fg;gl;ltu;) vd;W vOjg;gl;l Xu; mk;Gk; vd %d;W mk;Gfs;,Uf;Fk;. mtu;fspy; vtUf;NfDk; xUtuJ tkprk; gw;wp re;Njfk; vOe;jhy;mtiu 100 jpu;`k; 100 xl;liffSld; ~`{Gy;| vd;w rpiyaplk; mioj;JtUthu;fs;. jhq;fs; nfhz;L te;j ehzaq;fisAk; xl;lfq;fisAk; mk;GfSf;Fg;nghWg;ghd g+rhhpaplk; nfhLj;J Fwp Nfl;ghu;fs;. g+rhhp mk;ig vLg;ghu;. mg;NghJ~kpd;Fk;| vd vOjg;gl;l mk;G te;jhy;> mtiuj; jq;fsJ ,dj;ijr; Nru;e;jtuhfxg;Gf; nfhs;thu;fs;. ~kpd; iqFk;| vd;w mk;G te;jhy; mtiuj; jq;fSld;el;Gnfhz;l Nfhj;jpuj;ijr; Nru;e;jtuhff; fUJthu;fs;. ~Ky;]f;| vd vOjg;gl;lmk;G te;jhy; mtu; mNj epiyapy; ePbg;ghu;. mjhtJ mtUf;F ve;j tkprg;guk;giuAk; fpilahJ. ve;j el;G Nfhj;jpuj;ij Nru;e;jtuhfTk; mtiuf; fUjkhl;lhu;fs;. (,g;D `phk;),JNghd;Nw mk;Gfs; %yk; #jhLk; xU gof;fKk; mtu;fsJ tof;fj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ.mjhtJ> mtu;fs; Xu; xl;lifia fldhf thq;fp tUthu;fs;. gpwF mij mWj;J28 my;yJ 10 gq;Ffshfg; gphpg;ghu;fs;. mtu;fsplk; ,uz;L mk;Gfs; ,Uf;Fk;.xd;wpy; ~uhgp`;| vd;Wk; ,uz;lhtjpy; ~F/g;y;| vd;Wk; mugpapy;vOjg;gl;bUf;Fk;. xt;nthUthpd; ngaiuAk; $wp mk;Gfis cUTk;NghJ ~uhgp`;|vd;w mk;G te;jhy; mtu; gzk; nfhLf;fhky; ,iwr;rpapy; mtUf;Fhpa gq;ifkl;Lk; vLj;Jf; nfhs;thu;. ~F/g;y;| vd;w mk;G te;jhy; mtu; Njhy;tpaile;jtu;Mthu;. mtUf;F ,iwr;rpapy; gq;F vJTk; fpilf;fhJ. Mdhy;> me;j KOxl;liff;fhd tpiyiaAk; mtNu nfhLf;f Ntz;Lk;.NkYk; Nrhjpld;> Fwpfhud;> el;rj;jpu uhrpgyd; $Wgtd;> fhzhky; Nghdijfz;Lgpbj;Jj; jUgtd; MfpNahhpd; Ngr;RfspYk; MUlq;fspYk; mk;kf;fs;kpFe;j ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUe;jdu;.fhd;: cyfpy; elf;f ,Uf;Fk; nra;jpfs; kw;Wk; ,ufrpaq;fs; jdf;Fj; njhpAk; vd;WthjpLgtd;. mtu;fspy; jq;fSf;F [pd; nra;jp nfhz;L tUfpwJ vd;W $WgtUk;jdJ mwpthw;wypd; %yk; kiwthdtw;iw mwpNthk; vd;W $WgtUk; cs;sdu;.mu;uh/g;: jd;dplk; tUgtu;fspd; nrhy;> nray; epiyfis Muha;e;J nra;jpfisf;$Wgtd;. vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf jpULNghd nghUs;fs; vq;fpUf;fpwJ? jpUbatd; ahu;?fhzhky; Nghd nghUs; vq;fpUf;fpwJ? Nghd;w tpguq;fs; midj;ijAk; jd;dhy;mwpe;J nfhs;sKbAk; vd;W $Wgtidg; Nghy! Page 34 of 518
