Comparison Contrast Essay

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Comparison Contrast Essay

  1. 1. ApplesApples and Orangesand Oranges A Comparison & ContrastA Comparison & Contrast EssayEssay
  2. 2. Prewriting: Coming up with aPrewriting: Coming up with a planplan Before you begin your essay, youBefore you begin your essay, you will need to make a list ofwill need to make a list of similarities and differences.similarities and differences. Use a graphic organizer. It willUse a graphic organizer. It will make things easier for you.make things easier for you.
  3. 3. How are these things alike?How are these things alike?  A fruitA fruit  RoundRound  Grow on treesGrow on trees  Can be madeCan be made into juiceinto juice  A fruitA fruit  RoundRound  Grow on treesGrow on trees  Can be madeCan be made into juiceinto juice
  4. 4. How are these thingsHow are these things different?different?  RedRed  Don’t have to beDon’t have to be peeled to eatpeeled to eat  Thin smooth skinThin smooth skin  Crunchy and tartCrunchy and tart  Sweet whenSweet when made into piesmade into pies  Grown in the fallGrown in the fall in the Northeast inin the Northeast in orchardsorchards  OrangeOrange  Need to be peeledNeed to be peeled to eatto eat  Thick bumpy skinThick bumpy skin  Cannot be used inCannot be used in pies but the flavorpies but the flavor can be used tocan be used to make cookiesmake cookies  Grown in a tropicalGrown in a tropical climate in grovesclimate in groves
  5. 5. Format your essay planFormat your essay plan Create your thesis statement forCreate your thesis statement for your introduction. This shouldyour introduction. This should tell the reader what two thingstell the reader what two things you are comparing and howyou are comparing and how they are alike.they are alike. Then choose a format style.Then choose a format style. There are two styles to chooseThere are two styles to choose from—from—BlockBlock StyleStyle oror Point-byPoint-by Point StylePoint Style
  6. 6. Block StyleBlock Style  State your thesis and tell howState your thesis and tell how your things are alikeyour things are alike  Present all the information thatPresent all the information that makes your first item differentmakes your first item different  ProvideProvide parallelparallel informationinformation about your second item (makeabout your second item (make sure the information is in thesure the information is in the same order)same order)  ConcludeConclude
  7. 7. Paragraph 1: Introduction What 2 things are you comparing and how are they alike? Block StyleBlock Style Paragraph 2 All about Paragraph 3 All about Conclusion Use Parallel Order 1. Appearance 2. Taste 3. Where grown Use Parallel Order 1. Appearance 2. Taste 3. Where grown
  8. 8. Point-by-Point StylePoint-by-Point Style  State your thesis and tell how yourState your thesis and tell how your things are alikethings are alike  State the first point of difference andState the first point of difference and give details alternating between A andgive details alternating between A and BB  State the second point of differenceState the second point of difference and give details alternating between Aand give details alternating between A and Band B  State the third point of difference andState the third point of difference and give details alternating between A andgive details alternating between A and BB  ConcludeConclude
  9. 9. Paragraph 3 Taste: Paragraph 2 Appearance: Paragraph 1: Introduction What 2 things are you comparing and how are they alike? Point-by-Point StylePoint-by-Point Style Paragraph 4 Where grown Conclusion
  10. 10. Here is our Apples & OrangesHere is our Apples & Oranges comparison in Block Stylecomparison in Block Style Apples and oranges are both round fruits. They can both be made into juice, either cider or orange juice. But it is here the similarities end. Apples and oranges are really very different fruits. Introduction Apples are red. They have a very thin skin that is shiny and smooth. You don’t have to peel them to eat them. When you bit into them, they are crunchy and usually tart. They are sweet when you use them in pies as you add sugar and cinnamon. Apples grow mostly in the northern climates and ripen in the fall. They are grown in orchards. On the other hand, oranges are orange in color. They have a very thick, bumpy skin called a rind. You have to peel them to eat them. When you bit into them, they are stringy and juicy and sweet. You cannot make pies with them, but you can grate the rind to use for flavor in baking cookies and other desserts. Oranges grow in tropical regions and ripen in the winter months. They are grown in groves. So don’t be fooled when people tell you you can’t compare apples to oranges. You certainly can! Although they are both fruits, they are very different in many ways. transition 1. Appearance 2. Taste 3. Where grown
  11. 11. Here is our Apples & OrangesHere is our Apples & Oranges comparison in Point-by-Point Stylecomparison in Point-by-Point Style Apples and oranges are both round fruits. They can both be made into juice, either cider or orange juice. But it is here the similarities end. Apples and oranges are really very different fruits. Introduction One major difference between apples and oranges is their appearance. Apples are red with a thin shiny skin. You don’t have to peel them to eat them. On the other hand, oranges are orange in color and have a very thick, bumpy skin called a rind. You do have to peel them to eat them. A second difference is the taste. When you bite into apples, they are crunchy and tart. If you make them into pies, you add sugar and cinnamon which makes them sweet. Whereas, when you bite into oranges, they are stringy, juicy and sweet. You can’t make them into pies, but you can grate the rind and add it to cookie dough for an orange flavor A third point of comparison between apples and oranges involves the location where they are grown. Apples grow in orchards in the northeastern states. They are harvested in the fall. However, oranges only grow in a tropical climate (typically Florida). They grow in groves and are harvested in the winter. So don’t be fooled when people tell you you can’t compare apples to oranges. You certainly can! Although they are both fruits, they are very different in many ways. Transitions in green 1. Appearance 2. Taste 3. Where grown
  12. 12. Deciding Which Style To UseDeciding Which Style To Use However, there are some times when Block Style is better and some times when Point-by-Point is better. Point-by-Point works best for longer papers where it might be hard for the reader to remember what the writer said about apples by the time he gets to oranges several sentences later. By going back and forth between apples and oranges in each paragraph, the writer makes it easier for the reader to keep the comparisons in mind. You may have noticed that there are way more transitions in the Point-by-Point style. That’s because you are switching back and forth in each of your three body paragraphs from apples to oranges. So you need transitions there. Also you need transitions to get from one paragraph to another. That adds up to a lot of transitions. You may have also noticed that Point-by-point style creates a longer essay—five paragraphs instead of four. Point-by-Point Style is in Five-Paragraph Essay Format just like the persuasive essay we wrote.
  13. 13. The EndThe End (c) The VHS Collaborative, Inc.(c) The VHS Collaborative, Inc.

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