Recognizing question stems


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Recognizing question stems

  1. 1. RecognizingQuestion Stems { Multiple Choice Test-taking Strategies
  2. 2. Book Questions { Answers are DIRECTLY STATED
  3. 3.  When the question asks for a supporting detail, the answer will be directly • “The passage/author states…” stated in the passage. It will • “The passage/author says…” not always be word-for- word; it could be a paraphrase, and some { • • “According to the passage/author…” A statement that asks you to find information from the words may be changed or passage left out, but the idea will be the same. Book Questions
  4. 4. Which questions areBOOK questions?
  5. 5.  STEPS 1. Scan the passage for the word or idea that is presented in the question stem. Once you’ve found it in the text, read the surrounding sentences. 2. Choose the response that is the closest match to the text. 3. Distracters to watch out for: Those that contradict the text and distracters that require you to make an inference.Book Questions
  6. 6. Main Idea { Look for the BIG STATEMENT
  7. 7.  When the question asks for • “The main idea of the passage…” a main idea, you’re looking • “The central point of the for a BIG STATEMENT – it passage…” must cover over the entire passage, not just a detail or two. The main idea may be { • • “A possible title for the passage…” “The author’s primary point…” stated directly or it may be • “The author is primarily concerned with…” implied. • “The passage primarily…” Main Idea
  8. 8. Which questions areMain Idea questions?
  9. 9.  STEPS 1. First of all, don’t look at any of the answer choices until you’ve come up with your own idea of the main idea. 2. Ask, “What is the topic of the passage?” Answer in a word or two. The topic will be repeated throughout the passage—either the same word or synonyms or pronouns for it. 3. Ask, “What is the author’s opinion about the topic?” 4. State the main idea in your own words (Topic + Author’s opinion in one sentence = main idea). Example: The brain gets better as it gets older. Not: The brain and how it works (this is simply a topic) Now look at the choices and exclude any that are too broad or too narrow.Main Idea
  10. 10. Inference { Leap of Logic
  11. 11. • “The passage/author implies…” When the question asks you • “The passage/author to make an inference, you suggests..” won’t find the answer stated in the text. You have to { • • • “The author might agree…” “The reader can infer that…” “The reader can conclude make a leap of logic. that…” • “The reader can assume that…” Inference
  12. 12. Which questions areInference questions?
  13. 13.  STEPS 1. Consider each of the answer choices and look for evidence to either support or reject it in these areas • The text itself (most important) • Your own experience • Your own logic 2. Exclude any distracters that are not logical. 3. Choose the response that requires the shortest leap of logic.Inference
  14. 14. Tone { Author’s Attitude
  15. 15.  When the question asks you to determine the tone of the • “The tone of the passage is…” passage or the attitude of the author, you’re looking for the feeling the author is { • • “The attitude of the author is…” “The writer’s overall feeling toward ____ is…” conveying about the topic. Tone
  16. 16. Which questions areTone questions?
  17. 17.  STEPS 1. Determine if the author is negative, positive or neutral about the topic. Eliminate distracters that are the opposite. 2. Look at the level of intensity of feeling in the passage. Is it strong (passionate, critical, revengeful)? Or is it mild (ambiguous, uncertain, undecided)?Tone
  18. 18. Organization { Type of Passage
  19. 19.  When the question asks you to determine the pattern of “The author makes her point organization, you’re looking • for the TYPE of passage the author has written to { • through…” “Which best describes the organization of the passage…” communicate his or her point. Organization
  20. 20. Which questions areOrganization questions?
  21. 21.  STEPS 1. Underline signal/relationship words as you read. 2. Learn these patterns and what words signal them:  Description  Narration  Persuasion  Comparison/Contrast  Definition  Illustration  Cause and Effect  Problem Solution  Chronological  Spatial  Most Important/Least ImportantOrganization
  22. 22. Purpose { Reason
  23. 23.  When the question asks you to determine the purpose of { • “The purpose of the passage is…” the passage, you’re looking • “The author’s primary for the REASON the article purpose is…” was written. Purpose
  24. 24. Which questions arePurpose questions?
  25. 25.  STEPS 1. Determine the type of passage  Factual = INFORM, explain, describe  Opinion = PERSUADE, argue, condemn, ridicule  Fiction = ENTERTAIN, narrate, describe, shock 2. Where do you think the article was originally published? 3. Look at the level of intensity of the feeling. Is it simply to narrate or to shock?Purpose
  26. 26. Vocabulary { Words and Meanings
  27. 27.  When the question asks you for the meaning of a word, { • “Xxxxx, as used in the passage, can best be defined you can figure it out with as…” context clues even if you’ve • “What is the meaning of…” never seen the word before. Vocabulary
  28. 28. Which questions areVocabulary questions?
  29. 29.  STEPS 1. See if you can determine if the word has a positive or negative meaning from its context in the passage. Identifying the feeling of a word can help you eliminate distracters. 2. Look for a context clue  Example Clue (Illustrates): My husband is so parsimonious that he reuses paper plates.  Synonym Clue (Restates): My husband is parsimonious or stingy to a fault.  Antonym Clue (Opposite): My husband is parsimonious but my brother is the most generous person I know. 3. Draw a conclusion based on the sense of the sentence.Vocabulary
  30. 30. Literary Devicesand Terms { English stuff
  31. 31. • “Which word best describes When the question asks you the mood…” to remember the • “Which type of figurative language is used repeatedly terminology specific to English class, you are being asked to apply that { • throughout the passage to convey images?” “Which literary device does the author use…” knowledge and/or identify • Any question where the an example. answer choices are a list of literary terms Literary Devices and Terms
  32. 32. Which questions areLiterary Device/Termsquestions?
  33. 33.  STEPS 1. Identify the terms used in the question stem and/or answer choices. Remind yourself of the definition of the term. 2. Choose the appropriate answer. 3. Distracters will include similar terms. For example simile and metaphor often appear together as choices to see if you can distinguish between the two. Be sure to ELIMINATE obviously wrong answers.Literary Devices andTerms
  34. 34.  TERMS TO REMEMBER  Figurative Language (simile, metaphor, personification, hyperbole, understatement, symbol)  Irony  Mood  Foreshadowing/Flashback  Point of View  Setting  Imagery  Archetype  Characterization  Anecdote  Alliteration  Onomatopoeia  Satire  Plot (Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action)Literary Devices andTerms