  36. 36. Ke[;[pk;: el;rj;jpuk; kw;Wk; Nfhs;fspd; Row;rpiaf; ftdpj;J cyfpd;epiyikfisAk; tUq;fhyj;jpy; elf;ftpUf;Fk; epfo;TfisAk; jd;dhy;mwpaKbAk; vdf; $Wgtd;.,e;j Ke[;[pk;fspd; $w;iw mtu;fs; ek;GtJ cz;ikapy; el;rj;jpuj;ijek;GtjhFk;. mtu;fs; el;rj;jpuq;fspd; kPJ ek;gpf;if nfhz;bUe;jjpd; fhuzkhf>kio nghope;jhy; mk;kio gUt el;rj;jpuj;jpd; fhuzkhfNt nghope;jJ vd;W$Wgtu;fshf ,Ue;jdu;. (]`P`{y; Gfhhp> ]`P`; K];ypk;)mtu;fspilNa Jw;Fwp kw;Wk; rFdk; ghu;f;Fk; tof;fk; eilKiwapy; ,Ue;jJ.mtu;fSila tof;fj;jpy; xd;W> VjhtnjhU fhhpaj;ij nra;a epidj;jhy; xUgwitia my;yJ khid tpul;Lthu;fs;. mJ tyg;Gwkhfr; nrd;why; mijew;rFdkhff; fUjp jhd; tpUk;gpapUe;j fhhpaj;ij nray;gLj;Jthu;fs;. ,lg;Gwkhfr;nrd;why; mij mgrFzkhff; fUjp nray;gLj;j khl;lhu;fs;. ,t;thNw mtu;fs;nrd;W nfhz;bUf;Fk; ghijapy; VNjDk; gpuhzpfNsh> gwitfNsh FWf;fpl;lhy;mjpYk; rFdk; ghu;g;ghu;fs;.mt;thNw mtu;fs; Kaypd; nfz;ilf;fhy; gFjpia jq;fsJ ,y;yq;fspy; njhq;ftpLthu;fs;. (ek; ehl;by; ehpg;gy;> Gypg;gy; kapy; ,wF Nghd;wtw;iwgad;gLj;JtJNghy) rpy ehs;fs;> khjq;fs;> gpuhzpfs;> tPLfs;> ngz;fs;Mfpatw;wpYk; mgrFdk; ghu;j;jdu;. NkYk;> njhw;W Neha; ,Ug;gjhfTk; ek;gpdu;.NkYk; ~`hk;kh| vd;gJk; mtu;fsJ ek;gpf;ifahf ,Ue;jJ. mjhtJ> xUtd;nfhiy nra;ag;gl;lhy; nfhiyahspaplk; gop jPu;f;fg;glhjtiu mtdJ Md;khrhe;jpailahky; tPLfspd; Nky; Me;ij cUtpy; gwe;Jnfhz;L jhfk;! jhfk;! vd;jhfj;ijj; jzpAq;fs;! vd; jhfj;ijj; jzpAq;fs;" vd $r;rypl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;.nfhiyahspia gopthq;fpdhy; kl;LNk Md;kh rhe;jpailAk;" vdTk; ek;gpf;ifnfhz;bUe;jdu;. (]`P`{y; Gfhhp)mwpahikf;fhy mugpau;fsplk; ,t;thwhd %l ek;gpf;iffs; epiwe;jpUe;jNghjpYk;,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fSila khu;f;fj;jpd; rpy newpKiwfSk; mtu;fspilNavQ;rpapUe;jd. me;j khu;f;fj;ij mtu;fs; Kw;wpYkhf Gwf;fzpj;J tpltpy;iy.vLj;Jf;fhl;lhf> ,iwapy;ykhd fmghit fz;zpag;gLj;Jjy;> mjid tyk;tUtJ> `[;> ck;uh nra;tJ> mu/gh K[;jyp/ghtpy; jq;FtJ> my;yh`;Tf;fhfmWj;Jg; gypapLjy; Nghd;w ew;nray;fs; mtu;fsplk; epiyngw;wpUe;jd. vdpDk;>me;j ew;nray;fspy; gy %l ek;gpf;iffisAk; GFj;jpapUe;jdu;.me;j %lek;gpf;iffspy; rpy>1) Fiwpfs; ,t;thW $wp te;jdu;: ehq;fs; egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fspd;re;jjpfs;; Gdpj kf;fhtpd; g+u;tFbfs;; rq;ifkpF fmghtpd; epu;thfpfs;. MfNtvq;fisg; Nghd;w me;j];Njh chpikfNsh NtW mugpau; vtUf;Fk; fpilahJ"vd;wdu;. mtu;fs; jq;fSf;F ~`{k;];| vdg; ngahpl;Lf; nfhz;ldu;. `[;fhyq;fspy; ehq;fs; `ukpd; vy;iyia tpl;L ntspNawp `py; (`uk; my;yhj)gFjpfSf;Fr; nry;yf; $lhJ vd;W $wp mtu;fs; `[; fhyj;jpy; mu/ghtpy; jq;fkhl;lhu;fs;. K[;jyp/ghtpy; ,Ue;Nj jpUk;gp tpLthu;fs;. ,jidj; jil nra;Jmy;yh`; gpd;tUk; Fu;Md; trdj;ij ,wf;fpdhd;> Page 35 of 518
  37. 37. gpd;du; kdpju;fs; jpUk;Gfpd;w ,lj;jpypUe;Nj ePq;fSk; jpUk;gptpLq;fs;.(my;Fu;Md; 2 : 199) (]`P`{y; Gfhhp> ,g;D `phk;)2) mtu;fs; $wpdhu;fs;: `{k;]; Mfpa vq;fSf;Fg; ghyhilf; fl;b nra;tJk;nea; cUf;FtJk; ,`;uhKila epiyapy; jil nra;ag;gl;lJ. NkYk;> ,`;uhkpy;,Uf;Fk; NghJ fk;gspf; $lhuq;fspy; Eioa khl;Nlhk;. Njhypdhy; Md$lhuq;fisj; jtpu kw;w $lhuq;fspy; epoYf;fhf xJq;fkhl;Nlhk;. (,g;D `phk;)3) `uKf;F ntspapypUe;J `[; kw;Wk; ck;uhTf;F tUgtu;fs; jq;fsJgFjpapypUe;J nfhz;L te;j czT kw;Wk; ghdq;fis `uKf;Fs; cz;zNthgUfNth $lhJ. `ukpd; gFjpapy; fpilg;gijNa cz;z Ntz;Lk;. (,g;D`phk;)4) `ukpd; ntspg; gFjpapypUe;J tUgtu;fs; fmghit tyk; tUk;NghJ~`{k;];fs; nfhLf;Fk; Milfis mzpe;Nj tyk; tUtij Muk;gpf;f Ntz;Lk;.,jw;fhf ntspapypUe;J tUk; Mz;fSf;F Fiwp Mz;fSk;> mNj Nghd;Wngz;fSf;Ff; Fiwpg; ngz;fSk; Milfis ed;ikiaf; fUjp ,ytrkhff;nfhLj;J te;jdu;. Milfs; fpilf;fhj gl;rj;jpy; Mz;fs; epu;thzkhf tyk;tUthu;fs;. ngz;fs; jq;fsJ midj;J MilfisAk; fise;Jtpl;L Kd;gFjpjpwe;Js;s xU Nky; rl;ilia kl;Lk; mzpe;Jnfhz;L tyk; tUthu;fs;.mg;NghJ mg;ngz;fs; ,f;ftpijiaf; $Wthu;fs;.,d;W (clypd;) rpy gFjpfNsh my;yJ KOg; gFjpNah ntspg;gLfpwJ. mtw;wpy;vJ ntspg;gLfpwNjh mijf; fhz;gJ vtUf;Fk; Kiwaw;wJ.",r;nraiyf; fz;bj;J my;yh`; gpd;tUk; trdj;ij mUspdhd;:MjKila kf;fNs! xt;nthU gs;spthry;fspYk; (Milfspdhy;) cq;fismyq;fhpj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. (my;Fu;Md; 7 : 31)mNjNeuj;jpy; ahNuDk; Xu;Mz; my;yJ ngz; jq;fis Nkd;ikahdtu;fshffUjp ,uty; Mil thq;fhky; jhq;fs; nfhz;L te;j MilapNyNa tyk;te;Jtpl;lhy; mJ Kbe;jTld; me;j Milia vwpe;J tpLthu;fs;. NtW ahUk;mjidg; gad;gLj;j khl;lhu;fs;. (]`P`{y; Gfhhp> ,g;D `phk;)5) mtu;fs; ,`;uhk; mzpe;j gpwF jq;fsJ tPl;Lf;F nry;y Ntz;ba mtrpak;Vw;gl;lhy; tPl;L jiythry; topahf Eioahky; gpd;gf;fr; Rtiu cilj;J topVw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;L mjd; topahfNt Nghthu;fs;> tUthu;fs;. ,e;j %lj;jdkhdnraiy kpfTk; cau;e;j ew;nray; vd mtu;fs; fUjpdhu;fs;. ,ij fz;bj;Jgpd;tUk; trdj;ij my;yh`; ,wf;fpdhd;:(ek;gpf;ifahsu;fNs! ,`;uhk; fl;ba) ePq;fs; (cq;fSila) tPLfSf;F mtw;wpd;gpd;Gwkhf te;J tpLtjdhy; ey;ytu;fshf Mfptplkhl;Bu;fs;. vdpDk;> vtu;my;yh`;Tf;Fg; gae;J elf;fpd;whNuh mtNu ey;ytu;. Mjyhy;> ePq;fs;(cq;fSila) tPLfSf;F mtw;wpd; jiythry;fspd; topahf(Nt) thUq;fs;.my;yh`;Tf;Fg; gae;Jk; ele;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. ,jdhy; ePq;fs; ntw;wpailayhk;.(my;Fu;Md; 2 : 189) (]`P`{y; Gfhhp),izitj;jy;> rpiy tzf;fk;> %l ek;gpf;iffs;> %lg;gof;f tof;fq;fs;MfpaitNa mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpy; gutp ,Ue;jd. ,J jtpu A+j> fpU];Jt> k[_]p>]hgp Nghd;w kjq;fs; mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpy; Mq;fhq;Nf fhzg;gl;ld. Page 36 of 518
  38. 38. ,uz;L fl;lq;fspy; A+ju;fs; mugpa jPgfw;gj;jpy; CLUtpdu;.1) /gy];jPdj;ij ~Gf;J e];U| vd;w kd;dd; fp.K. 587 Mk; Mz;L ifg;gw;wpmq;F tho;e;j A+ju;fis neUf;fbf;Fs;shf;fpdhd;. A+ju;fspd; efuq;fis mopj;Jmtu;fsJ trpg;gplq;fis ehrkhf;fpdhd;. NkYk;> mtu;fspy; mjpfkhNdhiu ghgpy;efUf;F ifjpfshf;fpf; nfhz;L nrd;whd;. ,jdhy; mtu;fspy; xU gphptpdu;/gy];jPdj;ij Jwe;J `p[h]pd; tl gFjpfspy; FbNawpdu;.2) fp.gp. 70 Mk; Mz;by; ~ill];| vd;w Nuhkhdpa kd;dd; /gy];jPidifg;gw;wpdhd;. mtd; A+ju;fisAk; mtu;fsJ trpg;gplq;fisAk; mopj;njhopj;jhd;.mjd; tpisthf Vuhskhd A+ju;fs; `p [h]; gFjpapYs;s kjPdh> ifgu;> jPkhMfpa efuq;fspy; FbNawpdu;. mq;F jq;fSf;nfd rpwe;j trpg;gplq;fisAk;Nfhl;ilf; nfhj;jsq;fisAk; Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;ldu;. ,e;j A+ju;fshy;mugpau;fspilNa A+j kjk; gut Muk;gpj;jJ. ,];yhkpd; tUiff;F Kd;Gk;,];yhKila tUifapd; Muk;g fhyf;fl;lj;jpYk; ele;j murpay; rhu;e;jmidj;J epfo;TfspYk; A+j kjj;jpw;Ff; Fwpg;gplj; jFe;j Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ,Ue;jJ.,];yhk; Njhd;wpaNghJ ,UgJf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l A+j Nfhj;jpuq;fs; mugpajPgfw;gj;jpy; ,Ue;jd. mtw;wpy; gpugykhdit ifgu;> eoPu;> K];jyf;> Fiush>ifDfh/ Mfpa Nfhj;jpuq;fshFk;. (]`P`{y; Gfhhp> t/ghTy; t/gh)~Jg;ghd; m];mj; mg+ fug;| vd;gtdhy; A+jkjk; akd; ehl;bYk; Eioe;jJ. ,td;kjPdhtpd; kPJ Nghu; njhLj;jhd;. gpwF mq;Nf> A+ju;fs; %yk; A+j kjj;ijj;jOtpdhd;. Fiush FLk;gj;ijr; rhu;e;j ,U A+j mwpQu;fis mtd; jd;Dld;akd; ehl;Lf;F mioj;Jr; nrd;whd;. mjpypUe;J akdpy; A+jkjk; gutpaJ. mg+fuGf;Fg; gpwF mtdJ kfd; A+]{g; J} Eth]; akdpd; murdhdhd;. mtd;e[;uhd; gFjpapypUe;j fpwp];Jtu;fs; kPJ gilnaLj;J mtu;fis A+j kjj;jpw;FkhWk;gb epu;g;ge;jpj;jhd;. mtu;fs; kWj;JtplNt ngUk; mfopfisj; Njhz;bmij neUg;Gf; Fz;lkhf Mf;fp mjpy; Mz;> ngz;> Foe;ijfs; vd;w ve;jNtWghLk; ghu;f;fhky; midtiuAk; J} eth]; tPrp vwpe;jhd;. mjpy; Vwj;jho,Ugjhapuj;jpypUe;J ehw;gjhapuk; fpwp];Jtu;fs; tiu nfhy;yg;gl;ldu;. ,e;epfo;r;rpfp.gp. 523k; Mz;L mf;Nlhgu; khjk; eilngw;wJ. (,g;D `phk;),ijg; gw;wp my;yh`; jdJ mUs;kiwapy; ,t;thW Fwpg;gpLfpwhd;:mfOilatu;fs; mopf;fg;gl;lhu;fs;. (mt;thNw ,k;kf;fhthrpfSk;mopf;fg;gLthu;fs;.) mJ> tpwFfs; Nghl;nlhpj;j neUg;G (mfo;.) mjd; Kd;mtu;fs; cl;fhu;e;J nfhz;bUe;j rkaj;jpy;> ek;gpf;ifahsu;fis (neUg;Gf;fplq;fpy; Nghl;L) Nehtpid nra;tij mtu;fs; (Ntbf;ifahfg;) ghu;j;Jf;nfhz;LkpUe;jhu;fs;. (my;Fu;Md; 85 : 4 - 7)fpwp];Jt kjk;: `gpau; kw;Wk; rpy Nuhkhdpa FOf;fspd; Mf;fpukpg;Gfshy;mugpa ehLfSf;Fs; ,k;kjk; GFe;jJ. `gpfs; akd; ehl;il Kjd;Kiwahffp.gp. 340 Mk; Mz;by; ifg;gw;wpdu;. mtu;fsJ Mf;fpukpg;G ePz;l fhyk; epiyj;jpUf;ftpy;iy. fp.gp. 370ypUe;J 378 tiuAs;s fhyj;jpy; mtu;fs; akdpypUe;Jtpul;babf;fg;gl;lhu;fs;. vdpDk;> fpwp];Jt kjj;ijg; gug;Gtjpy; mtu;fs;ntwpnfhz;L miye;jdu;. `gpau;fspd; Mf;fpukpg;G fhyj;jpy; fpwp];Jtkjj;ijr; rhu;e;j ~/gPk;A+d;| vDk; Xu; ,iwNeru; e[;uhd; te;jile;jhu;. mq;Ftrpg;gtu;fis fpwp];Jtj;ijj; jOt mioj;jhu;. mtd; tha;ikiaAk; mtuJ Page 37 of 518
  39. 39. Nehpa khu;f;fj;ijAk; fz;l mk;kf;fs; Mu;tj;Jld; fpwp];Jtj;jpy; ,ize;jdu;.(,g;D `phk;)e[;uhdpy; trpj;j fpwp];Jtu;fis kd;dd; J} Eth]; neUg;G mfopapy; vhpj;Jf;nfhd;whdy;yth! mjw;Fg; gopthq;Fk; Kfkhf `gpau;fs; ,uz;lhtJ Kiwahffp.gp 525Mk; Mz;by; akidf; ifg;gw;wpdu;. mg;NghJ ~mg;u`h my; m;uk;|vd;gtd; akid Ml;rp nra;jhd;. mtd; fpwp];Jtj;ij jPtpukhf gug;Gtjpy;kpFe;j Mu;tk; fhl;bdhd;. mtd; akdpy; xU fpwp];Jt Nfhapiyf; fl;bdhd;.fmghit `[;[{ nra;ar;nry;Yk; mugpau;fs; `[;[{f;fhf fmgh nry;tijj;jLj;J> jhd; fl;ba Nfhapiyj; jhprpf;f tuNtz;Lk;; fmghit ,bj;Jj; jfu;j;jplNtz;Lnkd tpUk;gpdhd;. Mdhy; fLe;jz;lidahy; my;yh`; mtidmopj;Jtpl;lhd;.kw;nwhU Gwk;> Nuhk; gFjpfis xl;bapUe;j fhuzj;jhy; f];]hdpa mugpau;fs;>jq;ypg;> ja;k; tkprj;ijr; Nru;e;j mugpau;fSk; fpwp];Jt kjj;ijj; jOtpdu;.,ijj;jtpu `Puhtpd; rpy muru;fSk; fpwp];Jtj;ijj; jOtpdu;.k[_]pa;ah: (neUg;ig tzq;Fk; kjk;) ,J ngUk;ghYk; ghurPfj;ij xl;bapUe;jmugpau;fsplk; fhzg;gl;lJ. ,uhf;> g`;iud;> my; m`;]h> `[u; kw;Wk; mugpatisFlh gFjpfspy; trpj;J te;j mugpau;fSk; ,ijg; gpd;gw;wpdu;. ,Jkl;Lkpd;wp akd; ehl;il ghurPfu;fs; ifg;gw;wpapUe;j fhyj;jpy; akdpau; gyu;k[_]p kjj;jpy; ,ize;jdu;.]hgpapa;ah: ,J el;rj;jpuq;fis tzq;Fk; kjk;. mjhtJ> Nfhs;fSk;el;rj;jpuq;fSk; jhd; ,t;Tyif ,af;fp tUfpd;wd vd;W ek;gpf;if nfhs;Sk;kjkhFk;. ,uhf; kw;Wk; mjd; Rw;Wg; gFjpfspy; eilngw;w mfo;thuha;r;rpAk;>njhy;nghUs; Muha;r;rpAk; ,J ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fspd; fy;jhdp ,dj;jtu;kjkhf ,Ue;jJ vd njtpf;fpd;wd. Kw;fhyj;jpy; hk; kw;Wk; akd; ehLfspy;mjpfkhdtu;fs; ,k;kjj;ijNa gpd;gw;wpdu;. vdpDk;> A+j kw;Wk; fpwp];Jt kjq;fs;Njhd;wp typik ngw;wNghJ ]hgpapa;ah kjj;jpd; m];jpthuk; Ml;lk; fhzMuk;gpj;J> mjd; tsu;r;rp nghpJk; Fd;wpaJ. vQ;rpapUe;j ,k;kjj;ijr;Nru;e;jtu;fs; k[_]pfSld; fye;J tho;e;jdu;. my;yJ mugpa tisFlhgFjpfspYk; ,uhf;fpYk; tho;e;J te;jdu;. akd; ehl;bYs;s `Puh gFjpapd; topahf,k;kjj;ij gpd;gw;wpatu;fspd; fyhr;rhuk; mugpau;fsplKk; gutpaJ. mt;thNwghurPfu;fSld; tpahghuj; njhlu;G nfhz;bUe;jjd; fhuzkhf mtu;fspd; kjf;fyhr;rhuk; Fiwpau;fspy; rpyhplKk; fhzg;gl;lJ.rkaq;fspd; epiyikfs;,];yhkpag; Ngnuhsp gpufhrpf;fj; njhlq;fpaNghJ ,k;kjq;fisNa mugpau;fs;gpd;gw;wpf; nfhz;bUe;jdu;. mjw;F Kd;gpUe;Nj nfhQ;rk; nfhQ;rkhf ,k;kjq;fs;tPo;r;rpaila Muk;gpj;jd. ~ehq;fNs egp ,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fspd; khu;f;fj;jpy;epiyj;jpUf;fpNwhk;| vd tha;g;ge;jy; fl;bapUe;j K;hpf;Ffs; cz;ikapy; egp,g;wh`Pk; (miy) mtu;fSila khu;f;fr; rl;l Vty;fisAk; tpyf;fy;fisAk;gpd;gw;WtjpypUe;J ntFJ}uk; tpyfpapUe;jdu;. mtu;fs; fw;Wj; je;j ew;gz;GfisKOJk; Gwf;fzpj;J tho;e;jdu;. mtu;fspilNa Fw;wq;fs; kype;J> rpiytzq;fpfsplk; ,Uf;Fk; %l ek;gpf;iffSk; topNfLfSk; fhy Xl;lj;jpy;mtu;fspd; kjr; rlq;Ffshf khwpd. ,r;rlq;FfSk; %l ek;gpf;iffSk; mtu;fsJ Page 38 of 518

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